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Deirdre Pirro, Writer and Translator for PRIMO Shares Her Experience in Florence During the Coronavirus Crisis

By Deirdre Pirro

The author in her home in Florence, where next door is a school playground devoid of
children in Italy's coronavirus lockdown.

This is the third week of lockdown in Florence. I call it “house arrest.” Yet, it is for a crime I have not committed. Others call it a war; but against an invisible, insidious enemy which, at the present moment, we seem to be losing. With this in mind, I thought I would write a few suggestions that might help those in the United States who are now facing a similar lockdown here in Italy.

Pietro, my husband, and I now appear to belong to a category of potential patients called the “anziani” (old people) who, when the chips are down and there are not enough ventilators for everyone may be considered dispensable. That is because a high percentage of over 60 year olds, usually with other pathologies, have died of COVID-19 in Italy.

Health officials in Italy have told young parents to keep children away from their grandparents. Children have a high recovery rate but, nevertheless, if infected, endanger the elderly. Prepare your own children psychologically to spend extended time with other children when schools close. Some parents may not be used to spending so much enforced time with their children. They will need to invent ways to entertain the kids.

Here, thank goodness, Piero, our son, is our link to the outside world. He shops at the supermarket for us (only 5 people allowed in at a time) and takes care of all the other things that involve venturing outside the house. On returning home, he leaves his shoes outside the front door, changes his clothes and washes his hands.

Initially, on Day 1 of lockdown, I was elated to think that finally, I could have some time at home to do all the things I had been putting off for a century. With this in mind, I began tidying up my desk. I was extremely pleased with myself when I finished the job. Trouble was, it only took a couple of hours, and then what?

As the days have passed, I find it strange that I have become very lethargic and don't seem to want to do anything, not even write that best selling book! The telephone has become my best friend and I find that I am telephoning or I am being telephoned by people I haven't seen or heard of for years. It's a positive.

Things to do:

1. Buy a good mask and a store of disposable rubber gloves
2. Stock the pantry with dry goods like pasta, rice, tinned products, etc.
3. Stock the freezer
4. Make sure you have plenty of books, DVDs (films and music), Netflix, etc., to help pass the time
5. Dust off your board games and set up the card table
6. Take out old photo albums to look at or watch you old home movies, it's fun to reminisce
7. Try to have something to do that will occupy your time manually as psychologists here say that doing something with your hands is relaxing for the brain. When I watch TV at night, I knit scarves, at which I am hopeless, but it soothes me and I will give them to the homeless when this is all over. If you can paint or draw that would be even better.

Things not to do:
1) Do not compulsively watch the TV news
2) Do not compulsively check online sites to look at the number of deaths
3) Do not let concern turn into anxiety.

Stay healthy and safe...Deirdre

Editor’s Note: Deirdre Pirro writes for PRIMO and provides new and original translations of excerpted works from English to Italian. She has written two books, now on sale through PRIMO. The first is “Italian Sketches - The Faces of Modern Italy,” a book about the most influential Italians in the arts, science and statecraft this past century. The second is “Politica e Prosa” a new book of translations in collaboration with PRIMO’s publisher and editor Truby Chiaviello. If interested, please log on to our Books Page here.



It was around mid-February when I heard about the coronavirus for the first time in Italy. Today, a month later, the whole country is in a state of emergency, and here in Rome, where I live, everyone seems to be infected by a downfall mood.

Text and Photographs by Jesper Storgaard Jensen

Face masks are sold out and people now cover their faces with scarves, despite the fact that the
temperature in Rome is 60 degrees. Andrea, the owner of my neighborhood newsstand, welcomes his
customers with rubber gloves and face mask. All newspaper sales now take place outside the newsstand.

In front of most of the city's pharmacies there are now long queues. People are admitted one at a time,
and sometimes there are guards at the pharmacy entrance. A morning jogger runs through Rome's central
streets where traffic has now ceased.

Bar Canova at Piazza del Popolo was once the favorite cafe of director Federico Fellini. These days you
can see just a handful of people at the cafe. Well, actually no longer, because Bar Canova is now closed.

The Spanish Steps usually host a veritable throng of people. These days, however, tourists can be counted
on no more than two hands. Usually there is a chaotic tourist situation in front of the Trevi Fountain. In these
days, there are plenty of room to throw a coin in the Fountain.

   A few days ago I bought a copy of “la Repubblica,” Italy’s largest daily newspaper. I couldn’t help but get a lump in my throat. The headline was written with giant letters: “Dear Italy, these are dark times, but we will get through the difficulties together".
   In these days it’s really difficult to recognize the Italy where I – Danish journalist and photographer – have now lived for more than 22 years. The Italians’ joy of life, their usually good mood and their typical vivid hand gestures while speaking have been replaced by dismay, anxiety and a social behavior that has changed drastically and practically overnight. Cheek kissing and embraces have now been replaced by a new way of greetings, in which elbows are poked against each other to avoid the physical contact that authorities now strongly discourage.
   Most streets in Rome are now deserted. The Trevi Fountain, which I often pass, is only a shadow of itself. Usually, it’s quite difficult to move ahead in front of the fountain due to the massive crowds of tourists. These days, it looks like a huge splashing marble poltergeist without capacity to evoke any interest whatsoever. Rome’s subway in these days - where the rush hour often resembles Bombay-like situations - is now driving around with ghostly and almost completely empty trains.
   Only supermarkets, mini-markets, pharmacies and newspaper stands remain open. All cinemas, theaters, swimming pools and gyms are closed, and now – after the latest governmental decree – all restaurants and eateries. When I open my living room window, just out of Rome’s center, in the evening, the only thing I hear is a strange and surreal silence. No cars, no people, nothing. Just silence.
   The Italians’ – and my – social life have gone completely black. Even my little cozy yoga team, where we are just four stiff-backed people, has shut down. Now we only walk in the streets if we have a specific objective, and if I have to move from one place to another for work reasons I need to carry a printed document – the so-called self-certificate. If I don’t the police might give me a fine of 206 euro.
   Rome’s big parks, e.g. Villa Borghese in the center of the city, have been closed; so people choose other places to do their afternoon walk, e.g. along the Tiber. But also here police forces have started making controls. We are all supposed to stay at home, and if you leave your home together with another person, you have to remember to keep the distance of at least one meter.
   People are scared and as with a snap of the fingers this anxiety has caused us all to change our social behavior. Saturday night when my wife and I were having dinner with friends in our neighborhood (but today, as these lines are written, you no longer have dinner with friends). After our initial elbow-greetings we immediately reminded one another about the importance of coughing in the elbow and keeping some distance. It was said with a laugh and a smile, but I still felt an underlying seriousness. My friend Simone, who is a theater instructor, soon became quite serious: “I spoke to a theater manager yesterday. He was crying on the phone. The closure of his theater could have disastrous consequences. After all, we know nothing about how long this situation will last. I myself had to cancel five performances in the coming weeks”.
   The next day I meet an acquaintance, Maurizio, in the street. He is worried. Coronavirus has been detected at his daughter's school. A parent of one of his daughter's classmates who was infected went to a Roman hospital for care. The school is reluctant to give information about the state of the infected person’s family due to strict Italian privacy laws. “You know my wife has had cancer. Her immune system is still weak and we need to take extra care. This means that for a while my daughter cannot be with her classmates,” he says.
   All Italian schools are now closed until April 3. My own children, 12 and 16 years old, have suddenly been given four weeks of freedom. Now we parents need to be creative. The families’ young people must be activated and at the same time informed about proper social behavior. We are only at the beginning of a rather long “home isolation journey” that might very well last for another 3-4 weeks. But first and foremost, they must do homework they now receive electronically. My son, who is a freshman in high school, is mostly annoyed: “We don’t know yet which electronic platform we should use to deliver assignments to the different teachers. It's a bit of a mess". The family's youngest, Sara, is especially worried and has to be convinced to go out. She prefers to stay a casa, safe and sound.
   My wife and I try to have a relaxed attitude towards our children, but they have long recognized the seriousness of the situation. An invisible danger seems to be hiding everywhere.
   This new reality has something unreal, surreal, and absurd about it, as if all of us were part of a sci-fi movie whose plot has been invented by a half-crazed director.

News from the trench
Reading Italian newspapers these days is a bit like reading the latest bulletins from trench war.
   On social media, Facebook in particular, there seems to be an invisible competition among the various media about who is able to bring most coronavirus-related news. New figures about the infected, about the dead, about various side effects and about the updated coronavirus situation are published all day long.
   We - my wife and I - have told my Italian parents in-law, who live in Rome and who both are over eighty, to stay at home and only to go out to do shopping of food and groceries. Instead, we have now arranged a daily video call so they can still have contact with their great amore, their grandchildren. Work appointments and any kind of business are going down the drain in this period. In the near future, I should have been to the Italian city of Pesaro to work as interpreter, but this was of course cancelled. And also my four lectures - for Danish high school classes on a study trip to Rome - about Italian politics, economics and society have also been cancelled.
   New “social phenomena” are emerging. Face masks are sold out everywhere, so when outside their homes many people move around wearing a scarf that covers both the mouth and nose. And that’s despite a pleasant spring heat in Rome these days. There are long lines in front of the supermarkets, where people are now being let in one at the time. Sometimes you have to wait for more than one hour to get in. In front of a pharmacy in my neighborhood, Prati, you see a hundred-meter-long line. Half the people in the queue wear face masks. An impatient signora complains loudly and security in front of the pharmacy try to calm her.
   For quite some days, newspapers have been reporting that the already fragile Italian growth this year is expected to worsen by at least 0.5% of GDP. And this year's Italian budget deficit is now predicted to come dangerously close to the EU's maximum limit of -3%. These are disastrous macroeconomic figures. I think to myself that all this - this weird virus situation, this surrealistic infection scenario - will require blood, sweat and tears. It will lead to an anxious grinding of teeth, family tragedies and divorces. It will lead to company closures, declarations of bankruptcy and horrifying red numbers on the bottom line. When the virus eventually will have gone or been tamed, what will be left here in Italy – and probably also elsewhere – is a disastrous economic situation for thousands and thousands of people.
   And who knows, maybe what we see these days is just the beginning? Press allegations have it that the curve of virus infections is supposed to peak around 25-28 March. The big fear, right now, is that the infection will start to spread from North Italy towards major cities like Rome and Naples.
   So maybe we will soon see the same disastrous phenomena here in Rome as one sees in Northern Italy, where many hospitals, so resource-depleted, that doctors are forced to make the terrible choice between virus patients to save and virus patients to be given a lower priority, which often means “to be sacrificed.”
Newly infected from day to day are still around 3,000, and the number of deceased persons rise to about 300 per day.
   Both my wife and I now work at home. We are following strict orders introduced by the Italian authorities with a new hashtag #iorestoacasa (I stay home). In an English language neologism we call it smart work, and if you manage to practice this option - working at home – you’ll automatically score a couple of points on the social image barometer.
   The well-known Italian writer Fulvio Abbate was interviewed by me weeks ago at a cafe in Rome's Monteverde neighborhood. Now I follow him on Instagram, where he posts doomsday prophecies; halfway cynical and halfway humorous: “The authorities are not saying what we all know so well: the virus is on its way to Rome. Save yourself who can and good luck to all of you. To you that are bound to succumb and to you that will eventually manage to survive."

Editor's Note: Jesper Storgaard Jensen is a special features writer for PRIMO. His articles can be read in each edition of PRIMO. Jesper also convenes tours of Rome. His web site is





Truby Chiaviello, Publisher & Editor of PRIMO Magazine, Appointed to the Board of Directors of The Sicilian Project
The Sicilian Project’s mission is to teach English to all children in Sicily

It is with pleasure that PRIMO Magazine announces Publisher and Editor Truby Chiaviello has been appointed to serve on the board of directors of The Sicilian Project. The term of his service began in January 2020.
   The Sicilian Project is a 501-C3 tax exempt organization that raises money from people throughout the United States to fund academic grants issued in Sicily. The organization’s objective is to train Sicilian students, from elementary through high school, to read, write and think in English.
   The Sicilian Project began in 2011 as an idea Massachusetts attorney Alfred Zappala had during one of his many visits to Sicily. He saw that children there could not compete in a global market without English language skills. Since then, The Sicilian Project has maintained an active all volunteer board of directors and volunteer teachers to conduct classes in Sicily. The Sicilian Project established a strong working relationship with the Babilonia School in Taormina to provide grants and use their staff and facilities. English language summer camps are ongoing in Aci Bonaccorsi, Valverde, Augusta and Palermo. The plan is to begin new camps in other locations of the region such as Messina.
   “I am honored to serve on the board of directors of The Sicilian Project,” says Mr. Chiaviello. “I have been an admirer of the organization since its inception nine years ago. Alfred Zappala and his team have made incredible strides helping Sicilian children and young adults learn English. More than just an organization, The Sicilian Project is a serious change agent for Italy’s future. To be a part of The Sicilian Project is to be a part of history in the making and I am very honored to serve on the organization’s board of directors.”
   To learn more about The Sicilian Project and how you can help, please log on to To contact Truby Chiaviello, please call 202-363-3741 or email To learn more about PRIMO Magazine log on to




Now Playing on Netflix - A Meeting between Popes Benedict and Francis
Starring Anthony Hopkins and Jonathan Pryce
PRIMO Review

By Truby Chiaviello

“The Two Popes,” starring Anthony Hopkins as Pope Benedict XVI and Jonathan Pryce as Pope Francis, presents a conundrum for Roman Catholic viewers.
   The most pious and informed among the faithful will want to tune in to see how the last two inheritors of the throne of Saint Peter interacted with each other in the Palazzo Apostolico di Castel Gandolfo near Lake Albano. Yet, this same group will know that no such meeting ever took place. Hence, the question: Should we or shouldn’t we watch?
   I took the plunge and viewed “The Two Popes” on Netflix. I knew full well what I was getting into: The onslaught of clichés in the film were relentless. Contrived and banal scenes were too many to count. The distortion of Catholic theology was minimal but still grossly apparent in the film. Yet, the filmmakers got all the costumes and customs correct, not to mention an impressive set design, much of it done at Cinecitta studios in Rome. The Sistine Chapel is shown with total authenticity as are other landmarks such as the Palazzo Apostolico in Northern Italy and other locations inside and outside the Vatican.
   The film opens with the death of Pope John Paul II in 2005 and the election of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger as Pope Benedict XVI. The next scene jumps eight years ahead to Buenos Aires, Argentina. Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio receives a call from the Vatican requesting him to meet with the pope at his summer residence in Lake Albano. He arrives in Italy, not knowing the reason for the meeting. He and the pope stroll manicured gardens to discuss the current state of affairs and the future of the Church. Here, the filmmakers give way to the narrative stereotypes: Pope Benedict is the old, rigid conservative while Cardinal Bergoglio is the friendly, open-minded liberal. In truth, both men are considerably enlightened and share key attributes. They taught at universities in their home countries and were greatly influenced by Romano Guardino, a priest and philosophy professor from Verona who pioneered changes in Catholic liturgy. Both popes have Italian backgrounds. Pope Francis’ family is originally from Italy’s Piemonte region and Pope Benedict’s mother migrated to Germany from Tyrol in Northeastern Italy.
   Pope Benedict is particularly undervalued and misrepresented in the film. He is depicted much like a medieval prelate; out of step and out of bounds in the modern world. In truth, Pope Benedict remains today one of the best educated priests in the world. For years, he was a professor of philosophy and theology in Munich and a key adviser to German bishops. He was a fervent supporter of church reforms initiated under Pope John XXIII and later carried out by Pope Paul VI in the Second Vatican Council (Vatican II). Indeed, there is little more that the Church can do in the area of reform. The liturgy, the magisterium and the Mass ceremony changed drastically thanks to Vatican II.
   Most disturbing is how the film implies that Pope Benedict was, at best, neglectful in purging priests accused of child abuse crimes and misdeeds. In fact, the opposite is the case. While prefect at the Vatican, then Cardinal Ratzinger spearheaded investigations of priests under suspicion and expelled many. He continued the effort while pope when he verified abuse allegations that led to the removal of Cardinal Theodore McCarrick in Washington, D.C.
   As the film progresses, Pope Benedict announces his intention to resign and endorses Cardinal Bergoglio as his replacement. Little reason is given for his abrupt decision. Pope Benedict’s retirement remains cloaked in mystery. The move was basically unprecedented, with the last pope to abdicate, Gregory XII, in 1415. The official claim was that Pope Benedict was too old at 86 to continue the intense regimen at the Vatican. Hopkins portrays Benedict as just that - old and frail. Some Vatican observers, however, claim that the pope’s undoing was his zeal to uncover perpetrators of child sexual and physical abuse. He did not resign voluntarily but was rather pushed out by rivals who sought to cover up crimes.
   Cardinal Bergoglio was outside the Vatican and the first from the New World when he was elected and took the name Pope Francis. He was also the first among the Jesuit order of priests to rise to the papacy. The film recounts his days as Jesuit provincial superior in Buenos Aires in the early 1970s when Argentina was ruled by a military dictatorship. Many Jesuits were arrested and some were killed during what was later termed the “Dirty Wars.” Then Father Bergoglio was criticized for not doing enough to save priests and lay ministers from punishment and persecution. However, his focus was on preserving all priests under his care. His outreach efforts and eventual negotiations with military officers helped retain the Jesuit order in Argentina.
   Named archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1992, Bergoglio sought to bring greater awareness to the plight of the poor in his home country and elsewhere in South America. One scene shows a speech he made about poverty paired with a montage of walls in different parts of the Spanish speaking world. Manmade obstructions separate the poor from the more affluent of society; no doubt, a critique by the filmmakers of President Donald Trump’s proposed border wall between the United States and Mexico.
   “The Two Popes” is a film to be heralded for its technical and artistic achievements in set design and costumes. Of the two actors, Pryce provides the better portrayal as Pope Francis. He conveys the charm and approachability that makes Pope Francis one of the most popular figures in the world today. Meanwhile, Hopkins meanders and mumbles his way through the film as a befuddled and gruff Pope Benedict. “The Two Popes” had the potential to be a stellar work of cinema to explore the inner workings of the Vatican. Yet, too many clichés, a gross revision of history and too many misrepresentations of Catholic theology undoes the production. “The Two Popes” is currently shown on Netflix.

Editor’s Note: Truby Chiaviello is the publisher and editor of PRIMO Magazine.



His New Book “L’America” Follows The Paths of Three Italian Immigrants at the Turn of the 20th Century
- Main Characters Come from Naples, Calabria and Sicily
Did one group of Italian immigrants have it easier than the other?

Joseph Orazi is no stranger to the dreams and struggles of Italian immigrants. In 2005, he was the screenwriter and associate producer for a riveting documentary on the internment of Italians in World War II titled “Prisoners Among Us.” Changing gears from writing for film to writing a new novel, Mr. Orazi conveys the struggles of three immigrants from different regions of Southern Italy in “L’America.” PRIMO gave the book a most positive review. We interviewed the author about his new novel and the Italian immigrant experience.

Your new novel "L'America" is a fictional account of Italian immigrants. What new insight about Italian immigration will readers gain after reading your book?

It is my hope that readers will learn the true story of immigration, when huge numbers flocked to our shores. Between the late 1800s and the early 1900s, millions of Italians, Irish, Germans, Slavs, etc made their way to America. While my story centers on Italians, it is actually the story of us all, no matter the country of origin. As far as Italians are concerned, we’re a pretty proud bunch, so many of the struggles to make it here were not spoken. We had to pry them out of first generation folks. So it was my intention to mine those stories of immigration, assimilation and the largely unknown events leading up to WWII. History has been neglected, I think. It’s important for younger generations to learn what it took for their ancestors to enable them to live the lives they do. I’m biased, but I think we owe it to them.
You dedicate "L'America" to your ancestors, i.e., Fuscas, the Fusias, LaChimias, Funaros and Orazis. Can you tell us a little about them?

The Fuscas, Fusias, La Chimias and Funaros were my mother’s side of the family, from Calabria. The Fusca name was the original. When my grandfather came to America, they got it right on Ellis Island. But when his brothers and sisters came over, immigration read the name wrong. The “c” had an accent above it. So they thought it was an “i.” So most of my family call themselves Fusias. It’s always fun to argue about it at family reunions. The Orazis were my father’s side from Ascoli Piceno.
"L'America" follows the harrowing journey to America of several characters from different parts of Southern Italy. They have different backgrounds and circumstances but they all have one thing in common: They want to leave Italy. Tell us a little about what made Italy so unattractive for people to leave at the turn of the century.

In the 1800s, the Italian peninsula was made up of many different states. It was decided that it was in Italy’s best interest to unify into a single kingdom of Italy…and also one of Sicily. The country was racked with civil wars. Lands were redistributed. The Mezziogiorno (the area south of Rome) was devastated in particular. Poverty was rampant. It’s estimated that about 10% of the population decided that the only way to feed their families was to seek employment elsewhere. America became their beacon to a better life.
We have Sicilians, Calabrese, and Neapolitans making their way in the New World. Did one group of Southern Italians have it easier in America than another?

There really were no differences in the assimilation experiences of Italians. All found it very difficult. Some were more successful than others in acquainting themselves of new language and cultures. Some returned home. Many stayed and sent for their wives and children later.
What's next for you after this novel? You have done some exceptional work in film, most notably as the screenplay writer and associate producer for the award winning documentary "Prisoners Among Us." Do you plan to purse filmmaking or novel writing in the future?

I am currently working on Book Two of this two book series. It picks up the families’ stories in 1928 and follows them to 1946. I have written a treatment for a TV miniseries based on the books. I think it’s time for our story to be told. We don’t just off people and own pizza joints. So I’d like to write the scripts for that project.

Editor’s Note: Joseph Orazi gives us a captivating and well-written new novel in “L’America.” You can purchase the book at As an author and screenplay writer who focuses on the plights of Italian immigrants, Mr. Orazi can share his in-depth knowledge and experience with Italian American organizations. To inquire about his availability to be a speaker at your next event, please contact him at


Finding The Gravesite of My Great Grandfather
Was a Strange Marking in a Photograph a Sign from the Afterlife?

By Al Vaccaro

   My great grandfather, Semo Gambero, died in 1917, and was buried near Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania. Many of our relatives (now living around the Pittsburgh and Cleveland areas) had never visited Semo's grave, who was the first family member to immigrate to the United States from Calabria, Italy, in the late 1800's. Some of the older family members, however, remembered the name of the cemetery where Grandfather, Semo, was buried, in Anita, Pennsylvania.
   One sunny Sunday in October of 1996, three vans, loaded with relatives went to seek out Semo's final rising place. Several hours after the departure from Pittsburgh, we located the Adrian-Anita R.C. Cemetery.  
Spreading out and searching for a half hour or so, we finally found Semo's gravesite. Although nearly 80 years had weathered the tombstone, all the information on it was clearly readable. With my Kodak camera, I (as well as other family members) snapped dozens of pictures, at various angles, usually with most to the family members surrounding the gravesite. One picture, however, I snapped after all the family had moved away from the gravesite. I wanted a picture of only the tombstone. When the roll of film was developed, this mysterious picture was one of the 36 returned to me. When I showed it to the employees of the local Ritz Camera Center, they had no explanation for the "white wisp" that appeared at the gravesite. It was the ONLY picture on that roll of film, or any of the hundreds of pictures that I had taken with that camera, that had this mysterious white mark on it. A puzzle to one and all who viewed it.
Was our Grandfather disturbed by our presence? Was Semo thanking us for finally visiting him after so many years? Was he asking to be reburied next to his wife in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, nearly one hundred miles away? (Semo is the ONLY relative buried in that location.)  
     Whatever the logical explanation for this unique picture is, the family members who made the trip to Anita that day to visit the grave of our family patriarch, all have their own beliefs about the significance of that unique, and treasured photograph. Many years ago, I entered that picture in a Kodak photograph contest and it won an award. They returned the original (enlarged) photograph to me, beautifully wood mounted and framed, and entitled, at my suggestion, "Grandfather's Return." It hangs on a wall in my house and it will be passed on to my children, and grandchildren, for many years to come....I hope.    


From Mob Attorney to Movie Mayhem

“Last of the Gladiators,” by James M. LaRossa, Jr.; Published by Bancroft Press, available at
   You can’t help but like James M. LaRossa. He was one of New York’s top attorneys who defended Paul Castellano, reputed boss of the Gambino crime family. LaRossa was a lawyer’s lawyer and we mean that literally. He once defended two probate judges and got their cases dropped at the investigation phase. This is one of many exciting, humorous and insightful tales that his son James, Jr., conveys to readers in “Last of the Gladiators: A Memoir of Love, Redemption, and the Mob.”
   After serving his country, a Marine Corps officer in the Korean War, LaRossa attended and graduated from Fordham Law School. After some years as a federal prosecutor, he went into business for himself and defended New York’s most notorious suspects in some of the most famous criminal trials of the previous century. If the law had its sights on you, then LaRossa was your man to ensure an impassioned defense and a fair trial. Once a judge asked LaRossa why he defended the likes of mobsters and known criminals. As LaRossa, Jr., writes in the book, his father replied, “Yes, I could do without some of my clients…” He then told the judge how he was clerking at a law firm when one of the managing partners “let me know, without saying it, that the firm wasn’t hiring Italian-Americans, so don’t even bother applying after finishing school…Thinking back, that guy did me a big favor. He pissed me off and made me what I am today.”
   James, Jr., says his father’s deep seated anger at government overreach was why he fought so hard for his clients. LaRossa once described himself as last of the gladiators, hence the book’s title. Never known as a deal maker, he rarely brokered a plea bargain. He made it known when hired that he was to take the case all the way to court and all the way to a jury verdict. LaRossa was the first lawyer who ran up against RICO, in 1979, the all-reaching federal statute aimed at taking down the mob. He was an innovator among defense attorneys when he hired private investigators to turn the tables on prosecutors and investigate their witnesses and informants.
   “Last of the Gladiators” is an incredibly entertaining book. Not just do we read about LaRossa, but we also read about his son and author James, Jr., who recounts his exploits as a successful entrepreneur with bipolar disorder. Touching is how he helped his father to extend his life after diagnosed with emphysema.
   “Last of the Gladiators” provides an insider’s view of law and order in America. The stakes are high for the accused. James M. LaRossa was there for the defense. His son’s impressive tribute is one not to forget by anyone who reads this remarkable book.

“L’America,” by Joseph M. Orazi, available at
   Joseph M. Orazi gives us a captivating and well-written novel in “L’America.”
   The author is no stranger to the saga of Italian immigrants. He was the screenwriter and associate producer for a riveting documentary on the internment of Italians in World War II titled “Prisoners Among Us.” He delved into the subject to explore new angles and sub plots not normally covered.
   In “L’America,” Orazi tells the story of three men who find themselves on the same ocean vessel in steerage “in the belly of the beast called SS Santa Ana.” There is Giuseppe Mosca, a peasant farmer from Calabria who leaves for America to become a tailor. There is Aldo Grimaldi, a skilled contractor in Naples where corruption and nepotism has all but excluded him from the market. He hopes to restart his business in the United States where he believes work is won on merit instead of connections. Paolo LaChimia is the youngest of the three; a teenager from the streets of Palermo whose early life in crime leads him overseas.
   Dialogue between characters convey the conditions of past migration; much more dire and ominous than what we see today. In one scene, a ship’s steward explains steerage to Paolo. “Get used to it. This is the best it’s going to smell. Wait until we’re a week out. Then you will long for day…This is steerage. The occupants are nothing more than cargo with legs.”
   Historical photographs often show Italians by themselves as a group of immigrants who arrived at Ellis Island. In truth, people from many different countries were represented on the same ocean liner. When Aldo gets settled inside the large boat, he sees “the strange assembly of nationalities and the drone of voices evoked a kind of Babel. There were Russian Jews, Irish farmers, Greeks, people strangely attired in kilts, Arabs in long robes, and even Cossacks with terrifying scowls and long, curved swords that hung from their belts in ornate sheathes. Thirteen days suddenly seemed like an eternity.”
   Orazi is an observant writer whose passion for history comes through in every scene and sentence. The reader is immersed in the past at every turn and twist in this incredible novel.
   Most appealing are characters who possess the hopes and flaws to make them approachable and understandable. Even on the rare occasions when they are at their worst, we somehow still root for them. Orazi is commended for writing such a profound novel that takes readers back to a time much different than our own. “L’America” will inspire in all of us inherent respect and admiration for those who came to give us a better life.

“How Fires End,” by Marco Rafalà; Published by Little A, New York, available at
   No other era but the 1980s could work as a setting for Marco Rafalà’s intense yet heartfelt novel “How Fires End.” The decade contained all the necessary elements to bring his story to life. The Greatest Generation were still young enough at middle age to take on past demons with physical and emotional violence. This was a time when the Italian neighborhood remained fresh and unified before mass gentrification.
   “How Fires End” takes place in Middletown, Connecticut in 1986. The New England town hosts a large section of Sicilians from the hillside village of Melilli. The story is told through the eyes of David Vassallo, a high school student who lives with his father Salvatore, a widower employed as a machinist at the local factory. All is well until David gets into a fight with a neighborhood bully. Salvatore comes to the rescue only to exchange harsh words with the other boy’s father. The man mentions something about Salvatore’s past that puzzles David. The boy sets out to learn more. He is told that Salvatore’s twin brothers in Sicily were killed after they accidentally detonated an unexploded mortar shell. Some of the townsfolk think his family is cursed. They were all but shunned in Sicily when Salvatore befriended Vincenzo, a fascist, in order to escape Sicily. Vincenzo now owns an eatery in town and is a friend of the family’s. The more David investigates the more things unravel. The past returns with a burst of vendettas and recriminations that are all played out in a climactic ending.
   “How Fires End” is a phenomenal novel by Marco. His style of writing fits well with the main character. He uses language that is concise, specific and reinforces the clear thinking of David. The author is no doubt a child extraordinaire of the 1980s. The atmosphere of the novel conveys undertones of horror, so pervasive in that era’s pop culture. A visit to a dormitory basement at a nearby college is reminiscent of what John Carpenter might have directed. Marco writes, “My old D&D games were coming alive. We were a company of adventurers in search of secrets long forgotten in a maze of shifting walls and hidden treasures. We passed metal doors, some locked and some with broken locks - rooms with bare bulbs casting long shadows across discarded telephones and furniture…”
   “How Fires End” reminds us of the generation gap, almost unheard of nowadays as the Internet and social media breaks down barriers between age groups. This is a quintessential Italian American tale that excites us for what more may come from an author who is bound to be an established literary voice of the ’80s generation. “How Fires End” is excellent!

“Italians of Northeastern Pennsylvania,” by Stephanie Longo; published by Arcadia Publishing, available at

   Stephanie Longo has rightly earned the reputation as a foremost expert in Pennsylvania Italians. Author of several books, she provided a mastery of historical accounts and records in the outstanding “Italians of Lackawanna County.” Another book, just as good, if not better, is her “Italians of Northeastern Pennsylvania.”
   Stephanie writes, “Statewide, roughly 784 people in Pennsylvania in 1870 were born in Italy. In 1900, this number had risen to 484,207…” Today, Pennsylvania and Northeastern Pennsylvania, in particular, contain one of the highest concentrations of Italians in the country. Stephanie reminds us that many Italians came to work the coal mines and railroads and settled in large numbers in Scranton, Pittston, Dunmore, Wilkes-Barre, Hazleton and Carbondale.
Stephanie has lived much of her life in Lackawanna County. This and adjacent Luzerne County make up Northeastern Pennsylvania. She dedicates the book to her grandparents Joseph and Anna Mascaro Longo “as true examples of what it means to be Italian-American in Northeastern Pennsylvania.”
   Stephanie’s research is truly exemplary. Her inventory of historical photographs bring special visual context to her writing. There are pictures of the small cramped hovels people lived in Campania, Calabria and Sicily. They remind us of the dire circumstances that Italians sought to escape from when coming to America.
   Stephanie shares several stories of how Italians were sometimes persecuted in Northeastern Pennsylvania. Once, a priest at an Italian parish received an anonymous letter that threatened to dynamite the church unless all Italians left the area.
   Fascinating anecdotes, historical records and insightful commentary make up “Italians of Northeastern Pennsylvania.” Stephanie loves the human side of history and it shows. So many photographs come with mini stories. One black and white photograph “taken in 1924 in San Cataldo, Sicily…shows Vincent Palermo and his wife” and family. “The Palermos left Italy to escape fascism, but were refused entry at Ellis Island because Anna had vision problems. Instead of returning to Italy, however, they entered the United States through Canada. The Palermos went to Throop upon arrival, but later moved to Dunmore, where they sold produce.” She goes on to say they had three more children after they settled in America.
   “Italians of Northeastern Pennsylvania” is another marvelous book by Stephanie Longo. She is a writer who reinforces the pride we all have in our Italian American roots. What an outstanding book!

“Put it on the Windowsill,” by Marcia Brennan, Ph.D.; Published by Dark River, Bennion Kearny Ltd., available at
   Marcia Brennan begins her enlightening and engaging book with the Virgin Mary. Her Irish great-aunt once said “if she wanted good weather for a particular occasion, she should place a statue of the Virgin Mary on the windowsill, facing outward, and say a prayer.” Her mother did just that and sure enough there were clear blue skies the next day.
   “Put It On The Windowsill” contains many such mystical and religious elements to coincide with family history and anecdotes of Marcia’s early life in Connecticut. Her maiden name is Gagliardi and she grew up in a mixed Italian and Irish family. Her paternal grandparents were immigrants from Avellino while the Irish side of her family had long settled in New England and were well-established members of society. What the two families share, of course, is their Roman Catholic faith.
   Marcia devotes the last quarter of her book to religious relics, the blessings of statues and the invoking of saints. She writes with affection about a statuette indicative of her father’s love for woodworking. His “sculpture depicts Saint Joseph not as an older man and father, but as a young carpenter. The figure wears a work apron, and he holds a saw in his right hand and a tool chest in his left.”
   Marcia is quick to admit that Italian families are unique in their obsession for good food. She includes a host of family recipes throughout the book such as spinach pie, Italian white cookies and Christmas candy. She remembers fondly the house she grew up in; where not only her family but also her father’s mother, Nannie, and the family of her aunt’s lived in the same nieghborhood, just one block away from each other.
   The author was inspired to write about her family after some years working at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas. She is a professional writer who interviews patients and inscribes their stories in handmade paper journals given to them and their families for reminiscence and reflection. As she looks back on her life in Connecticut, she considers how life has changed from one generation to the other. “Even though many of the worlds I write about no longer exist, this book is both a cultural heritage document and study in living presences.”
   “Put It On The Windowsill” is an impassioned memoir by an Italian American woman who cherishes more each day the connections of her Italian family. Hers is a beautiful story for all of us at Christmastime and for all days of the year.

“The Ghosts of the Garfagnana,” by Paul Salsini, available at

   After finishing the last of Paul Salsini’s six-volume “A Tuscan Series,” readers might have felt a bit lost. For years, they were immersed in the lives of Ezio and Donna, Paolo and Lucia, Dino and Sofia—not to mention the handsome Father Lorenzo and the former nun Anna. Now those stories have ended.
Readers, however, can look forward to another book. While Salsini may have left those characters behind, he sets new stories in Tuscany, the land of his roots. This time, he has chosen the little-known area, the Garfagnana, a gorgeous section in northwest Tuscany.
   Not yet overtaken by hordes of tourists, Garfagnana is marked by high mountains, vast landscapes, rippling streams and tiny villages, some of them abandoned. This part of Tuscany is mysterious, even eerie. This is where it is said the devil built a bridge in the Middle Ages (well, of course he did), where a mountain is said to house a witches’ coven, where strange voices are heard in an underground cavern and where spirits still dwell in an underwater “ghost” village long abandoned by residents.
   Salsini decided that Garfagnana called for some supernatural stories. And so, just out, is “The Ghosts of the Garfagnana: Seven Strange Stories from Haunted Tuscany.” The stories are interconnected, but span centuries, from the medieval to the present. There’s one about a young monk, murdered by another, who doesn’t seem to want to leave the monastery. Another about a soldier who returns from “the other side.” And one about a statue that moves and cures people: “Slowly, the hands of the statue, which had been clasped together, separated. The arms stretched out, as if comforting the crowd. The smile on the saint’s lips grew wider. The organ music and the choir’s hymn grew louder.”
   In another story, a crystal ball helps lead Italian partisans to a big victory in World War II. And in another, a village that has slept for 100 years comes back to life with some amazing happenings.
   The final story is about a young theater major who attempts to disprove the legend of ghosts in theaters. Everyone has heard of the caution “Break a leg” as a sign of good luck, but what about the ghost lights that superstitious actors throughout the world place in the rear of stages? Or of the people who are certain that spirits inhabit well-known theaters (the Belasco in New York, the Theater Royal Drury Lane in London, etc.)?
   The reader will quickly find that although the tales may be strange, they are not scary. They might even be called, like one of the ghosts, “friendly.” “The Ghosts of the Garfagnana: Seven Strange Stories from Haunted Tuscany” can be purchased on

“The Devil of Saint Gabriel,” by Joanne Fisher, available at

   “The Devil of Saint Gabriel” is the latest novel from Joanne Fisher. And, thus far, her best. The novel contains all the elements of a top crime thriller.
Readers will get an idea of what awaits them just by reading the author’s dedication “to all the Catholic priests who give of themselves day after day, night after night, year after year, asking nothing in return.”
   Hence, the setting is the parish of Saint Gabriel Catholic Church in Mississippi. Father Nicholas Jones, originally from South Africa, leads the tight-nit flock. One parishioner, Tammy, volunteers at the Jefferson Correctional Center, a women’s prison across the border in Louisiana. There, she leads Bible studies and prayer services. The novel begins with a ministry meeting of potential converts behind bars. Past crimes range from manslaughter to narcotics. Tammy’s knowledge of Scripture and her graceful spirit wins over the women, many of whom come from evangelical backgrounds. She mentors one inmate, Lucy, who shows promise of conversion and does particularly well at Bible study and learning the faith. When released from prison, she moves in with Tammy and “registers for Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults at Saint Gabriel.” Trouble begins after Lucy faces prejudice from other parishioners because of her criminal past. She finds solace and support from Father Nicholas and the two grow closer.
   Joanne develops characters by slowly divulging their inner demons through dialogue. We don’t know their true intentions until the end. Lucy is both sympathetic and complex. She is kind and gentle and at other times selfish and manipulative. She is both the victim and victimizer and we are not sure until the end about her motivations. The same can be said of Father Nicholas. He seems the dutiful priest, sincere and upstanding, while at other times, he is equivocal and naive.
   “The Devil of Saint Gabriel” moves in various directions as more characters are introduced. The people of the parish come from different backgrounds. How they cope with what looks to be a scandal involving Father Nicholas leads to several intriguing twists and a shocking ending.
   “The Devil of Saint Gabriel” is an important book in light of recent Church scandals. Joanne is commended for writing a book about the faith in a fair and knowledgeable light. There are many challenges facing priests today as they manage the faithful. The struggle is to strike a balance between saving souls and saving oneself. 

“Italian Horror Cinema: The Most Influential Horror Films from Italy,” by Truby Chiaviello, available at
   A discussion of Italy’s best filmmakers is usually limited to Vittorio De Sica, Roberto Rossellini, Luchino Visconti and others of Italian neorealism. These are great directors, no doubt, and their films should be viewed and praised. Yet, Italian cinema is made up of other filmmakers, such as those of specific genres, i.e., Westerns, action and horror. Their influence is even more far-reaching as they are increasingly considered some of Italy’s most pioneering and innovative filmmakers.
   Truby Chiaviello, publisher and editor of PRIMO, pays tribute to Italy’s horror filmmakers in his new book, “Italian Horror Cinema: The Most Influential Horror Films from Italy.”
   The author grew up in the 1980s, a time when he and his friends and other teenagers were often found inside movie theaters watching the likes of horror films “Halloween,” “Friday, the 13th,” and “Nightmare on Elm Street,” just to name a few. What’s most interesting is that these and many films we see today follow a template first developed in Italy many decades ago.
   “Italian Horror Cinema” highlights the creative and technical innovations from Italy. The country invented new horror sub-genres and cinematic styles; later adopted by Hollywood and utilized today in all kinds of films. The slasher sub-genre, the found footage theme and the fusion of science fiction with horror all began in Italy. Even, the zombie craze can be traced to Italy.
   In “Italian Horror Cinema,” Mr. Chiaviello recounts how American filmmakers were seduced by Italy’s brave extravagances. Horror masters Mario Bava, Dario Argento and Lucio Fulci greatly influenced a generation of American filmmakers such as Quentin Tarantino, Martin Scorsese, Roger Corman, John Carpenter, Wes Craven, Ridley Scott, George A. Romero, Sean S. Cunningham, Joe Dante, Sam Raimi and others.
   As Mr. Chiaviello writes in the book’s preface: “Italy’s most influential horror films...come with a mix of stories and styles that produced great films and, at other times, celebrated failures. Whatever their fine points and flaws, these films are to be understood and appreciated...” The book comes with an array of fascinating stories and anecdotes for such films as the critically acclaimed “Suspiria,” by Dario Argento and “I Vampiri,” by Mario Bava to the condemned “Zombi II,” by Lucio Fulci and the outlawed “Cannibal Holocaust,” by Ruggero Deodata.
   “Italian Horror Cinema” is an entertaining and informative book to be cherished by today’s filmmakers and all fans of horror, Italian and international cinema.




The Actor, Who Appeared in Over 75 Films, Passed Away on December 12
Director of the 2010 Film “Stiffs,” Starring Aiello, Shares His Story about The Actor

By Frank Ciota

When we were in pre-production for our film “Stiffs”, in which Danny Aiello was the lead, someone got luxury box tickets and a limo to a Patriots night game. Danny didn’t want to go. It was January and it was freezing cold. But he went because the whole thing was arranged by someone who was helping us out with the film.

So we’re in the luxury box, everyone is smoking cigars and taking pictures with Danny. He’s being unbelievably gracious but you can tell there were places he’d rather be. Out of nowhere the guy who arranged the whole thing runs over chomping on a huge cigar and says Patriots' owner Bob Kraft “heard you were here Danny and wants to meet you." Danny says something like “thank you, but now now, maybe later." The guy insists.

Two minutes later we’re standing outside Bob Kraft’s luxury box. The guy who arranged it is ten feet away talking to one of the security guards standing outside the door to the box. He’s pointing back at Danny. After a minute the security guard slips into Bob Kraft’s box. The guy who arranged it turns and gives a huge smile and thumbs up.

Five minutes go by...then’s freezing cold...Danny’s getting all fidgety. Fifteen minutes. The guy who arranged everything is asking Dany all kinds of questions. Twenty minutes. Finally, a half hour later the security guard comes over to Danny and very ceremoniously announces, ”Mr. Kraft will see you now."

Here’s where the record player screeches to a halt. Without missing a beat Danny says, “no he won’t” and then grabs me by the arm and we turn and start walking away.

After a few steps and under his breath Danny says to me with the smile of a ten-year-old, “look back, is the guy watching us?” I am laughing so hard I can barely walk and now so is Danny. As we’re walking away he turns to me and says as only he could “Frankie Baby! We just made a big noise kid!”

That was Danny in a nutshell. The scrappy kid who fought his way through everything, always with integrity and humility and dignity, to be one of the most beloved and respected actors of his generation. One of the last times I spoke with him he had just read a script my brother Joe had written entitled “Cassino in Ischia” about an American action star who goes to Italy to make an avant-garde European film with an Italian director. When we spoke on the phone he said, “Frankie I love it. Tell your brother Joey Danny loves it. It’s funny. It’s poignant. It’s beautiful.”

Then he did the Danny thing, which chokes me up, especially now as I’m writing this. “I miss you and love you kid. Just know Danny loves you.” In a world of make-believe, Danny Aiello was the real deal. I miss him already. He was truly the best.

Editor’s Note: Frank Ciota is the director of “Stiffs,” a 2010 film that starred Danny Aiello. Teaming up with his brother Joseph, who authors screenplays, Ciota makes films about Italy and the Italian American experience. “Ciao America” was another film he made in 2002. He and his brother Joe are now developing a new film to be shot in Italy and titled “Cassino in Ischia.” The promo of the film follows:


A PRIMO Tribute

By Anthony Cece

Dr. Orazio Tanelli passed away on Thursday, October 3, 2019 at his home in Verona, NJ after a short illness. Born in the town of Macchia Valfortore in the Province of Campobasso, Italy on March 10, 1936 he studied at the Liceo Torquato Tasso in Salerno where he completed his classical studies and then studied at “La Universita’ della Sapienza” in Rome where he obtained a doctorate degree in philosophy. In fact, the late Aldo Moro was his professor. He served in the military in Trieste from 1957-1959 and then emigrated to the US on December 7, 1961 settling in Bloomfield. He lived in Newark until moving to Verona in 1972 where he remained until his death. He returned to his town to marry Franca Di Iorio on December 15, 1962 spending fifty -six years of marriage. The couple returned to the US along with their one month old son, Nicola in October, 1963.

Dr. Tanelli continued his studies by earning a bachelors degree in French at Upsala College, East Orange and subsequently a masters degree in French and a certification in Spanish at Seton Hall University, South Orange. He then pursued for his masters and doctorate degree in Italian at Rutgers University, New Brunswick having taught Latin, Italian, French and Spanish within secondary schools and universities; such as, Montclair State, William Paterson in Wayne and Ramapo College in Mahwah. It’s estimated he had taught 40,000 students during his tenure.

Besides his passion for the language and literature that he professed, he was a prolific writer of essays and poems recognized internationally from many of his colleagues in Italy. Just to name a few of his essays, he wrote Miti Classici nella Divina Commedia (1991), Mito e realta’ nella poesia e nella narrativa di Sabino D’Acunto (1981), Macchia Valfortore, Storia e Leggenda (Vol.I, 2003, Vol.II, 2004) and Il Fusionismo di Ivo David (2005). Essayists and poets alike in Italy also acclaimed his literary works; such as, Guerino D’Alessandro, La poesia di Orazio Tanelli (1985), Vincenzo Rossi, Orazio Tanelli (Poesia ed esegesi, 2005) and the documentary, Il Monaco di Macchia (2007) that attracted renown acclaim.

While many essays were published, there were also his poems; such as, Poesie Molisane (1981), Canti dell’ Esule (1984), Canti del Ritorno (1986), Canti del Sud (1987) and Canti d’Oltreoceano (1994).

He was also a dedicated journalist. Upon arriving in the US, he collaborated with the former Il Progresso Italo-Americano (the current America Oggi) for several years as well as vice-director of the publication, “La Follia” of New York founded by Michele Sisca. He founded in 1990, “Il Ponte Italo-Americano’’, a publication that focused on Italian literature, history, art, music, culture, profiles and social events taking place within the Italian community both in the US and abroad that terminated in 2017. From 1995-1999, Dr. Tanelli and the staff of the magazine held annual banquets that awarded individuals from the community in various sectors like business, law, medicine, literature, poetry, music, art, religion and entrepreneurship along with the “Miss Ponte Pageant”that attracted younger Italo-Americans alike. The magazine was also recognized by Il Messagero di Sant’Antonio di Padova, Italy for many years. He received “La Medaglia d’Oro” by the late President of the Italian Republic, l’On. Francesco Cossiga.

Among his hobbies, he was a gardener enthusiast tending to his vegetable garden with fine detail.

He was also an accordionist who enjoyed playing and singing Italian songs at cultural events; such as the Federation of Italian-American Societies of NJ in which he was a member of for many years in addition to the various Italian organizations and societies where he performed like Holy Face Monastery in Clifton, Holy Family Church, Nutley and St. Joseph’s Church in East Orange after religious functions and cultural events like la Societa’ San Vito Aquilonese of Aquilonia (AV) in Montclair, la Societa’ San Francesco di Paola of Pescopagano (PZ) in East Orange and the Casa Colombo Civic Association of Millburn, NJ. He participated in the Columbus Day Parade, NYC by the Hon. Justice Dominic Massaro.

Dr. Tanelli is survived by his wife, Franca Maria Di Iorio; his son, Pasquale and daughter-in-law, Maryann; his daughter-in-law, Beth Tanelli; his five grandchildren, Nicole, Domenick, Salvatore, Matthew and Isabella Tanelli. He also leaves his sister-in-law, Eva Tanelli along with his nieces and nephews. He was predeceased by his brother, Mario Tanelli and his first son, Nicola Tanelli. In addition he will be remembered by his colleagues and friends such as Anthony Cece, assistant editor of Il Ponte Italo-Americano, Carmela Cohen, graphic artist, collaborators, Mara Corfini, Ivo David, Francesco Tolone, Igino Sellitto, Mattia Cipriano, Rosanna Imbriano, Dr. Roberto Rizzo, Vittorio Pinto, Giuseppe Torcivia and Vincent Marino. The funeral was held from the Prout Funeral Home in Verona followed by a mass celebrated at Our Lady of the Lake, Verona. Entombment concluded at Hollywood Memorial Park,Union.

May his memory and poetry live on throughout the ages and his music play among the heavens above.



The New Documentary Has Adam Carolla and Dennis Prager Teaming Up to Confront Tyranny on Today’s College Campuses
PRIMO Was at the Film’s Premiere in Washington
- Our Review

By Samer Chiaviello


You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you. Your posts on Facebook, Twitter, and social media will be saved to shame you. Anything you say that we don’t like will be used to shut you up. You cannot be funny. You cannot think differently. You can’t challenge us. There is no debate.

   This harrowing warning is the underlying rhetoric of what is said to come from America’s colleges and universities in the new shockumentary, “No Safe Spaces.” The film tells a cautionary tale of how our salient freedom of speech is under attack by leftist thuggery on today’s college campuses.
    “No Safe Spaces” stars Adam Carolla and Dennis Prager, two veteran radio talk show hosts and political commentators. They serve as our dynamic duo; guiding us through the discourse maze of today’s status quo and radical left.
    Carolla relays his upbringing about how he grew up in a poor household, with a mother unwilling to give up her welfare benefits. His story is that of overcoming hardship through comedy. He found refuge in his opinions when he created a podcast to express his politics in a lighthearted manner. Prager’s upbringing is much different that Carolla’s. His family is Jewish Orthodox and he graduated from Brooklyn College and went on to study international relations at Columbia University. He suffered ideological persecution when he pursued Prager University; a name given to his short, well-produced videos about politics and culture. Now with over a hundred of his videos banned from YouTube, Prager is engaged in a lawsuit to get his videos back on this widely viewed platform.
Together, Carolla and Prager tour the country interviewing and seeking insight about freedom of speech from esteemed political commentators such as David Rubin, Jordan Peterson, Ben Shapiro, Alan Dershowitz and comedian Tim Allen.
    “No Safe Spaces” is a documentary that paints a graphic picture of the current state of colleges and universities in America. The film’s title refers to rooms and other enclaves where students go to avoid people of different political opinions. Once a haven for the free exchange of ideas, colleges and universities are now islands of social justice and political correctness; increasingly ruled by students rather than faculty and administrators. The film contains many scenes of angry students partaking in unconventional (and extremely violent) protests to uphold leftist values of their accredited institutions. Debate, reason, and - more importantly - simple communication are absent. The diversity of thought through the use of free speech is punished with glass breaking, chair throwing and  other forms of destruction.
    Perhaps the most captivating and eye opening part of the documentary is the story of Bret Weinstein, former professor of biology at The Evergreen State College. He describes himself as liberal leaning and, yet, was a victim of leftist protests. He utilized his freedom of speech to pen a letter to the college administration regarding the Day of Absence; a decades old political correct “holiday” celebrated by the college. On this day, minority faculty and students do not attend class to remind others of their contributions. In 2017, however, a change was proffered where white faculty and students were urged to leave campus while only minorities remained. Weinstein expressed his distaste for the change, calling it “an act of oppression” by the students. Protests followed and Weinstein was verbally assaulted and he and his wife were threatened with bodily harm. The college president refused to contain the protests with police intervention. Weinstein resigned, sued the college and received a settlement of some $500,000.
    The call to action in this documentary is one that cannot be ignored. “No Safe Spaces,” is perhaps the most visually stunning documentary released in a long while and serves as a premonition of what is soon to come. It is a must-see for all Americans who value their first amendment rights, and who still believe in the predominant principles of the foundation of America.

At The Premiere of "No Safe Spaces"

   It was a full house at the premiere of “No Safe Spaces,” as almost 500 people attended the film’s first showing on Wednesday, November 20, at the Uptown Theater on Connecticut Avenue in Washington, D.C.
    A mainstay of Washington’s Cleveland Park neighborhood, the Uptown contains one large screen, balcony seating and a grand chandelier for a trip back in time.
    Absent from the premiere was the film’s star Adam Carolla. However, Dennis Prager was present, as well as the film’s producer Mark Joseph, producer and director Justin Folk, writer John Sullivan and special guests Greg Lukianoff, founder of FIRE (Foundation of Individual Rights in Education) and Karith Foster, a comedian who was featured in the film.
    Most in attendance at the premiere are involved in various conservative causes and have, themselves, faced persecution on today’s college campuses. “No Safe Spaces” conveyed what many here have been warning about for years: That institutions of learning are increasingly less tolerant of conservative political viewpoints and are outright confrontational towards political minorities. Heads nodded in unison as the film showed one scene after the other of conservative speech banned and right-leaning dissenters bullied.
    It was Dennis Prager who captured the mood of the audience and the ultimate meaning of the film when he said, “This isn’t a documentary about who’s right and who’s wrong, it’s about the importance of freedom of speech; something that everyone can get behind.”

Editor’s Note: To learn more about “No Safe Spaces,” log on to



Italy’s New Hero is Sergio De Caprio of the Carabiniere
By Elisa Rossi


Sergio De Caprio is Italy’s most famous Carabiniere officer.
    He rose to international fame in 1993 when he arrested Toto Riina, the boss of bosses of the Italian mafia. Riina had resisted capture for 24 years before De Caprio and his team of crackpot investigators tracked him down.
De Caprio had the rank of Captain then and took on the task to find Riina by organizing a team of special investigators, named CRIMOR; or as De Caprio dubbed them, “the beggars.”
    Today, De Caprio holds the rank of colonel in Italy’s Carabiniere. Several books have been written about him with the headlined nickname “Ultimo” or in English “Last”, alleging to the fact that De Caprio was the last of the Carabiniere to get Riina. There is “Ultimo. Il capitano che arrestò Totò Riina,” (Last. The captain who arrested Toto Riina) by Maurizio Torrealta and in May 2019 Pino Corrias’ “Stop the Captain Last!”
    A quote from Corrias’ book: “How is it possible that, in all those years (23!), nobody got the king of the Corleonesi, when Last, with his team, has managed in just a short time (6 months!)? And immediately a poisonous rumor spread all over the capture of Riina, as if it were a kind of the result of secret arrangement […]”
    Italian television broadcasted “Ultimo” in 2004, a made-for-TV film that starred actor Raoul Bova as Sergio De Caprio, amplifying enormously the myth of the hero.
    De Caprio tried to remain humble as more accolades came his way. On his mind was personal safety. He was aware that too many honors are trouble. Threats came from bad guys and envy from good guys.
    Now, after more than 25 years since Totò Riina was arrested, De Caprio has found himself a wanted man. At least, that’s what he believes. He hides his face behind a ski mask to achieve invisibility. He sees himself a man condemned to a life of the hunted animal; danger lurks everywhere.
De Caprio is Italy’s new hero. He is “Captain Last” a man sworn to defend the values of Italy.
    Pino Corrias writes in his book: “He was found guilty of faking the capture of Riina, encouraging agreement between Bernardo Provenzano and carabinieri: in exchange for a truce. He was found guilty of not searching Riina’s house, giving time for mafiosi to hide Riina’s papers. He was found guilty of participating in the negotiation State-Mafia that had ensured the survival of Corleonesi clan after the massacres. (Judge Falcone, murdered in 23 May 1922 and Judge Borsellino, murdered in 19 July 1992) He was found guilty of having an investigative team in his image and likeness, guilty of being too independent from military hierarchies and from the Prosecutor State. He was found guilty of being an arm of government for Henry John Woodcock, the State’s attorney ‘who intercepeted half of Italy’ with reckless inquiries. He was found guilty of causing some problems for businesses of Finmeccanica and consequently for Italy, during the investigation that generated the arrest of its chief. He was found guilty of attacking party political of Lega, Roberto Maroni, Matteo Salvini, hurting Lega thorough the arrest of Francesco Belsito, the party treasurer. Guilty of being too intrusive in investigations. He was found guilty of attacking the World of Cooperatives, when he decided to investigate the Cpl Concordia and when he arrested the president of Cpl, acquitted by the court of Naples, convicted by the court of Modena. He was found guilty of plotting against Matteo Renzi. He was found guilty of being an unruly, exalted and subversive carabiniere.”
    De Caprio says: “If you arrest gypsies and junkies, there’s no problem. You don’t have to do anything else otherwise you are a threat to the lobbies and the troubles begin. But what really hurts me most of all was the reprisal against my soldiers. It was happened after Riina. They did the same thing 20 years later.”
    Colonel De Caprio’s own book “Fight anti-crime Intelligence and activity” remains a needed reference for those who will be fighters against crime and corruption. They will have the privilege of continuing a fight that doesn’t have to end.
    For the Italian people who supported him, protests arose against the State for not protecting Captain Last. His security detail was temporarily removed and he was at risk of assassination. Ordinary people who expressed their support do so through peaceful demonstrations. Thanks were given, not only for him, but also for those who choose to sacrifice their lives throughout law enforcement. A police escort was reinstated last month.
    Why did he call himself Ultimo? Towards the end of my article he says: “I called myself Last because I grew up in a world where everyone wished to be the first. I didn’t like it when people sat at the first desk in school just to shine. And I don’t like people who continue to do so during in our lifetime.”

Editor’s Note: UPDATE - On February 22, it was reported that Colonel Sergio De Caprio, of Italy's Carabinieri, was finally awarded a police escort after months of pleading with the Italian government. The security detail will begin immediately in light of continuous threats to his life. Sergio De Caprio has begun an organization Italy dedicated to the principles of justice and sound government. His web site is


The Italian American Artist is Sadly Overlooked in America Today
Nunzio Saved Mark Twain’s House in Connecticut
By Dennis Barone


    What we know and what we can say about what we know depends on the sources available to us. The art and life of Nunzio Vayana (1878-1960) inspires research – if only the materials could be located. Born in Castelvetrano, Italy, Vayana came to Hartford, Connecticut as a young man. He had a long American career as art entrepreneur, essayist, gallery-director, photographer, and teacher as well as painter. In the latter endeavor, his early education in Italy at the Macchiaioli School prepared him well for the sort of Impressionism in vogue throughout New England in the early 20th century. A painting by Vayana called “Landscape with Two Boats” has a sketch-like quality, loose brushstrokes, framing that focuses the eye, and a color-sense that a viewer could say echoes the Macchiaioli style -- or could this painting that the artist exhibited at the Ogunquit (Maine) Art Center reveal the controlling hand of Connecticut Impressionism, especially with a Protestant church steeple that looks so Congregational near its center.
    Vayana never moved from the approach to art he learned when he was young to a more Modernist style. But he did change his political views. When he arrived in Hartford he had a reputation as an anarchist. The Hartford Courant reported in 1910 that Vayana led a group that disrupted services at the Hartford Italian Baptist Church and that had invited Luigi Galleani, the well-known anarchist, to speak in Hartford. Yet, ten years later Vayana encouraged all the Italians of Connecticut to vote Republican. At the end of World War I and again in the midst of World War II, Vayana worked on an innovative theory regarding camouflage and therefore expressed mainstream patriotism in his adopted land. In 1960, his funeral service took place at the Baptist Church in Ogunquit, Maine.
    After his first quarter century in America, Vayana split his time between Ogunquit, Maine and Palm Beach, Florida. He exhibited his paintings in Hartford and remained a respected artist long after he moved from the city. In 1940, Courant art critic Theodore H. Parker in a review of Vayana’s work said: “Mr. Vayana is a consistent painter. Throughout this present exhibition [in Hartford] as throughout his career generally, he has been straightly academic in both means and ends, setting down nature as authentically as the canons of composition allow, and adding to or subtracting from the scene only to intensify the mood or atmosphere inherit in it.”
    Thirteen years earlier, Courant writer and editor, H. Viggo Andersen called Vayana a “versatile and gifted artist.”
    Vayana boasted in the Courant in 1927 that “Connecticut artists represent one of the largest and best contributions to the world of art.” Although he advocated for his fellow Connecticut artists, he did not forget his native Italy. In 1921, he secured a blessing from Pope Benedict for the Catholics of Hartford. His Sicilian father and his two sisters were with him in Rome for this Papal audience. In 1914 during an exhibition of his work at the Italian National Club in New York, opera singers Enrico Caruso and Gina Viafora bought his work. Caruso, as the Courant reported, purchased “a large picture of a sunset, which was painted in Glastonbury.”
    Although each year thousands of tourists visit the Mark Twain House in Hartford, few, if any, know that Vayana saved the house from destruction and none are told so on the tour. The Courant reported in May, 1929, “It was about ten years ago that an artist, Nunzio Vayana, since removed from Hartford, conceived the purchase and preservation of the home.” Vayana hosted fund-raising events, served on a board that also included the governor of Connecticut and former United States president William Howard Taft, and made a life-size bust of Mark Twain (wrapped in American flag bunting) that stood in front of the Twain house in 1920.
    The Mark Twain House has no information regarding Vayana in its archives. The Wadsworth Atheneum Art Museum library provides nothing on Vayana. The Ogunquit Museum of American Art has no information and Louise Tragard’s study of Ogunquit art, A Century of Color, devotes one page to Nunzio Vayana. Vayana died in 1960, but his Ogunquit Art Center continued until 1984. The Palm Beach Historical Society has nothing about this artist who founded the Palm Beach Art Center. I find all of this very curious, if not mysterious. Why did Vayana have such a presence the Hartford Courant, but seems to have such a scant trace in archives?
    The only material related to Vayana in the extensive Day archive at the Stow Center in Hartford is a brief 1917 exhibition brochure for the Society of Connecticut Painters, Nunzio Vayana, secretary. A brief mission statement reads in part: “The aim of this Society is primarily to promote exhibitions of works by artists of Connecticut and to create as much interest as possible among art lovers, collectors and buyers of modern paintings and sculptures.” Whatever interest the group drummed-up in 1917, at least for Vayana, seems to have dissipated after a century’s lapse. And yet this Sicilian born artist is certainly a figure deserving of our interest.






Models of Valor and Heroism In Six Different Wars
Veterans Day 2019

The Medal of Honor began in the Civil War to distinguish heroic acts in battle, first for the U.S. Navy and then for the Army and later the Air Force. Three different medals have been created for the three major branches of the armed forces. Acts of valor by Marine and Coast Guard are given the Medal of Honor, designed for the Navy.

Recipients of the Medal of Honor are mostly nominated by their superior officers and the award is validated up the chain of command. Sometimes, a member of Congress will nominate a person to receive the medal. The Medal of Honor is usually awarded by the president at a White House ceremony. However, occasions may arise where a general or admiral will present the medal at the recipient’s home town or other location. Since half the medals are given posthumously, the recipient’s next of kin will receive the award.

Although many Italian Americans have been given the Medal of Honor, we highlight six as representative of the major wars fought the last 160 years.

Luigi Palma di Cesnola - Civil War
Originally from Italy’s Piemonte region, Luigi Palma di Cesnola came to the United States after a distinguished military career in both Italy and the United Kingdom. He was a colonel in the 4th New York Cavalry Regiment in the Civil War. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for combat action in the Battle of Aldie in 1863.

Michael Valente - World War I
Born in Cassino, in central Italy, Michael Valente immigrated with his family to the United States. In 1917, he joined the Army and served in the 107th Infantry Regiment, 27th Division. He served in France when the allies attacked the Hindenburg Line. German machine gunners were decimating American, French and British troops. Valente volunteered for a two-man mission to get close and destroy the enemy position. He killed five Germans and captured 21 in a trench. Ten years later he was awarded the Medal of Honor by President Hoover.

Anthony Peter Damato - World War II
Born in 1922 in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, Anthony Peter Damato was working as a truck driver when World War II began. He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps and saw action early in North Africa. He and other Marines took the port of Arzew, Algeria by boarding and capturing enemy vessels anchored there. In 1944, he was in the South Pacific serving with Marines fighting in the Marshall Islands. On the night of February 20, he sacrificed himself by laying on a live grenade to absorb the explosion. The Medal of Honor was given to his mother by Marine Corps Brigadier General M.C. Gregory inside the high school he once attended.

Joseph Vittori - Korean War
It was for the Battle of the Punchbowl that Joseph Vittori was awarded the Medal of Honor. He was working on his father’s farm in Beverly, Massachusetts when he enlisted in the Marine Corps Reserves. He was called into action in Korea in 1950. The Battle of the Punchbowl occurred after peace talks failed in early 1951. An enemy counterattack pushed back Marines in one of the hills of central Korea. Vittori volunteered as a machine gunner to stop the Korean and Chinese assault. He was killed in action, but not before allowing Marines to regroup, fight back and win the battle. He was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously in 1951 by President Truman.

Vincent R. Capodanno - Vietnam War
A Catholic priest from Staten Island, Vincent R. Capodanno enlisted in the United States Marine Corps as a chaplain. He served with the Third Battalion, 5th Marines in 1967 in the Que Son Vally in Vietnam. The North Vietnamese Army made a surprise attack that year to wreak heavy casualties. Under heavy fire, Father Capodanno quickly went to his injured and dying comrades to give them needed medical aid and the last rites. Repeatedly shot, he did not sway from duty and went to save two Marines near enemy fire. Father Capodanno was killed in the battle and awarded the Medal of Honor in 1968. His cause of canonization began in 2002 and he was named Servant of God in 2006.

Salvatore Giunta - War in Afghanistan
Originally from Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Salvatore Giunta enlisted in the U.S. Army in 2003. He was deployed to Afghanistan in 2006 after he completed basic training. In 2007, Afghan insurgents attacked a position held by the U.S. Army. Giunta went to rescue a fallen comrade and saw that the position of attack could overtake him and his comrades. Giunta knew from basic training that he immediately had to go on the offensive to stop an “L” formation enemy assault. He moved forward under heavy fire to rescue an American soldier and killed an Afghan fighter to stop the attack. He was awarded the Medal of Honor by President Obama in 2010.

We salute America’s veterans, of Italian and all nationalities, on this Veterans Day. God bless America!





New Exhibit Compares The Statue of Liberty with “Liberty of Poetry”
Was the Florentine Statue The Model for The Statue of Liberty?

On Tuesday, October 16th, at the Consulate General of Italy in New York, a press conference convened for the “Sisters in Liberty,” an exhibit by the Opera di Santa Croce displayed at the Ellis Island Museum of Immigration in New York, from October 18, 2019 to April 26, 2020.

Central to the exhibit is the reproduction of the statue “Liberty of Poetry,” by Pio Fedi, the titular “sister” of “The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World” by Frédéric Bartholdi, in New York harbor. Both statues, representing the search for freedom, are similar in stance and details. Thanks to the partnership with Kent State University, the statue in Florence has been subjected to an accurate 3D scanning for a perfect reproduction at the exhibition.

“Sisters in Liberty,” is curated by Giuseppe De Micheli and Paola Vojnovic (Opera di Santa Croce) and by Ann and David Wilkins (Duquesne University Program of Rome).

The project’s partners are: National Park Service / Statue of Liberty National Monument and Ellis Island, Kent State University, US Consulate in Florence, Consulate General of Italy in New York, Garibaldi Meucci Museum, and The Union League Legacy Foundation.

Pio Fedi was an Italian sculptor who lived from 1816 to 1892. Located in Florence are works by him such as “Rape of Polyxena” and the Monument to General Manfredo Fanti. Inside the Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence is the Memorial to Giovan Battista Nicolini, a hero of the Risorgimento, where standing is Fedi’s statue “The Liberty of Poetry.” The similarities between this and the Statue of Liberty by Frédéric Bartholdi are quite significant. Fedi completed his work in 1877 with drawings and a smaller model completed in 1872. Bartholdi began preliminary drawings and collecting funds for the Statue of Liberty in 1876. Bartholdi fought beside Giuseppe Garibaldi in the Franco-Prussian War and was in Italy at the time Fedi completed his scaled model accompanied by a public display of sketches of the eventual work. Above are photographs of both statues. Was “The Liberty of Poetry” the model for The Statue of Liberty? You decide.

Editor’s Note: To learn more about the coming exhibit on “The Liberty of Poetry,” please log on to


Nadina LaSpina Was Born and Raised in Riposte, Sicily
“Such a Pretty Girl” Tells The Harrowing True-Life Story of a Person Afflicted with Polio
- PRIMO Interview

You write in "Such a Pretty Girl," how the comments and negative, sorrowful stares of the people of your village of Riposte had a serious impact on you. Tell us about it.

“Such a pretty girl,” was always followed by “what a shame!” Those words were always said with such sorrow, anguish. As a little girl, I couldn’t understand why people were so sad when they looked at me. I thought it was my being pretty that made people sad. Usually, my mother would start crying. I hated to see her cry. I knew it was because of me that she cried. I actually thought it would have been better if I were ugly.

What I remember most about my childhood is the pity, the oppressive religious atmosphere in the little town, my mother carrying me to the church and the convent across the street, where I went to school, and handing me over to the nuns, who carried me to the classroom and around the convent—with that refrain always following me “Che pecan! What a shame! Che croce! What a cross you have to bear.

The message I got so early in my life was that I had no future to look forward to. One of the nuns even told me straight out that I would never be happy. A girl’s future, then, meant marriage and children. Beauty was a commodity that would land a girl a good husband. But that wasn’t true for me, since, being disabled (cinch – crippled), I would never marry and have children. So, I couldn’t imagine what would become of me.

People don’t realize how harmful pity can be. Pity is dehumanizing. It always makes those of us who are the objects of pity feel we are “other,” we are “less than,” we are no good the way we are.

Your true life story in "Such a Pretty Girl" is harrowing but very hopeful and positive. It is also very enlightening. So many things you write about center on the daily struggles of a person, such as yourself, afflicted with polio. Hence, what are the greatest misconceptions people have of the disabled?

One of the misconceptions is that we are afflicted by our disabilities. It is true that some conditions may cause physical pain. For me, the physical pain came from the torture of surgery after surgery. It came from the struggle to walk no matter how difficult it was for me, because I was made to believe walking is better, more normal, than using a wheelchair—though I always loved using a wheelchair. Later physical pain came because of post-polio syndrome; I still experience post-polio symptoms but I have gotten used to that now. Dealing with loss—especially true for those who acquire a disability later in life—can also be emotionally painful. However, most of us learn to live with our disabilities—they become a part of who we are.

After all, disability is a normal part of the human conditions. All who live long enough will experience disability.

What I’d like people to understand is that is not so much our disabilities that make us suffer. What makes us suffer is being denied the services and supports we need, being excluded by lack of access, being discriminated against, being locked up in institutions, being seen in stereotypical ways—as helpless and pathetic, or as bitter and revengeful, as inferior and defective, as in need of “cures,” and “better off dead” when no “cures” are available. What makes us suffer is being feared and shunned by all those who fear their own vulnerability and mortality.

Here goes a vital question: Is it better today for the disabled than it was in the 1950s and 60s. Have we made progress? How does Italy and the United States compare with other in this respect?

It is definitely better today. It has taken half a century of struggle to bring about some positive change. The progress didn’t come easily. Though a lot remains to be done, today, disabled people have more access, more opportunities, and therefore are much more visible. We are out there; you may even see us represented positively in the media. Back then, the only images of disability came from the telethons, which portrayed us as objects of pity. The message of the telethons was: “Give money to thank God your children are not like these poor unfortunate ones.” How do you think that made us feel? I never would have imagined, back then, a wheelchair user on a Broadway show, much less winning a Tony—like young talented Ali Stroker recently did. Seeing Ali Stroker get that Tony can make disabled kids today dream big. In the 50’s and 60s, we were never encouraged to dream big, or to dream at all.

How does the US compare to Italy? I used to travel to Italy regularly and, especially in the 80s and early 90s, I was very involved it the disability movement there. I have not been to Italy in 10 years, mainly because I didn’t want to leave my husband, Danny, who had primary-progressive multiple sclerosis, and needed me to oversee his care. Speaking from what I observed when I was in Italy, and what I hear from friends now, Italy is behind the US when it comes to different forms of access. Pity—in Italian, pietism, is even more difficult to eradicate there. However, disabled people have it better when it comes to health care and benefits.

I’ll give you as an example from my life (and my book). My husband and I did not get married for 20 years. Because of his MS, he needed what is commonly known as “long term care.” Most people are not aware that the only program that pays for long term care is Medicaid. But you have to be poor to be eligible for Medicaid. Ironically, Danny’s wife had divorced him, taking their house and their children, so his income was low enough for Medicaid. I, on the other hand, was able to attend to my own personal care, and did not need the type of assistance Danny needed, so I was never on Medicaid. I taught college, I was not rich, but I had savings, and owned my own apartment. If we had gotten married, my income and resources would have been counted as his, making him ineligible for Medicaid. He would have lost the vital care he needed.

In Italy, all have access to health care; it doesn’t matter if they are rich or poor. In the US, we have a segmented system made up of private insurance (mostly employer-provided), and different government programs. In Italy, benefits are based on disability. In the US, benefits are based on inability to work, and on income and resources.

Danny and I finally did get married, when he became disabled enough to qualify for a much more limited home health program under Medicare (which is non means-tested). I had to spend a lot of my savings to pay for the additional hours of care he needed. My husband passed away last March, and I miss him terribly. He was an incredible activist and the most loving man in the world.

You write proudly and enthusiastically about various groups you joined to lead societal change for the disabled. How important was it for you get involved in social activism? Should others get involved?

The disability rights movement saved my life. My best friend, Audrey, who was also disabled, had listened and believed those messages of doom that came from all around us—our lives were seen as tragedies, our futures held no promise of happiness, because of our disabilities, we weren’t considered “real” women, we would never know love. Tragically, she committed suicide.

After her suicide, I fell into a deep depression. Looking for a lifeline, I turned to some disabled friends. I found out that something new was happening—meetings and protests. I had read in the papers about a young woman, Judy Heumann, who sued the Board of Education (1970) after being denied a license to teach, because she used a wheelchair. She had founded the organization Disabled In Action (DIA). I met her, joined that organization, and discovered how empowering organizing and fighting back together as one could be.

Disabled In Action is still active and I’m still part of it. Later I joined ADAPT, a grassroots group that focuses on freeing people from nursing homes and other institutions and securing home-based services. Danny’s biggest fear was ending up in a nursing home. I’m grateful I was able to keep him with me at home until the end. ADAPT makes excellent use of civil disobedience. I’ve been arrested with ADAPT countless times. Some people think the changes they see are there because this is a great country and the government is good to disabled people. Not true at all; we had to fight very hard for everything.

Social activism gave my life purpose. I would like younger people to get involved. We have some young people doing good work online, rather than joining us in the streets. I don’t care how they do it, as long they keep the fight going. We can also use non-disabled allies.

What does society still need to do to improve living conditions and access for the disabled? What are the big issues?

A lot remains to be done. An example regarding basic wheelchair access—in New York City, where I live, while buses have been wheelchair accessible since the 80s, our subway system is a nightmare. We’ve been fighting a long battle, in the courts and in the streets, and I’m afraid it will go on for a long time still. Some people think of access mainly as wheelchair access, but there are all types of access for people with all types of disabilities. I’m outraged when I attend an important event and there is no ASL interpreter, or when people have no idea what I’m talking about when I mention web access for people who are blind.

I think equal access to health care is a very big issue. I’d like to see health care be a right and I’d like to see long-term services and supports be a right. Disabled people and elderly people who need assistance with personal care should not have to impoverish themselves. People should also not have to fear ending up in nursing homes and other institutions. There is a bipartisan bill in the House and in the Senate that would ensure that, no matter what form our health care may take in the future, no one will be institutionalized against their will. It’s called the Disability Integration Act, and I urge everyone to support it.

I would also like to see the disability movement join forces with other groups fighting against injustice, because disability intersects with all other groups and because I believe our struggles are interconnected. I’ve always believed in Martin Luther King’s words, “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”

You had wonderful Sicilian parents? Tell us about them.

I realize now what a lucky child I was. I grew up surrounded by so much love—my parents’ love for each other and for me, my grandparents’ love… The town’s people’s pity, the sorrowful sighs, Che pecan, che croce, the nun’s ominous presage were counterbalanced by my mother’s kisses and her laughter, my father carrying me on his shoulder sand calling me gioia, my grandmother’s tomato sauce, the cherries my grandfather didn’t sell so he could save them just for me, the cinnamon smell of my aunt’s freshly baked cookies.

My father’s obsession with finding a cure for me was also an expression of his love for me. He wanted me to know that he would do everything possible and even the impossible for me. The quest for a cure caused me pain. What I heard and feared growing up was that, unless I could be cured, I had no future. I wished my father could fix me himself like he fixed everything around the house, so I could be the daughter he wanted. In the US, In various hospitals I was tortured in the quest for the ever elusive cure. Over and over again, I felt I disappointed my father by not being cured. But I never for a moment doubted my father’s love. I knew how proud he was of me. So, at a certain point I let go of those feelings of failure.

My parents were always there for me. I knew I could always go home and be loved, cherished and well fed.

I am grateful I could be with both when they passed away. I wanted to care for them as they had always cared for me. My father went first, in 1996. Like the good Sicilian wife she’d always been, my mother followed him the year after, in 1997. “Tuo padre mi vole” she said.

You are a scholar of Italian language and culture. Although you traveled and toured Italy many times over the years, it took several decades before you returned to Sicily. Are you now at peace with Sicily? How do you feel about your homeland, today?

I went back to Sicily, to Riposte, in 2010. I tell of that trip in the last chapter of the book. Mine was not just a trip back to a place but a trip back in time. I was finally ready and I felt I needed to make peace not just with my hometown but with the painful memories of my childhood. I’m happy and grateful that I succeeded. I was able to find the good memories that had been buried under the bad ones. I was able to appreciate the great beauty of the place of my birth.

In the book I try to equate my disability pride with the my father’s pride in being Sicilian—pride that comes from pain and struggle, pride that’s the necessary response to having been made to feel you are not as good as others, having been taught to be ashamed of who you are. So in that last chapter, I talk to the ghost of my father and say, “Yes, Papà, you win. I am proud that I come from here.”

Today, indeed, I am a proud Sicilian. Because I no longer have to worry about my dear husband, I hope to travel a little while I still have the strength. I plan to go to Sicily next year.

Congratulations on writing such an incredible story that will inspire many people. Do you have other book(s) you plan to write? What's next on your agenda?

I didn’t set out to write a book. I just found myself writing about my life, now and then, with no particular purpose in mind. Since, apart from having to teach, I was always fighting to bring about some urgently needed change—more access, freeing people from nursing homes, getting laws passed, helping people get vital services—writing about my life almost seemed like self-indulgence. But I kept writing, whenever I had the time; so, apparently, I felt the need to tell my story—which is probably a need we all have. The more I wrote, the more I loved writing. So when this book was finished, I just kept writing. I have almost completed a novel, which I hope to have published. I am now retired from teaching. I will continue to fight for disability justice, and I will also continue to write.

Editor’s Note: Nadina LaSpina’s web site at






Italian Restaurant for Sale with Properties Included
River Grove, Illinois Location - 15 Years Good Will

A family owned Italian restaurant is for sale with inclusion of business and real estate. Real estate can be separated from the business valuation but ownership prefers a complete sale package. They have a fifteen (15) year successful history in the River Grove area near Chicago.

Revenue figures available but a non-disclosure agreement would need to be executed prior to any particular information being given. The owner is in his upper 60's and looking to retire.

Asking price is $1,350,000 for the turn-key business and real estate; which consists of two (2) adjacent buildings, each 2,500 square feet - with one having a 1,400 square foot second floor work/office space. Both buildings, combined, seat 90 customers total, two (2) separate kitchens (one currently handles ONLY gluten free food), a free standing bar area, handicap washrooms, a pick-up counter, plus a 900 square foot garden (with a beautiful water feature) dining area which seats 50 customers; great for private parties for any sort of celebration.

15 years of good will... strong consistent loyal return customer a growing new customer base.

Contact Tony at 847-630-6500 and email at


The Town Hall event will be held in the Columbus Citizen’s Club’s Oak Room at 8 East 69th Street in Manhattan on Thursday evening, October 24, 2019 from 6 p.m. until 10 p.m. 

Robert Agnoli is an active member of the Italian American Writers Association and the Lt. Joseph Petrofina Lodge, Orders Sons of Italy in America. He is the author of a book of original poems entitled “Edge City, The Chronicles of Bobby A, Un Italian in the USA.” The book is published by Archway Publishing; Bobby’s email address is PRIMO spoke with Bobby about the coming Italian American Town Hall event in New York.

Bobby, tell us about your background and where is your family from in Italy?

My family came from Valle di Cadore; northwest of Venice “Il Cadore” - the same valley as Cortina D’Ampezzo. My father arrived at Ellis Island after WWI and my mother came to America at age four. My parents met in Clifton, New Jersey – in the late 1930’s at an aunt’s house within a small Northern Italian Community (Cadorini). My mother’s sister married a Sicilian man and lived in Westfield. Growing up in New Jersey, my first cousins were Sicilian. My father’s family were essentially all in Cadore, Italy. I spent five months there when I was nine years old and, afterward, visited several times while growing up. I also visited there on a motorcycle trip while stationed as a medic in Orleans, France, with the U.S. Army in the mid-sixties.

The Italian American Consciousness Town Hall Meeting takes place on October 24. What inspired and led you to organize this event?

There is a lack of recognition of the broad spectrum of contributions Italian Americans have made to America. My interaction with third and fourth generation Italian Americans who conceive of “Italians” as their grandfathers. Occurrences, such as, Carnegie Hall, presenting a major production covering the impact of immigrants on America and no mention is made of arguably, the largest of immigrant groups – Italians. The vilification of Columbus by applying 21st century thinking to 15th century behavior; all the while ignoring native American habits when dealing with rival or subordinate groups.

What is the goal of the town hall meeting?

The goal is to raise consciousness of American Society to Italian assimilation. We want to project a clearer understanding of cultural clashes and societal evolution over time. Who are we? “What simmers in that stew”. “How do we move forward?”
What do you see as key issues facing today's Italian Americans?

Recognizing our Italian identity in America and recognizing how Italian Americans come from a proud and productive role in American history. We need to project this identity upon the larger American society.

You have a line-up of speakers: Tell us about the topics to be discussed.

Presentation of immigration/assimilation in public square – Projecting who we are! Discuss how we talk about it -- Evolution and Columbus -- move forward. Assert our identity – Historical and Current – Italian American.

Editor’s Note: If you would like to attend this Town Hall event, please contact Bobby Agnoli at


Monday, October 14, 2019 Was a Beautiful Sunny Day That Greeted Celebrants at Columbus Plaza

NIAF convened an enthusiastic and tasteful celebration of Christopher Columbus in the District of Columbia, on October 14 - Columbus Day.

The location of the ceremony was Columbus Plaza, a wonderfully executed memorial to Christopher Columbus, found in front of Union Station, just a short walk from the United States Capitol building.

Featured at the event was the “President’s Own” United States Marine Corps Band, the United States Joint Armed Forces Honor Guard, and the Knights of Columbus Color Corps with historical flags of the United States. Read aloud were the Presidential and Mayoral Columbus Day Proclamations. Present for the event were Diplomatic Corps from the Embassies of Italy, Spain and the Bahamas.

Wreath presentations were made by the embassies, fraternal, civic and patriotic societies attending the event. Pictured for one wreath laying is NIAF’s Vice Chair of Cultural Affairs Anita McBride and Italy’s Ambassador to the United States, Armando Varricchio. This year’s winner of the Christopher Columbus National Youth Essay Contest was Margaret Hartigan, pictured with Vice Chair of Cultural Affairs Anita McBride and Colleen Hogan of Children of the American Revolution. This contest is sponsored by NIAF and the National Society Daughters of the American Revolution and Children of the American Revolution. Participants were from grades 9 through 12.

Happy Columbus Day!

Editor’s Note: The web site for NIAF is

The Film Conveys the Complexities of Italian Customs and Catholic Faith
Shot Primarily on Location in The Bronx
- PRIMO Review

Anton Evangelista is a Bronx native at home with his talents.

A filmmaker with a number of awards to his credit, Evangelista seeks to cover the Bronx in most of his films, be they either documentaries or works of fiction. There is “Il Signor Jackson,” the real-life account of an African-American male who learned to speak Italian while growing up in the borough. There is “Piccirilli and Me,” a documentary about the famous family of Tuscan sculptors who had a studio near where the filmmaker once lived. And then there is the 2004 feature length film by Evangelista set in the Bronx, titled “Intervention.”

Independent filmmakers, such as Evangelista, have it tough. An admirable film such as “Intervention” won accolades at a number of film festivals but most distributors were unresponsive. This is a shame. “Intervention” is a superlative film that contains a reaffirming message of family, faith and the necessities of tolerance. The acting is excellent. The story, compelling and heartwarming. The direction is extraordinary: Evangelista captured the setting of 1968 Bronx with minimal funds and resources.

“Intervention” is a film about a young married couple, Paul and Susan Lo Medica, who live in the Bronx at a time when credit cards were a luxury and folks had to live within their means. Paul, played by Joseph DeVito, overextends himself. He takes out his wife, played by Carla Fulco, to a fancy restaurant and buys her an expensive anniversary present. Left with little in the bank, his financial woes come with the additional burden of his 1-A draft status and likelihood of soon fighting in the Vietnam War.

Paul’s parents have different reactions to his troubles. His mother Luisa, played by Terri Gatto, conveys sympathy and reassurance while serving her son hearty Italian food. Paul is no stranger to the parents’ dinner table while his wife works the evening shift at the main post office. In daytime, Paul toils making bread and cookies with his father Frank at the family owned bakery. There, he hears nothing but criticism from the Lo Medico patriarch, as played by James Morricone. An old school task master, Frank lambasts Paul for his absence of discipline and bad judgment. He doubts the staying power of his son’s marriage since Susan, half Irish, lacks the full attributes to be a good Italian wife. Also, her previous marriage remains a stigma and taints the ideal of marital purity.

Paul seeks financial help elsewhere. He joins in on the criminal schemes of his cousin, Bobby Fratelli, played by Evangelista. We see the comradeship of the two and their unwillingness to let go youthful impulses. Bobby conceives a caper that should alleviate Paul’s financial woes. However, the misdeed goes awry and Paul is in trouble with the law. Such a predicament might turn out differently except for Paul’s Italian heritage. The film’s suspenseful ending comes with the weight of family traditions and religious beliefs bearing down hard on the main character.

“Intervention” is a film we used to see more often in America. A night out at the movies was not always limited to blue screen special effects and photoshopped super heroes. Rare are the films about everyday people trying to cope with the struggles of fate. Evangelista takes us on a tour of the Bronx with help from set designer Patricia Napolitano and cinematographer Rob Haley. Their eyes for detail gives us a deep view of history. The cars, clothes and mannerisms of the characters are right out of 1968. Although touted as a time of social unrest and cultural change, most people lived according to their faith and ethnic customs. The Bronx was a showcase then, and now, of small businesses, churches and tight nit families.

Evangelista is to be commended for shooting so many scenes in the Bronx, a borough forgotten by most filmmakers. Indeed, several scenes in “Intervention” take place at Our Lady of Lourdes grotto, a beautiful yet overlooked religious landmark at Saint Lucy’s Roman Catholic Church, in the Allerton section of the Bronx. One scene has Paul gathering holy water there under the watchful eye of his grandmother, played by Josephine Berretta. Remember when films had characters inside churches or at shrines and other holy sites? Or, how about scenes with grandparents who are wise and worldly, rather than bumbling and deficient? It’s been a long time and that’s why “Intervention” is to be cherished as a marvelous film to be watched by the entire family. We look forward to more films by Anton Evangelista.

Editor’s Note: Keep up to date with the latest film projects from Anton Evangelista at






Tappan, New York, September 12-15, 2019
Four Day Festival offers something for every Member of the Family

The Rockland Lodge 2176 of the Sons of Italy will host the 10th Annual Blauvelt Sons of Italy Italian Feast and Carnival at Tappan Masonic Park Fair Grounds September 12th through the 15th. The popular event draws thousands of people from around the tri-state area during the spectacular four-day celebration of all things Italian and has been recognized as the biggest event in Rockland County. Parking is free, and admission is $5.00 for adults and free for kids under 12.

“The Sons of Italy Rockland Lodge 2176 Italian Feast has become one of the most anticipated events in the tri-state area. Our Lodge brothers and volunteers spend hundreds of hours before and during the feast to ensure that everyone has a great time whether they are on the rides, shopping, eating or enjoying the amazing entertainment line-up every year. We encourage everyone to come out this year and enjoy our little slice of Italy!” stated Jerry Verdicchio, president of the Rockland Lodge 2176.

The Feast features an amazing array of Italian food, everything from sausage and peppers to brick oven pizza made right on site, to a huge variety of pasta dishes and Italian desserts and pastries including zeppoles, cannoli’s, sfogliatella and Italian ices. Beer and wine are available each day.

The carnival area has rides and games for all ages including fishing and ring toss type games for the younger ones to more challenging games of skill for older attendees. Thrill seekers will also find more exciting rides at the Italian Feast. Carnival bracelets which offer a discount are available Thursday. For adults over 21, the Italian Feast features a casino with tables for blackjack and poker as well as wheels of chance.

Numerous vendors will be on site selling everything from jewelry and home goods to hand-made artwork and Italian-themed clothing and souvenirs.

The four-day Festival is a showcase of live entertainment. The schedule changes right up until the week of the Feast and updates can be found on the Sons of Italy Facebook page.

The Entertainment Director and Emcee for the 4-day festival will be local actor and director Paul Borghese for the 10th year in a row. Paul has appeared in movies and tv shows such as Law & Order: SVU, HBO’s 61* as Yogi Berra, The Family, and will appear in the upcoming Martin Scorsese movie ‘The Irishman.’ In addition, Paul has directed ‘Back in the Day’ starring Alec Baldwin & ‘Once upon a time in Brooklyn’ among many other feature films. He is also a long-time member of the Blauvelt Sons of Italy’s Rockland Lodge 2176.

The live entertainment will include numerous performances over the four days, here is sampling with many more to be announced:

• Country Singer LAUREN MASCITTI - back by popular demand all the way from Nashville
• Italian Accordionist RICHARD PITI
• The #1 voted SINATRA vocal impersonator STEVEN MAGLIO back by popular demand

The 10th Annual Blauvelt Sons of Italy Italian Feast & Carnival will take place at Tappan Masonic Park Fair Grounds, 89 Western Highway in Tappan, NY, September 12th through the 15th. Hours for the festival are Thursday 5pm – 11pm, Friday 5pm – midnight, Saturday Noon – midnight and Sunday will begin with an outdoor mass at 10:30am and the Festival will be open from noon until 9pm.

The Rockland Lodge 2176 Order of The Sons of Italy was established in 1966 with the goal of enhancing the image of people of Italian descent and has grown into one of the most active organizations in Rockland County. The group, with members from Rockland and Bergen County, donates funds to a variety of non-profits from the proceeds of the Italian Feast and provides scholarships to students throughout the year. Follow up dates on their Facebook page at 




The Franciscans Took Control of The Church Under The Leadership of Father Pamfilo da Magliano
The Church Hosts the Oldest Continuous Breadline in the United States

The spirit of Saint Francis is alive and well at the parish that bears his name: Church of Saint Francis of Assisi.
    Located at 135-139 31st Street, between Sixth and Seventh Avenues in Midtown Manhattan, Church of Saint Francis of Assisi this year celebrates its 175th anniversary.
    What began from dissension is today a multi-faceted and innovative parish.
    The story begins at Saint John the Baptist. A parish formed in 1840 by German immigrants was censured by the Vatican. Disputes arose between members of the church’s board of trustees and its pastor Zachary Kunze. A Franciscan friar from Hungary, Kunze realized the best way to quell dissension was to start an entirely new parish and separate himself from Saint John the Baptist. New York’s bishop John McCloskey gave Father Kunze permission to begin Saint Francis of Assisi, just around the block from Saint John the Baptist’s, where an open lot along 31st Street awaited the cornerstone for the new church in 1844.
    Church of Saint Francis of Assisi began as a modest structure to be eventually rebuilt in 1892 in the Gothic Revival style we see today. The church comes with a decorative topped steeple, narrow windows and moulded coverings. The tan brick facade and brown trim stands out among the bland warehouses of the Garment District and the sleek shops and restaurants of nearby Koreatown. The church’s interior contains beautiful mosaics, murals and statuary. A memorial exists of damaged steel beams taken from the destroyed Twin Towers. They pay tribute to parish priest Mychal Judge, who died in the terrorist attacks of 9/11. A chaplain in the New York City fire department, Father Judge was killed when the Twin Towers collapsed. His funeral Mass at the church was attended by former President Bill Clinton and former First Lady, turned U.S. Senator, Hillary Rodham Clinton. Downstairs is a chapel that features a large Italian presepe depicting the Nativity. Outside is an alleyway shrine to Saint Anthony.
    The Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans) have managed the church since 1861. They officially adopted the parish under the leadership of Father Pamfilo da Magliano. He was born Giovanni Paulo Pietrobattista in 1824 in the village of Magliano de’ Marsi, in Italy’s Abruzzo region. Ordained a priest in 1846, he taught philosophy and theology at the monastery of Saint Bernadine in Sienna. He learned English at the Irish School of Saint Isidore in Rome and came to the United States in 1855 to grow the Franciscan order. He helped begin Saint Bonaventure University in Allegheny, New York and served as its first president. He was later named Custos, leader of the Franciscan order in the United States, and took control of two parishes in New York: Saint Anthony of Padua, located in Greenwich Village and Saint Francis of Assisi, in Midtown. Father Pamfilo began a school at Saint Francis administered by the Franciscan Sisters of Allegheny, an order of nuns he founded.
    Church of Saint Francis of Assisi was a parish that experienced many changes. By 1920, the predominantly German, Hungarian, recent Italian and Greek working families were replaced by a transient population. To meet the changing demographics, the church initiated several innovations that were later adopted by other parishes throughout the country. Saint Francis was the first to offer a Night Workers Mass, convened at Midnight to serve Catholics who were working night shifts in the neighborhood. The church was also the first in the United States to offer a 12 noon Mass for traveling salesmen staying at hotels and tradesmen employed in nearby theaters and printing plants.
    The church is most famous for hosting the oldest continuous breadline in the United Staes. It began in 1930 and, since then, has served some 12 million cups of coffee, 18 million sandwiches and 12 million slices of cake. Franciscans Bread for the Poor is a subset of the Franciscan Order that administers the breadline. Each day at 7 a.m. priests and staff are out front giving food to needy New Yorkers.
    A year of tribute and commemoration for the church’s 175th anniversary will end this fall at the Feast of St. Francis of Assisi on October 4th. A special Feast Day Mass is scheduled to be officiated by Cardinal Timothy Dolan. To learn more about Church of Saint Francis of Assisi in Manhattan log on to





At The Open Roads Italian Film Festival in New York
PRIMO Interviews Directors Edoardo De Angelis, Claudio Giovannesi, and Ciro D’Emilio


Open Roads Italian film festival is held once a year at Lincoln Center and organized by Films at Lincoln Center and Istituto Luce Cinecitta. The event is an opportunity for Italian directors to premiere their new films to the public, participate in Q&A sessions, and allow their films to generate the publicity they deserve. PRIMO Magazine had the opportunity to interview three Italian filmmakers who participated in the event. They are Edoardo De Angelis, director of “The Vice of Hope”; Claudio Giovannesi, director of “Piranhas”; and Ciro D’Emilio, director of “If Life Gives You Lemons.” To learn about this year's Open Roads film festival, log on to



PRIMO’s Original Video Highlights the Italian and Italian American Contributions Made to America’s Largest Church





Film Opens July 19 and Stars Joe Manganiello
PRIMO Review

Do you want to see a baseball game in New York? Then try Staten Island, instead of the Bronx or Queens.
    We learn this in the entertaining and very inspiring film “Bottom of the Ninth,” which opens in theaters across the country July 19.
A key setting is Richmond County Bank Ballpark on Staten Island, arguably one of the most beautiful ballparks in the country. Consider the views: the Hudson River is beyond center field with sights of Manhattan, Brooklyn, Jersey City, or the Statue of Liberty - take your pick!
     Staten Island makes for a wonderful night of baseball in addition to the Bronx where the New York Yankees play or Queens where the New York Mets play. This is the home of the short season A minor league ball club, Staten Island Yankees. Players can move up to Major League Baseball and the monumental New York Yankees…if they have the right stuff. That’s the premise of “Bottom of the Ninth,” except there is a twist, the player, Sonny Stano, portrayed by the exceptional Joe Manganiello, is an ex-convict and likely past his prime at 38 years old. Can he make a comeback? The odds are against him.
    The film begins with Sonny's release from Sing Sing prison after serving a 20 year sentence for second degree murder. The punishment seems overly harsh, but Sonny has to make due. While in prison, his mother died and he returns to an empty apartment. The only signs of life are tea cups recently washed and dried on a dish rack in the kitchen. What can you say about Manganiello except he is an extraordinary actor. He captures the silent destitution of the character in every scene. Most touching is when he roams the empty home with his baseball trophies on display. The actor is a natural for the working class hero and inherits the baton from the likes of Sylvester Stallone, Bruce Willis, and James Gandolfini.
    Manganiello is originally from Mount Lebanon, Pennsylvania, where he played high school football in an area of the country famous for nurturing athletic talent. Many professional football and baseball players come from Western Pennsylvania and Manganiello might have been one of them had he not torn a knee ligament returning a kickoff in a game. Now, a veteran actor, he has the physique and athleticism to play the lead role in this and any action-oriented film. At the outset, “Bottom of the Ninth” reminds us that crime doesn’t pay. The script by Robert Bruzio captures the un-enviable life of the ex convict. Sonny has to meet with his snarky parole officer, played by Denis O’Hare, and take a job, and its many indignities, working for an obnoxious and insensitive boss at a local fish market. His former girlfriend, Angela Ramirez, played by the exotic and beautiful Sofia Vergara, seeks a reconnection but Sonny, at first, is reluctant. With almost nothing in the way of resources or skills, considering his prime years were spent in prison, he is fearful of returning to a life of crime and going back to prison.
    Sonny’s former baseball coach played by Michael Rispoli offers a possible alternative. He sees Sonny one night and offers him a job as an assistant coach for the Staten Island Empires, a minor league club, under the mantle of the New York Yankees. Sonny declines the offer saying he has grown up and he is passed baseball. “There is no growing up in baseball,” says Coach Harris. Knowing his one true talent, Sonny relents and gets back into the game. At first, he is tasked to watch over and discipline a cocky rookie. Then, after batting a few balls at practice, he becomes a player. The conflict arises as to whether or not he can get back what he lost in prison. He was once the best in high school but now may not have what it takes to make it in the big leagues. What holds him back is the past and the guilt he feels at taking another man’s life.
    “Bottom of the Ninth” has a lot to offer audiences. Every scene is well-acted by key players with the inclusion of the wonderful Burt Young, who plays another team coach, and Vincent Pastore as the friendly bartender at a local tavern. Director Raymond De Felitta has done a commendable job in balancing the film. He is a down-to-earth auteur who delivers the true emotional impact of a scene rather than forcing mood and sentiment onto an audience. He also shows New York at her best. The streets are clean and the sidewalks are well-kept. Every shot at the ballpark is covetable. Games are played while in the background are ships and tankers making their way through New York harbor.
    What’s most refreshing about “Bottom of the Ninth” is its overriding message. The film runs counter to the incessant narrative of today’s politicians, schools and media, that a person has to forgo his or her natural born talent for years of academic instruction and a 9-5 job not to their liking. You are only as good as what you were born to do, says the film. Not a bad lesson to learn in a night at the movies.


As Featured in PRIMO’s Second Edition 2019 - Eight Books Reviewed

“FREEDOMLAND U.S.A., The Definitive History,” by Michael R. Virgintino; Published by Theme Park Press; Available at and
   Once, New Yorkers could spend a whole day at a theme park that rivaled the great Disneyland in California.
Freedomland U.S.A. was an 85 acre extravaganza of American history themed attractions in the Bronx. Those who visited as children and young adults still remember the experience. Now, Michael R. Virgintino, journalist, historian and Bronx native, pens the full story in “Freedomland U.S.A. - A Definitive History,” an engrossing tribute to an amazing theme park.
   Freedomland U.S.A. was the brainchild of C.V. Wood, an engineer who helped develop Disneyland. Better known as “Woody,” he was a new type of entertainment entrepreneur, more scientist than showman. He went out on his own after a squabble with Walt Disney and built several new theme parks, most notably Freedomland U.S.A.
   Opening day at Freedomland U.S.A. was a spectacle few New Yorkers forgot. Virgintino writes: “On June 19, 1960, New Yorkers were introduced to a unique theme park...Freedomland U.S.A. incorporated American history into family entertainment. More than 60,000 people passed through the gates...experienced cowboy shootouts, train robberies, and the burning of Chicago.”
   They also experienced top line entertainment from Italian Americans such as Tony Bennett, Bobby Darin, Connie Francis, and Bobby Rydell, just to name a few. Freedomland U.S.A. began in 1960 but closed for good in 1964. Many thought the reason for its quick demise was intense competition from the 1964 World’s Fair in nearby Queens. As Virgintino explains, Freedomland U.S.A. was doomed from the start. The park, unknown to Woody and the public, was meant to be a brief venture. Its purpose was to be a “placeholder” on what was virtually swampland in the Bronx so that Co-Op City could be built without regulatory obstacles.
   Virgintino delves into all aspects of Freedomland U.S.A. Most touching is when park employees, many of whom are Italian Americans from New York, share heartfelt recollections. What could be better than a job making kids happy? That’s exactly the sentiment of a tug boat captain who transported children in the park’s man-made Great Lakes, rather than moving barges in the Hudson River.
   Michael Virgintino is praised for writing an incredible book about a time and place to be always remembered. “Freedomland U.S.A” is as much a joy to read as it was to visit the park so many years ago.

“Southampton Summers,” by Albert Marra; Published by New Dominion Press; Available at and Review by Gabriela Christie Toletti, Ph.D.
   “Southampton Summers” is a book about the American dream at its best. The book is fun and poignant. It makes you smile, and it also makes you yearn for simpler times long gone. The book is authored by Dr. Albert Marra (primary author) and members of three generations of the extended Marra-Maffei-Saracino family and tells stories about six decades of summers in Southampton, Long Island. These three branches of the same extended family left their Italian homeland early in the 20th century and therefore share a common heritage.
   Three bungalows were built by the Marra-Maffei-Saracino families in Southampton a few blocks from a small rocky beach. One of the contributors, the late Gilbert Maffei, beautifully encapsulates what these three bungalows meant: “You know, for a family that came to this country with virtually nothing, I think that the three bungalows represented a tremendous achievement; it was a great success. . . It was a dream many immigrants have, but few could ever achieve. But our family did it, somehow, they did it.”
   The book is also about adapting and assimilating to America without compromising or losing the most meaningful elements of Italian heritage. The stories are informative too because through these stories we learn about Italian traditions, typical foods, and rituals. In fact, I think the compilation should include the following warning: “This book my cause intense Italian food cravings.”
   Dr. Marra has the skill and gift of telling stories in a way that we can all relate to regardless of where we are from. As I was reading the book, I was picturing Southampton, while images of my childhood summers with my parents in faraway Uruguay were also resurfacing. The reader can make these connections because the stories are about family values that transcend time and place. Frank Marra (100-year-old father of the primary author and a book contributor) beautifully describes his memories of Southampton this way: “It was like having a big family reunion every day we spent there.” May we all be so fortunate when we reminisce about our past!
   The stories transport you to the past and make you reflect about the future. The book reminds us of what’s important in life and constitutes a call to continue to value and cherish family life and quality time with loved ones. “Southampton Summers” appeals to Italian Americans in a very special way, but the book also appeals to a much larger audience because it’s about values that are universal and timeless. It’s a book about family, community, cultural heritage, friendships, childhood memories, hard work, adaptation to a new land, and legacy.

“The Mithras Conspiracy,” by Michael Polelle; Published by Lido Press; Available at
   Riots and revolutions may have as their source a foreign entity. That’s a lesson we learn from reading Michael Polelle’s fascinating new novel, “The Mithras Conspiracy.” The title refers to the ancient Roman cult that worshipped the god Mithras. When Christianity was adopted as the state religion in Rome, Mithras and other pagan gods were banned and their believers arrested or persecuted in some way.
   Fast forward 2,000 years to a police investigation of the murder of Abramo Basso, a Jesuit priest who worked in the Vatican Library. Found on his person is the Festus parchment, an ancient document that references the trial of Saint Paul. The lead investigator is Marco Leone, born and raised in Rome and a childhood friend of Father Basso’s. The parchment, now in the possession of the Carabinieri, is sought after by high officials from the Vatican, and others, those who belong to a powerful, clandestine group. The document may contain evidence to unravel the foundations of Christianity. Meanwhile, Italy is on the verge of economic collapse with varied radical groups opting to take over. The whole atmosphere reminds one of the economic meltdown of Southern Europe 10 years ago.
   As Italy unravels, Leone seems the last person in his country with a balanced view. While driving through a crowd of demonstrators, he considers the futility of their message. “Protesters held banners proclaiming the coming of proletarian power as the answer. Leone sighed in frustration. Did the protesters even remember what the question was? The empty slogans were dusted off once again. The national future was always the past in disguise. Nothing would ever change. Unless he got out of this country and out of this rut, neither would he.”
   Polelle carries on the tradition of Raymond Chandler and Dashiell Hammett with snappy insights and dialogue. In one scene, main character Leone is told that the dessert is a gift from the cafe owner. Leone barks: “‘No gifts for me or my men.’ He put on the table more than enough euros to cover everything. ‘Gifts come in pretty boxes…but with strings attached.’” “The Mithras Conspiracy” is an engaging and entertaining novel that is both well-written and well-researched. Italy remains a cauldron of religious, economic and cultural substance. The premise of the novel might be summed up: So goes Italy, so goes the world. “The Mithras Conspiracy” is awesome.

“Drone Strike - An Anthony Provati Thriller,” by Joe Giordano; Published by Rogue Phoenix Press; Available at
   A great thriller must rise on the shoulders of a main character who is clever, worldly, and above all else, likable. These are the attributes of Anthony Provati, the 34-year-old Italian American protagonist in Joe Giordano’s excellent new novel - “Drone Strike.”
In “Drone Strike,” Provati is settled in an idyllic existence with his girlfriend Nori on the Greek island Santorini. The good life, however, is not to be had when Nori suffers a head injury after an earthquake. She needs round-the-clock medical care and Provati takes a job as a sailboat captain to pay for its all. He is ordered to transfer from Greece to Italy illegal migrants, one of whom is an ISIL terrorist.
   The author has extensively researched the Middle East, Islam and terrorism. He gives us two other key characters, Karim and Miriam, victims, in different ways, of Middle East violence. Miriam is a Syrian Christian, who was raped by ISIL thugs. Karim is a chemical engineer from ISIL-controlled Iraq whose wife and children were accidentally killed after an American drone strike. He hears the words of Al-Nasir, an ISIL leader: “Like buzzing flies, Americans wave off reports of murdered Islamic women and children. They switch their televisions to reality shows and wallow in their morally bankrupt existences…You’ll continue to suffer for your loss, but Americans remain indifferent.”
   We follow Karim from a Jihadi camp in the Iraqi desert to Greece where he is captured. Faced with dire financial conditions, the country is unable to secure its border. Karim is not sentenced to prison. Instead, a Greek judge announces: “As the jails haven’t room for all the illegal immigrants coming into our country, I’m suspending your sentence and ordering you to leave Greece within a month.” The time allows Karim to find a way to sneak out of Greece and make his way to Italy with help from Provati.
   Personal tragedy is the central chord that unites the characters in Drone Strike. Giordano goes beyond the action to explore the motivations, thoughts and deeds of heroes and villains. At root is faith and the mystery of God’s intervention; an important theme in the novel since Middle East violence is religious based. In “Appointment with ISIL,” Giordano was hailed as a thoughtful and creative author who gave us a dynamic character in Anthony Provati in a contemporary adventure. Giordano has now exceeded himself with “Drone Strike.” This is an exceptional novel that is as thrilling as it is illuminating.

“Charcoal and Blood: Italian Immigrants in Eureka, Nevada and The Fish Creek Massacre,” by Silvio Manno; Published by University of Nevada Press; Available at and
   Events do not occur in a vacuum. That’s the lesson we learn from reading Silvio Manno’s extraordinary book, “Charcoal and Blood: Italian Immigrants in Eureka, Nevada and The Fish Creek Massacre.”
   After the Civil War, Italian immigrants, mostly from the Lake Como area, were recruited to work for lead and silver mine owners in Nevada. They cut down trees, chopped and burned wood to make charcoal for smelting ore. The job was demanding, both physically and mentally, and, after some years, the Italians wanted better pay and working conditions. Their grievances were met with disdain, not just by the mine owners, but, also, by the teamsters who transported the material. It all came to a head in 1879 when a local sheriff and his deputies confronted strikers. A fight broke out, and the Italians, most of whom were unarmed, were shot at random by the police and five were killed.
   The Fish Creek Massacre, as it was later called by the press was the first act of violence against Italian immigrants in America. Manno’s impressive research shows that the dispute had its roots in Italy. We go back to the 1860s when Italy’s Risorgimento made it worse, not better, for the poor. The new national government in Torino was oppressive and tax heavy. Manno writes: “Toward the end of the 19th century, the rural economy in the Ticino region…from where many of the Eureka charcoal burners originated was on the verge of collapse…dire economic stagnation included outdated agricultural practices, excessive taxation, and farm contracts unfavorable to the peasantry.”
   Italians left in droves for the open frontiers of North and South America. The purpose of escaping Italy was not to settle in the cities of the New World, but, rather to move west and strike it rich in gold or land.
   Manno’s crisp and succinct prose makes what might have been a dry academic work into a rich and readable narrative; akin to a historical novel. He is to be commended for avoiding the revisionist trap of claiming persecution at every turn. The author emphasizes that many Italians had successfully integrated in America by the late 1800s and were wealthy entrepreneurs in Nevada and elsewhere in the Wild West.
   “Charcoal and Blood” is a compelling, impressive work of history that all Italian Americans should read. The book is another reminder of the harrowing struggles and sacrifices our ancestors made, sometimes getting killed in the process, so that we may all have a better life.

“Holy Predator,” by Deborah Stevens; Published by Calumet Editions; Available at
   Deborah Stevens follows her spellbinding novel, “The Serpent’s Disciple,” with another book, as good, if not better, in “Holy Predator.” The book opens with the horrific murder of Alonso Garibaldi Poggiani, head of the Vatican Bank. He is nailed to a cross and hung upside down in front of Saint Peter’s Basilica. It is an ominous sign. The author writes: “In the New Testament, Peter had asked to be hung upside down, unworthy to die in the same manner of Christ, but today the inverted cross was a symbol of our fallen world and the symbol of the devil.”
   The death of Poggiani is reminiscent of the Calvi affair, when in 1982, Roberto Calvi, chairman of Banco Abrosiano, Italy’s second largest bank, was murdered and his body hung from a bridge in London. Authorities had uncovered massive corruption and illegalities, by then, tied to the Vatican and Italy’s financial sector. Stevens writes about these and other past events in context to what occurs in the novel. She paints a picture of secrecy and conspiracy related to the Vatican, the Society of Jesus and the first election of a Jesuit as pope.
   In “Holy Predator,” the main character is Anthony Andruccioli, a Special Forces-like commando working for the Roman Catholic Church. He suspects a clandestine takeover of the Vatican by members of a cult who worship the Satanic symbol Moloch. He is soon assisted by Christine to confront a host of characters in Italian banking, organized crime and the Vatican. The duo uncovers a Jesuit codex, the Monita Secreta, that sheds light on hidden activities among Jesuit priests to undermine governments worldwide.
   The author does an outstanding job in connecting real world events to those enmeshed in Biblical prophecy and the occult. The murder of Poggiani in the book’s beginning takes place during a lunar eclipse that bespeaks the Blood Moon Prophecy. The author writes: “The prophecy is a series of apocalyptic beliefs involving a tetrad, a series of four consecutive lunar eclipses with six full moons in between and no intervening partial lunar eclipses…Many believe this to be an omen of the coming of the End of Times.”
   Deborah Stevens’ knowledge of Roman Catholicism is most impressive. She plans to have both, “Holy Predator” and “The Serpent’s Disciple,” available in Italian by the end of 2019. “Holy Predator” is an enthralling novel that will keep readers on the edge their seats. Current scandals undermine the Church and shake the foundations of faith. “Holy Predator” is an incredible depiction, albeit fiction, of what transpires - both good and bad - behind closed doors in the Vatican.

“Bottle Alley,” by Brenda M. Spalding; Published by Heritage Publishing.US. Available at
   A lot can happen in a small town. That’s the premise of “Bottle Alley,” a suspenseful new novel by Brenda M. Spalding about traveling carnivals, seedy saloons and ethnic conflicts. The title of the book refers to its setting in Newton, Massachusetts, on Adams Street, where “it seemed like every other building was a tavern or a brewery…”
   Newton might be considered, today, a suburb of Boston, being 10 miles west of the city; but back in 1938 the town was wholly self-contained. The Aetna Mill was the mainstay employer and the town had its thriving commercial center of mom-and-pop shops and eateries. The city hall, schools, churches and synagogues provided a communal spirit. The town was divided among ethnic lines, as Spalding writes: “Newton…in 1938 was a mix of Irish who came fleeing from the famine, French and Jews looking for a safe harbor from war and persecution. The Italians came, mostly from the village of San Donato Val di Comino. They were all first and second generation immigrants looking for a better way of life in America.”
   Friends Michael Flannigan and Tony Pellegrino are the two main characters. Michael is the breadwinner of his family after his father Donal suffers an accident at the local mill. Tony finds sporadic work while dating Michael’s sister Ellen, against the wishes of her parents. Albeit a demanding time, considering this is the Great Depression, Newton remains quaint and innocent. That is until the traveling carnival arrives. The young men find temporary work manning exhibits and games of chance. An air of danger hovers over the fairgrounds when young Johnny Russo is found dead in nearby Silver Lake. A whodunit arises reminiscent of American film noir. There is the femme fatale, hidden clues and whispered secrets that are uncovered by the main characters, all the while a hurricane approaches.
   Most special about “Bottle Alley” is Spalding’s commendable effort to retain the unique dialect of the “Lake” region in local slang and idioms. The book is akin to a modern anthropological study. According to Spalding, many in Newton still speak the “Lake” dialect. She even includes a glossary of terms, that are found throughout the novel, such as “mush” (guy or man), “divia” (crazy, screwball) “jival” (girl), and so on. “Bottle Alley” is the kind of novel that was once common fare in bookstores and source material for watchable television. The book contains a mystery with agreeable characters and strange villains. “Bottle Alley” is what we all like: Entertaining reading without the redundant political preaching we see and hear too much of today.

“With All of Me II,” by Joanne Fisher; Available at and
   Joanne Fisher continues the romantic saga of Giuliana in her new novel, “With All of Me II.” The story highlights the new world of social media at odds with the old world values of Italy. Although born in Toronto, the author spent much of her early life in Lake Garda after her parents returned to Italy. She comes to her writing with two cultures in mind: Canadian and Italian.
   In Joanne’s previous novel, “With All of Me,” readers were introduced to Giuliana, an Italian-Canadian woman who lives with her husband Rocco and three children. In “With All of Me II,” Giuliana rekindles a relationship with Bobby, a man from California, who also is married and has children. A dilemma arises when Giuliana finds herself pregnant and is not sure the identity of the father. Could it be her husband Rocco? Or, perhaps, Bobby.
   Giuliana gives birth to a baby girl, Sabrina, who looks nothing like her other children. Suspicious, Rocco orders a DNA kit online to decipher the girl’s paternity. Meanwhile, Bobby flies out to Canada to meet with Giuliana after seeing photos of Sabrina on social media. He is convinced the girl is his biological daughter. All goes awry when the DNA results are reported to Rocco. Now, there is no hiding the affair. Giuliana is faced with the guilt of her infidelity and the added burden of divorce and dismantling of her family.
   The author claims the character Giuliana was invented after she too faced dramatic changes in her own life. Joanne said in an online interview with PRIMO, “At one point, I was like Giuliana: I had multiple online friends and most of them were men. I was also going through somewhat of a mid-life crisis which was hardened by my ex-husband wanting to return to Italy. As I wrote, the plot became quite spicy and convoluted, but at the same time, quite interesting.”
   Giuliana’s betrayal is not well-received by her children. They love both parents and the pain of divorce does not heal quickly. Giuliana soon realizes another crisis when Sabrina is diagnosed with leukemia. Now, Giuliana must come to terms with her faith and the costs of love in the modern age. She believes that God is punishing her for infidelity. Bobby admonishes her: “God doesn’t punish people, He forgives them. He does test us, and this is your test. Will you keep your faith or will you fall into the hell of self-pity and guilt?”
   “With All of Me II” is a cogently written and moving novel that explores the struggles of a good woman who does wrong. The novel follows a theme from the author’s previous work on how our high-tech world provides new opportunities that rewards and penalizes us.




A 2017 Film by Maurizio Gigola is a Stunning Tribute to One of Italy’s Greatest Chefs
Featured at Cannes Last Year; The Film is Available for Digital Streaming April 16, 2019
PRIMO Review

If the dishes created by Gualtiero Marchesi taste as good as they look, then he will be rightly remembered as one of the greatest chefs in history.
   Unfortunately, few Americans, if any, have ever eaten Marchesi’s food. His restaurants were located in Italy and catered to the world’s epicurean elite. His reputation comes via second-hand testimony. If only to see his dishes were to taste them. We might all enjoy what so many exclusive diners have over the years.
   Marchesi re-defined Italian cuisine. He was disillusioned by traditional recipes. He once said in an interview that Italian food was too domestic and “vulgar.” The recipes needed serious refining and he saw himself as the right man for the job. He mentored a small army of new chefs that have today taken the culinary world by storm. Marchesi died in December, 2017 at the age of 87. A man famous for starting and participating in new enterprises, mostly restaurants, but also hotels, food and a line of cutlery bearing his name, he had one more project to see completed - a biographical film. Just before he died, Maurizio Gigola followed the great chef with camera in hand. Together, they journeyed through parts of Italy, France and Japan; the latter, a country the chef greatly admired. Marchesi recounted to Gigola his culinary philosophy and life’s work. He revisited the old restaurants, farms, markets and wineries that gave life to his gastronomic imagination. What comes via film is a fascinating tribute entitled “Gualtiero Marchesi - The Great Italian.”
   To recapture the innovations of master chef Marchesi, Gigola was under considerable pressure. The filmmaker had to match his technique and vision with that of Marchesi’s. In order for the documentary to work, Gigola had to balance art and substance. He conveyed Marchesi’s dynamism through crafty special effects and creative camera work. Gigola has risen to the occasion and has made a film worthy of accolades.
   “Gualtiero Marchesi - The Great Italian” was a featured documentary in 2018 at the Cannes Film Festival in France and is now set for massive digital release via a host of venues in America, beginning April 16, 2019.
   The film opens with both filmmaker and chef dining and discussing the motivation behind the film. The passion of Marchesi is the central theme. The film immediately puts to rest the stereotype of the hot-tempered Italian genius. Marchesi looks as though he never had an angry moment in his life. He is the quintessential gentleman, at ease throughout the film. Milan is where he was born and raised. His family were restauranteurs and musicians. He, himself, was an accomplished pianist before dedicating himself to food.
The film intercuts archival photographs and footage with one of Marchesi’s dishes created by a protege. He is most famous for a host of intriguing dishes; one, in which, is pasta, caviar and chives. The strands of spaghetti are rolled together like a coil spring. This might be a common feature on the plates of today’s restaurants, but it remains a Marchesi invention done decades ago. His recipe calls for pasta topped by black fish eggs and green chives. The dish looks like a surreal treasure of gold filigree, bits of jade and tiny emeralds. The dish was one of many by the old chef that put Italy on the map of epicurean destinations; finally displacing the dominance of France. Indeed, Marchesi was the first chef in Italy to have his restaurant receive a Michelin star; a surprising fact. The country that arguably is the best loved when it comes to food is without the reverence afforded other country’s chefs who elevate cuisine to high art. Marchesi is a hero to many Italians since he was the one who finally bridged this gap.
   Integrity in cooking is another subject explored in the film. Marchesi was a pioneer in several areas. He was the godfather of the Slow Food Movement and, to that extent, the organic food movement. Marchesi was adamant about local produce. He relied on nearby farms, old family butcher shops and creameries to ensure the quality of his ingredients. The film puts to rest another stereotype. Marchesi was no young romantic in the kitchen. He was a man in his 40s when he transitioned from a well-respected chef to one who was experimental and innovative.
   What pushed Marchesi to embrace the avant-garde depends on differing viewpoints in the film. Gigola seems more inclined towards music, than art, as the inspiration behind Marchesi. This is an understandable thesis considering the chef’s musical background. However, his food creations were intrinsically connected to color and framing. The plate was a canvas. The chef, an artist. Bits of meat and vegetables were placed according to the color wheel. Gigola acknowledges the essence of visual art in a number of scenes. The chef is seen in a moment of reflection. Famous paintings by Andy Warhol and Jackson Pollock come into view. We then see chefs create Marchesi’s dishes as inspired by such artworks. There is a bed of bright yellow risotto topped with gold leaf. Another dish is best known by its title “Fish Dripping”; an ode to Jackson Pollock and his method of dripping paint. The visual reference is given its due in the film. Nevertheless, the incessant musical score along with the display of instruments and a performance of musicians, one of whom is Marchesi’s daughter, overplays the emphasis of sound, rather than sight.
   “Gualtiero Marchesi - The Great Italian” is a beautiful creation by Gigola. The chef is a fascinating subject for a documentary and Gigola knows it. The filmmaker has ample material to make a stunning film and does so. This is Gigola’s first documentary, one in which he wrote, directed and produced. He is a true Renaissance man who is also refreshingly down-to-earth. He does not let himself get in the way of the film’s subject. We are here to see and understand Marchesi. The late chef espouses his philosophy in concise words and well-mannered diction. He is a true genius at work. Perhaps a relic; and by today’s standards, an anomaly, Marchesi is also a model for others to follow. He shows that creative ingenuity does not have to come with tattoos, Indian bracelets and pony tails.

Editor’s Note: Rock Salt Releasing will release “Gualtiero Marchesi - The Great Italian” onto digital streaming platforms April 16th (Amazon, DirecTV, inDemand, Hoopla, FlixFling, Vimeo on Demand, Vudu, FANDANGO + Sling/Dish). To learn more about the film, please log on to


Fifty Years After Enshrining a Famous Italian Statue of Jesus Christ Beneath the Waves, the Now Blind Diver Gabe Spataro Dove Down to Touch the Bronze Statue for the First Time in 2013

Gabriel Spataro brought the statue, “Christ of the Abyss,” to the United States in the early 1960s.
    Yet, it was not until 2013 that he dove into the waters off the coast of Florida to touch it.
    “Christ of the Abyss” is an amazing bronze rendition of our Lord. The statue went from Italy to Chicago and then on to Key Largo, Florida where, in 1965, it was submerged off the coast. It remains one of the most viewed underwater objects in the world today and has, thus far, generated more than a billion dollars in tourism revenue.
Spataro is a humble man, who, at 87 years old, is legally blind. He is a military veteran, a proud member of Shriners International, a father and business owner. He never toots his own horn. He is known by friends and associates as an amazing storyteller. He volunteers regularly at the local Veterans Hospital and at the local Shriners Hospital, where he makes balloon animals to entertain disabled children.
Jim Elliott is the founder and president of Diveheart, a non-profit organization based in Downers Grove, Illinois, that provides therapy to the disabled through scuba diving lessons and underwater excursions. He helped Spataro and other military veterans in 2013 dive into the ocean to “Christ of the Abyss” statue.
It was in the mid-1950s that Spataro returned from the Korean War to run his family-owned restaurant in Chicago. One night he overheard guests talking about scuba diving. He was interested to learn more. They invited him to a local lake in Wisconsin where they gave him his first lesson.
“Back then, people didn’t need to have scuba diving certification,” says Elliott. “A person just needed to know someone with scuba equipment. This was called bootleg diving.”
    Years later, Spataro finally got certified through a program conducted by Diveheart and sponsored by the Veterans Hospital.
    “Christ of the Abyss” in Italian is “Il Cristo Degli Abissi.” The statue was sculpted in 1954 by Guido Gilletti and commissioned by Italian diving instructor Duilio Mercante as a tribute to Dario Gonzatti, Italy’s first scuba diver. Spataro met the statue’s creator while on a wine tour in Italy. Three nine-foot statues of Jesus Christ were sculpted in bronze. The first was submerged in the waters off the coast of San Fruttuoso, a village near Portofino, where Gonzatti died while scuba diving. Another was a gift by the Italian navy to the people of Grenada for their help in rescuing passengers of the Italian vessel “Bianca C” that sunk off the island’s coast in the Caribbean. As for the third statue, Spataro wanted it to come to the United States. However, he could not afford to ship it to America. Spataro’s father had a friend that ran an Italian shipping company and he arranged to get it to Chicago for free. They stored the statue in a National Guard airplane hangar at Chicago O’Hare International Airport until, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, they got a military plane to bring it down to the Florida Keys for free. The statue sat in a warehouse for a few years in Florida before it was placed underwater. Not until 2013 did Spataro have a chance to dive to the statue, thanks to Diveheart.
    “I was driving Spataro home in 2013 after a Diveheart fundraiser when Gabe told me he was going to dive to the Christ statue with a couple of his Korean War buddies,” says Elliott
“I told him ‘You’ve probably dived to the statue many times since the 1960s,’” Elliott said. “Spataro replied that he never dove to the statue because after it was shipped to Key Largo, he was busy with his family and restaurant business in Chicago. This would be his first time.”
Elliott inquired further on how Spataro planned to make this special dive.
    Spataro said, “I’ll be diving to the statue with my buddy Vinnie, who has one leg, and my buddy Louie, who is also blind.” After hearing they were going into the ocean in a 12-foot fishing boat, Elliott realized that Spataro needed experienced divers to help him make this experience a reality.
    “I’m thinking to myself that we have two blind guys and one amputee who are all in their 80s,” Elliott recalled. “They are going out miles onto the ocean in a 12-foot fishing boat to dive to the Christ statue. They’re all going to die.”
    Elliott called his friend D.J., the owner of Rainbow Reef dive center in Key Largo, who cleared eight paid spots on a 45-foot dive boat. Spataro and friends were able to go out with Rainbow Reef and Diveheart to dive to the statue, for the first time.
    While under water, Spataro approached the bronze rendition of Jesus Christ. He placed a wreath on one of the statue’s outstretched hands. He said the experience was amazing and very spiritual. He was glad that Elliott intervened, he said, because in retrospect it might not have been such a good idea for three veterans, all with disabilities and in their 80s, to go out alone on a 12-foot fishing boat to dive to the statue.
    The Miami Herald covered the dive in a front page feature article. According to Elliott, the story was more than the rekindling of a statue to its main catalyst. How the statue was transported from Italy to its final destination in America could now be retold with greater emphasis on accuracy.
    “It changed history,” says Elliott about Spataro’s dive. “The Miami Herald originally reported that the Christ statue came to America through New York—but it didn’t. It came in through Chicago’s Navy Pier. The ring buoy that said New York was in the old photos of the statue when it arrived, because the Italian shipping company was based in New York; but it really came in through Navy Pier.”
    Diveheart’s adaptive dive buddies kept Spataro safe on the dive and have taken him back there several times.
    “Diveheart helped make a dream come true for this old, blind Korean War veteran. I can’t thank them enough,” Spataro said.
    He explained how moving it was to get close to “Christ of the Abyss” for the first time underwater.
    “It was funny how I was able to go down to the statue after all these years,” Spataro said. “It was like seeing an old friend.”

To learn more about Diveheart, please visit their web site at




PRIMO Reader Pays Tribute to Her Late Husband’s WWII Service

Mrs. Lola Pollastrini Gianelli wrote to PRIMO about her late husband, former U.S. Army Sergeant George Frederick Gianelli, and his service in the D-Day landing at Normandy in WWII. Here is what she wrote:

"This is a tribute to the 75th Anniversary of Normandy D-Day, in honor of my late husband George and his Army Battalion who all survived (Thank God) the war against the Germans on June 6, 1944 at Omaha Beach.

On June 6, 2019, President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania, along with Queen Elizabeth, saluted and stood at attention on Omaha Beach at noon for the raising of the American Flag and the 21 Gun Salute in honor and respect of our GIs.

Although I didn't know George until after the war, (we were married for 48 years until his death), this is a summary of his and his buddies' stories, as told at their Battalion reunions held every year after the war. The reunions lasted for 30 years. Wives and children attended in a one-week's vacation to listen to war stories.

George's battalion was in the Fifth Wave that stormed onto the beach where Hitler's army was waiting in bunkers. The worst battle was there at Omaha Beach. George said it was like going into a suicide mission. He stumbled over dead GIs who came ashore before him. The next 6th Wave of GIs wiped out the German troops. There is a GI cemetery on the hill above Omaha Beach maintained by the United States. George always said that the heroes were the guys who never made it out alive from that battle.

George's battalion spent four years in England shooting Buzz Bombs and fighting in Germany. They reached Hitler's bunker the day after both Hitler and wife Eva Braun committed suicide. Next to the bunker was a concentration camp where the battalion was allowed to go and observe. George refused to go. He could see from the gate a big pile of dead bodies.

George was drafted the day after graduation from Hayward High School at age 18. His battalion was made up of guys from Italian families in the San Francisco Bay Area. (Was this done purposely??) The families all knew each other. Actually, George received his draft notice before graduating from high school. He turned 18 in March and didn't graduate until June. George and his father went before the Draft Board and asked for a deferment so he could graduate. He was then drafted the day after high school graduation.

On your computer, you can see live movies and stories about D-Day, also photos of the cemetery. Just go to ‘D-Day Invasion of Normandy.’ I wish they would teach some information about WWII in schools nowadays, but they don't. I guess it's not ‘Politically Correct.’ (It might hurt somebody's feelings??) I wonder---if we went to war and there was draft today, would our youth go to battle or would it infringe on ‘their rights’???”


A New Film by Michela Occhipinti Offers Insight into Third World Matrimony
Weight Gain is Expected for a Bride-to-Be in the African Nation of Mauritania
PRIMO Review

Italian filmmakers have always been fascinated with Africa.
   Didn’t auteur Pier Paolo Pasolini claim Africa as his favorite place in the world, after Italy? The wild and exotic continent across the Mediterranean has been an inspiration for some of the best and most notorious films of Italian cinema. Gillo Pontecorvo immediately comes to mind with his masterpiece “Battle of Algiers,” the 1966 film about the Algerian revolution that continues to this day to impress students of cinema. Africa is not a place for elaborate set designs and special effects. Instead, the gritty documentary style is sought there by Italian filmmakers. Their mission is reality; sometimes for exploitative purposes. One is reminded of the first documentary of worldwide fame, “Mondo Cane.” The 1960 Italian production by Gualtiero Jacopetti gave birth to the “shockumentary.” Controversial customs and rituals from Africa were shown with reckless abandon. So successful was the film that Jacopetti and partners devoted a sequel that contained real and violent footage of the continent’s civil wars and revolutions.
   Such is the enigma of Africa. She remains a means of cultural fascination or exploitation, depending on the filmmaker.
   Michela Occhipinti is of the former class and takes a sympathetic and sensitive approach to storytelling. Her new film, “Flesh Out,” continues the Italian cinematic exploration of Africa. It is Mauritania, a poor and humbled nation embedded in the Sahara desert. Occhipinti is the film’s director and co-writer of the screenplay with Simona Coppini. Originally from Rome, she lived in different parts of the world making documentaries. Now settled in Milan, the center of Italian fashion, she takes on the subject of beauty. Not the thin and glamorous kind as sought by women of Europe and America. Instead, we are shown women who seek to gain weight, not lose it, in Mauritania.
   The film’s main character is Verida, played by newcomer Verida Beitta Ahmed Deiche. Engaged to be married by family arrangement, she undergoes the gavage diet of bulgur and meat 10 times a day in order to gain weight for her wedding. The film begins in the early morning hours as Verida is awakened by her mother to eat. It may be the opposite of the western concept of beauty, but, nevertheless, time, attention and sacrifice are made to satisfy the male eye. Verida is a complex character. Young and ambitious, she seeks to one day own and operate her grandmother’s beauty salon. Henna tattoos are applied to her hands and wrists. Friends pressure her to abandon tradition. Change is coming to Mauritania. Yet, Verida remains loyal to her family and customs.
   “Flesh Out” has its strong suits. The documentary style, as perfected by Occhipinti, captures the stark reality of setting and characters. The lighting and camera work by Daria D’Antonio is especially praiseworthy. He conveys a Noir-like atmosphere that heightens the setting’s cultural mystique. Some scenes are uniquely powerful such as the film’s beginning that depict the black eyes of the protagonist. Through a haze of dust, we see the face of the Third World, reminiscent of the National Geographic cover from 1985 of the Afghan girl with green eyes.
   The film’s single flaw is Occhipinti’s unromantic view of Saharan Africa. She pushes the patience of the viewer. Dullness sets in when poverty becomes overwhelming. Characters have little to do because the cultural and economic offerings of the country are minimal. Tradition seems the only endeavor to engage Verida towards action.
   “Flesh Out” is a film to be seen by those interested in the world beyond borders. A serious debate arises when one asks if the people of Mauritania are better off embracing modernity. Women are dressed in traditional Arabic clothing while walking the dirt roads of a country strewn with plastic debris. Scene after scene displays the latest technology, gadgets and disposable goods; all the while in a medieval-like environment. Such is the integrity of Occhipinti. The message of the film might not be what was intended. She may have set out to make a film critical of old and misogynistic traditions. Yet, truth in filmmaking makes the viewer lament the bullying onslaught of modernity upon a proud and traditional people.

Editor’s Note: “Flesh Out” will be shown at this year’s Tribeca Film Festival in New York on April 27 at Village East Cinema, 3 p.m.; April 29 at Battery Park Cinema, 7 p.m.; and on May 4, 11:30 a.m. at Village East Cinema. For more information, log on to:



Her Book “The Serpent’s Disciple” Explores Freemason Infiltration of The Vatican
Are the Conspiracies True?

Your new novel The Serpent’s Disciple explores the inner workings of the Catholic Church. What new insight about the pope and Vatican will readers gain after reading your book?

Many readers might not know that The Vatican or officially Vatican City State is the smallest sovereign nation in the world. It is a theocratic, absolute, and elective monarchy. The pope as the leader of the Roman Catholic Church and bishop of Rome exercises ex officio supreme legislative, executive, and judicial power over Vatican City. This translates into a significant amount of power; not just authority over the citizens of Vatican City, but as religious leader of the Catholic Church, many Christians worldwide. In any seat of power, an inner structure is set up and authority distributed between people. As we all know from history, desire for power can often result in corruption. Although we would like to believe in the sanctity of religion, we can also find the seeds of betrayal. The reader of my novels will learn about a few of the regrettable events and challenges having to do with the inner workings of Vatican City and the papacy.

One need not go farther than the engrossing title of you novel – The Serpent’s Disciple - to know its Biblical roots. How closely connected is your novel to the prophetic warnings of the Book of Revelation?

The vast array of ornate and lush imagery found in the Book of Revelation has led to a wide variety of interpretations. Ranging from the simple historical analysis, to a prophetic view of the future, to futurist interpretations of different end time scenarios. As many believe, the obscure and extravagant imagery signify the invisible forces and spiritual powers of good versus evil at work in the world and in the heavenly realms and culminating in a war against the church.
In a way, my stories could be considered an adaptation on the Garden of Eden. In the Book of Revelation Satan is called a serpent, not once but three times. So, in The Serpent’s Disciple we uncover and see the results, as in the Garden of Eden, of the soul tempted by the promises of the serpent. An intriguing element of the story line is based on real events. The collapse of the Vatican bank in the 1980’s did take place and involved a gruesome murder. The group Propaganda Due (P2), an illegal masonic lodge, existed. Conspiracy theorists believe P2 could be behind the mysterious circumstances of Pope John Paul I death after only 33 days of his papacy. The fictional story behind The Serpent's Disciple involves a battle between the serpent and a disciple of the church. If you embrace the belief that faith exists, then you will also believe there will be a judgment day. I will leave that debate in the hands of the readers.

A key suspicion among many traditional and conservative Roman Catholics is that the Church changed radically after Vatican II because of infiltration by the Freemasonry. What led you to take on this controversy head on in The Serpent’s Disciple?

Many believe International Freemasonry has sought to infiltrate the Catholic Church for decades. When Pope John XXIII announced the creation of the Second Vatican Council (also known as Vatican II) in January 1959, it shocked the world. There hadn't been an ecumenical council in nearly 100 years. Canon law before Vatican II prohibited membership in Freemasonry and considered cause for automatic ex-communication. It concluded Masonic principles and rituals are irreconcilable with Catholic doctrines. After Vatican II, however, the Catholic Church began an evaluation of its understanding of Masonry and subtle modifications of Canon law began to occur. The Church’s position appeared to be fluid on the matter. There were various interpretations of what was being reported. When doing research for the book I was not that familiar with the story of P2. As I delved deeper, I became fascinated to learn more. As I did, the idea for The Serpent’s Disciple began to materialize. I decided to use actual events with real circumstances that faced the Vatican at the time. It is often said, fact is stranger than fiction, and I agree.

The Serpent’s Disciple is a fascinating book with many plot elements that connect to other genres, i.e., horror, science fiction, fantasy, historical fiction etc…What genre best describes The Serpent’s Disciple?

That is a challenging question to some degree. I use the label Fiction Thriller. A Thriller is a story that is usually a mix of fear and excitement. It contains traits from the suspense genre and action, adventure or mystery genres. I’ve had people say they thought it touched on fantasy and historical fiction. I agree with all these. My wish is to hopefully keep the reader wondering and hopefully surprised at end of the story.

Do you see yourself writing more books? Similar to The Serpent’s Disciple? Why do you find this subject so fascinating?

Yes, I plan on writing a trilogy. The Serpent’s Disciple and, Holy Predator, the second in the series is available on Amazon in paperback and eBook. The first book has received six awards and the latest Holy Predator received its first award, The Pinnacle Achievement Award, winner in the category of Thriller. Any religion or powerful group has a history of how it evolved and Christianity, in this case, Catholicism, is thousands of years old. Then, you add the existence of Vatican City and all this takes place in Italy, how can you not be fascinated by the topic. I loved to research and learn the history behind how something came to be. Although, sometimes creating more questions than answers. It’s like working on a puzzle. Trying to figure out which piece goes next and finally seeing the results of ones efforts. There are so many stories surrounding the Catholic Church, Vatican City and the history of Italy. It's hard not to be fascinated with it all. The Serpent’s Disciple has been translated into Italian. Holy Predator is presently being translated into Italian and should be out at the end of 2019. Before the final book in the trilogy is completed, I will be releasing a non-fiction book titled Strange but True, The Vatican Dossier. I hope to have it out at the end of this year.

Editor’s Note: To learn more about Deborah Stevens’ books, please visit her web site at




A solid sequel to the author's "Appointment with ISIL"
- An interview with Joe Giordano


   A great thriller must rise on the shoulders of its main character. He must carry the novel by being clever, worldly, and above all else, likable. These are the attributes of Anthony Provati, the 34-year-old Italian American protagonist in Joe Giordano’s excellent new novel - Drone Strike.
   Fans of the author know Anthony Provati well. Giordano introduced readers to his main protagonist in a previous engaging thriller, Appointment with ISIL. We got to know Provati as a native New Yorker who owns a tiny art gallery in Soho. Always pressed for money, he finds himself in schemes and predicaments that have worldwide repercussions.
   In Drone Strike, Provati is settled in an idyllic existence with his girlfriend Nori on the Greek island of Santorini. A skilled pianist and sailor, he’s able to make a living either playing piano at a small nightclub or manning a sailboat. The good life, however, is not to be had after an earthquake strikes the region and Nori suffers a severe head injury. Although medical care is free in Greece, we learn that the public hospitals there are grossly mismanaged. The best option is a private hospital for Nori to receive round-the-clock care while she remains in a coma. Provati is desperate to pay for it all. He takes a job as a sailboat captain to transfer illegal migrants from Greece to Italy. Unbeknownst to Provati, one of the passengers is an ISIL terrorist.
    Great fiction can enlighten readers beyond mainstream coverage of world events. Giordano has extensively researched the Middle East, Islam and the history of terrorism. He gives us two key characters - Karim and Miriam, victims, in different ways, of Middle East violence. Miriam is a Syrian Christian, who was raped by ISIL thugs, after they killed her family. She met Karim at a Turkish refugee camp and together they made their way to Greece. Much of the story revolves around Karim, a chemical engineer from ISIL-controlled Iraq. The novel begins with an American drone striking a car of terrorists near his house. He is thrown back from the blast but not seriously hurt. He sees his home destroyed and finds his wife Farrah and two children dead amidst the rubble. How to make sense of the tragedy leads him to the domain of terrorists. He follows the words of one, Al-Nasir, an ISIL leader: “Like buzzing flies, Americans wave off reports of murdered Islamic women and children. They switch their televisions to reality shows and wallow in their morally bankrupt existences…You’ll continue to suffer for your loss, but Americans remain indifferent.”
    Giordano takes the reader on a grand tour of the Middle East war zone. We follow Karim to a Jihadi camp in the Iraqi desert that trains suicide bombers. He travels through Syria with a fake passport. The Mediterranean becomes the main setting as Karim claims refugee status and is allowed to enter Turkey. When he is captured in Greece, we are confronted with the impotency of law enforcement. Faced with dire financial conditions, the country is unable to fund the manpower needed to secure its border. Karim is not sentenced to prison. Instead, a Greek judge announces: “As the jails haven’t room for all the illegal immigrants coming into our country, I’m suspending your sentence and ordering you to leave Greece within a month.” The time allows Karim to find a way to sneak out of Greece and make his way to Italy with help from Provati.
    Personal tragedy is the central chord that unites the characters in Drone Strike. Giordano goes beyond the action to explore the motivations, thoughts and deeds of heroes and villains. At root is faith and the mystery of God’s intervention; an important theme in the novel since Middle East violence is religious based. In Appointment with ISIL, Giordano was hailed as a thoughtful and creative author who gave us a dynamic character in Anthony Provati in a contemporary adventure. Giordano has now exceeded himself with Drone Strike. This is an exceptional novel that is as thrilling as it is illuminating.

Author of "Drone Strike," Joe Giordano, Sheds Light on Middle East Terrorism and Europe's Refugee Crisis

Your new novel Drone Strike takes readers deep into the workings of Islamic terrorism. What new insight about the Middle East will the readers gain from Drone Strike?

Black market sale of oil and refined products were an important financial source for the Islamic State in the Levant, and a key character in the book, Karim, worked as a drilling manager in an ISIL-controlled section of Iraq. Drone Strike begins with Karim’s family killed by a U.S. drone strike. Al-Nasir, the leader of ISIL ,recruits him for a terrorist attack on the United States. As readers follow Karim’s indoctrination, they’ll get a glimpse into a terrorist training camp; but, also, ISIL’s drug operations in Afghanistan. Readers will learn how suicide attacks are orchestrated, and ISIL’s ‘shock and awe’ execution of prisoners. When Karim travels surreptitiously with Miriam, another character in the book, a Syrian Christian, they’ll get a sense of the heartbreaking suffering refugees endure.

You cover several contemporary subjects in Drone Strike such as the ongoing crisis of illegal migration into Europe from the Middle East and elsewhere. Your novel rightly highlights Greece and Italy as main gateways. Why do both countries have such difficulties in securing their borders?

Under European Union law, asylum seekers cannot be turned away and must make their application in the country of arrival. Both Italy and Greece are accessible by sea. The UN’s 1951 convention requires asylum cases be handled individually and refugees can’t be returned to countries unable to guarantee their rights, like Turkey or Libya. Despite attempts to stem the tide, desperate refugees often arrive in barely seaworthy crafts, overwhelming the available resources to handle their processing. Greece faces a crisis within a crisis, a collapsed economy under a weight of debt and a deluge of refugees. The country can hardly sustain its population. Italy’s economy is larger but seemingly always at the precipice of recession. In Italy’s recent parliamentary elections, Matteo Salvini campaigned to expel immigrants, and his political party - League - won 34 percent of the vote. They became the largest party in Italy. Unlike the U.S. which received and assimilated wave after wave of immigrants, European countries maintained more homogeneous populations. Multiculturalism, separating distinct immigrant ethnic groups, rather than the melting pot approach often created isolated enclaves, and the huge spike of Middle East refugees sparked societal tensions, and a political backlash not anticipated by European politicians.

Anthony Provati is the main character. This is the second thriller where Provati is the protagonist; the other being Appointment with ISIL. What led you to conceive Anthony Provati?

I wanted an unlikely hero, someone readers could identify with, having strengths and weaknesses, a normal-type guy thrust into extraordinary circumstances. As a fellow Italian American and New Yorker, I understand where he’s coming from. Anthony pursues women, loves art, sails, is a nightclub pianist, and has an uncle in the mob – attributes which cause him to careen into all sorts of trouble. Characters living on the edge fuel good fiction.

Central to Drone Strike are characters such as Provati and Middle East migrants Karim and Miriam. They all share personal tragedies based on catastrophes caused by either man or nature. What more can you tell us about this theme and how tragedy propels people to greater ambitions, be they good or bad?

The genesis of Drone Strike was the question I posed to myself: How would I react if my family were killed in a drone strike as ‘collateral damage?’ Where would I turn for justice? Terrorism isn’t defensible, but in some instances, we might resonate with the motivation. Our individual characters are formed and developed by how we deal with adversity. Our knockdowns rather than our knockouts teach us who we are. The tragedies endured by Miriam, a Syrian Christian, and Karim, an Iraqi Moslem, simultaneously draw them together and keep them apart. At a point where Karim realizes he’s fallen in love with Miriam, he regrets their meeting, because the precursor was the death of his family. The affection he feels for her conflicts with his perceived duty to seek revenge. He asks, why else would Allah have spared him?

Drone Strike is an amazing novel and Anthony Provati is an incredible character. Can we expect more novels to come with Anthony as the main character?

I’m drafting my fourth novel, working title Angelica’s Secret. Anthony will be joined by a female co-protagonist, Angelica Esposito, brilliant, beautiful, intrepid – with a secret. I’ll be launching another series of books with her in the lead.

Editor's Note: You can find more about Joe Giordano and his upcoming novels by visiting his web site:


245 Million Christians are Victims of High, Extreme Persection; 90,000 Killed in 2016 for Practicing Christianity in Africa and Asia; Focus on Nigeria
Hang a Banner at Your Church!


Top photograph is the new banner by Save The Persecuted Christians organization. The next photograph is a Coptic church in Egypt that was destroyed by a suicide bomber who killed 128 worshippers. Other photographs: Somalia, Islamic boys are recruited to kill Christians; Palestine, parents hold a photograph of their son, abducted by Islamists; Iraq, statues in a church were destroyed by ISIS; Libya, Christian men were decapitated by Islamic terrorists; China, a Christian woman is attacked by soldiers; Frank J. Gaffney, president of Save The Persecuted Christians leads the organization’s press conference at the National Press Club in Washington. He said that the organization was inspired by American rabbis in the 1960s and 1970s who worked to save Soviet Jews from persecution; their logo pictured. Last photograph depicts the speakers at Save The Persecuted Christians press conference; with many from Nigeria who spoke about Christian persecution there.

A cry for help is heard.
    Save The Persecuted Christians is a brand new organization headquartered in Monument, Colorado, that held its first press conference yesterday, January 17, at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.
    Their mission: Stop the ongoing genocide of Christians, worldwide.
    The press conference convened inside the newly renovated National Press Club building on 14th street, N.W. Black steel beams streak above a lobby of contemporary decor that bespeaks the continued and active presence of the National Press Club in downtown.
    The event was held there on the 13th floor; an ominous sign, perhaps; the number of the apostle who turned on Christ. Those gathered, however, showed no signs of despair. Instead, they were hopeful. They were unified in a cause. They seek to save their brothers and sisters in Christ.

Frank J. Gaffney, president and board member of Save The Persecuted Christians, was the event’s moderator and lead speaker.
    A Washington insider since the days of Reagan and active participant in a number of conservative causes, Gaffney is the founder and executive chairman of the Washington-based Center for Security Policy. His knowledge of geo-politics will serve him well in this newfound effort.
   Gaffney’s main purpose was to convey the organization’s background and grassroots strategy. He then invited others to speak, such as Bishop Keith Butler, founder of Word of Faith International Center, former member of the Detroit City Council and board chairman of the Save The Persecuted Christians. Another was Kevin Jessip, founder and president of Global Strategic Alliance and fellow board member of the organization. Only a few reporters were present. Most audience members were activists, both foreign and American, representing different Christian denominations. A political celebrity in attendance was Alan Keyes, assistant secretary of state in international affairs under President Ronald Reagan, a former radio talk show host and a Republican presidential candidate in 1996, 2000, and 2008. Prayers were said at the beginning and end of the press event.
   Christian suffering was the main topic.

The reasons vary.
   In China, it is to preserve the zeal of Marxism. In North Korea, it is to preserve the cult of Kim Jong-un. In Nigeria, it is to set up an Islamic caliphate.
Christians get in the way.
   They praise God, not man. They seek salvation through Christ, not government. They read the Bible, not the Koran.
   They are easy targets.
   They attend church in day. They pray at night. They wear the cross.
   In many countries in Africa and Asia, Christians are increasingly arrested without warrants. They are tried, convicted and jailed without due process. They are tortured. They are killed.
   Christianity consists of 2 billion people today. Three decades ago, Roman Catholics and Protestants were on the rise in the Third World. Africa became more Catholic thanks to frequent visits there by Pope John Paul II. Protestant missions were fully established in countries such as Nigeria and Mali. Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist and congregational churches spread throughout the continents.
   The past was for evangelization. The present, fear of persecution.
   Every year, more Christians are killed for their beliefs, according to a recent report issued by A Church in Need, a Roman Catholic organization based in Germany.
   Some 245 million Christians are victims of high extreme persecution. In 2016, some 90,000 Christians were killed, just for practicing their faith.
   Gaffney worked in the Reagan administration as acting assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs. He witnessed from the White House the demise of the Soviet Union. He knows history well. Mostly forgotten today are the loud, unstinted efforts of America’s rabbis in the Cold War. A synagogue in Cleveland in 1963 began a movement to save Soviet Jews from persecution. They produced a banner with an illustration of a prison chain clasped by hammer and sykle that surround the words: “Free Soviet Jews.” The goal was greater awareness. Americans would know the plight of Jews in Communist Russia. Almost every synagogue in the country eventually hung the banner. Gaffney, who grew up in Pittsburgh, remembers walking by a synagogue one day and seeing a banner hanging there.
  One movement begets another.
  Save the Persecuted Christians pursues a similar goal and strategy as did Jewish rabbis 50 years ago. Gaffney and others unfurled a banner in white with a red colored cross and lettering “Save US.” At the bottom is the organization’s name and web site address. The group will push forward the plight of persecuted Christians. They will ask every church in America to hang one of their banners. Greater awareness will bring greater action in Congress. On an immediate basis, however, is the call for a special envoy: A person should be appointed by the president today to travel through Africa and Asia, meet leaders there to press an end to the slaughter of Christians.

U.S. foreign policy is often at odds with the persecuted in foreign lands.
    Gaffney recalls reluctance on the part of the Ford administration to stop Jewish persecution in Russia. In 1974, Senator Henry M. “Scoop” Jackson of Washington sponsored legislation to withdraw most favored nation status from the Soviet Union unless steps were taken there to save Soviet Jews. The bill passed in Congress. Majorities in both chambers were large enough to override a presidential veto. Saving Soviet Jews was now the law of the land.
    Gaffney reminds us that back then Washington think tanks missed the cause. It was grassroots, not professional advocacy, that won the day. American rabbis moved leaders to action. Russian Jews were saved. The Soviet Union later fell.
    The current plight of Christians worldwide calls for a similar effort. This time the scope is larger. Not just one country, but many countries host Christian genocide. On display at the press conference were records of brutality perpetrated by foreign governments and their agents against Christians. They came in the way of exhibits consisting of photographs, captions and hard facts. Some highlights follow:

In North Korea: An elderly woman is photographed with black eyes and bruises. She sits, tied to a chair, under the threatening gaze of a female guard. Her crime: Praying.

In Palestine: Christian parents hold a photograph of their missing son. He was abducted by Islamic fundamentalists. Authorities claim the boy willingly converted to Islam.

In Yemen: Christians face extinction. They are caught between warring Islamic groups who agree on nothing else but their hatred for Christians.

In Sudan: Military aircraft are often sent by the Islamic government in Khartoum to destroy churches.

In Somalia: Al-Shabaab, a word meaning “young men” in Arabic, is now a call for Jihad. Children are recruited. Boys, some of whom are just 10 years old, are armed with light machine guns. They order Christian men to recite the Shahada - claim God is one and Muhammed the prophet - or be killed.

In Syria: Christian girls are taken from their families and sold as sex slaves to ISIS.

In Iraq and Egypt: Some of the world’s first churches, located in these two countries, are now under assault. In Mosul, statues of Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary were decapitated by ISIS thugs. In Egypt, a Coptic church was destroyed by a suicide bomber who claimed the lives of 128 people worshiping inside.

In Turkey: A country where 20% of the population was Christian after World War I has seen that number decline below 1% today. Oppression by the Erdogan-led government is the reason. Only one cleric of each Christian faith can be seen in public. Only one Christian holiday can be celebrated each year. Christian celebrations are forbidden, unless approved by the government.

In Libya: One of the most horrific images in history. Christian men in orange prison clothes were marched to a beach by black clad, face masked Islamists. One by one had their heads sawed off by tormenters. The carnage faced northeast in the direction of Rome. The Vatican. The Holy See. The throne of Saint Peter. The message was obvious: All Christians are infidels. All are to be killed.

In the audience at the National Press Club event were several Christians from China.
   They spoke firsthand about persecution. The latest technology is continuously used by China’s government to harass and kill Christians. Data mining and drone surveillance locate churches slated for military assault. China forbids religious education. State media mocks and misrepresents the activities of new congregations. On display was a photograph of a young Chinese Christian woman attacked by a group of Chinese soldiers.
    Tracy Jiao belongs to the Church of Almighty God, an independent church founded in 1991 in China. She attended yesterday’s press conference. She says her group is frequently targeted by the Chinese government. Many churchgoers have been unduly arrested, she says, just for practicing their faith.
   “You see pictures of people here who have been persecuted in other countries,” she says in reference to exhibits on display. “At least, they can show photographs of what is happening. We cannot in China. Our people are arrested. Our photographs are taken. We are not allowed to share our story. We have church members who are taken to prison camps. We cannot see them. We don’t know where they are.”

Cases of Christian persecution were well-documented at the press conference with special focus on Nigeria.
    Members of the International Committee on Nigeria, an organization based in Falls Church, Virginia, spoke about their experiences.
    Nigeria is a country with the most Christians in Africa - some 80 million, according to Pew Research. Yet, each day, they are threatened and harassed by Islamic forces inside and outside the government. Most pressing are the needs of Christians in the Lake Chad region in northern Nigeria. Reports of atrocities are many; such as the time when Christian children were rounded up to watch their parents executed by Islamic militiamen. Another case had as its focus the Nigerian military. The army had ordered the evacuation of Christian and Islamic villages due to civil conflicts in the region. When the battle ended, those from the Islamic villages were allowed to return to their homes, but not the Christians. The military said their villages were not recognized by the Nigerian government. They never existed.
    In reference to the way American mainstream media reports violence against Christians in Nigeria, one speaker declared, “There is no such thing as sectarian violence. This is not a war of one tribe versus another. This is not a war of one region against another. These are Muslims killing Christians.”
Abduction of clergy in Nigeria is frequent. One speaker said he was kidnapped by Islamic terrorists not once, but twice. He said what saved him “was my name, Joachim. They thought I was Muslim. They did not know that Christians and Muslims can share the same name. We are named after the Jewish patriarch, Jacob.”
    Cases of Christian persecution in Nigeria increased exponentially after the Arab Spring in 2010 and the rise of ISIS after President Barack Obama ordered American troops to withdraw from Iraq in 2011.
    “Now everyone wants to be like ISIS,” said an audience member from Nigeria. He claimed that young Muslims there increasingly look to Islamic terrorists as models of violence.
    Assaults against Christians are not limited to the body. Christians are often discriminated against and unable to find work or get an education in Nigeria. The military will frequently take church property, according to one speaker. The church building is demolished and the foundation excavated. Property records are destroyed. It is as if entire Christian communities never existed there.
    Yesterday’s event contained only a few bright spots such as when one speaker admitted that there has been a market reduction of violence against Christians in Nigeria. He gave credit for this to President Donald J. Trump. Attacks on Christians declined almost immediately after the president spoke out against Christian persecution when he met with Nigerian president, Muhammadu Buhari, at the White House in April.
    The future remains tenuous. West Africa is at the precipice of Islamic domination, according to several speakers yesterday. “Do not look to the Middle East,” said one Nigerian clergyman. “The real conflict is happening in Nigeria.”
    The underlying cause of violence against Christians is not poverty or dispossession within Nigeria’s Muslim majority. Rather, it is the pursuance of an Islamic caliphate. What pervades there is the spirit of Wahhabism, a branch of Islam from Saudi Arabia that sees all Christians as infidels. Persecution of Christians in Nigerian is a means to an end. Tyranny awaits. The inheritor of Mohammed will come. He will control West Africa. He will enforce Sharia law, as now imposed in Nigeria, for the entire region. Islam will then be the sole religion. Christianity will be extinct in West Africa.
    The struggle to save Christians worldwide is the story of the century. The worship of Christ now begets a death sentence. The future is a time for martyrs. Save The Persecuted Christians is an organization with a cause for all Americans to embrace. Psalm 7 may inspire: “God is my protector; he saves those who obey him.”

Editor's Note: Save the Persecuted Christians will provide a banner to your church to help bring greater awareness to Americans on the plight of Christians in Africa and Asia. Contact them today at



John Cavicchi Was The Lawyer Who Won The Release of Louis Greco and Peter Limone
He Uncovered One of The Worst Miscarriages of Justice in American History
Four Men Were Wrongfully Imprisoned…Because They Were Italian Americans
PRIMO Tribute

He was the quiet hero.
    John Cavicchi died on February 19 in Florida surrounded by his family and friends.
    Two decades passed since he achieved one of the greatest victories in American jurisprudence.
    And yet, few people know about him.
    John was not a braggart. He was stoic and rock solid. He did not seek the limelight. Rarely was he mentioned or profiled in the news media. He never appeared on cable news shows. Although worthy, he was never the guest commentator, the legal expert or savant jurist who could expound on the ins and outs of criminal justice.
    John Cavicchi was a good friend of PRIMO’s. We published an article on him in 2007 and rightly praised his miraculous defense of Louis Greco and Peter Limone.

    It was in Boston in 1968 when Louis Greco was convicted of the murder of Edward “Teddy” Deegan with Joseph Salvati, Peter Limone and Enrico Tameleo convicted as accessories. They were all given life sentences and each spent 30 years in prison for crimes they did not commit.
    Prosecutors had persuaded a jury then that since the foursome were Italian they had been members of the Mafia.
    From beginning to end, the case was a ruse. The accused were victims of a frame by FBI agents H. Paul Rico and Dennis Condon and their key informant, Joseph Barboza, who, as it turned, was the real murderer.
    In 1965, Edward “Teddy” Deegan, a longshoreman who had robbed a Mafia bookmaking operation, was shot and killed near Boston by Joseph Barboza and Jimmy Flemmi. The ensuring police investigation had run cold. No suspects were named. The FBI, however, knew the identity of the murderers. They had in their possession recordings and transcripts that established Barboza and Flemmi’s guilt. Some years earlier, the feds had wire tapped the office of Raymond Patriarca, the reputed mob boss of New England. Listening in on conversations among local mobsters, FBI agents heard Barboza and Flemmi request and receive the order to kill Deegan.
    By 1967, Barboza had found himself in prison serving out sentences for unrelated crimes. There, he was approached by FBI agents Rico and Condon. He was to become their informant. An agreement was brokered to get Barboza released from prison in exchange for his information on the New England Mafia.
Barboza’s long line of crimes had to be expunged. He was interrogated by state detectives about the murder of Deegan. Both FBI agents were present when Barboza admitted to killing Deegan. He then lied by saying he was ordered to do so by Peter Limone. He then falsely implicated Greco, Salvati and Tameleo. The FBI agents said nothing to the police as to the innocence of accused. They did not share the evidence in their possession with local police. Instead, they lied to detectives by claiming Barboza’s story “checked out.” One of the agents, Condon, even went so far as to testify in support of Barboza at the trial. He was motivated to do so, he said, to ensure the “purity” of his informant.

    Cavicchi began representing Greco in 1977 and Limone in 2000. He was the lawyer who won Mr. Limone’s release from prison, resulting in the reversal of Salvati’s conviction. Greco’s conviction was vacated posthumously. Cavicchi’s work was a decisive factor in the successful civil lawsuit by Limone and others against the federal government for wrongful imprisonment, with damages awarded in excess of $100 million.
    In a 2007 PRIMO interview, Cavicchi said, “To win a lawsuit for wrongful imprisonment you have to show you did not commit the crime for which you were imprisoned. They can prove this with relative ease based on the work I did.”
    Cavicchi became a lawyer after he served in the U.S. Marine Corps. He sought to be a tenacious attorney committed to the best defense of his clients. He declared, “After the Marines…I said to myself I will no longer get pushed around by anyone, even a judge.”
    When Cavicchi first met Greco, “he had been in jail for 8 years. I was referred to him by a past client. I was struck by his story and his unwavering belief in his innocence. I agreed to represent him and reviewed the case.”
    What Cavicchi found was overwhelming evidence that exonerated Greco. His client took and passed several lie detector tests. Greco was in Miami at the time of the murder, according to many eyewitnesses; none of whom were called to testify at the original trial.
    “I remember telling him that he would be out in six months,” said Cavicchi. “The case against him was a joke. What I didn’t realize then was just how tangled up was the system and how slow it works when there is a miscarriage of justice.”
    Over a 20 year span, Cavicchi filed petitions, met with different prosecutors, pleaded with judges and governors for Greco’s release. A main cause of delay was bigotry: Since Greco was Italian American, he was presumed guilty by many in the justice system.
    Cavicchi said, “You had judges that did not do their jobs. At times, I thought they did not even read the case. They did not look at the evidence. They tried to push it aside. Bury it. They made believe nothing wrong happened. There was always an assumption that since they were Italian they were involved in criminal activity.”
    FBI agents Rico and Condon remained involved in the case during Cavicchi’s appeals. “They were continuously lying,” said the lawyer. “They were covering up the case. They were submitting false information during hearings.”
    Cavicchi did not let the case die.
    He kept filing petitions and motions. He kept digging. More evidence was uncovered that proved again and again his client was innocent.
    In 1995, Greco died of colon cancer in prison. Two years later, the governor agreed to commute Salvati’s sentence to time already served. In 2000, Cavicchi began representing Limone and won his client’s release in 2001. All convictions were then vacated. Meanwhile, the Justice Department convened an internal investigation that proved FBI agents had framed the defendants and covered up their crime.
     Although Cavicchi was a key factor in overturning the wrongful convictions of Greco, Limone and others, he had to sue another attorney and his former client to participate in the eventual lawsuit.
    By the time PRIMO interview him in 2007, Cavicchi was hardened and disillusioned by the case and its aftereffects. He said about defending Greco and Limone, “I thought it was no big deal. They were innocent and should have been released long ago. I came to realize how few people perform their roles. Many people do not do their jobs. There were some exceptions but most people did not come through.”
    What Cavicchi gained was a newfound appreciation for his Italian roots. Seeing how ethnic prejudices and bigotry worked against his clients, Cavicchi began to look inward and rediscovered his Italian heritage.
    “I always thought of myself as American, not Italian American,” he said. “My parents never spoke to me in Italian. I was all-American, through and through. That’s all changed now. I attend language schools in Italy. I speak Italian. I read books on Italian history and ancient Rome. I have become a true Italian American.”

We at PRIMO convey our condolences to the Cavicchi family on the passing of John. He was one of the country’s best attorneys with a legacy worthy of great praise and celebration. The angels now greet him with the rewards of justice. His life is best summed up from words in the Book of Isaiah: “Learn to do good; seek justice, correct oppression; bring justice to the fatherless, and please the widow’s cause.” John Cavicchi…rest in peace.



Elifant Archaeo-Culinary Tours Take Visitors to The Ancient Sites and Finest Eateries in Italy
Interview with Principals Elizabeth Bartman and Maureen Fant


Elizabeth Bartman and Maureen Fant conceive and lead tours throughout Italy. Their expertise is on archaeology and gourmet food. PRIMO interviewed them both on future Italian destinations and what makes their touring company different than others.

Neither of you are Italian. Tell us what got you both interested in Italy

Right, we’re not Italian or even Italian American. But our interest in Italy goes way back, to our studies of classics and archaeology. We both spent an undergraduate semester in Rome and kept returning.

Elifant Archaeo-Culinary Tours is different than other tours because of your focus on Italy’s archaeological sites. Summarize, if you will, the sites seen and insights gained from visiting Italy through your company.

Archaeology is the study of the material past, the actual things people built, made, and used. The word may sound arcane, but all cultures have archaeology. When there’s no written record, or when, as often, the written sources are incomplete or inaccurate, archaeology is the only way to reconstruct that lost culture. Archaeology tells us how ancient peoples lived, what they ate, how they buried their dead, made art, etc. It’s the starting point for learning history. Of course, Elifant’s focus on archaeology doesn’t blind us to later art in Italy—if there’s a wonderful church along our route, we’ll pay a visit. Liz is a trained art historian with interests and knowledge that go way beyond antiquity. But don’t imagine that our tours are for eggheads. Tour participants emphatically do not need to arrive already familiar with the intricacies of Greco-Roman architecture or Romanesque bas-reliefs. Everything gets explained in plain English.

Our tours are different from other archaeological tours because they’re also food tours. We treat food as culture and history as well as something to be enjoyed in the moment. Wherever possible, we make connections, draw lines, if you will, between the ancient remains and what people ate then, now, and in more recent local tradition. We call our tours archaeo-culinary, as opposed to, say, “archaeological and culinary,” to emphasize the connection between the two focuses. Take our flagship Rome tour as an example. In the course of a week’s tour we learn how the ancient city was able to feed its one million people. On Monday we’re out at the ports of Ostia and Portus seeing the harbor where ships carrying grain from Egypt docked and the vast warehouses where that grain was stored. By Saturday we’re underground in the city center seeing where the grain was distributed as a dole (the bread of the infamous “bread and circuses”). During the week we visit a manmade mountain made of discarded vessels that once held oil and wine, aqueducts that brought pure spring water over hundreds of miles, an imperial villa with a seaside dining room decorated with spectacular statues, and much more. On this tour, like all our tours, we get special permissions to visit places that are normally closed to the public. We also draw on our extensive professional and personal networks to bring in special lecturers and guides—sometimes even the archaeologist who excavated the site.

Your focus is on both archaeology and food. Is there a connection between the two endeavors? If so, how?

Yes, there is a connection, in many ways. It can start when you’re an archaeology student going on research trips or digs in remote parts of the Mediterranean and eating the local food at the most down-home level. On another level, so much of archaeology is about food. All that pottery—whether for storage, transport, kitchen, or table—contained food. All those temples had altars where animals were sacrificed—and then eaten. Ancient trade was about much more than marble and minerals; it was about wine, wheat, and spices. Our Rome tour is all about supplying and feeding the ancient city—interspersed with great meals and experiences to illustrate how Romans eat today and have traditionally eaten in the same places in more recent history. There’s a more abstract connection as well. A classical archaeologist looks at a society as a whole through its material remains, not just at the important figures in history and literature. In early societies, much of the economy was food-related. Food too is a window on a whole society and in many ways inseparable from archaeology, whether we’re looking at how ancient kitchens and restaurants were built or what kind of food was depicted on Pompeian wall paintings or what wealthy Romans ate at dinner parties.

Archaeological sites are all over Italy. Your company plans and leads tours throughout Italy. Coming up are tours to the Etruscan Places, Eastern Sicily and Rome. Share with us some highlights of these and other places in Italy that you plan to visit.

Highlights? Our tours are one thrill after another! At a cooking school in the smallest town in Sardinia (population 82), we helped make a fantastic lunch then climbed to the top of a prehistoric stone tower (nuraghe). In Positano, we visited a newly excavated Roman villa beneath the main piazza (it took months to get permission). Lunch that day was a seafood tour de force at a Michelin-starred restaurant way out on the Sorrento peninsula. We’ve seen Etruscan tombs not open to the public thanks to the top authority on Etruscan painting, who was also our guide. We’ve had meals in private homes, from country villas to urban palazzi. Then there’s the morning at the buffalo farm—with tasting of freshly made mozzarella di bufala. And have you ever had ricotta di bufala? It’s a revelation!
Romans regard Rome in October as one of the great universal collaborative achievements of man and nature, so naturally that’s when we go to Rome, but also Etruria, which is to say, Etruscan Places. We concentrate on the much-less-touristed northern part of the Lazio region. Visitors tend to skip it in their haste to get to Tuscany, but we love medieval Orvieto (today inside Umbria by a hair’s breadth) and Viterbo, the hazelnut groves near beautiful Lake Vico, Etruscan sites where literally nobody goes. We think it’s all magic. In eastern Sicily, we won’t attempt to climb Mount Etna, but will certainly taste its products, starting with those wonderful wines and sweet-tart oranges. We’re looking forward to a morning in the Catania market, where the fish are practically jumping and the fruits and vegetables are the most voluptuous we’ve ever seen. There are so many wonderful things to see in Italy, that it must be difficult, at times, which one to pick and choose to visit.

What do you look for, in a specific landmark, be it an archaeological site or restaurant, to say to yourself, “Ah, now this is a place to visit…”?

First we choose a general destination—say, Bay of Naples or Rome or Etruscan Places. We normally do that by identifying clusters of archaeological sites and great archaeological museums around which we can build a week-long itinerary. Surprisingly, not every part of Italy is equally archaeology-intensive. For food, it’s different. Everywhere in Italy has great food. There may be more Michelin stars in one area, more great rustic trattorias in another, but we love it all. Thus we can fit the food itinerary around the site visits. In the case of Emilia-Romagna, we pretty much built the itinerary around the food, following the Po river from the province of Piacenza to the Adriatic. But it’s usually the other way around.

We like to cover the whole spectrum of dining, from unreconstructed tradition to up-to-the-minute interpretations of local specialties. The only thing we avoid is food that is totally irrelevant to where we are. What gets a particular spot onto the itinerary? Sometimes it’s just love—for a quirky old-fashioned museum in a small town in Puglia or for bucatini alla gricia in the Testaccio quarter in Rome or Sicilian couscous in Trapani. Sometimes a place is too important to ignore (plus we love it)—say, Selinunte, in Sicily, or Barumini, in Sardinia. But mostly, we seek out the places in our chosen area that we think our participants might overlook (and kick themselves later for missing them), or where they might not go on their own for logistical reasons, or where we can provide a fresh and special experience, sometimes with a guest expert who happens to be a friend too. Rome and its province, which have some of everything, is a no-brainer, an obvious choice. We know places in and around Rome where our people have never gone on their ten previous trips to the Eternal City. One comment we hear all the time is, “We’re alone here!” Maureen lives across from the Colosseum, but a major destination like that is not on our Rome itinerary.

It helps if a spot is relevant to our archaeo-culinary theme. Even when we choose a super-popular destination, like Pompeii, we give it a food-related spin—we emphasize markets, bakeries, kitchens, and dining rooms over temples and other public buildings. Food permeated so much of ancient life that we can even justify visits to tombs because ritual meals were eaten there on festivals of the dead. Pompeii has at least one tomb made like a dining room. We once had a picnic on top of a tomb shaped like a bench. In the inscription, the deceased, a priestess, invited the passer-by to stop and rest. So we did. The connections are everywhere.

Since you both have been touring Italy, how has the country changed you? Do you feel “Italian”?

Maureen: Rome has been my home base for longer than I’m going to tell you, and I have a Roman husband. Do I feel Italian? No. I’m from Manhattan and love to go back there, but I don’t exactly feel not Italian either. I’ve definitely adopted many Italian rhythms, manners, and ways of doing things, in the kitchen, of course, but not only. I don’t get too worked up when an office or museum is closed when it’s supposed to be open, so maybe I’ve become more patient. I speak the language fluently and often find an Italian phrase says what I want better than English, and vice versa. Most important for Elifant, I had to learn how to get along with people in Italy and do things the Italian way—as opposed to having it all come naturally, as to a native. That experience makes me better able to know and explain what our people might find odd or might not even realize is different in Italy.

Liz: I first came to Italy as an undergraduate studying in Rome, and the experience changed my life. Visiting ancient sites with an archaeologist and seeing Renaissance and baroque art with an expert art historian opened up new worlds for me and set me on my present career path. Being in Rome for a full semester enabled me to see places like the Vatican multiple times, experiencing it in different light and in the rain and sun—boy, did I come to appreciate how special the light in Italy was for artists. I traveled around the country as much as I could on a (very) modest budget, but even then was able to eat local delicacies and get a sense of how seriously Italians take food. Back then the museums were often closed and the personnel surly, but I am happy to report that there is an entirely new attitude now; one of the biggest changes I see is the new professionalism in the museums and archaeological sites—longer opening hours, beautifully renovated displays, explanatory material in both English and Italian. The Italians lead the world in museum curatorship and conservation. And of course Italy has the highest percentage of the world’s art. Italy has deepened my appreciation of beauty, both in art and in nature—not to get misty-eyed, but it has enlarged my soul.

Editor’s Note: To learn more about Elifant Archaeo-Culinary Tours, please visit their web site at




"Addicted to Hate" is Semi-Autobiographical, Claims the Author


The author is pictured top and as an infant, with her mother, a Sicilian immigrant to South Africa.

Lucia Mann remains ahead of her time as an advocate against human trafficking and modern-day slavery. PRIMO spoke to her recently about her new novel “Addicted to Hate.”

You have been involved in the cause of international slavery for some years. What is the latest regarding your work in this area?

Like most survivors, I have much to “teach” about bravery, emotional-resilience, self-respect, and reclaiming one’s life. I have been an anti-slavery activist and advocate for over 50 years. From former personal shame and silent suffering, I’m now an advocate against other hate crimes and criminal behavior… the abuse that has many forms, from physical, emotional, and verbal, to financial abuse.

My four published books under the heading “The African Freedom Series” are currently available on Amazon. They are: “Rented Silence,” “The Sicilian Veil of Shame,” “Africa’s Unfinished Symphony,” and “A Veil of Blood Hangs over Africa.” They were inspired by actual events and highlight firsthand the horrors of slavery, both past and present. I wrote these books to become the voice of stifled voices who have suffered heinous and brutal crimes against humanity … the hunger for freedom and justice was written on dark faces of enslaved human beings, including myself in this brutal era. “Rented Silence” is partly autobiographical. I could release the dark deeds of my own upbringing under British colonial rule and later apartheid in South Africa. I was born in the wake of World War II in British colonial South Africa where evil and darkness was rampant if you were not Caucasian! I was ethnically stereotyped as half-caste … colored … because of the union between my very dark-skinned Sicilian mother and light-skinned British father. I was not of “pure” race. I joined the ranks of other “inferior” beings who were typecast by the color of their skin. I suffered silently with them until I wrote about these factual atrocities. Racial profiling and the international slave trade has not pricked the conscience of the world because it still exists! On my website, under the “Articles” heading is an article I wrote: “Shame on the Governments of the World”… the ongoing war against modern-day slavery and racism.

"Addicted to Hate" is your new novel. It's not about slavery, but another form of persecution - one closer to home - domestic abuse. In the novel, it is the main character Maddie and the mental and physical torment she endures from her husband and her three daughters. What led you to write this book?

My latest book “Addicted to Hate” was written to inspire other victims out there that are too ashamed to speak out about their “brokenness.” Human beings, who are being subjected to criminal behavior by relatives, partners, and adult children. In my humble opinion, any abuse is a form of slavery … bullying for self-gratification by those who pour out their frustration anger and blame the whole world, especially their parents, for their own failures in their lives. In my opinion, these mentally-unstable individuals lack the human consideration for the rights of other souls and have complete disregard for others on any level. It’s never justifiable for the strong to abuse the weak and prey on them.

All your books have evolved from personal experience. And now comes "Addicted to Hate." How much of this book did you personally experience? Has writing this book help you cope with the torment of the past?

Yes, writing “Addicted to Hate” was therapeutical. It gave me the courage to show other hurting souls the depths of how unconscionable others can go. The chapters are 82 percent personal experience. I am a victim of parental and disabled senior abuse who was embarrassed to tell anyone; even the people closest to me. However, it was necessary to fictionalize some events and characters for my own protection. Nevertheless, in writing this raw story, it finally gave me the right to push the burdening shame aside and reclaim my life … say NO MORE to the intimidating bullies that took so much from me.

In Maddie's case, the abuse is unending. It begins in South Africa inside an orphanage managed by nuns. As an adolescent girl, she undergoes genital mutilation. And then she suffers from government sanctioned bigotry and is exiled to Italy. From there, the abuse is domestic; at the hands of her husband and then children. It seems you are making the case that societal abuse leads intrinsically to domestic abuse. Is that true? Why?

Yes, Maddie’s (my) suffering seems unending, but Maddie (I) was blessed with many inner-strength “gifts” ― emotional-resilience ―self-respect―, intelligence, and to not hold myself accountable for wrongdoers who did not succeed in breaking my spirit. From early childhood, I told myself: “You are NOT to blame for mankind's evils.” “Suffering won’t kill you … death will!” Yes, I choose to believe that societal abuse leads instinctively to domestic violence. Because I am living testimony at 73 years of age to have survived the odds of this deep-rooted behavior. Sever … divorce … the hateful from your life. You deserve better.

What advice can you give to women facing the same dire circumstances that Maddie faced? What can they do to escape the cycle of abuse?

To those who can relate to the raw pain in “Addicted to Hate,” and are a victim, I’ll give this sound advice: push shame and embarrassment aside and reclaim your life. Follow in Maddies’s (my) footsteps because you have the UNIVERSAL right to be loved without rhyme or reason. The right to PEACE. The right to FREEDOM. The right to say NO. The right to DIGNITY. The right to COMPASSION. The right to refute DISRESPECTFUL dialogue, not be subjected to schoolyards spitballs fights. The right to say: NO MORE!

Those who abuse others occupy an offensive, stone-cold category of their own and are not rationally-minded. Just trying to comprehend their unfathomable behavior is painful to victims and challenging. But only if you let them WIN … allow others that is, to take control of a life that is not theirs to dominate. Never let these words come from your mouth” “Why did I let this happen? Why do I let them take their rage out on me?” YOU ARE NOT TO BLAME! AND WHY SHOULD ONE FORGIVE ANOTHER? In my opinion, it merely gives the wrongdoer the right to “move on.” Do you, the abused, have this same right when you can NEVER forget? If you are a victim of abuse, it is time to reclaim your own life free of toxic hatred. I did it. So can you!

Editor’s Note: You can find out more about Lucia Mann, her work in combating modern day slavery and to purchase her new novel “Addicted to Hate” at


As Featured in PRIMO’s First Edition 2019 - Six Book Reviews

Diversity defines this set of books reviewed in PRIMO’s First Edition 2019. Three are novels, two are non-fiction and one is a children’s book. They have in common the Italian heritage and are written by Italian Americans.

“Addicted to Hate,” by Lucia Mann; Grassroots Publishing Group; Available on

At one point, Lucia Mann’s “Addicted to Hate” reads like an international spy thriller. Main character Madeline Clark, a.k.a., “Maddie,” is employed as a code breaker for British Intelligence. She works at military bases with security experts and secret agents. Yet, Maddie is no James Bond. Far from it. She is a victim of terrible domestic abuse. Lucia Mann is no stranger to the plights of victims. Not just an author, she is also a political activist who was ahead of her time as a lead voice against international slavery many years ago. Lucia wrote several books on the subject, including the heart-wrenching novel, “Sicilian Veil of Shame.” As the title suggests, the author’s Sicilian background motivated her to convey the suffering of persecuted Sicilians in Africa; an overlooked historical injustice. Lucia revisits this crisis in the beginning of “Addicted to Hate.” Here, the protagonist is victimized at an orphanage in apartheid South Africa. Maddie’s Sicilian blood defines her as “dark skinned” in South Africa and she is grouped with indigenous Africans by Anglo and Dutch authorities. What follows is a story of abuse and survival. Maddie is deemed a “foreigner” when the government expels her from South Africa. A teenager, she is given an escort to take her to Italy; only to be abandoned by the guardian in Milan. She then meets and falls in love with David, a British rock musician visiting Italy. Together, they resettle in London where Maddie must endure years of physical and emotional abuse by David. She is all but divorced from him when she gives birth to their daughter, Joanne. What might seem a blessing turns out to be a curse. Away from David, Joanne grows to hate her mother. Maddie then adopts Mary Jean, who inherits her older sister’s disdain for their mother. With another man, Maddie has a daughter Mara, who, we later learn, is psychotic. Maddie finds herself in an awful predicament. She is confronted by three daughters who plot and scheme against her. When her health begins to fail, the youngest, Mara, physically abuses her. The story turns on the inner strength of Maddie. Although a victim of abuse, she is able to break free from the troubled past. She is the kind-hearted warrior who is able to withstand her children’s hatred. “Addicted to Hate” is a story that takes us behind the nightly news stories of domestic abuse cases. We see the underlying currents of societal injustice giving way to family dysfunction and turmoil. What counts is strength and resilience. In that way, the story of Maddie is the story of us all. Lucia Mann gives us another deserving novel.

“Italians of Lackawanna County,” by Stephanie Longo; published by Arcadia Publishing; available at
Lackawanna County, with its rolling forested hills and fertile valleys, contains one of the highest concentrations of Italian Americans in the country. Stephanie Longo knows Lackawanna County well. She is a writer who specializes in the ethnic makeup of Eastern Pennsylvania. She now gives us an extraordinary book that pays special tribute to this specific region in Pennsylvania in “Italians of Lackawanna County.” Pennsylvania was founded by Quakers and Protestant Independents 400 years ago. What was once a colony has become a state of people from different countries and of different creeds. Pennsylvania is now more Roman Catholic thanks to the influx of many Italians. Stephanie writes: “Lackawanna County’s Italian festival season begins in May with ‘La Corsa dei Ceri,’ or the Race of the Saints, in Jessup and ends in September with a festival in honor of Our Lady of Constantinople in Old Forge. In between these festivals are other observances, processions, and celebrations—all tied to keeping ethnic traditions alive and celebrating those who came from all over Italy to settle in the region.” Many photographs of Roman Catholic processions are in the book with informative captions to bring greater depth to the celebrations. In the Race of the Saints, we see various teams of men dressed in different colors. This is contained in a chapter focused on religion. Other chapters precede and follow with photographs and well-researched commentary to espouse different aspects of Italian life here such as work, family and culture. How and why Italians came to this region might be summed up in one word: Coal. Stephanie writes: “When the first wave of Italian immigrants arrived in Lackawanna County from regions such as Umbria, Campania, Calabria, and Sicily, they had to work a variety of jobs, such as farmers and skilled laborers. However, the chief employer for Italian immigrants arriving in Lackawanna County was the anthracite coal mining industry.” This books brightly shines upon achievements of the county’s Italians. There is Gino Merli, a Congressional Medal of Honor recipient in World War II. We read about Anthony and Frank Suraci and the Parodi Cigars they founded. We read about the Parise family and the stone monuments they have created over the years. So many more stories of important Italian Americans are included. “Italians of Lackawanna County” is a marvelous book that espouses, not only the special attributes of Italians, but, moreover, Americans. Ours is a great country because of our people. We commend Stephanie for adding one more book in the record of America’s greatness.

“The Five-Ingredient Cookbook: 101 Regional Classics Made Simple,” by Francesca Montillo; published by Rockridge Press. Available at and
Nothing beats an Italian cookbook such as “The Five-Ingredient Cookbook: 101 Regional Classics Made Simple,” by Francesca Montillo. Here is a stunning collection of Italian recipes. The book might be edible if not for the fact that it is made of paper. Francesca runs a touring company called Lazy Italian Culinary Adventures. She is from Catanzaro, in the Calabria region of Italy, where she learned how to cook watching her parents in the kitchen. She said in an interview on PRIMO’s web site, “We had home-cooked meals every single day, with fresh baked cookies and cakes. In hindsight, I know I was very blessed. We were eating organic before it was cool to do so. Meals were healthy, seasonal, delicious and not only nourishing for the body but also the soul.” Francesca’s new cookbook conveys many Italian dishes in the most streamlined way. Francesca knows her subject well and provides the ingredients, directions and commentaries to make cooking a special joy. She writes: “Italians love home cooking, and while Italy doesn’t lack for delicious restaurants, far more meals are eaten at home than out. Ask any Italian where their favorite place to eat is, and their response will likely be ‘my mother’s!’” Photographer Darren Muir works well with Francesca in bringing colorful life to these delectable meals. All dishes stand out as glorious creations. The book makes a person hungry after browsing a few pages. “…it’s easy to prepare dishes with five main ingredients or less, as everything used offers maximum flavor,” writes Francesca in her Introduction. Chapters follow on the regions of Italy and the basics of ingredients and kitchenware. We then come to a showcase of extraordinary recipes. For antipasti, there is “Asparagus wrapped with Prosciutto” and “Roman Style Spinach” with raisins, among ohers. For soups and salads, there is “Bean and Tuna Salad,” “Chickpea Soup,” and more. A chapter on pizza and bread is followed by one on meat, such as as “Balsamic Vinegar Steak” and “Pork with Olives.” Chapters on chicken and seafood come later and we finish with dessert. Here, we learn how to make such items as “Anise Sponge Cake” and “Lemon Bundt” cake. No doubt, Italians are blessed with great food. “The Five-Ingredient Cookbook” beautifully takes us back home to cook the wonders of our ancestors. A great cookbook, indeed!

“The Serpent’s Disciple,” by Deborah Stevens; published by Calumet Editions. Available at and Barnes&
Deborah Stevens holds nothing back in her novel, “The Serpent’s Disciple.” Here is a story connected to the conspiracy theories of the New World Order and Freemason infiltration of the Vatican. Similar to the Book of Revelation is the ultimate battle between good and evil. Except, Debra’s version is more clandestine and surreptitious than the Apostle John’s. “The Serpent’s Disciple” is an exciting and intriguing novel set in Italy. It is to be translated in Italian and available in Italy next year, along with a second book by Deborah entitled, “Holy Predator.” “The Serpent’s Disciple” includes all the attributes of a thriller that has its main focus the Roman Catholic Church. The novel contains scenes where protagonists uncover hidden codes among great works of art. We read about secret agendas and schemes taking place inside the Vatican. There are villas in the Italian countryside where meetings are held by those who seek to overturn the Church. And so on. The story revolves around the exploits of brother and sister Anthony and Antonella Andruccioli and their pilgrimage from America to their father’s homeland of Pesaro, Italy. Anthony is an architect who belongs to a secret group of Catholic defenders known as The Guardians. Antonella is unaware of Anthony’s affiliation until she has visions that show her to be The Chosen One. She and Anthony understand their destiny. They are to defend the Church from a takeover by the Antichrist. Indeed, while the two are in Pesaro, a gathering of the P2 Masonic Lodge has convened somewhere else in Italy with top leaders in politics and industry. They have hatched a plan to assassinate the sitting pope and put in place their leader, the P2 Grand Master, Peter Romanus. They hope to rule the world with a dark religion that overturns the principles as set forth in Holy Scripture. What follows is a race against time to stop the conspiracy and restore the Catholic Church. Deborah knows her material well and we are the better for it. Her novel is not in line with the “Da Vinci Code,” a popular book and revisionary view of Christianity; ultimately heretical and, in the end, not believable. Rather, with “The Serpent’s Disciple,” we have the valid structures of faith, both tangible and spiritual. It is a novel far more exciting because it is closer to the truth. One wonders that, in light of the recent scandals coming out of the Vatican, today, if such a story as Deborah’s is actually occurring now. “The Serpent’s Disciple” is awesome.

“A Boy at Heart,” by Ray M. Vento; pictures by Jay Mazhar; published by Vengiugno Press; Available at
Hard to realize, with its endless highways and urban sprawl, but, at one time, Los Angeles was a lot like New York and Chicago. The city was designed with a straight line grid to host a well-run public transportation system that took residents to a downtown of elegant department stores, fine restaurants and beautiful theaters. Ray M. Vento grew up in Los Angeles after World War II. The grandson of Sicilian immigrants, he knew his city at the dawn of the hydrocarbon age. He said in an interview on PRIMO’s web site, “Following World War II, as did so many other cities, rapid change became an operative description for how we lived…But what always remained was the beautiful landscape of mountains and ocean cupping the mushrooming of new communities. Back then, it was possible to take a Sunday ride to ski in Big Bear and have a family picnic at a local beach along the way. You would drive by orange groves and roadside farm stands. Growing up in Los Angeles in the 1950s was amazing.” Such recollections inspired the author to conceive a set of children’s books in the “Sam Caruso” series. Three books, thus far, have been published. The main character is one Sam Caruso; much like Vento, a boy of Italian ethnicity living with his parents, a grandfather nearby, and kindly, God-fearing neighbors, in 1950s Los Angeles. In “A Boy at Heart,” Sam celebrates his birthday with a special gift from his Aunt Nancy. They are to see a play at the Biltmore Theater. All dressed up, Sam and his aunt take their seats inside - what was then - one of the country’s most spectacular theaters. The Biltmore was built in 1924, at first, to show silent films and, then, live plays after World War II. In 1964, it was demolished for a parking lot. “A Boy at Heart” comes alive in water color illustrations by Jay Mazhar. These are the kinds of heartwarming pictures we grew up with; before children’s stories were ruled by abstract and esoteric drawings. Ray writes a story that reminds us of when we were young; when we lived in close proximity to our aunts, uncles and cousins. When family gatherings were absolute. When a child’s birthday was to be attended by all and a happy time was guaranteed. “A Boy at Heart” is more than a tale of innocence. It is a book that reminds us what true fantasy is - not Never Never Land, but a time and place that should be resurrected, retained and forever valued. “A Boy at Heart” is exceptional!

“Her Spanish Doll,” by Joanne Fisher;; Available at and
One is hard-pressed to find a locale more enchanting than Italy’s Lake Garda. This is Italy’s largest lake, as surrounded by looming mountains and majestic vineyards and replete with fairy tale castles and villages. It is no wonder then that Joanne Fisher begins her novel “Her Spanish Doll” in this incredible area of Italy. This is a tale of romance - Italian style - that takes readers on a whirlwind tour of passion and intrigue from Lake Garda to different regions of Italy and different parts of the world. Joanne is no stranger to romantic fiction. She wrote and published “With All of Me,” a story that explores the world of online dating and what may come from love affairs in the digital age. In “Her Spanish Doll,” the setting begins in Italy, at a place Joanne knows well. In a PRIMO web site interview, she said, “…in 1980, my dad decided to go back to Italy to live. I was just out of college, and it was frowned upon for young Italian women to live on their own in those days, so I followed my parents and my sister to move to Italy. We lived in northern Italy, around the south part of Lake Garda, for 17 years. My sister and I both married local Italian men. I had 3 children, and my sister had two. All five of our children were born in Desenzano Del Garda, province of Brescia.” In “Her Spanish Doll,” we follow the exploits of Fiore, an Italian woman working at a restaurant in Lake Garda. There, she meets eyes with Sebastián Cremenes, a Spanish businessman, and the two fall madly in love. Complications arise since Fiore is engaged and Sebastián is married. Soon, she is given a gift of a Spanish doll. What follows is an intertwining plot of passion, money and secrets while the fire of romance rages on between the two main characters. Joanne writes perceptively and engagingly when it comes to the Italian feminine mystique. It is the female beauty that drives men to reach for the stars. She writes, “Well, he was there in body, but not in spirit. He had Fiore on his mind…She was a goddess in his eyes and she had already place a spell on him. All he did was look into those piercing brown eyes and poof! He was captivated by her beauty. He was hers! But was she his?” “Her Spanish Doll” captures the passion of Italian romance. It is a book that celebrates the settings of love in Italy. “Her Spanish Doll” is a book for all lovers, Italian young and old.

Editor’s Note: To order a copy of PRIMO’s First Edition 2019, please log on to our back issues pages and scroll to bottom for the newest available edition at PRIMO Back Issues.



Two Italian Priests and One Layperson Reach Sainthood by Different Paths
Read about Pope Paul VI and his sainthood in PRIMO's current edition

In the current edition of PRIMO, we examine the life and legacy of Pope Paul VI. Born Giovanni Montini, he is named a saint this year by Pope Francis. Read about Pope Paul VI in this new edition of PRIMO. To order a copy of PRIMO’s Second Edition 2018, please access the following link:

Pope Paul VI is not the only person named a saint. With him is Father Oscar Romero, Sister Ignacia Nazaria March Mesa, and Sister Maria Katharina Kasper.

There are other Italians named saints besides Pope Paul VI. They come from different parts of Italy and come to canonization through different callings of faith. They are Father Vincent Romano, Nunzio Sulprizio and Father Francesco Spinelli.


Father Vincent Romano
. The people of Torre del Greco know Father Vincent Romano well. He is their patron saint, not to mention also the patron saint of orphans and sailors. Father Romano was born in Torre del Greco in 1751 and ordained a priest in 1775. He devoted himself to helping the poor and orphans. Torre del Greco lies beside the Bay of Naples and is famous for its many cameo workshops. A beautiful white church, the Basilica of Santa Croce, is in town beside the Piazza Santa Croce. If not for Father Romano, the church would not be standing there today. Much of the region laid in ruins after Mount Vesuvius erupted in 1794. Father Romano was the parish treasurer and led the effort to restore the church. He collected donations and oversaw the construction of a new church based on designs by architect Ignazio di Nardo. Father Romano was called by locals the “worker priest” for his unstinted efforts, including removing stones and other debris after the earthquake. By 1827, the Basilica of Santa Croce was fully restored and consecrated. Father Romano died four years later. His canonization comes with two miracles. The first had to do with Maria Carmela Restock, diagnosed with breast cancer in 1891. She sought Father Romano’s intercession and made a full recovery. The second miracle occurred after Maria Carmela Cozzolino was diagnosed with throat cancer in 1940. She too recovered after Father Romano’s intercession.


Nunzio Sulprizio
. Nunzio Sulprizio led a difficult and sad life before he died in 1836 at the age of 19. Pain and suffering, abuse and neglect, were the primary conditions of his childhood and adolescence. His canonization stands as a model of faith. He never gave in to despair or cruelty even though his short life was harsh and unfair. Nunzio said the rosary often and believed deeply in Christ. He was born in 1817 on Easter Sunday in Pescara, in the village of Pescosansonesco. At the age of three, he lost both his father and baby sister. His mother then remarried a man of wealth who mocked and verbally abused him. When she died, Nunzio went to live with his grandmother who taught him the rosary. After she passed away, he lived with his uncle, a brutal blacksmith who physically beat him. The boy was taken out of school and sent on long errands through the countryside. His uncle would not feed him if he made a mistake in the workshop. His leg was cut on one of his long treks. He was ostracized by townsfolk after the laceration became infected and they thought him contagious or unclean. He was hospitalized in Naples after the onset of gangrene. With no one to pay for his care, he was left on the street to beg. Colonel Felice Wochinger found him there, a child alone, sick and starving. He gave him refuge and from then on was like a father to him. He paid for his medical care and Nunzio began to recover. Then the doctors discovered he had bone cancer. His leg was amputated but the cancer remained and he died in 1836. Throughout these terrible ordeals, Nunzio declared his love for Christ and saw in Him his model. People from all over Naples came to his funeral. He was loved and praised for his unflinching faith, his kindness and gentleness.

Francesco Spinelli
. Francesco Spinelli was born in Milan in 1853 and was ordained a priest in 1875. He lived in Cremona and Bergamo before moving to Rome. There, he received a vision while praying at the Basilica di Santa Maggiore. He saw women devoted to the Blessed Sacrament. He founded an order of nuns in Bergamo in 1882. With little experience in business administration or accounting, Father Spinelli mismanaged donations and the bishop forced him to sever ties to the convent. He returned to Cremona a failure. Yet, he did not give up. He believed in his calling to begin an order of nuns that would help the poor. In 1892, he founded the Sisters Adorers of the Blessed Sacrament. Father Spinelli learned from his previous experience and structured the order on sound financial footing. After he died in 1913, the sisters grew to an order of 59 convents serving the faithful in Argentina and Senegal.


Interveiw with Museum Director Dr. Joseph V. Scelsa

An Interview with Dr. Joseph V. Scelsa on the Status of the New Italian American Museum:

As we begin 2019, what can you tell us about the status of the new museum?

"Now that we have removed the Banca Stabile artifacts (vault, teller cases, light fixtures and deposit table) and placed them in storage, the demolition of the existing buildings has begun. The developer has erected scaffolding along the Mulberry and Grand Streets sides of the existing buildings. The anticipated building completion is by the end of this year."

What effect do you think the new museum will have on Little Italy, whose “shrinkage” has been the subject of news stories?

"Once the building is completed, we will begin assembling artifacts in the new museum and expect we will have a grand opening in Spring 2020. It is our hope the new IAM will become a community nexus, much like Banca Stabile was in its heyday. Of course, our focus will be history and culture. More to the point, IAM will be a permanent neighborhood anchor to help ensure Little Italy will always be an important and vibrant part of New York City. We owe a lot to the long-time businesses that have remained. The museum may be in the heart of Little Italy, but the Italian merchants are its soul."

What are your fundraising and public attendance goals?

"We would be thrilled to say that one million people visited the new IAM during its first year. It’s an achievable goal, and we hope to get there with a full program of exhibitions and events. Through museum visits and annual fundraising events, we will seek to keep IAM’s finances healthy."

What do you want museum visitors to leave with?

"With so much interest in ancestry, we think we’re in the right place at the right time. But for the “Italians of New York” exhibit at the New-York Historical Society more than a decade ago, Italian Americans have never had a permanent place that celebrates their heritage, which includes an especially long list of achievers, many of whom are unsung. When they visit, we think they’ll be enriched by the experience as a whole, and this is crucial for younger generations."

To learn more about New York's Italian American Museum, please visit





Dina Di Maio conveys the amazing history of Italian food in her extraordinary new book, “Authentic Italian: The Real Story of Italy’s Food and Its People.”

In PRIMO’s latest edition - 2nd Edition 2018 - we gave Dina a thumb’s up for writing an incredible book. Here is an excerpt from our review: “The book is richly insightful, informative and entertaining. We all love Italian food. What better way to know what we love than to read an extraordinary book about the origins and travels of the world’s greatest cuisine.”

Dina’s passion for all things Italian will lead her to write other great books. For now, she shares with us her background and insight into what made her write “Authentic Italian.”

Tell us about your family background.

I have to tell you about my grandparents. They were from Italy. They made all the traditional foods for the popular holidays like Christmas and Easter, but also for lesser-known Italian holidays or seasons like St. Joseph’s Day and Lent. Grandma was from the Naples metro area, so she used to make zeppole and calzones for St. Joseph’s Day. The smell of frying dough that came out of her kitchen on those days will stay with me always. For Christmas, I’d make fried bowknot cookies with her. I still remember as a kid, standing on the chairs in the kitchen so I could reach the table. She’d cut the rolled-out dough with a fluted pastry cutter. Then she’d make a hole in the middle, and tie it through. She taught me a couple of ways to “tie” the bows. I still make them—I made them for this past book club. For the holidays, she’d take me with her to all the Italian specialty stores like the butcher shop, the fish market, the pastry shop, the bread bakery. Grandma was very particular about the food we ate. She taught me to be that way too, and I’m sure many of our members have similar memories.

Despite the fact that there is this collective memory of recipes and traditions passed down to us, there is a trend in the food media today to distinguish between Italian and Italian-American food. It goes so far as to claim that Italian-American food is not “real” Italian food. I know this isn’t true because I am Italian American and I grew up on Italian food. But I didn’t hear anyone defending Italian-American foodways. Actually, to the contrary, I heard many famous Italian-American chefs endorsing it. I became so frustrated waiting for someone to speak up that I decided to do something about it myself, which is how my book came to be written. In it, I discuss the food of Italian Americans, and how it is “authentic” Italian. In fact, it’s based primarily on the cuisine of Southern Italy because the majority of immigrants to the United States 100 years ago were from Naples and Sicily. Italian-American food is so deeply connected to the history of Southern Italy and the events that precipitated the migration, a history many people, including Italian Americans, are either not aware of or have misconceptions about. For these reasons, I was compelled to write Authentic Italian: The Real Story of Italy’s Food and Its People.

What inspired you to write “Authentic Italian”?

Young Italian Americans are my inspiration. I want them to grow up with a sense of pride in who they are and what their ancestors have accomplished. We are not the Jersey Shore; we are not the Sopranos. We are millions and millions of people who have kept our traditions alive through the generations, through recipes handed-down from our grandparents and great-grandparents, through religious traditions, through music, through art, through dance. When you play the tarantella at your wedding, you are honoring our heritage. The Sicilian traditions of making cuccidati cookies at Christmas, a painstaking process but rewarding because it is time spent with family, or creating the marvelous altars to St. Joseph on the Saint’s feast day in New Orleans. The men who raise the Giglio in Brooklyn every year. The band that plays the processional music down Mulberry Street in New York’s Little Italy to honor San Gennaro, the patron saint of Naples.

How long did it take to write the book?

Between the researching and the writing, it took four years. But you could say it was a lifetime in the making because it deals with topics beyond only “food” that have personally touched my life, growing up as an Italian woman in America.

What was your goal in writing “Authentic Italian”?

I want the Italian-American community to be proud of its heritage, and Southern Italians in particular. Our cuisine is being dismissed as something “made up.” Italian Americans and our drive and determination to succeed in America made Italian food one of the top two most popular cuisines in the world. Pizza is one example of many. Entrepreneurs like Gennaro Lombardi, who opened the first pizzeria in America, Lombardi’s in New York’s Little Italy, or Frank Pepe, who opened Pepe’s in New Haven, Connecticut, brought pizza to the world. That is quite an accomplishment, and something to celebrate.

It’s critical that the Italian-American people control our own story. We have contributed so much to world cuisine, to music, to art, to culture. The treatment of Southern Italians in the media is at least, unfair, and at worst, egregious. We don’t deserve the organized crime allusions or the “dumb guy” characterizations. Unfortunately, this denigration is carrying over to our foodways. I’m hoping, by writing this book, that I am setting the record straight, for my grandma, and all the other Italian-American grandmas out there, who deserve better.

How did you get into writing?

When I was six or seven, I wrote a letter to Highlights magazine and told them I wanted to write for them. They wrote back and told me I had to grow up first. My first professional piece of writing was published in a national newspaper when I was 18. The next year, I published a short story in David Kherdian’s Forkroads: A Journal of Ethnic-American Literature. I went on to get my MFA in creative writing at NYU and then worked at literary agencies and publishing companies in New York City. From there, I wrote for major publications like Glamour and Time Out New York. I was an editor in the food department of Family Circle magazine. I even started my own general interest magazine that I ran for six years. Somehow, I found the time to become a licensed lawyer in two states, New York and Tennessee. Writing called me back, however, like Lisa Scottoline, another Italian-American lawyer/writer, who is also a passionate advocate of our culture.

Editor’s Note: You can purchase Dina Di Maio’s new book “Authentic Italian: The Real Story of Italy’s Food and Its People,” at



Vito Marcantonio Was a Congressman from New York, from 1935-1951;
Noted Progressive and Member of The American Labor Party
A Fighter for Civil Rights, Defender of Communists and Radicals

A photograph of Vito Marcantonio, 1945 approximate, and poster of the current play on Marcantonio, as portrayed by Roberto Ragone. (Poster designed by Gabrielle Napolitano and photograph of Mr. Ragone by Christian Morales.)

Review by Gary Bono and Gabe Falsetta

On a recent Sunday afternoon in New York City an audience of more than 50 people was treated to a unique one-man show, “The Purgatory Trail of Vito Marcantonio”, written and performed by Roberto Ragone and directed by Art Bernal with introductory remarks by Professor Gerald Meyer. Professor Meyer is the author of the definitive biography of the progressive congressman and the co-chair, along with co-chair Ragone, of the Vito Marcantonio Forum.

The play opens on August 9th, 1954, the day of Marcantonio’s death. Though a Catholic, Marcantonio was denied a Catholic burial by New York’s Cardinal Spellman, and thus the action of the play centers around an imagined plea by Marcantonio to be released from purgatory — the repository of souls that God assigned neither to heaven nor hell — and be allowed to ascend into heaven.

By way of a defense, Ragone, as Marcantonio, presents excerpts from Marcantonio’s speeches in Congress and dramatized reenactments of incidents from his life. Ragone carries these texts (explaining each of these key moments in his life) in a portfolio each of which illustrate his record of selfless service to his constituents and his loyalty to his East Harlem community.

Reenacted are such things as Marcantonio’s impassioned speeches made on the floor of Congress — his pleas for the establishment of a “second front” in Europe during WWII to assist the beleaguered Soviet Union against Nazi Germany, his defense of jailed Puerto Rican Nationalist, Pedro Albizu Campos, and his lonely stance in opposition to the Korean War. In doing this, the play clearly illustrates how, in serving his constituency, Marcantonio never compromised his progressive principals; always serving as a champion of equality, a fighter against injustice and a defender of the common folk.

Also documented is the relentless hostility of the powers-that-be who continually plotted and schemed against him, changing the boundaries of his district until it extended as far south as Sutton Place. They even changed the election laws to his detriment. Initially these attempts at sabotage were in vain, he was reelected some 6 times!

Contributing greatly to Marcantonio’s electoral success was the fact that during his time in Congress he had an unparalleled record of direct service to his constituents. In his introductory remarks, Professor Meyer read extracts from letters sent to Marcantonio from people in his district thanking him or asking for help. With that kind of grassroots support, he proved hard to beat and the only way his opponents could succeed was through the immense effort of getting all the other political parties to unite against him.

Contributing greatly to Marcantonio’s electoral success was the fact that during his time in Congress he had an unparalleled record of direct service to his constituents. In his introductory remarks, Professor Meyer read extracts from letters sent to Marcantonio from people in his district thanking him or asking for help. With that kind of grassroots support, he proved hard to beat and the only way his opponents could succeed was through the immense effort of getting all the other political parties to unite against him.

There are many memorable highlights’, e.g., the eulogy given at Marcantonio’s wake by the great Paul Robeson; the back and forth with a friend of questionable reputation, Tommy Lucchese, showing his friend respect while rejecting his offer to have a personal bodyguard, a news report from a Marcantonio campaign rally at 116th Street and Lexington Avenue (Lucky Corner), and his successful defense of black leader and Communist W.E.B. DuBois who aptly said the main hurdle of the 21st century would be overcoming racism.

Although this New York performance was a limited engagement Ragone and Bernal have already been approached about possible performances in other cities and it may, in part, even be available for viewing on YouTube, so many others may get a chance to see this play in the future.

Today, Marcantonio, perhaps the most progressive representative to ever hold a congressional seat, has largely been written out of history. The Vito Marcantonio Forum’s goal is to reverse this wrong.

Editor’s Note: To learn more about the Vito Marcantonio forum and one-man play, please log on to



We See The Past Through The Eyes of Character Sam Caruso
PRIMO Interview

What made you become a writer of children’s stories?

In general, short stories and essays have always been my preference. They give me focus and discipline to keep me on track with my subject matter. Although my books are categorized as “children’s” stories, they are meant also for adult readers. When I began to write my Sam Caruso stories, it was my intent to invite the reader to exchange their own stories about childhood.

“A Boy at Heart” is the story of Sam Caruso and his birthday gift from his favorite relative - Aunt Nancy. The story is set in Los Angeles in the 1950s. Tell us what it was like living in that era.

Following World War II, as did so many other cities, rapid change became an operative description for how we lived. In Los Angeles, veterans and their families moved into new suburbs; the automobile rapidly replaced public transportation; and downtown shopping was superseded to local communities. But what always remained was the beautiful landscape of mountains and ocean cupping the mushrooming of new communities. Back then, it was possible to take a Sunday ride to ski in Big Bear and have a family picnic at a local beach along the way. You would drive by orange groves and roadside farm stands. Growing up in Los Angeles in the 1950s was amazing.

“A Boy at Heart” is not your only story. You have others. Please tell us about them.

My Sam Caruso books are loosely based on fragments of my own childhood. I considered my boyhood to be a “golden age.” The adults, like my Nonno (grandfather), an elderly neighbor and my aunt were mentors who introduced me to worlds and experiences that complimented my imaginative life. Throughout my boyhood, I was a listener. I absorbed the stories told by adults about their early lives. As long as I can remember, I was able to replay stories told to me from another time and of another time; and pull them together for my Sam Caruso books.

What is the message you want to convey in your stories.

Actually, there are few messages I want to convey. I would hope they help to create a conversation between adult and child readers about their respective childhoods. I am worried that story-telling today faces many outside distractions. Adults and children seem to be separated and compartmentalized with their own worlds of self-interests. I hope my Sam Caruso series will get people to see that “wondering about another time” might be a way to take and share their own stories with one another. We can only learn about the world if we listen to others. With such wonderment and a dash of imagination, everyone can learn to be a storyteller.

What other stories are you working on currently? What do you have for us in the future?

I have a tremendous interest in family genealogy. Over the years, my memories of family has helped me to research their lives. My grandparents emigrated from Sicily. I have spent some time learning about them and other ancestors. I am developing a written narrative about the early journey and assimilation of my Italian American family from Sicily to Los Angeles. The other story I am mulling over is about experiences with my brother who was born with Down Syndrome. Both books are challenges, but I have a rich source of recollections to call upon.

Editor’s Note: You can read more about author Ray M. Vento and purchase books from his Sam Caruso series by logging on to




Independent Filmmaker Mark Spano Covers the Breadth of Italy’s Dynamic Island Region

“Little has been produced about the cultural and historic relevance of Sicily,” claims Mark Spano in the beginning of his new documentary, “Sicily, Land of Love and Strife.”

As such, the filmmaker has gone the extra mile to undue that deficiency.

“Sicily, Land of Love and Strife” sets the bar higher than any other documentary in recent years in telling the story of Sicily. Mark Spano has done an incredible job in conveying the richness of his family’s homeland.

As one of the largest islands in the world, Sicily is the culmination of human migrations and settlements that have integrated with each other over thousands of years. Spano’s focus is on the diversity of the island. He delves into the age-old question of what makes a land and her people. Greeks, Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Normans and Spanish make up Sicily’s rich mosaic. In the center of the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily binds three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. People from other parts of the world have come as conquerors and as settlers. They have all left their mark in the way of language, traditions and customs in Sicily.

“Sicily, Land of Love and Strife” is an extraordinary documentary. Spano committed himself exhaustively to bring us the visual dynamism of Italy’s largest region. The visual images are all stunning. Sicily is surprisingly diverse in terrain and habitat. A beautiful shot in the film shows Mount Etna, covered in snow. Another is of the ocean flowing roughly into the rocky shoreline. We see rich agricultural lands on display with lemon groves, grape orchards and olive trees. City streets come alive with farmer’s and fish markets.

Well-edited is the documentary that flows from one subject to the other seamlessly. At one point, viewers are shown ancient relics, only to be shown next, food being served at a Sicilian trattoria. Spano is especially effective in delving into the traditional crafts and occupations of Sicilians. We see painters, sculptors, carpenters, farmers, chefs and vintners. In one segment, we are given a profile of a maker of musical instruments. In another segment, we see the work of an illustrator of carts. He is 102 years old and conveys the commitment it takes to bring to life his art.
The only flaw in the film, and a minor flaw at that, is the opinion of one commentator. Experts are shown with insightful information that convey color and depth to subjects brought up in the film. However, one scholar conveys a political agenda under the guise of expertise. The importance of Roman Catholicism in Sicily cannot be overstated. The outpouring of faith among Sicilians can be seen in beautiful Baroque and Gothic churches. Spano goes to great length to convey the Catholic heritage of Sicily. To suggest, as did one commentator, that the outward expression of faith by Sicilians was insincere or just for show diminishes this depth of coverage.

Spano grew up in Kansas City and today lives in North Carolina. His family came from Sicily. He is rightly proud of his heritage. He shares an anecdote about the stigma faced by most Sicilians. When he tells people his family is from Sicily, they respond with an inquiry as to his father’s background in the Mafia. He explains that his father was never a criminal; but rather, worked in a steel mill for 30 years to provide for his family and help his children attain the American Dream.

By making this extraordinary documentary, Spano has done his family and heritage a great service. “Sicily, Land of Love and Strife,” is an awesome film and a worthy tribute to Sicily.

Editor’s Note: You can find out more about “Sicily, Land of Love and Strife,” by logging on to the filmmaker’s web site,



“No one has all day to cook, we need access to simple, quick, authentic options and I feel my book provides that.”


Tell us about your childhood in Italy. Where in Italy were you born? How did your parents influence your way of cooking today?

I was born in Calabria and lived in a small town in the province of Catanzaro. I moved to the US as a young teen, along with my family. My dad was a greengrocer in Italy, so of course, produce was plentiful in our household. As is typical in this region, my mom was a stay at home mom, so she really filled her days cooking and baking for the family. We had home-cooked meals every single day, with fresh baked cookies and cakes. In hindsight, I know I was very blessed. We were eating organic before it was cool to do so. Meals were healthy, seasonal, delicious and not only nourishing for the body but also the soul. I loved spending time in the kitchen with my mom, especially when it came to baking. We rarely ate at restaurants; actually, I don’t have one restaurant meal memory from growing up in Italy, other than weddings or other religious celebrations. We’d occasionally go for pizza, but that would be it. No doubt my upbringing in this environment shaped who I am today both as a person and how I view food and cooking.

What led you to write "The Five Ingredient Cookbook."

I started my own business a few years ago, which combined Italian cooking classes and culinary tours to Italy. I started blogging my recipes and of course, writing a cookbook was always a major goal. The blog recipes were very well-received, shared and liked, so I immediately realized that I had an audience who would be drawn to my culinary philosophy, which is simple, seasonal, unpretentious and delicious.

I also realized a recurring theme in my classes, which was the shock from students at how easy Italian cooking could be. They had this pre-conceived notion that Italian cooking was going to be a lot of hard work, hours of simmering sauces, lengthy recipes, dozens of ingredients. Look, I am being honest, not every traditional Italian recipe is 5 ingredients or less, or takes just 30 minutes to prepare, but many are, and those are the ones I like to showcase to my audience. We are a “9-5” world, there’s work, commuting, sports, after school activities, doctors appointments and many other things that keep us from spending hours in the kitchen. No one has all day to cook, we need access to simple, quick, authentic options and I feel my book provides that. At this point, I have worked with hundreds of students and I have yet to meet one that says, “I wish cooking took longer!”

The subhead of your book is "101 Regional Classics Made Simple." How diverse is Italian cooking today? Has the digital world enhanced or lessen this diversity?

I definitely think that Italian cooking is changing a bit. There’s the authentic dishes I grew up on and will remain classics, which you will find in this book, then there are also newer chefs in Italy that are changing what Italian cuisine is. Thanks to blogs, Youtube and social media, we’re all more open to diversity in the kitchen. I definitely think there’s room for both classic dishes and new cuisine.

You have spent considerable time in both Italy and America. You know both countries well. What do you find most different about the two countries, outside of language?

Certainly, the food, and I am not just refering to the quality, which, truthfully is far superior in Italy, but also for the appreciation of it. Italians eat for the love of food, for sharing family time, to show someone that they love them. Italians have a lot of respect for food, how it’s treated, grown, prepared. In the US, food and cooking are seen by many as a chore, a bore, and another to-do on a list of growing tasks, akin to the laundry.

I would also have to say that Italians certainly know how to enjoy life more. They make time for family meals, gatherings, celebrations and the enjoyment of good art, architecture and historical beauty. The speed of life is much slower, especially in the south, where it feels like life is in slow-motion! But even in the north, which I would say the lifestyle is a bit closer to the lifestyle in the US, it’s not as stressed and frantic. Employers offer more time off, more flexibility, much of the entire country shuts down and is on vacation in August. It’s not uncommon for offices to be closed from Christmas Eve to the Epiphany, we wouldn’t hear of that here.

That said, I don’t try to paint a rosy picture that life in Italy is perfect. I think as a general rule, the US is a more efficient country when it comes to bureaucracy or having to file any sort of paperwork. A trip to the post office in Italy will age you by a few years! We laugh here that the cable man will arrive between 9 – 5, in Italy, it’s more like between April and June! And that vacation everyone takes in August? A real buzz kill if you need to reach someone in government or other office!

Having traveled and lived in both countries, I can honestly say that there are pros and cons to both. I try to bring some of Italy to my life in the US as much as possible by valuing family time, enjoying time off, connecting with friends on a regular basis and slowing down as much as possible. I travel back and forth a lot, so my return trips leading my culinary tours give me the Italy kick I need. I could easily travel back every month! And that’s why I also love leading my tours. I love exposing travelers to not just the cuisine, which is obviously the theme of my tours, but also the slowing down a bit, enjoying meals with the locals, celebrating life and la dolce vita.

If you had to choose one attribute that makes a great Italian cook...what would that be? What does a person have to remember when he or she is making Italian food?

Above all else, I think a great Italian cook needs to keep simplicity, seasonality and quality ingredients in mind. Ok, those are three attributes but they all play off of each other. There’s no reason to overcomplicate a recipe, to add-on random ingredients for no reason, to add heaps to sauces to everything. I sometimes think home cooks keep adding ingredients because the ingredients they’re using have little flavor or are of poor quality, so they keep adding hoping the final product is flavorful! It’s a recipe for disaster! If you’re using ingredients of poor quality, no amount of them will give you great flavor! A tomato in January has no flavor. Dry herbs (with the exception of high quality oregano) are useless. Cheap olive oil is no better than vegetable oil. And whatever you do, stay away from pre-grated parmesan cheese that comes in the green can! My mother calls it the AJAX cheese because it reminds her of a cleaning product! A home cook must be selective with the ingredients they utilize at home. Your family deserves better, you deserve better.

This is really what I advocate in my cooking classes, and that’s why my classes are so well received. And in the long run, high quality ingredients are not more costly. You will have less waste, you will be eating out less and you will be buying less pre-packed and pre-made food. You will need less of the good stuff because it will have so much more flavor that you will not need to pile it on. Buy a large chunk of parmesan cheese and you will see that you only need a dusting to add flavor, and it will last a long time.

Of all the recipes in "The Five Ingredient Cookbook" which ones are your favorites and why?

Perhaps you’ve had past cookbook authors tell you that they can’t pick, or it’s like “picking favorites among children”! Not for me, I definitely have my favorites! I love sweets and loved baking with mom growing up, so I definitely have a preference for the chapter on sweets and desserts. I love baking for my family now, there’s nothing better than a cup of espresso with some homemade treats. Also by virtue of being raised by a greengrocer, I do love all the dishes that contain fresh vegetables, so the soups and sides containing green beans, Swiss chard or legumes are also some of my favorites. I like to think that eating the sweets evens out with all the produce I eat!

Francesca’s new book “The Five Ingredient Cookbook” is now on sale. You can learn more about her Francesca, her new book and her culinary tours of Italy at




By Sal Cataldi

It’s no secret that many of America’s greatest food brands can trace their genesis to Italian American families. And if it wasn’t for one such family, the Salvatores of Philadelphia, we might not today be experiencing a boom in craft soft drinks, one of the fastest growing sectors of the $52 Billion U.S beverage market. The brand in question is Hank’s Gourmet Beverages, a company founded by the Salvatores to help ignite America’s craft soft drink boom with the debut of its critically-acclaimed Hank’s Gourmet Root Beer in 1995. And while overall carbonated beverage consumption falls each year, the craft soft drink category is expected to see a 3.5% annual growth through 2025, reaching over $732 million in sales.

Interestingly, the Salvatores’ roots in culinary entrepreneurism, and charity and public service, go back three generations, 100 years and nearly 5,000 miles away. John and Tony Salvatore, the respective brother president and chief customer officer team who today helm Hank’s, are a part of a decades-long legacy connected to a family beverage business that emerged in and around the City of Brotherly Love. 

It was John and Tony’s grandfather Pietro (Pete) who came to the Philly-area from Italy, settling in North Philadelphia in the early 1920s. After building a nest egg while working as a laborer, Pete founded a successful grape-hauling business. In the 1930s, he then launched Salvatore Beer Distributors, one of the city’s first and most ambitious local distributorships, which he ran with his cousins and, later, his son and current soda brand namesake, Hank.
In time, the beer distributorship folded. Hank took a series of jobs until he finally landed a long-term position as a State of Pennsylvania Fuel Tax auditor, a job he’d keep for a decade. Not only did his time as a civil servant give Hank an insider’s look into how government worked, it also quickened his deep desire to serve his fellow “everyman” Philadelphian. This deeper need eventually fueled his blooming interest and long career in politics.
Fortunately for his sons and, ultimately, their collective family fortunes, that initial State auditor job didn’t pay enough to support Hank’s growing family. So, Hank followed in his father’s footsteps and founded another wholesale beer distributorship. The company blossomed in 1958 to become L&M Beverage, the immediate precursor and launching-pad for Hank’s Beverage Company.
Although L&M Beverage was growing, Hank’s commitment to his city prompted him to continue deepening his involvement in public office. In 1972, he was elected to represent Northeast Philadelphia’s 170th district in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, a position he held for six terms through 1984. Later, he went on to be elected and serve another four terms as a Pennsylvania State Senator, from 1985 – 2000, building a reputation as a popular favorite with everyone – from pizza-lovers and plumbers to presidents and popes – much like the sodas that would come to bear his name.
Hank eventually brought his children -- sons Frank, John and Tony plus daughters Gloria and Liz -- into the distribution company, where they eventually oversaw every department and all aspects of a fast-growing beverage business, from product acquisition, sales and warehouse to logistics, customer relations and back office. This positioned them as the leading independent beverage distributor serving the greater five-county Philadelphia-area and larger Pennsylvania region.

The business thrived, in large part, due to the Salvatores’ keen eye for new products. They were among the country’s first distributors to literally discover Pennsylvania’s own Yuengling and take on now-popular beer brands like Fosters, St. Pauli Girl and Moosehead.
The growth and family entrepreneurial spirit didn’t stop there, however, especially when they met Bill Dunman. They were contemplating an expansion into a non-alcoholic division. While Dunman had also run his own regional beverage distributorship serving Maryland, he was at his core – having spent his early career working on several launches with Coca-Cola – a soda and new products guy. His background, ingenuity and intuitive sense of business made Dunman (now the company’s Chief Operating Officer) the perfect candidate to become Hank’s first non-family full partner; complementing sons John and Tony, who had ascended to jointly stay atop the company.

Together, in 1995, they launched a soda division, bearing an award-winning label branded after their dad’s popular Philly nickname, “Hank” -- rolling-out the now iconic Gourmet Root Beer to their local Philadelphia on-premise customers in 1996.  

This product uses a local Philly recipe to remind proud Philadelphians of their city’s heritage as the birthplace of Root Beer. Made with a focus on flavor and using pure cane sugar, Hank’s emphasis on both taste and the highest quality ingredients set the company’s unparalleled standards going forward. Hank’s broke new ground, not only going gourmet “before gourmet was cool,” but also building the brand’s national reputation as one of the richest, smoothest and creamiest sodas available. Other hand-crafted, press-worthy and award-winning delicious flavors continue to follow.
In 2001, the partnership sold the larger L&M Beverage, choosing to shift away from distribution, focusing their efforts and resources instead on expanding their pioneering, Philadelphia-based craft soft drink business. Through the 2000s, the company prospered -- especially in its Mid-Atlantic footprint -- and patriarch Hank continued to both accompany his sons to the office daily and pursue his various good-works of public and community service – always with his everyman approach and telltale upbeat grin.

Founder Hank passed in 2014, at age 92. In his spirit, the company – through its public and often private pro-social efforts -- continues to work closely with and support several of the organizations, constituencies, foundations and other charities that Hank proudly served and championed. Hank’s surviving partners also formally adopted a series of Business Principles and Fan Promises, drawn immediately from their founder’s own correspondence to family and friends, after his death.
Today, Hank’s Gourmet Beverages are a favorite of hip, gourmet food devotees, soda fanatics, renowned chefs, “mixologists” and media critics at prestigious national outlets like Eater, Grub Street and the Los Angeles Times. Hank’s also remains a local Philadelphia media, foodie and blogger favorite, and the only remaining national root beer player still headquartered in the city.

Their flagship Gourmet Root Beer anchors a product line that has grown over time to feature seven flavors, including Diet Root Beer, Orange Cream, Vanilla Cream, Wishniak Black Cherry, Birch Beer and Grape, crafted by Hank’s in-house “Flavor Doctor” and creative visionary, Bill Dunman. These flavors reinforce Hank’s authentic, high-quality image along with its upscale, innovative packaging, and are now available nationwide in supermarkets, gourmet and natural food stores, upscale bars and restaurants, entertainment/sports venues and convenience stores.

Editor’s Note: To learn more about Hank’s Gourmet Beverages, you can log on to your web site at


Paul Spadoni, author of "An American Family in Italy, Living La Dolce Vita without Permission,” was, in essence, an illegal alien in Italy



Tell us about your background as it relates to Italy. Where did your family come from in Italy? How much or how little did you know about Italy prior to your recent extended visit there?
I grew up surrounded by Italian cousins in a small town in the Pacific Northwest, and they imbued me with a sense of pride in our heritage. However, my generation knew very little about where our grandparents had come from. Sometimes my grandparents said Montecatini, sometimes Lucca, and to us, those were just dots on the map. When I finally went to Italy for the first time, at age 43, I discovered that my grandparents had lived in a rural area between Montecatini and Lucca called San Salvatore, a suburb of a hill town called Montecarlo. In my 50s, I began traveling to Italy every year, visiting different regions in a search for the ideal city to put down roots when I retired. I had a long list of criteria. As it turned out, Montecarlo fit my list in every category, and having cousins there was an added bonus.

Your book's title, "An American Family in Italy, Living La Dolce Vita without Permission" summarizes effectively the uniqueness of your Italian adventure. You were able to sidestep the Italian bureaucracy to live and work in Italy. Please share with us some details as to how you did it
I can tell you, but then I’ll have to kill you! OK, the truth is, it’s not something that can be easily repeated. We stayed for 10 months without a visa, but this was before 9/11, and no one seemed to care then, in Italy, at least. The headmaster who hired me said, “We really should get a work permit, but that’s a lot of work and there may not be time. Just say you’re a tourist if anyone asks.” Then he paid me al nero, under the table. It’s very unusual to arrange something like this from the United States. More frequently, people go to Italy first and then find an off-the-book job, often teaching English.
People with children are often reluctant to pick up and move to a foreign country and immerse themselves in the language and culture. How did your children fare in your family's move to Italy? Were they the better for it?
For the first six months, my daughters begged us to let them go back home and live with friends. For the last four months, they really enjoyed themselves, though at the time they wouldn’t admit they had been wrong. Since then, they thank us every year for making them go with us.
How is Italy different than America? You spent considerable time there and had serious interactions with the people, businesses and government. What did you like and not like about Italy?
Oh, wow! I wrote a whole series of blogs on this, so it’s hard to sum up in a few words, but it’s a great question. The markets, the food, convenient public transportation, the opportunity to learn a language and compare cultural differences, the art and architecture, the scenic beauty—these all entered in. I think the strongest reasons are that I wanted a challenge and I wanted to experience a little of what my own grandparents had faced when coming to America. Could I learn a new language and learn to survive and thrive in another culture?
What are your future plans? Do you plan to live in Italy or here in the United States? And why.
We now live in Italy for four months a year and the United States for the other eight months. We have four children and nine grandchildren in the States. If we learned nothing else during our time in Italy, it’s that family is priority one, and we can’t leave our U.S. family behind. There are also some more practical reasons for dividing our time, such as tax advantages and the fact that I’d have to pass a daunting examination to get my Italian drivers license if we lived there full time. That may not sound like much, but I’ve heard horror stories about how expensive it is and how hard it is to pass the written test. We feel we've found the perfect balance for our family situation.

Editor’s Note: A photograph of the author in Sorrento and enjoying a meal with his daughter and friend in Italy. To learn more about Paul Spadoni’s new book “The American Family in Italy,” look on to


“Madness,” A Book About Hank Luisetti - The Man Who Forever Changed Basketball
Interview with Author Mike DeLucia

Mike DeLucia has written a book entitled “Madness” based on the true story of Hank Luisetti. Mike’s Italian roots extend to Naples, on his mother’s side of the family and from Benevento on his father’s side. He has several family members who reside in Milan and Varese. PRIMO interviewed him about his novel “Madness” and what made Hank Luisetti such a revolutionary basketball player.

Your novel "Madness," is based on the true story of Hank Luisetti; a college basketball player from Stanford. Tell us how Hank changed the game forever?

Before Luisetti total scores of basketball games averaged in the 30s. Basketball was a filler sport between baseball and football season. Passing and shooting with two hands was at the center of basketball’s stop-set-shoot philosophy. Then came Hank Luisetti. He defied the establishment by means of a running one-handed shot. With basketball’s integrity on the line, a promoter from New York arranged a grudge match between LIU and Stanford, in a game that would both test Luisetti’s unorthodox style and determine the unofficial national champion. At that time the east was considered the class of the nation and LIU was the class of the east. They were so good that the Olympic committee asked LIU to represent the USA in the 1936 Olympic games. LIU, a team comprised of many Jewish players, however, refused in protest due to the rumors of anti-Semitic acts in Germany. LIU was riding a 43 game winning streak before they encountered Luisetti, and they simply could not contain him. Besides popularizing the one-handed shot, Hank is credited with the behind-the-back dribble. He was doing fast breaks and his dribbling ability was spectacular. He could jump so high and stay up so long that he looked like a ballet dancer. He employed the no-look pass. He was voted the most outstanding athlete to perform at Madison Square Garden in 1936. The man was 50 years ahead of his time. The New York Media reported the news of the great Luisetti and people began to emulate his moves and style. Basketball got hot and grew a fanbase of its own. What followed was the NCAA March Madness Competition and the NBA. He changed basketball’s genetic footprint with his unorthodox playing style. James Naismith invented basketball in 1891; Hank Luisetti reinvented it in 1936. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1959, its inaugural year. 

Luisetti was a basketball innovator, and yet he did not go on to play professionally. What happened? 

A few things. First, he was paid $10,000 in 1938 to star as himself in a movie starring Betty Grable and because he was paid to play basketball in the film, he received a suspension from whatever committee governed the pro leagues of the time. The pro leagues were more like tournaments that were played in armories and dance halls, because as previously mentioned, basketball didn’t have a fanbase before Luisetti's innovations made it exciting. He played in some leagues after that, but the real blow came while he was serving his country in WWII. He contracted Spiral Meningitis and nearly died. The sulfur drugs they used to treat him damaged his heart and when the NBA formed he turned down lucrative offers to play. The Knicks wanted him, but he chose not to play at a level with which he was not comfortable. 

How did you get acquainted with Luisetti? What was your inspiration to write the novel?

Sylvester Stallone played a major role on my road to Luisetti. When Rocky was released in 1976, I was a sophomore at Monsignor Scanlan High School in the Bronx, and my life’s goal was to become a film actor. I was bitten by the acting bug in 1973 when Ron MacFarland, a dynamic teacher at my grade school, put on a rock and roll musical. However, marriage and a mortgage reduced my ability to pursue an acting career and that’s when I got the idea to “Stallone” it in 1983. I’d write my own screenplay and star in it as well. I wouldn’t have to invest time going to auditions or traveling to Manhattan for acting classes. I’d just write a film and wouldn’t sell it to a studio unless I played the leading role. Sounds funny now, but back then, I thought it was a rock-solid plan. I shared my project with the family at our 2:00 p.m. Sunday dinner ritual. My father, a man who knows just about everything about Italy and Italians, snapped his fingers and said he knew the perfect story for me. He read about a Stanford University athlete named Hank Luisetti from the twenties or thirties, who revolutionized basketball. I began researching the story at the New York Public Library on 5th Avenue in Manhattan and began the onerous task of researching a ghost. The first version was a handwritten screenplay. My life’s business scale jumped up a few notches after kids entered the scene and The Hank Luisetti Story, as it was then called, kept finding it’s way to the bottom of my to “To Do List.” I finally decided to turn it into a historical fiction novel in the summer of 2018. 

What are the similarities and differences between your novel "Madness" and the real-life story of Luisetti?

While Hank’s court heroics elevated him to celebrity status in the latter part of the 1930s, there was little-to-no information regarding his personal life. This was due, in part, to a lack of paparazzi and an NBA. Since these were the days before Google, I researched microfilms of his games and found more details in magazine articles. From there I wove together Hank’s achievements with the snippets I garnered of his personal life, into the first draft of The Hank Luisetti Story. Even after computers entrenched themselves in our lives there still wasn’t much more to learn about Hank’s personal life until his biography was written in 2005, but I didn’t learn of it until a few months before my book was complete, and it was once again my father who told me about it. He said he was talking about Luisetti and someone said he just read a book about him. I would say my book is 60% fiction and 40% nonfiction. The book is based on Hank’s contributions to basketball. Some of the non-basketball story is true, so it’s a mixture. 

A novel such as yours should make the perfect vehicle for a feature film. And yet, so far, it has been challenging to find a studio to support the project. Why the reluctance from Hollywood?

Part of the reason why it’s not a feature film is because of my lack of connections in the industry. I’m actively searching for a producer and getting some interest, but too little to even discuss right now, so I’m still talking about it and hoping that articles such as this will open it up to a serious party. Aside from that, it’s not easy for a film about an Italian who isn’t a criminal or an uneducated “goombah” to me made. Since The Godfather’s release in 1972 I know of one film, Unbroken, which Italians aren’t presented as criminals or knuckle draggers and it’s an insult to our great heritage in light of all the Italians have contributed to society since the Roman Empire in 700 B.C. Our accomplishments are both numerable and varied, and have made this world a better place. Even this year’s Academy Award winner Green Book reenforces Hollywood’s Italian stereotype. This has nothing to do with Green Book itself, because it’s apparently a superior film based on a true story, but it’s another reminder by the media that they will only present Italians in one of two ways. Madness features a Stanford educated Italian who made basketball into the game it is today; he is the basketball’s pioneer and first national celebrity, and I can present a solid argument as to why he’s the greatest basketball player of all time. This should be a film—a billboard to the world of who we are. The stereotype must change and it will take films like Madness and Unbroken to do that. 

Editor’s Note: To find out more about Mike DeLucia and his book “Madness,” please log on to




A  New Film Directed by Valeria Golina
An Inspiring Story, Excellent Direction and Acting Undone by Seedy Scenes of Sex and Drugs
PRIMO Review

Valeria Golina is a triple threat.

She can do it all and do it well. She can act, sing and direct.

“Euforia” is her third time behind the camera. She shows all attributes of a skillful director and one day will make a film to win critical acclaim and the awards and commendations that come with it.

“Euforia,” however, is not that film.

Golina directs competently, passionately and is able to bring out the best in her actors and actresses. Yet, “Euforia” is far less of a film than its potential. The story about two brothers, one who is terminally ill, and the other who cares for him, is an intriguing and heartfelt premise. However, scenes of gratuitous drug use and an obsession with sex sinks what otherwise might have been an exceptional film.

The Bernardo Bertolucci school of cinema remains a curse that keeps on giving in Italian filmmaking. The director who died this past November at age 77 was famous (or infamous) for taking historical epics and contemporary dramas and collapsing them under the weight of salacity. Bertolucci could make a great film such as “The Conformist” or “The Last Emperor,” but all too often warped and scandalized his films with contrived scenes of sex and drugs. Audiences were left with little more than well-produced porn. Such was the way of Bertolucci - a filmmaker who was always due for a great film but never quite made one, especially in the past three decades. His obsession with carnality and deviancy undid his efforts.

Golina has fallen for the same trap in “Euforia.” She co-wrote the script with Francesca Marciano and Valia Santella. The film’s main character is Matteo, played by Riccardo Scamarcio, a wealthy entrepreneur in Rome who takes in his older brother Ettore, played by Valerio Mastandrea. Diagnosed with cancer, Ettore must undergo treatment at a nearby hospital. At the outset, we learn that Matteo is gay and Ettore is straight. The scene is a dinner party where their white haired mother announces to guests her sons’ sexual preferences. Another scene near the beginning is most telling: Ettore wakes up from a nightmare due to the emotional stress of illness. He ventures into the living room to join Matteo late at night. Their topic of discussion is sodomy. What does Matteo prefer, asks Ettore? Is his baby brother the recipient or the giver in male-on-male sex? Matteo smiles whimsically and mentions the need for an “interlocutor” before foreplay. He claims his older brother the model. Can gay and heterosexual people, especially those related by blood, talk about anything but sex? Apparently not in cinema. Much is touted in today’s society for majority heterosexuals to treat gays and lesbians without regard to their sexual preferences. If so, why then must filmmakers obsess about gay sex when a main character is homosexual? Can we accept a person is gay and leave it at that?

The serious topic of the film is frequently undermined by sub plots and scenes more suited for a crime drama. Ettore might be ill but that does not stop Matteo going out to nightclubs with friends and scoring cocaine and other drugs. Soon, lines of coke are snorted with reckless abandon. Even Ettore joins in, with his brother questioning the wisdom of recreational drug use during treatment.

Central to the plot is Matteo’s efforts to hide from Ettore the seriousness of his cancer. Although Matteo’s intentions are noble and speak to the love and fidelity he has for his brother, the concept is preposterous. Ettore is a middle-aged professor at a university and yet the filmmaker expects us to believe he will remain wholly ignorant of his prognosis. The physician who treats Ettore appears in only one scene. He is a friend of Matteo’s and has apparently joined in on the ruse. He keeps from his patient vital information about the terminal nature of his cancer; a concealment which is counter to medical ethics and likely illegal.

Midway through the film, Matteo and Ettore journey to the village of Medjugorje in Bosnia and Hercegovina where it is believed the Virgin Mary appears. A local nun informs them that the Holy Mother is not scheduled to reveal herself during their brief stay. The brothers opt to hike the side of a mountain to see stations of the cross depicted in bas relief sculpture. Along the path, a guide stops for a moment to say the Glory to Be prayer with both Matteo and Ettore looking ahead in bleak wonderment. What followed might have been a scene perfectly suited for characters to talk about faith and the need for prayer. However, the moment descends into needless carnality. Back at the hotel room Ettore is fast asleep while Matteo stands on the hotel balcony and smokes a cigarette. Soon, a hotel guest from Germany, who is also gay, appears with Matteo. Ettore is then abruptly awakened by his brother. Sick and frail, he is ordered onto the balcony wrapped in his comforter, assured by Matteo that his sojourn outside will last no more than 15 minutes, enough time for a romp. They then return to Rome for Ettore to continue his treatment. More scenes of sex and drugs follow. The audience is left bewildered by it all.

“Euforia” is typical of many films today. An obsession with sex and drugs is at the forefront in filmmakers’ minds. Cinema is a means of enlightenment. A film such as this one should remind us of the value of family in times of physical and mental crises. Yet, debauchery and carnality is what we are given. Although competently directed and well acted, “Euforia” fails to live up to its promise. Golina will no doubt get another chance to direct, and rightly so. Let’s hope the next time she finds herself behind the camera, she will have a better script in hand.


The Tuscan-based Non-profit Organization Seeks World Peace by Training Young People from War-torn Countries
Saint Francis of Assisi is Their Model


Rondine Cittadella della Pace, is a non-profit organization committed to reducing armed conflicts and spreading its own methodology to foster peace in the world.

Studentato Internazionale – World House is a restored medieval castle near Arezzo where Rondine hosts young adults from countries beset by armed conflicts. The building is most famous as the background in the “Mona Lisa,” as painting by the great Leonardo da Vinci. The goal of Rondine is to help young people discover “the person” within their enemy through daily cohabitation. Students will become leaders in their own communities; ready to intervene and settle any conflict by applying the Rondine Method.

Rondine offers classes in a number of areas in the hope of completing its mission. Training in social activism are offered, along with programs in cultural immersion, business, publishing and language.

Rondine was started by Franco Vaccari in 1997. A psychologist by profession, Vaccari was inspired by Saint Francis of Assisi to reach out to young people. He and other Italians maintained an organization in the 1980s that fostered dialogue between the West and Communist Russia. Vaccari claims his father helped him to embrace social activism. A general in the Italian army in World War II, Vaccari’s father was captured by British soldiers and sent to a POW camp in India. He meditated while in prison and when released was at peace with his adversaries and himself.

On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Rondine will make a speech at the United Nations in New York City on December 10th, and in Washington DC on December 13th at the Italian Embassy.

They will ask member states to subtract a symbolic amount from their respective defense budgets and invest in future peace leader scholarships. Rondine will ask for the introduction of human rights’ education in national education systems, integrating this with the experimentation of Rondine’s training methodology in creative transformation of conflicts. 

Editor’s Note: You can learn more about Rondine by logging on to their web site



President Donald J. Trump welcomed Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte of Italy to the White House.

President Donald J. Trump participates in a one-on-one bilateral meeting with Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister of the Italian Republic, Monday, July 30, 2018, in the Oval Office of the White House. (Official White House Photo by D. Myles Cullen)

President Donald J. Trump participates in an expanded bilateral meeting with Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister of the Italian Republic, Monday, July 30, 2018, in the Cabinet Room of the White House. (Official White House Photo by D. Myles Cullen)

President Donald J. Trump participates in a joint press conference with Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister of the Italian Republic, Monday, July 30, 2018, in the East Room of the White House. (Official White House Photo by D. Myles Cullen)

President Donald J. Trump bids farewell to Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister of the Italian Republic, following their meetings at White House Monday, July 30, 2018, in Washington, D.C. (Official White House Photo by Shealah Craighead)

The joint press conference began at 2:05 p.m. and ended 2:45 p.m. on July 30.

In his opening statement, President Trump welcomed Prime Minister Conte and congratulated him on an election victory in Italy. The prime minister currently leads a coalition government in the Italian parliament composed of two major political parties, Five Star Movement and League, with support from minor parties, Brothers of Italy, Associative Movement Italians Abroad and South American Union Italian Emigrants. Mr. Conte is an independent. Although not a member of the political parties that make up the current government, he supports the underlying political philosophy as conceived by its principals, titled Governo del Cambiamento, Government of Change.

“In your election, the Italian nation has reaffirmed the great traditions of sovereignty, law, and accountability that stretch all the way back to Ancient Rome,” said President Trump. “This proud heritage sustains our civilization and must be always defended.”

The president reaffirmed the close working relationship between the United States and Italy in matters of international security. He sees Italy a major player in combating Islamic and other forms of terrorism throughout the Mediterranean.

“Today, Prime Minister Conte and I are pleased to announce a new strategic dialogue between Italy and the United States that will enhance cooperation on a range of issues,” said President Trump. “This includes joint security efforts in the Mediterranean, where we recognize Italy’s leadership role in the stabilization of Libya and North Africa. They’ve been terrific.”

United States and Italy face similar crises at their respective borders in illegal immigration. Both countries share the same goal of combating and impeding the flow of undocumented migrants.

The president said, “Like the United States, Italy is currently under enormous strain as a result of illegal immigration. And they fought it hard. And the Prime Minister, frankly, is with us today because of illegal immigration. Italy got tired of it. They didn’t want it any longer.”

President Trump sees Italy a model for other countries to follow in curbing illegal immigration.

“The people of Italy have borne a great part of the burden for Europe through the course of the migration crisis. I applaud the Prime Minister for his bold leadership — truly bold — and I hope more leaders will follow this example, including leaders in Europe.”

Prime Minister Conte opened his side of the press conference with a few short sentences in English. He then spoke Italian for the remainder of the event with a translator to convey his words in English.

The prime minister’s opening statement was noteworthy for it reiterated the claim by President Trump that Italy is today a major figure in Mediterranean diplomacy and security.

Prime Minister Conte said, “Today, we will have made a great step ahead.  We will start working in Italy. It’s a directorship (booth), as it were, in the Mediterranean between Italy and the United States. I would say that we’re almost twin countries in which Italy is becoming a reference point in Europe and a privileged interlocutor for the United States, for the main threats and challenges that we have before us, terrorism, and for all the crises that we see in the Mediterranean and, in particular, in regards to Libya.”

Questions from members of the press ranged from matters concerning NATO, the European Union, illegal immigration and recent reports of the United States economy growing at four percent.

Some questions were exclusive to Italy such as continued construction of the Trans-Adriatic pipeline that will connect oil and gas fields from Azerbaijan to Italy’s Apulia region. The project is scheduled for completion in 2020.

“As far as a pipeline is concerned, I’d like to see a competing pipeline,” said President Trump. “So, Mr. Prime Minister, I hope you’re going to be able to do that competing pipeline.”

The president then ended the press conference after encouraging words about the future of trade between the United States, Italy and Europe.

“And we are already talking to the European Union about building anywhere from 9 to 11 ports, which they will pay for, so that we can ship our LNG (liquefied natural gas) over to various parts of Europe. And that will be more competition.”




Patrons are Needed
A  call for financial support of a new exhibition open to the Pope, the Vatican and the city of Rome. The Ten Madonnas: New, original sculptures of the Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ as inspired by the medieval hymn, “Tota Pulchra Es, Maria.” Scheduled for the week of December 8th, Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception, at the Palazzo della Cancelleria in Rome. Please become a patron today! Contact Truby Chiaviello at for information on becoming a patron. Please download and review our Patron Package.

An Exhibition of Sacred Works at the Vatican in Rome
Titled Tota Pulchra Es, Maria, the project consists of the realization of ten Madonnas by Dr. Alan Pascuzzi, a world renowned sculptor and art historian from Florence. The statues will be exhibited in the Palazzo della Cancelleria in Rome. The project is in collaboration with the cultural association, Tota Pulchra Es, Maria, under the guidance of the Monsignor Jean-Marie Gervais. The Vatican, through Monsignor Jean-Marie Gervais, expressed its interest in the innovative works by Dr. Pascuzzi. They proposed an opportunity to exhibit the new statues in a one-week exhibition open to the city of Rome, the Vatican community and to the Pope. The exhibition of original sculptures depicting the Madonna is based on the medieval hymn “Tota Pulchra Es, Maria.” The ten Madonnas will show each of the attributes of Mary – prudent, merciful, and an intercessor in prayer, as included in the medieval hymn. Every work will propose a new image of Mary and Jesus Christ, faithful to the reality of love between mother and child; but also alluding to universal love and to the divine.

Meet the Sculptor Dr. Alan Pascuzzi
Alan Pascuzzi is a sculptor, painter and art historian who has lived in Florence, Italy for the past 20 years. A Fulbright scholar with a PhD in Renaissance art with a concentration on Greek and Roman sculpture and the drawing, painting and sculpting techniques of Michelangelo and other Renaissance masters. A professor of Art History and Fine Arts who has taught at New York University, the British Institute and Bristol University, Dr. Pascuzzi is a recognized expert on Renaissance techniques. He has appeared in various documentaries for the BBC, Sky TV and 60 Minutes. As a professional artist he has permanent works in painting and sculpture in churches, palaces and tabernacles in the city center of Florence. He as executed commissions for churches in various cities in Italy, France, the United States and Australia. His first publication, “Becoming Michelangelo,” is scheduled for release in October, 2018.

Date and Location of Exhibition
Scheduled to coincide with the Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception on December 8, the Tota Pulchra Es, Maria, exhibition will be inside the Palazzo della Cancelleria Apostolica, a building designed by Donato Bramante. The palazzo is located at Piazza della Cancelleria, 1, Roma, less than a mile away from St. Peter’s Basilica.

Ten Original Sculptures for the Vatican Exhibiton
The sculpted works for the exhibition are original creations by Dr. Alan Pascuzzi. He brings an interpretation of the Madonna and Child based on his experience as a noted art historian of Classical and Renaissance art, his knowledge of religious iconography and his personal observations of the unique relationship between mother and child. Small clay models for all ten works (see following images) have already been realized by Dr. Pascuzzi which include by title: The Nativity, Virgo Lactans, The Madonna of Contemplation, Madonna with Sleeping Jesus, Madonna of Consolation, Madonna of Joy, Madonna of the Goldfinch – Madonna of Prudence, Madonna with Joseph and Jesus – the Madonna of the Family, Madonna of Protection and Madonna of Glory.

The following images are clay models of four of the 10 sculptures for the exhibition by Dr. Pascuzzi. They are titled "Madonna of Glory," "Madonna of Prudence," "Madonna of Family," and "Madonn of Joy." The 10 Madonnas will eventually be executed in high relief and will be life-size. The original works will be executed in clay. From the clay original a negative cast will be made to produce a positive cast in white resin – a resistant and light material. The works will be in two formats: Entire figure: 2 m x 1m; Half-figure: 1.20 m x 1 m.

A Call for Patrons....
Exhibition will be financed through patrons at every stage. Involvement of patrons come through donations organized at various levels with corresponding beneftis, i.e., present at the exhibition opening and reception in Rome with Pope Francis scheduled to attend, a copy of a clay model, name associated with one of the statues, a guided tour by Dr. Pascuzzi of the Sistine Chapel, and more! Please become a patron today. Contact Truby Chiaviello at  Please download and review our Patron Package.



A Celebration of the Films of Luchino Visconti with Many New Restorations and Weeklong Run of "Ludwig" in a New 35 mm Print
"Not many directors have had such a total belief in style. Visconti worked through total artifice as a way to the truth." -- Martin Scorsese

Pictured clockwise, upper left, are still photographs from Visconti's films, "Ludwig," "Death in Venice," "Rocco and His Brothers," "Bellisima," and "The Leopard."

The Film Society of Lincoln Center announces Visconti, a complete retrospective of Visconti’s feature films, most of them premiering in new restorations and rare imported prints, followed by a weeklong run of a new 35mm print of his 1973 historical masterpiece Ludwig.

Italian nobility, a member of the Italian Communist Party during World War II, openly gay and staunchly Catholic, Luchino Visconti inhabited a complicated, at times paradoxical, role in Italian cinema culture. A leader in the neorealismo movement who also worked with international stars like Burt Lancaster, Helmut Berger, Alain Delon, and Dirk Bogarde, Visconti produced an oeuvre of modest and humane dramas as well as decadent, sprawling historical spectacles. Deftly aware of the subtle and rich means of cinematic expression, he uniquely imposed the narrative customs of opera and the novel onto film, yet remained sharply attuned to the social and political climates of the 20th century.

The retrospective will showcase the full range of Visconti’s oeuvre, from his debut feature Ossessione, widely regarded as the first neorealist film, and memorable contributions to the movement including "La Terra trema" and "Rocco and His Brothers"; to masterful literary adaptations "Death in Venice" and "The Stranger"; and sumptuous yet skewering portraits of the aristocracy—"The Damned," which marked his first Academy Award nomination (for screenwriting); " The Leopard," his tour de force Palme d’Or-winning epic; and his final film, "The Innocent."

A special highlight is "Ludwig," which follows the life of Bavaria’s controversial King Ludwig II. “One of Visconti’s most ambitious films…with moments of sublime beauty” (Bilge Ebiri, LA Weekly), it was drastically cut for its U.S. theatrical release. On the occasion of a new restoration and this retrospective, the Film Society is pleased to present Ludwig in the original director’s cut, screening for one week in a brand new 35mm print.

Tickets for Open Roads: New Italian Cinema and the Visconti retrospective go on sale May 18, with Film Society members receiving an early access period beginning May 15. Tickets are $15; $12 for students, seniors (62+), and persons with disabilities; and $10 for Film Society members. See more and save with the 3+ film discount package or Open Roads Access Pass. Learn more at

Organized by Florence Almozini and Dan Sullivan of Film Society of Lincoln Center, and by Camilla Cormanni and Paola Ruggiero of Istituto Luce Cinecittà. Co-produced by Istituto Luce Cinecittà, Rome. Presented in association with the Ministry of Culture of Italy.

All screenings held at the Walter Reade Theater (165 West 65th Street) unless otherwise noted.
Italy/France/West Germany, 1973, 35mm, 238m
Italian, German, and French with English subtitles
Visconti’s remarkable film about the life and death of Bavaria’s King Ludwig II is an opulent, complex study of romantic ambition in the era of 19th century decadence. Helmut Berger plays the title role as a loner tormented by unrequited love for his cousin, Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Romy Schneider), an obsession with the music of Richard Wagner, and excessive state-funded expenditures. Visconti’s lavishly composed portrait of one of history’s most complicated figures is as much an operatic descent into madness as a requiem to a monarch at the dawn of the modern republican world. An AGFA release. New 35mm print made by Luce Cinecittà. Saturday, June 16, 1:30pm; Friday, June 22 - Thursday, June 28, 2:00pm & 6:45pm
Italy, 1951, 35mm, 108m; Italian with English subtitles
Visconti deftly blends showbiz satire with heart-tugging pathos in this neorealist melodrama. When Cinecittà Studios puts out a casting call for a new child actress, they’re flooded with starry-eyed stage mothers and their talentless tots, among them Anna Magnani’s working-class Roman nurse and her rather indifferent daughter, whom she’s driven to make a star. As in similar Hollywood-plays-itself melodramas such as Sunset Boulevard and The Bad and the Beautiful, Bellissima both romanticizes the power of celluloid dreams and delivers a cuttingly cynical takedown of the industry. Magnani’s affecting performance as a mother whose desperation for success is outweighed only by her love for her child helps the film achieve true poignancy. 35mm print from Istituto Luce Cinecittà. Sunday, June 10, 3:30pm, Monday, June 11, 9:15pm  
Conversation Piece / Gruppo di famiglia in un interno

Italy/France, 1977, 35mm, 121m; English and Italian with English subtitles
Visconti reunited with The Leopard star Burt Lancaster for this profoundly personal, contemporary chamber study. Once again the actor is cast as an emblem of Old World honor passing into obsolescence, here a retired professor living out a quiet retirement in his art-stuffed Roman palazzo; his dignified solitude is drastically upended by a turbulent marchesa (a serpentine Silvana Mangano) and her bisexual boy toy (Helmut Berger) who insinuate themselves into his life. Visconti masterfully interweaves a provocative shuffling of ideas—on class, sex, art, fascism—in what is ultimately his own disquieting confrontation with mortality. 35mm print from Istituto Luce Cinecittà. Friday, June 15, 9:30pm; Monday, June 18, 6:30pm

The Damned / La caduta degli dei (Götterdämmerung)
Italy/West Germany, 1969, 156m; English and German with English subtitles
The Damned chronicles the downfall of the Essenbecks, a wealthy German family (led by Dirk Bogarde and Ingrid Thulin) with business ties to the Nazis. Visconti’s symphony of decadence is perhaps best remembered for Helmut Berger’s indelible turn as depraved son Martin, vamping in drag as Marlene Dietrich from The Blue Angel. Kinky and perverse (the film was rated X upon initial release), Visconti’s epic features a score by Maurice Jarre (Lawrence of Arabia) and a stylistic opulence that led Rainer Werner Fassbinder to name it as one of his ten favorite films. Restored by Cineteca di Bologna and Institut Lumiere (Lyon). Saturday, June 16, 8:30pm; Sunday, June 17, 4:45pm
Death in Venice / Morte a Venezia
Italy/France/USA, 1971, 130m; English, Italian, Polish, French, Russian, and German with English subtitles
Opening with the otherworldly image of a steamship emerging ghostlike from inky blackness and closing with one of the most transcendent denouements in all of cinema, Visconti’s exquisite adaptation of Thomas Mann’s novella is a piercing meditation on mortality, sexuality, beauty, and the longing for youth. In a career-capping performance of tragic vulnerability, Dirk Bogarde plays gravely ill composer Aschenbach, who, while on a rest cure in Venice, is spellbound by an angelic teenage boy (Björn Andrésen)—an infatuation that escalates as pestilence consumes the city. Visconti’s painterly compositions enter the realm of the sublime thanks to the tension-swelling, never-resolving strains of Mahler’s Fifth Symphony. Restored by Cineteca di Bologna, Istituto Luce Cinecittà.
Friday, June 8, 6:30pm; Sunday, June 17, 8:00pm
The Innocent / L'innocente

Italy/France, 1979, 35mm, 129m; Italian with English subtitles
In his final film, Visconti offers one of his most cutting variations on the theme that most consumed him: the moral decay of the soul-sick aristocracy. Based on a novel by the proto-fascist sensualist Gabriele d’Annunzio, this poison-pill melodrama concerns a callously self-absorbed nobleman (Giancarlo Giannini) whose “liberal” views on marriage extend only as far as his own extramarital affairs. When his tormented wife (Laura Antonelli) pursues a dalliance with a writer, the full monstrousness of his chauvinism is unleashed. Working with a late-career rigorousness, Visconti returns one last time to the luxuriant, red velvet world of the 19th century, stripping away operatic excess in favor of a supremely controlled emotional intensity. 35mm print from Istituto Luce Cinecittà.
Saturday, June 16, 6:00pm; Monday, June 18, 9:00pm
The Leopard / Il gattopardo
Italy/France, 1963, 186m; Italian, Latin, and French with English subtitles
Visconti reached new heights of epic grandeur with his sweeping, Palme d’Or-winning account of political upheaval and generational sea change in Risorgimento-era Italy. A bewhiskered Burt Lancaster is the leonine patriarch of a ruling class Bourbon family in the last gasps of its dominance as Garibaldi and his redshirts upend social order and a new spirit ascends—embodied by beautiful people Alain Delon and Claudia Cardinale. With fastidious attention to period detail, Visconti evokes a gilded world fading into oblivion, his camera gliding over baroque palazzos, magnificent banquets, and ornate ceremonies. It all culminates in a majestic, dusk-to-dawn ball sequence that is as poignant as it is breathtaking. Restored in association with Cineteca di Bologna, Pathé, Fondation Jérôme Seydoux-Pathé, Twentieth Century Fox, and CSC-Cineteca Nazionale. Restoration funding by Gucci and The Film Foundation.
Friday, June 15, 6:00pm; Sunday, June 17, 1:00pm.


Italy, 1943, 140m; Italian with English subtitles
Considered by many the first neorealist masterpiece, Visconti’s bombshell debut is a sexy, sweaty adaptation of James M. Cain’s novel The Postman Always Rings Twice. The chiseled Massimo Girotti is the penniless drifter who breezes into unhappily married Clara Calamai’s whistle-stop roadhouse, setting the stage for a torrid saga of lust, murder, and betrayal. In blending the sordid source material with an earthy evocation of underclass life, Visconti incurred the wrath of the Fascist censors, who promptly suppressed the film. Among their objections was the homoerotic charge supplied by a character not in Cain’s novel: a gay, communist artist, whom one is tempted to read as a stand-in for the queer, Marxist Visconti. Restored by Istituto Luce Cinecittà, CSC-Cineteca Nazionale and VIGGO. Saturday, June 9, 5:15pm; Wednesday, June 13, 6:30pm
Rocco and His Brothers / Rocco e i suoi fratelli
Italy/France, 1960, 177m; Italian with English subtitles
Visconti’s rich and expansive masterpiece has an emotional intensity and tragic grandeur matched by few other films. The director turned to Giovanni Testori, Thomas Mann, Dostoevsky, and Arthur Miller for inspiration, achieving a truly epic sweep for this story of a mother and her grown sons who head north from Lucania in search of work and new lives. In one beautifully realized scene after another, we observe a tightly knit family coming apart, one frayed thread at a time. Alain Delon is Rocco, Renato Salvatori is his brother Simone, Annie Girardot is the woman who comes between them, and Katina Paxinou is matriarch Rosaria. One of the defining films of its era, Rocco and His Brothers has been beautifully restored, and Giuseppe Rotunno’s black and white images are as pearly and lustrous today as they were always meant to be. Restored by Cineteca di Bologna in association with Titanus, TF1 Droits Audiovisuels and The Film Foundation. Restoration funding by Gucci and The Film Foundation. Friday, June 8, 2:30pm; Saturday, June 9, 8:00pm
Sandra / Vaghe stelle dell'Orsa...
Italy, 1965, 105m; Italian with English subtitles
Shady family secrets, incestuous siblings, descents into madness, decades-old conspiracies . . .  With Sandra, Visconti traded The Leopard’s elegiac grandeur for something grittier and pulpier—the Electra myth in the form of a gothic melodrama. Claudia Cardinale’s title character returns to her ancestral home in Tuscany and has an unexpected encounter with her long-lost brother and a reckoning with her family’s dark wartime past. Shooting in a decaying mansion set amidst a landscape of ruins, Visconti came upon the great theme he would return to in his late career: the slow death of an aristocracy rooted in classical ideals but long since hollowed out by decadence and corruption. Sunday, June 10, 5:45pm; Friday, June 15, 3:45pm.


Italy, 1954, 35mm, 123m; Italian and German with English subtitles
Set amidst Italy’s struggle for unification, Visconti’s operatic melodrama is a key link between the neorealist grit of his early work and the increasingly grand-scale historical spectacles to come. The Third Man’s Alida Valli plays a tremulous 19th-century Venetian countess torn between loyalty to her country and a dissolute Austrian officer (Hollywood beauty Farley Granger). As much an aesthete as a political radical, Visconti luxuriates in the aristocratic period trappings—a Technicolor feast of sumptuous gold, lavender, scarlet, and emerald jewel tones—while casting a jaundiced eye on Italian history, class, and nationalism. 35mm print from Istituto Luce Cinecittà. Tuesday, June 12, 6:30pm
The Stranger / Lo straniero

Italy/France/Algeria, 1967, 35mm, 104m; French and Italian with English subtitles
Visconti brilliantly translates Albert Camus’s landmark work of existential humanism to the screen in this shattering adaptation. Marcello Mastroianni is (perhaps unexpectedly) perfectly cast as the alienated atheist Meursault, who, due to a series of seemingly random events, shoots an Arab man on an Algerian beach and finds himself on trial for murder. The cosmic absurdity of Camus’s vision is delivered with a gut-punch by Visconti and Mastroianni in a stunning final scene that stands as one of the actor’s greatest moments. Long unavailable (and never released on DVD), The Stranger deserves to be rediscovered for its singular, haunting power. 35mm print from Istituto Luce Cinecittà. Friday, June 8, 9:30pm; Tuesday, June 12, 9:00pm.

La Terra trema
Italy, 1948, 160m; Italian with English subtitles
In Visconti’s Sicilian masterpiece, a fisherman’s budding leadership of the local labor force threatens the price-fixing schemes of wholesalers all too willing to put down an incipient rebellion. Based on a classic novel by Giovanni Verga, La Terra trema was one of the most formally daring of all neorealist works, establishing the template for dozens of later films that would examine the emergence of political consciousness. The many extraordinary sequences are played out by a cast of actual fishermen, who are, to critic André Bazin, filmed as though “Renaissance princes.” Digital restoration from Istituto Luce Cinecittà. Saturday, June 9, 2:00pm; Monday, June 11, 6:00pm
White Nights / Le notti bianche
Italy/France, 1957, 35mm, 101m; Italian with English subtitles
Visconti’s adaptation of a classic short story by Dostoevsky is a ravishing romantic reverie in incandescent black and white. Marcello Mastroianni is the lonely flâneur who meets and falls in love with a fragile young woman (Maria Schell) amidst the fog-shrouded night world of the Tuscan canal city of Livorno. The resulting tale of all-consuming love and loss is a swooning dream vision elevated to the nearly operatic by Visconti’s rapturously stylized direction. 35mm print from Istituto Luce Cinecittà. Sunday, June 10, 8:00pm; Wednesday, June 13, 9:15pm
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Opening Night selection is Fabio Grassadonia and Antonio Piazza’s “Sicilian Ghost Story” 
17-film festival features nine North American and seven New York premieres

Open Roads: New Italian Cinema is the leading screening series to offer North American audiences a diverse and extensive lineup of contemporary Italian films. This year’s 18th edition again strikes a balance between emerging talents and esteemed veterans, commercial and independent fare, outrageous comedies, gripping dramas, and captivating documentaries, with in-person appearances by many of the filmmakers.

This year’s edition showcases 17 titles, including the premiere of “Boys Cry,” a gritty gangster genre debut by the D’Innocenzo brothers; Roberto De Paolis’ feature debut about youthful self-discovery, “Pure Hearts”; Sergio Castellitto’s emotionally raw “Fortunata,” featuring legendary Rainer Werner Fassbinder, leading lady Hanna Schygulla and Jasmine Trinca, who won the Un Certain Regard Best Actress prize at last year’s Cannes Film Festival; and three works by returning Open Roads filmmakers: Marco Tullio Giordana’s “Nome di donna,” Ferzan Ozpetek’s “Naples in Veils,” and Vincenzo Marra’s “Equilibrium.” 

Open Roads will also present “Rainbow: A Private Affair,” the latest and final film by legendary filmmakers Paolo and Vittorio Taviani (Vittorio sadly passed away this April at age 88), paired with a special screening of their classic Cannes Grand Jury Prize winner, “The Night of the Shooting Stars”; as well as the new digital restoration of iconoclast Marco Ferreri’s “The Ape Woman,” screening with Anselma Dell’Olio’s new documentary about the provocateur, “Marco Ferreri: Dangerous but Necessary.”

Tickets for Open Roads: New Italian Cinema the Visconti retrospective go on sale May 18, with Film Society members receiving an early access period beginning May 15. Tickets are $15; $12 for students, seniors (62+), and persons with disabilities; and $10 for Film Society members. See more and save with the 3+ film discount package or Open Roads Access Pass. All screenings take place at the Walter Reade Theater at 165 West 65th Street, unless otherwise noted.

The films and screenings are:

Fabio Grassadonia & Antonio Piazza, Italy, 2017, 120m; Italian with English subtitles; New York Premiere. Thursday, May 31, 1:00pm & 6:00pm (Q&A with Fabio Grassadonia & Antonio Piazza).

Winner of the David di Donatello award for Best Adapted Screenplay, Fabio Grassadonia and Antonio Piazza’s spellbinding follow-up to their acclaimed 2013 drama “Salvo” is by turns fantastic and ripped-from-the-headlines feature. One day after school, 12-year-old Luna (Julia Jedlikowska) follows her classmate crush Giuseppe (Gaetano Fernandez) into a possibly enchanted forest - and, just like that, he vanishes. Was he kidnapped by the Mafia, for whom his father used to work as an assassin before he turned informant? Grassadonia and Piazza’s film, based on true events, renders Luna’s quest for the truth as a transfixing blend of realism and mythology.   

Marco Ferreri, Italy/France, 1964, 100m; Italian with English subtitles; North American Premiere. Tuesday, June 5, 8:45pm.

One of Marco Ferreri’s earliest and most beloved films, “The Ape Woman” is inspired by the true story of 19th-century carnival performer Julia Pastrana. Annie Girardot gives a signature performance as Marie the Ape Woman, an ex-nun whose body is completely covered in black hair. She is discovered at a convent by sleazy entrepreneur Focaccia (Ugo Tognazzi), who marries her and swiftly gets her on the freak show circuit to cash in on her distinctive appearance. A freewheeling satire both hilarious and grotesque, “The Ape Woman” is distinguished by the irreverent wit and anarchic energy of Ferreri’s greatest work. New digital restoration!

Giorgio Ferrero & Federico Biasin, Italy/Switzerland/USA, 2017, 94m; North American Premiere. Sunday, June 6, 6:00pm (Q&A with Giorgio Ferrero).

This wildly ambitious documentary follows four men who work in isolation at remote scientific and industrial sites around the world. Like monks, they carry out their daily tasks in silence and solitude, creating products soon to enter the capitalist cycle of production, consumption, and destruction. A ravishingly beautiful audiovisual experience, Giorgio Ferrero and Federico Biasin’s debut feature is a transfixing work about the origins of consumer society imbued with a musical sense of rhythm (Ferrero is also a composer and sound editor) and a wealth of aesthetic ideas about the way we live now. 

Damiano & Fabio D'Innocenzo, Italy, 2018, 96m; Italian with English subtitles; North American Premiere. Sunday, June 3, 3:30pm (Q&A with Damiano & Fabio D'Innocenzo) Tuesday, June 5, 2:30pm.

The D’Innocenzo brothers reinvigorate the gangster genre with their gritty, surprising debut feature, set on the outskirts of Rome. Best friends and aspiring restaurateurs Manolo (Andrea Carpenzano) and Mirko (Matteo Olivetti) kill a pedestrian in a car accident, kicking off a series of events that enmesh them with the local crime syndicate and push their mutual allegiance to the breaking point. Smart, stylish, and muscular, this critical hit at the 2018 Berlinale announces the D’Innocenzos as formidable and film-savvy new voices in Italian cinema. 


Silvia Luzi & Luca Bellino, Italy, 2017, 93m Italian with English subtitles; North American Premiere. Saturday, June 2, 1:00pm (Q&A with Silvia Luzi & Luca Bellino) Monday, June 4, 4:15pm.

Documentarians Luzi and Bellino’s fiction debut stars Rosario and Sharon Caroccia (playing versions of themselves) as a carnival worker and his ostensibly unambitious daughter. He dreams she will hit it big as a pop singer, but when Sharon loses interest in pursuing this potentially lucrative profession, tensions build between the two. Luzi and Bellino summon their nonfiction filmmaking background to lend naturalism and spontaneity to this tale of helicopter-parenting that consciously recalls Luchino Visconti’s “Bellissima.” Crater is a moving parable about the gulf that exists between our desires and those of the people closest to us.

Francesco Patierno, Italy, 2017, 75m; Italian with English subtitles; North American Premiere. Friday, June 1, 4:00pm (Q&A with Francesco Patierno) Wednesday, June 6, 8:30pm.

Valentina Cortese starred in films by such masters as Michelangelo Antonioni, Federico Fellini, and François Truffaut (she was nominated for an Oscar for her turn as an over-the-hill, hard-drinking thespian in the latter’s “Day for Night”). In this inventive work of cinematic biography, eight actresses play Cortese at various stages of her career, amidst a kaleidoscopic of film clips and archival footage. In a work that is by turns glamorous, celebratory, and soberly confessional, Cortese often addresses the viewer directly, yielding a direct and engaging portrait of an actress whose offscreen complexity often exceeded the roles she memorably incarnated. 

Vincenzo Marra, Italy, 2017, 90m; Italian with English subtitles; North American Premiere. Sunday, June 3, 1:00pm (Q&A with Vincenzo Marra), Wednesday, June 6, 4:30pm.

The director of “Vento di terra” returns to Open Roads with this realist parable about faith and crime in Campania. After Roman priest Don Giuseppe (Mimmo Borrelli) begins developing an attraction to an employee of the refugee center where he works, he requests a transfer, settling just north of Naples. There, he finds himself in conflict with the Camorra when he tries to intervene in the local industrial-waste crisis. Working with a mix of professionals and non-actors, Marra renders a scrappy, moving drama about the antagonism between religious belief and the modern world. 

Fulvio Risuleo, Italy/France, 2017, 90m; Italian with English subtitles; North American Premiere. Sunday, June 3, 8:30pm.

While taking a cigarette break on a rooftop in Rome, a young baker (Giacomo Ferrara) notices a curious fowl plummeting from the sky. He crosses from one rooftop to the next to get a closer look, and what he discovers is the beginning of a journey down an urban rabbit hole of incredible situations and bizarre characters (including one played by a delightfully off-kilter Lou Castel). Documentary filmmaker Fulvio Risuleo’s fiction debut is an odd bird indeed, an unpredictable and imaginative twist on the road movie that evokes “Alice in Wonderland” and recalls the early work of Michel Gondry. 

Sergio Castellitto, Italy, 2017, 103m; Italian with English subtitles; New York Premiere. Friday, June 1, 6:15pm (Q&A with Jasmine Trinca) Monday, June 4, 2:00pm.

Jasmine Trinca plays the ironically named Fortunata, a young mother and hairdresser living in Rome whose ambitions are constantly thwarted by inept, needy friends and family baggage. Awaiting a divorce from her soon-to-be-ex-husband and dealing with the resultant issues her 8-year-old daughter has developed, Fortunata begins taking her daughter to a handsome child therapist (Stefano Accorsi), with whom she has immediate chemistry. Also featuring legendary German actress Hanna Schygulla, “Fortunata” is an emotionally raw melodrama anchored by Trinca’s powerhouse performance, which earned her the Best Actress prize in the Un Certain Regard section at last year’s Cannes Film Festival. 

Anselma Dell’Olio, Italy, 2017, 77m; Italian and French with English subtitles; North American Premiere. Tuesday, June 5, 6:30pm.

“Marco Ferreri: Dangerous but Necessary” is a complex, multilayered portrait that seeks to give an under-appreciated iconoclast his due. Directed by journalist-critic (and former Ferreri collaborator) Anselma Dell’Olio, the film draws upon interviews with such performers as Isabelle Huppert, Roberto Benigni, Hanna Schygulla, and Ornella Muti, as well as cinematic luminaries like Philippe Sarde and Dante Ferretti, to make the case for Ferreri as a figure who belongs on the same historical wavelength as such artistic revolutionaries as Godard, Fassbinder, and Buñuel. This fast-paced documentary’s enthusiasm for its legendarily provocative subject is positively infectious.  

Marco Tullio Giordana, Italy, 2018, 90m; Italian with English subtitles; North American Premiere. Saturday, June 2, 3:30pm (Q&A with Marco Tullio Giordana), Tuesday, June 5, 4:30pm.

A woman courageously tries to break the silence in a culture of complicity surrounding sexual harassment in this all-too-timely film from Open Roads veteran Marco Tullio Giordana. Nina (Cristiana Capotondi) is a single mother who takes a job at a home for the elderly in Lombardy, where the inappropriate verbal treatment of her new manager (Bebo Storti) turns into outright assault. Nina’s quest to seek justice brings her face to face with the cultural and institutional mechanisms that allowed for the harassment in the first place. Ultimately, Nina is one of the most multidimensional and inspiring protagonists in recent Italian cinema. 

Ferzan Ozpetek, Italy, 2017, 113m; Italian with English subtitles; New York Premiere. Saturday, June 2, 8:30pm (Q&A with Ferzan Ozpetek).

In this moody, baroque thriller from Turkish director Ferzan Ozpetek, Giovanna Mezzogiorno stars as Adriana, a medical examiner who meets Andrea (Alessandro Borghi) during a party at her eccentric aunt’s garish apartment. They hit it off immediately, though their romance is curtailed when Andrea later stands her up. While inspecting a corpse at work, Adriana notices a distinctive tattoo that reminds her of Andrea’s - at least as she remembers it. So begins a gripping metaphysical murder mystery, in which Naples becomes a shadowy, mysterious labyrinth of desire and memory. 

Paolo & Vittorio Taviani, Italy, 1982, 35mm, 105m; Italian with English subtitles. Monday, June 4, 8:45pm.
The Taviani brothers’ crowning achievement and winner of the Cannes Film Festival’s Grand Jury Prize, “The Night of the Shooting Stars” remains one of cinema’s great war films. The story of a group of Italians in Tuscany fleeing the Nazis, who intend to bomb their small town before it can be liberated by the Americans, is an enthralling chronicle of everyday people refusing to sit back and wait for history to redeem them. This tonally eclectic, humanistic masterwork affectingly melds comedy, tragedy, and melodrama to convey the resilience of the Italian people during the war’s darkest hours. 

Paolo Genovese, Italy, 2017, 105m, Italian with English subtitles. New York Premiere. Thursday, May 31, 3:30pm & 9:00pm (Q&A with Paolo Genovese at the 9:00pm screening).

An enigmatic, nameless man (Valerio Mastandrea) sits in the corner of a bar, receiving visitor after visitor. They tell him of their profoundest wishes and desires, and he assures them they can have exactly what they want . . . but there will be a price, and the extreme deeds they must perform will lead them to question who they are and to what lengths they will go. An elegant reworking of the American television series “The Booth at the End,” this gripping, minimalist moral thriller boasts an all-star cast that includes Alba Rohrwacher, Silvio Muccino, and Rocco Papaleo.

Roberto De Paolis, Italy, 2017, 114m. Italian with English subtitles. New York Premiere. Friday, June 1, 8:45pm (Q&A with Roberto De Paolis). Wednesday, June 6, 2:00pm.

An impeccably acted drama about youthful self-discovery, De Paolis’ feature debut is a fresh take on the “opposites attract” tale, set on the outskirts of Rome. Seventeen-year-old Agnese (Barbora Bobulova) plans to take a vow of chastity to appease her intensely devout mother, but then she encounters 25-year-old parking lot attendant Stefano (Simone Liberati) while shoplifting a cell phone. Stefano represents for Agnese an alternative way of being in the world beyond the strictures of the church, from which she feels increasingly alienated. Partly improvised and deftly filmed by DP Claudio Cofrancesco, “Pure Hearts” marks an auspicious debut for De Paolis. 

Paolo & Vittorio Taviani, Italy, 2017, 85m; Italian with English subtitles; New York Premiere. Friday, June 1, 2:00pm. Monday, June 4, 6:30pm. 

Few filmmakers have better embodied Italian cinema over the past 50 years than the Taviani brothers. Their latest and final film together (Vittorio died in April) is an elegant tale of young love caught in the whirlwind of war, loosely adapted from a book by Beppe Fenoglio. Set near Turin in 1944, “Rainbow” follows student Milton (Luca Marinelli) and his friend Giorgio (Lorenzo Richelmy), who both love the same woman (Valentina Belle). Their friendship is put to the ultimate test against a backdrop of violent struggle after the two men are swept up in the anti-fascist movement. A sensitive, atmospheric film about the connection between the personal and the global, this is an essential capstone to the Tavianis’ vital oeuvre. 

Francesca Comencini, Italy, 2017, 92m; Italian with English subtitles; New York Premiere. Saturday, June 2, 6:00pm (Q&A with Lucia Mascino). Wednesday, June 6, 6:30pm.

Francesca Comencini adapts her own novel for this intelligent, intensely felt romantic comedy. Academics Claudia (Lucia Mascino) and Flavio (Thomas Trabacchi) have been a couple for seven years, but their physically and intellectually passionate relationship seems to have reached an impasse, and neither of them understands why. As a result, Claudia begins a process of reflection and self-exploration to come to terms with Flavio’s love in light of her own insecurities and neuroses. This funny, charming movie reveals the inner work we must do in order to move on with our lives. 

The Film Society of Lincoln Center is devoted to supporting the art and elevating the craft of cinema. The only branch of the world-renowned arts complex, Lincoln Center shines a light on the everlasting yet evolving importance of the moving image. This nonprofit organization was founded in 1969 to celebrate American and international films. Via year-round programming and discussions; its annual New York Film Festival; and its publications, including “Film Comment,” the U.S. premier magazine about films and film culture, the Film Society endeavors to make the discussion and appreciation of cinema accessible to a broader audience, as well as to ensure that it remains an essential art form for years to come.

The Film Society receives generous, year-round support from Shutterstock, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew M. Cuomo and the New York State Legislature. For more information, visit

Istituto Luce Cinecittà is the state-owned company whose main shareholder is the Italian Ministry for Culture subsidizing its activities on an annual basis. Istituto Luce Cinecittà holds one of the most important European film and photographic archives in which materials are collected and digitally categorized, including its own productions and materials, derived from private collections and acquisitions by a variety of sources. Istituto Luce Cinecittà owns a film library, Cineteca, containing around 3000 titles of the most significant Italian film productions in order to promote Italian culture at major national and international institutes around the world. In collaboration with the Italian Ministry for the Foreign Affairs, restorations and new prints are added every year. 

Istituto Luce Cinecittà cooperates with major film festivals such as Cannes, Berlin, Buenos Aires, Toronto, Locarno, New York, London by organizing national selections, guaranteeing the presence of Italian films and artists in the various festivals, and by providing multifunctional spaces to help the promotion of our cinematography and it is the reference place for all Italian and foreign operators. It is also involved with the direct organization of numerous Film Festival around the world: The Festival of Italian Cinema in Tokyo, Open Roads: New Italian Cinema in New York, London¹s Cinema Made in Italy, Mittelcinemafest, and The Festival of Italian Cinema in Barcelona, Istanbul, and Buenos Aires. For more information, visit and




The journey of pianist, keyboardist and singer Luca Chiellini started in the countryside of Tuscany, Italy, where he was born and grew up. After playing music all his life and at the same time pursuing a career in the pharmacy business, he left Italy and the medical field with a one-way ticket to Chicago and he found fortune in America playing with the top names in the Blues.

He now tours with Alligator Record’s artist and Chicago’s very own Toronzo Cannon, playing all over the world on the biggest stages of Blues and Rock music.
Toronzo Cannon established himself as one of the most important bluesman of the moment with his record released in 2016, “The Chicago Way”, and the tour supporting the album brought Cannon, Chiellini and the band all over the US, Canada, Central America, Europe.

Luca Chiellini, who brings the Italian tradition with him in his music and his touring, has also his own band and performs internationally as a solo artist on piano and vocals.
His debut Blues album will be presented next September 2018 and his first single “Warm Heart”, from his instrumental project, will be released on digital platforms and his website on July 17th, 2018, on the day of Chiellini’s solo show at the International Festival of the Teatro Romano in Volterra, Italy.

You can catch Luca Chiellini playing on tour with Toronzo Cannon and with his own project in the Chicago area and all over the world.

For information log on to



What an Italian-American Professor Observed of Italian Politics on a Recent Visit to Milan
By Dennis Barone

For the moment at least, it seems Italian politics no longer thrives on a north/south split, but rather on one that pits Italy against the rest of Europe.

I went to Milan to see if during a brief visit one can understand Italy’s severe north/south division that has existed since unification. Milan is the home of the anti-immigrant, anti-Europe, and nationalist Lega Nord political party led by Matteo Salvini. As one racialized slogan put it: Risotto yes, couscous no. Historically, Milan has been the center of northern Italy’s anti-southern Italian bias, a view that prejudicially and in a racist manner postulates that everything south of Rome is Africa. It is a view that holds that southern Italians are mentally slow and morally corrupt; in short, the south has been a drain on the more advanced and governable north and that the latter would be better off without the former. Is this animosity evident while briefly visiting this northern capital, I wondered?

I found that things do change -- and not necessarily for the better. At the start of my visit the nation had no government and by the end of it, a new coalition government was formed by Salvini and his Lega Nord party and by the young populist Luigi Di Maio and his 5-Star Movement. For both of these leaders and their constituents, the scapegoat has changed from southern Italians to northern Africans. Will such a change be good for those Italians living south of Rome? I doubt it. For this kind of politics has fear and division as its roots.

I noted that Di Maio was born in southern Italy, in Avellino and that the man Di Maio and Salvini had put forth to be Prime Minister, Giuseppe Conte, came from a small town in the province of Foggia. The person proposed to be minister of justice, Guilia Bongiorno, came from even farther south – Palermo, Sicily.

But these southerners and their northern colleagues find shared enemies in today’s global migrants. These would-be leaders also oppose the trans-national Euro-zone. Some of them want to stop a tunnel project that would connect Italy and France. Some seem to shout - keep the French out. Keep the Tunisians out. Italy is for the Italians which for the moment includes those from Avellino, Foggia, and Palermo.

I was a tourist. A scholarly tourist, but a tourist nonetheless. Thus, the shifts of governments and citing of articles in the Italian constitution did not directly touch me; though fascinating, I found the maneuvering. On the streets of Milan everyone seemed friendly, affluent, and stylish. One would not guess from the historic center of Milan that the nation nears financial crisis. Everyone strolls about with shopping bags brimming with purchases.

In central Milan I saw few panhandlers. Is this the work of a vigilant Carabinieri? Heavily armed security seem ubiquitous although no one seems disturbed by their presence; rather, perhaps they are assured. Farther out from the center I saw young people who seemed to be homeless or jobless migrants – or could this impression have been the result of a prejudicial lens of my own? Near my hotel I saw one line of graffiti (and only this one line) that read: “Public education creates socialists,” its intention ambiguous.

The small Risorgimento Museum on the picturesque Via Borgonuovo emphasizes the central role Milan had in the unification of Italy. For example, the museum extensively describes the Five Days revolt against Austrian rulers in March 1848. The south appears neither criticized nor slighted here. The “Album of the Thousand” shows card-like images of all soldiers who joined Garibaldi’s southern Italian military expedition of 1860, the campaign that brought Italy to modern nationhood.

The reputation of the Italian fiction writer Giovanni Verga (1840-1922) rests on the work he set in his native Sicily. But Verga lived much of his life in Milan and often set his writing in this bustling northern capital. In one of these fictions, he describes “those ill-fated daydreams that pour into Milan from every corner of Italy to turn pale and fade away […].” Now those with dreams pour into Milan not just from the Italian peninsula, but from the entire Mediterranean world. At least they do so for now, but perhaps not for much longer.



Full Coverage of The New Documentary by William Friedkin, Director of “The Exorcist” and “The French Connection”
- PRIMO's Review of the Film
- Highlighted Scenes of Italian Landmarks in the Film
- To Come Later...William Friedkin Shares Insights into How and Where "The Exorcist" Was Made in Washington, D.C.


Satan is busy.

Cases of demonic possession are on the rise. We learn at the beginning of “The Devil and Father Amorth” that 500,000 people in Italy request an exorcism every year. The same goes for Spain and many countries in Latin America. More people are coming forward with claims that the devil or demons are taking over their bodies. The demand for Catholic intervention is high. So much so that the Vatican convenes a week long course each year to train priests to identify and cure demonic possessions. This workshop was first offered in 2005 and since then the number of priests in attendance have doubled to 250.

The model is Father Gabriele Amorth. He was a pioneer in the field of exorcism and a champion fighter against the devil. Father Amorth was the official exorcist of the diocese of Rome from 1992 until his death in 2016. As the foremost expert on demonic possession, he was often newsworthy. In recent years, he made a host of stunning revelations such as “Harry Potter,” yoga, and other contemporary offerings were just instruments of the devil. He said whole groups, even countries could be possessed. He thought ISIS was overtaken by Satan as were both Hitler and Stalin. He even thought the devil’s spirit had infected the Vatican.

Never mind the headlines, Father Amorth was no charlatan. The practice of exorcism has its rules and regulations. In 1990, he along with five other priests founded the International Association of Exorcists. The organization based in Rome retains a mission to review cases of demonic possession and share information on how best to combat the devil. A set of principles remain in place. An exorcism is the last resort. Only when a person is uncured after examination and treatment by licensed physicians and psychologists can she be seen by an exorcist. Often, it was Father Amorth who was called upon to expel demonic spirits. Before he died in 2016, he claimed to have performed over 150,000 exorcisms.

Now comes a new film to further establish Father Amorth’s legacy. It is “The Devil and Father Amorth,” a disturbing yet fascinating documentary now showing in movie theaters across the country. The film recounts the work of Father Amorth and shows the first ever authorized account of him performing an exorcism. The film comes to us from the man who is rightly credited, along with William Peter Blatty, for advancing the concept of demonic possession throughout the world. He is the director of “The Exorcist,” William Friedkin.

A list of America’s greatest filmmakers of the last 50 years will no doubt include William Friedkin. He is a lead member of a generation of directors that came of age in the 1970s such as Martin Scorsese, Francis Ford Coppola and Steven Spielberg.

It was Friedkin who practically kicked off the decade when he won the Oscar for best director in 1971 for “The French Connection.” The film also won an Oscar that year for best picture and for best actor, Gene Hackman. Friedkin followed that success with another. In 1973, he made “The Exorcist.” If there ever was a film that deserved an Oscar for best direction and best film, it was “The Exorcist.” But it was shockingly bypassed that year when Oscars for best director, best film and a host of other categories went to “The Sting.”

With or without Oscars, Friedkin’s two back-to-back cinematic masterpieces gave him the credibility to embark on his most personal and ambitious film, yet; one he still considers his favorite, “Sorcerer.” It was a 1977 remake or reinterpretation of the 1953 Italian-French production “Wages of Fear,” as directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot. “Sorcerer” contained Friedkin’s signature intensity and innovation. It came with tight frames, handheld shots and, as always, a fast pace. The film was bold and provocative but not a hit. It was greeted with ambivalence among critics and suffered from bad timing when it was released the same summer as “Star Wars.”

Friedkin’s career underwent reevaluation with his later films. Always a vanguard, he wrote and directed “Cruising,” a 1980 film slightly ahead of its time that starred Al Pacino. It was a dark and sinister post-noir journey of New York’s underground gay S&M scene. He made “To Live and Die in LA,” a 1985 crime thriller that featured a riveting car chase reminiscent of “The French Connection.” Good and bad scripts then came the director’s way. He could still tell a good story as he did in “Killer Joe” and “The Hunted.” What was lacking was nirvana. The critical and popular acclaim he found in “The French Connection” and “The Exorcist” went missing. That is until now…

“The Devil and Father Amorth” is Friedkin at his best. He gives us a riveting documentary for a new generation to savor his unique style. It is 1973 all over again. The film latches on to the viewer within its first few seconds and doesn’t let go until the last credits roll. The film is horrifying, disturbing and controversial. The belief in God is confronted head-on. It is a stark and mesmerizing exploration of terror and faith. The viewer is not the same after seeing this film.

Friedkin said that he is at his best when he approaches a film as a journalist. This is what he did in “The French Connection” and “The Exorcist” and what he does here in “The Devil and Father Amorth.” He gives us a record. He shows us the action. He conveys the subjects as they are. We are left to decide. Do we believe or not?

Italy was a key reason why “The Devil and Father Amorth” was made. The film came about by chance and circumstance. Friedkin had been directing opera in Italy in recent years and was given the Puccini Prize in Lucca. He was enticed by the beautiful walled city and home of Giacomo Puccini. From there, he visited the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Italy had cast her spell. He wanted to see more. Rome. The Vatican. St. Peter’s. The Sistine Chapel. He thought his friend, Andrea Monda, a religious scholar, could get him in to meet Pope Francis, but that was not possible. The pope was on travel. Was there anyone else he wanted to meet? Father Amorth, he said. And if possible, could he observe an exorcism. And if possible, could he film it.

This was a first. Exorcisms are intensely private. Only family of the person possessed and selected priests can attend. Father Amorth, however, knew Friedkin from his work in cinema. “The Exorcist” was his favorite film, he said, and one he claimed was a vital step forward in enlightening the general public about demonic possession and exorcism.

Born in Modena in Italy’s Emilia-Romagna region in 1925, Gabriele Amorth came from an upper middle class family. As a teenager, he became a partisan fighter when Mussolini returned from exile and established the Salo Republic. Gabriele fought beside socialists, communists, and anarchists. Yet, he came out of the conflict with the hope of stabilizing Italy. He worked in the youth wing of the Christian Democrat party and helped Giulio Andreotti, Italy’s future prime minister, get elected to parliament. In 1951, he was ordained a priest and joined the Society of Saint Paul, a religious institute founded by Father James Alberione in Alba, with a goal of spreading the Gospel through modern communication. In 1986, he began an apprenticeship in exorcism under Father Candido Amantini. After Father Amantini died in 1992, Father Amorth became the official exorcist of the diocese of Rome.

In an opening scene of “The Devil and Father Amorth,” we see Father Amorth make his way with a walker through the halls of the Order of Saint Paul office and rectory. It is the first day of May and his birthday. He is 91. Old and frail, the cleric is set to face his arch enemy Lucifer.  The subject for dispossession is an Italian woman in her early 40s who goes by the name Cristina. Reality is apparent. The film is different than its inspirational predecessor “The Exorcist.” Cristina comes without green bile or other makeup effects. She seems normal. She is an architect. She has a boyfriend. Yet, she claims the devil is inside her. He pushes her to do things against her will. We see her sitting on a chair covered in a red sheet. Her family is there with her. She is held down by several men. Father Amorth initiates the Roman Ritual of 1614. He holds the crucifix. He calls for the intercession of saints. He leads the participants in prayer. He then orders the devil from Cristina’s body.

Friedkin was the lone filmmaker in the room. He records a fight on a simple handheld video camera. It is the devil versus Father Amorth. It is an evil parasite against the power of Christ. Cristina struggles to be released. She tries to overpower the men holding her down. She then screams in anger. The voice is deeper, scratchier and maybe not her’s.

Footage of the exorcism is just one part of “The Devil and Father Amorth.” As he did in “The Exorcist” and “The French Connection,” Friedkin conveys the complexities of a story without one part overshadowing the other. He takes the audience from Rome to Los Angeles where he shows footage of the exorcism to brain and neuro surgeons at UCLA Ronald Reagan Medical Center. He visits psychiatrists at Columbia University in New York. He then returns west to speak with Auxiliary Bishop of the Diocese of Los Angeles Robert Barron.

The film sets up the never-ending debate between the Old World and New. Ideas and beliefs collide. Faith versus science. Myth versus reality.  The medical experts in the film admit to not knowing the exact cause of Cristina’s violent reaction during exorcism. UCLA surgeons surmise a malfunction in the temporal lobe. However, they are open to other causes and treatments outside the practice of medicine. There soon appears on screen a digital map of the brain. Demonic possession might be a delusion resulting from a tumor. The team of psychiatrists at Columbia University are more confident in their diagnosis. They believe Cristina suffers from Dissociative Trance and Possession Disorder. Although open to other causes and effects, the rituals of faith may have overwhelmed Cristina. The intercession of saints. The signs of the cross. The use of Holy Water. Maybe she has fallen prey to group think and the pressures of mysticism.

Then comes the most noteworthy of interviews in Auxiliary Bishop Robert Barron of Los Angeles. He is smart, calm and articulate. He begins with equivocation about demonic possession and the need for exorcism. Yet, as the interview progresses, he makes a starling revelation. He admits to being unqualified to perform an exorcism. He does not have the acumen to take on the devil. He lacks the level of spirituality as endowed by Father Amorth.

The music. The raw close ups. The tight shots and intimate framing. The unrehearsed comments by experts. This is the kind of documentary we we grew up on. What puts the “The Devil and Father Amorth” above the current fare of contemporary documentaries is Friedkin’s signature style. He remains a master of confrontation. He holds nothing back. Although he says the film is different than “The Exorcist,” we cannot help but make a connection between the two. It is the aging Father Amorth who is the film’s central character. He died some months after Cristina’s exorcism. He is in many ways a carbon copy of Father Lancaster Merrin, the aging priest played by Max von Sydow in “The Exorcist.” Either in a non-fictional or fictional setting, the two priests are the same. They come armed with Scripture. They come endowed with the Cardinal virtue of fortitude. They come to do battle. In either of them, the devil has met his match.

Italian Religious and Historic Landmarks in "The Devil and Father Amorth"

The director William Friedkin convened a press event at Georgetown University recently to discuss how “The Devil and Father Amorth” relates to his most famous film, “The Exorcist.” He was joined by Julie Blatty, wife of the late William Peter Blatty, author of the bestselling novel upon which the film was based. Friedkin and Blatty agreed that “The Exorcist” was neither a horror film nor a horror novel. It was a religious work, they said; a story of faith in the face of evil.

The same theme applies in “The Devil and Father Amorth.” Friedkin shows a number of Italian churches and other religious landmarks in the film. They come as either part of the story or as symbolic images to underscore a message of faith. What follows are the churches and historical sites in Italy that make up key scenes in the film.


Depicted near the beginning of the film is Scala Sancta, a set of 28 marble stairs inside the chapel of Saint Sylvester across from the Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran in Rome. The documentary shows Catholic pilgrims from all over the world who ascend the stairs on their knees in acts of devotion. These stairs were once inside the palace of Pontius Pilate in Jerusalem. They were removed and transported to Rome in the 4th century at the request of Saint Helena, mother of the Emperor Constantine. It are these stairs that Jesus Christ climbed to be seen and sentenced to death by Pilate.


Father Gabriele Amorth died four months after performing the exorcism that was shown in the film. The subject was a woman who went by the alias Cristina. Friedkin said that Father Amorth was the most holy man he ever met. With camera in hand, he captured the outpouring of grief among mourners at the priest’s funeral inside Santa Maria Regina degli Apostoli all Montagnola. Translated, it is church of Saint Mary, Queen of the Apostles, of Montagnola, a suburb outside Rome. Father Giacomo Alberione, founder of the Society of Saint Paul, had the church built after World War II. It was named a minor basilica in 1984 by Pope John Paul II


Alatri is the setting for the climax in “The Devil and Father Amorth.” It is a village of 30,000 people and located 90 miles south of Rome, in the province of Frosinone, in the Lazio region. Friedkin went there to meet Cristina after Father Amorth died. The setting is the Acropolis of Alatri and its great cyclopean wall. No mortar in the structure binds the stones together. Instead, large limestone blocks were carved according to specific measurements and tilted when stacked. The wall was erected before the time of ancient Rome and stands today after surviving many earthquakes and other destructive phenomena.


Friedkin was scheduled to meet Cristina for an interview on the grounds of the acropolis at the Basilica of San Paolo, otherwise known as the Alatri Cathedral. The location was once the burial chamber for the Hernici tribe and then a temple for the Roman god Saturn. The church was completed there in the 13th century with a facade added in the 19th century. Inside are relics of Saint Sixtus, one of the earliest popes who served in the first century A.D. Cristina did not show up to the basilica as originally planned. Rather, she changed her mind and met Friedkin at the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore in Alatri.


One of Italy’s oldest Roman Catholic churches outside Rome is Santa Maria Maggiore in Alatri. The grounds once hosted a temple to Venus. The church was built there in the 4th century and was renovated in the 14th century with an added bell tower and an inscription by Pope Boniface IX. In the film, Friedkin met with Cristina, her boyfriend and her mother inside the church. The woman’s voice was the devil’s, she said, and she screamed and cursed Friedkin. She was restrained by her boyfriend who demanded the director give up the footage of her exorcism. He refused and the man threatened to kill him. Friedkin immediately left the church, got in his car and made his way quickly back to Rome.


Milan-based Philanthropic Organization Preserves Marine Habitat
Friend of the Sea awards tuna processor Tropic Sri Lanka for their commitment towards the conservation of yellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean

Pictured from top, Sashini Fernando, chief sustainability officer at Tropic Sri Lanka, and Paolo Bray, founder and director of Friend of the Sea; the extraction of eggs from tuna and a lab worker at Tropic Sri Lanka

Friend of the Sea (FOS) is an organization based in Milan, Italy that has devised an international certification scheme for products from sustainable fisheries and aquaculture. in 10 years, around 900 companies in 100 countries have relied on FOS to assess the sustainable origin of their seafood. Audits are based on the best up-to-date data and run by accredited independent certification bodies. FOS also supports projects of preservation and protection of the environment and marine habitats. Moreover, it is constantly engaged in awareness campaigns to make more and more people conscious of the importance of consuming only certified sustainable seafood.

On 3 July 2018, Sri Lanka’s main tuna processor Tropic Sri Lanka was awarded by Friend of the Sea for its commitment towards the conservation of yellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean.

The Negombo-based company has recently launched an innovative project named FCP@SEA in collaboration with the Sri Lanka government and the private sector. The initiative aims to improve recruitment rates through assisted reproductive technology, thereby allowing a second generation of yellowfin tuna to return back to the ocean.
Tropic Sri Lanka’s attempt is not unique in its genre. In 2007, the Japanese government started a reproduction project of Bluefin tuna to support the increasing demand of sashimi. What differs is that assisted reproductive technology is applied to farming due to geo-morphological constraints, while in the case of Sri Lanka the same technique is conducted out of sea making of FCP@SEA a pioneering project.
 “Our first contact with Tropic Sri Lanka dates back to 2010 when they first obtained Friend of the Sea certification for yellowfin, bigeye and swordfish tuna. With this award we acknowledge the great steps the company has taken in order to reach higher standards for environmental sustainability following Sri Lanka’s fish export ban to Europe in 2014,”comments Paolo Bray, Founder and Director of Friend of the Sea. “We really hope Tropic Sri Lanka and the national government will succeed with this innovative project in order to be replicated in other parts of the world.”

Editor’s Note: To learn more about Friend of the Sea, log on to their web site at




A New Documentary Film by Marco Proserpio
Who Owns Graffiti Art?


“The Man Who Stole Banksy” covers a lot of ground.

It is an extraordinary new documentary film by Marco Proserpio, a tireless Italian filmmaker from Milan.

The subject: Graffiti.

It is an Italian word; the plural of “Graffiato,” which means something drawn or scratched upon a surface. Graffiti dates back to the time of antiquity. Some of its earliest examples can be seen in Italy today on the walls of buildings in Pompeii or on the walls inside the catacombs of Rome.

“The Man Whole Stole Banksy” examines contemporary graffiti. Depending on one’s point of view, it is either a blessing or curse. Graffiti is everywhere. It usually comes by way of reckless spray paint. It is an assault upon the walls of public works or commercial buildings. It is usually nothing more than the scrawl of gang identification; a warning sign of embellished fonts, ugly and of no significance to anyone except those engaged in turf warfare.

At times, however, graffiti can be art. An artist may actually draw on a wall something definable and with a compelling message. Such is the artist known as Banksy. He is a fearless and creative graffiti artist. His stenciled black and white works first appeared on walls throughout England.  He then made his way to New Orleans, Melbourne, Australia, Naples, Italy and for purposes of this film, the Palestinian West Bank.

In 2007, Banksy was in Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus Christ, which is now part of Palestinian territory and under the watchful eye of the Israeli army and intelligence agencies. He had been invited there, along with a select group of artists, to paint on the wall that now divides Palestine and Israel. The film does not mention the reason for the wall’s construction and suggests only it is a fortification for apartheid. Yet, it’s history underscores the unchecked violence of Palestinian terrorism. From 2000 to 2002, scores of young men walked from Palestinian into Israeli territory. Inside Israeli restaurants, shopping malls and bus depots, they detonated homemade explosives to kill themselves, along with hundreds of Israeli women, children and the elderly. The wall was erected to stop the carnage and from all accounts did just that.

Banksy was the most famous of artists who painted in Bethlehem. One of his paintings showed an Israeli soldier checking the identification papers of a donkey. The message was obvious: The paranoia of a police state extends to the most innocent and innocuous of beings. Yet, many Palestinians were offended. They saw the painting as a putdown.

Proserpio is that rare filmmaker who seeks all sides to an issue. The film goes from exploring artistic messages of Palestinian liberation to the unchecked avarice of the art world. Banksy’s painting of the donkey and Israeli soldier appeared on the wall of a person’s home and not on the security wall dividing Palestine and Israel. A taxi driver and body builder named Walid saw the artwork and had the idea to remove and sell it. He notified Mike Cannavanti, a Greek entrepreneur in Bethlehem, who hired a contractor to chisel out the piece that contained the painting. He advertised it on Ebay. An art collector in Denmark bought the concrete slab work of art and then auctioned it in New York, Los Angeles, and London. The asking price was in the hundreds of thousands.

The identification of Banksy is not known. The same goes for many other graffiti artists. Most are wanted by the police for defacing public and private property. Their lack of identity puts them at a severe disadvantage when it comes to selling their art. As the film documents, there is a new movement in Italy to remove graffiti artwork and sell them to museums and collectors. We see a college professor in Bologna mix a liquid chemical to cover graffiti and peel it away after drying. The painting is then transferred to a canvas or makeshift wall inside an art gallery.

What was once outlawed street art now goes for sale with asking prices in the hundreds of thousand of dollars. Graffiti artists are excluded in the share of profits from the sale. They see no income from their work. Such is their fate. The walls of buildings do not belong to them. They have no copyright. They have no say in what happens. When they paint on someone else’s wall, their work becomes the property of the wall’s owner.

“The Man Who Stole Banksy” contains a backdoor view of contemporary times. What is especially intriguing is the Americanization of much of the world. We see Palestinian youths expressing themselves through rap music. We see them dressed in long flannel jackets, donning shoulder length hair or straggly beards. They speak English in an American dialect. They look as though they just came from the campuses of Berkeley.

“The Man Who Stole Banksy” is refreshing in its unwillingness to engage in propaganda. Although Proserpio is rooting for graffiti artists, he is honest enough to show the flaws in this art movement. Graffiti consists of contradiction. It is the outlaw’s art that gives the middle finger to the establishment and is yet celebrated by that same establishment. Street art is now a commodity. It is obtained by the rich to display in their living rooms. Even those who were the first to see graffiti as valid art, such as Paolo Buggiani, an avant-garde performance artist in Rome, have now absconded whole works from the streets for sale to private collectors.

“The Man Who Stole Banksy” is an exhaustive and fascinating film that covers the entirety of graffiti art. It is to be seen by all who cherish art, politics and the way of the world, even if at times that world is headed in the wrong direction.

Editor’s Note: “The Man Who Stole Banksy” is an Italian production. Besides Marco Proserpio, there is Filippo Perfido and Christian Amodeo who wrote the screenplay with Proserpio. The film’s producers are Perfido and Proserpio. To see a trailer of “The Man Who Stole Banksy” and other works by Marco Proserpio, please log on to



Can a Married Italian Woman Stay True to Her Vows in Today's World?

Tell us about your family background? Where was your family from in Italy?
My parents immigrated to Canada in 1958 from Nicastro, Calabria, Italy. I was born in Toronto, as was my sister. Then in 1980, my dad decided to go back to Italy to live. I was just out of college, and it was frowned upon for young Italian women to live on their own in those days, so I followed my parents and my sister to move to Italy. We lived in northern Italy, around the south part of Lake Garda, for 17 years. My sister and I both married local Italian men. I had 3 children, and my sister had two. All five of our children were born in Desenzano Del Garda, province of Brescia. When my father died in 1994, we began to make plans to return to Canada. In 1997, both our families, along with my mother, returned to Canada, near Toronto. We were thrilled to be back! Unfortunately, my husband did not fit at all well in Canada, and we divorced in 2005. He immediately moved back to Italy. I remarried, this time to a police officer in central Florida and moved there to be with him. I still live there. I still have a very large extended family in Italy and Canada. My two sons live in Canada and as well as my sister and her husband and children. My husband and I will be traveling to Italy this summer, and we are very excited to go!

"With All of Me" is a novel about a woman torn between two men. What inspired you to write this book? At one point in my life, I was like Giuliana: I had multiple online friends and most of them were men. I was also going through somewhat of a mid-life crisis which was hardened by my ex-husband wanting to return to Italy. However, as I wrote, the plot became quite spicy and convoluted, but at the same time, quite interesting. However, I would not call it autobiographical.

How are you alike or different than the main character Giuliana? I am very much like Giuliana. When I began writing “With All of Me”, I still lived in Canada so Giuliana was somewhat of a reflection of myself during that time of my life. But as the book evolved, so did I, and Giuliana and I went our separate ways.

Although Giuliana is Italian, she has been full immersed in the way of Canada or America. Is she representative of Italian American/Canadia women? Definitely! She is a very modern representation of an Italian-American or Italian-Canadian woman because she dares to entangle herself with three men as she tries to discover where she’s at in her life, trying to balance the Old World culture and expectations with modern American/Canadian life. She’s very bold while remaining tasteful. She works hard but also plays hard. She’s very independent but she remains a good mother and caregiver for her family.

What are your future novels or projects? I have just released “Her Spanish Doll” which is another romantic erotica set in Northern Italy. Here is the link:


An Interview with The Author about His First Novel


Lorenzo, tell us about your background. Where is your family from in Italy?
I am a first generation Italian American, born in Boston. My family is from the Campania region of Italy – my father is from Avellino and my mother is from Benevento. I’ve traveled to Italy every year since the age of 11 – spending my summers in Avellino with my grandparents. I continue to visit Italy every year to see close friends or to discover something new.

“The Love Fool” is set mostly in Rome. Your book describes the streets, piazzas, cafes and nightclubs of the Eternal City. The book is your tribute to Rome. Tell us why you love this city so much. I started writing “The Love Fool” in 2006, while living in Rome. I had just left my job and moved to Italy to figure out my next chapter in life. I chose to be in Rome because I never really knew Rome. Well, of course I was familiar with the city – visiting the popular sights on many occasions – but I never really got to know her well. So, I decided I’ll move to Italy for a bit and get to know this enchanting city that is loved so much by filmmakers, artists, travelers and storytellers. And it didn’t take long for me to fall absolutely in love with Rome. So I wanted to incorporate the city into my story, as a tribute to my affection for its beauty.

Alex Corso is the book’s main character and narrator. From the outset, the similarities between you, the author, and Alex are many. Is Alex your alter ego or your antithesis? Alex does have a lot of me in him, but he is not me. True, I can be and was a fool in love many times, but to the extent of Alex, I hope not. I did give Alex a similar job and purpose for being in Rome, but his story is not my story. Besides, I wrote him to be annoying at times, I’d like to think I’m not annoying… however, I suppose it depends on who would describe me. Ha!

Your book “The Love Fool,” shows Rome as a vibrant haven for the young, the cosmopolitan and the celebrity class. Your view is far different than the religious and classical sense we often apply to the city. Yes, and I thank you for pointing this out. The Rome I describe in “The Love Fool” gives the reader another level to this magnificent city. Those of us who have travelled to Rome or read about Rome, or see it on TV, have been introduced to the classic sights – the Colosseum, the Vatican, La Fontana di Trevi. However, “The Love Fool” is meant to take you back to Rome and experience it through a different lens. The book makes the reader see a different side to the city that is modern, thriving and continues to be influential.

Your character Alex leaves America for Italy. Perhaps a temporary adventure… but then again maybe not. We see a lot of young people today, like Alex, wishing to live and work overseas. Why the attraction to leave America for Italy or elsewhere? The attraction is the simple glamor of being in a place that is unlike our daily and oftentimes monotonous environment. We seek an escape from a life of working, working, working; to hopefully live a decent life. In Italy, we see how life can be fulfilling. Italians go to work too of course, but the work does not dictate their lives. They appreciate the quality of life – the food, the people, the surroundings, and the air. All of it makes Italy a desirable place to live.

This is your first novel. Do you have plans for a second novel? Or some other creative work? I am trying to write a second novel. I don’t know how I’ll get it completed – I still can’t believe I finished The Love Fool. As I try to work on novel #2, I also blog about my travels – focusing on culture, food and modern life. In addition, I’ve contributed to some publications about cocktails and food. So I’m experimenting with different creative projects. But, I know I do want to complete that second book.

Editor’s Note: You can purchase “The Love Fool” by logging on to





Spring has arrived so it would be timely to discuss a common issue I encounter every year; foreign buyers being seduced by an inexpensive house and an idyllic location. Buying and renovating a property in Italy is an all-too‐common scenario in the Bel Paese. It is also an all‐too‐common scenario for these projects to end in heartache. Unfortunately, I usually don’t get to meet these buyers until they have spent far more than they expected and need to fix the problems they are experiencing. If you are thinking of taking on a house renovation project in Italy this year, taking on an Italian lawyer at the outset will save you time, money and anguish. What are some of the common mistakes buyers make and how can they avoid them?

No matter how experienced you are, renovating a property is a stressful and time-­‐consuming process. Even more so if you are abroad, can only visit Italy periodically and you may not be a fluent Italian speaker. Unless a project is guaranteed to give you your dream home, or make you money, you may be taking on the wrong property. It is vital you assess the property’s potential and have a clear idea of your goals. Don’t wait to discover major structural defects or additions built without planning permission until it is too late. Engage an Italian lawyer who speaks your language. Your lawyer will work on your behalf to conduct thorough due diligence during the purchasing process – any non­-compliant additions, features or legal issues will be discovered before you buy the property. A lawyer can also assist you with obtaining a building survey. Undertaken by a geometra, a survey will provide information on the construction and materials used, and will give details of any defects found, their remedy and an indication of the likely cost. It is also worth commissioning a measured survey of the building, providing you with a detailed set of floorplans and elevations upon which to base your proposed alterations.

Under no circumstances, should you ignore requirements of the Italian law, as it will eventually catch up with you, so do not undertake any work without first checking whether you need to satisfy the following requirements:

• Planning permission
• Building Regulations approval
• Notification of neighbours
• Notification or permission from others. Your lawyer could advise you if the deeds contain restrictive covenants, leases or other overriding interests in the property and land estate.

If you do not obtain in advance the required planning permission, you may apply retrospectively, but this is not always possible and if the Italian Court rejects your retrospective application, your illegal works can constitute a criminal offence and the Italian State may seize your property. It is likely to be a very lengthy and costly process to get your property back.

Editor's Note: This article was submitted by Giandomenico De Tullio, De Tullio Law Firm, International Law Practice, Taranto, Apulia, Italy.



Mount Carmel Preservation Society Continues to Pursue Further Options and Is Turning to City and State Leadership to Halt Demolition Until Other Options are Addressed

“If we learn anything, it’s demolition of a historic landmark should not be an answer for financial gain. There is much regret about Notre Dame Church being demolished; as with it comes the loss of an important piece of Worcester’s history, identity and unique character. The City of Worcester should not have another historical church go the same route and be demolished!” says Mauro DePasquale of the Mount Carmel Preservation Society, in Worcester.

Our Lady of Mount Carmel was a parish founded by Father Gioacchino Maffei in 1906 to serve Worcester’s growing Italian community. The Romanesque style church, located today on Mulberry Street in Worcester, was built after 1924 when funds from the Italian community were raised for its construction. The parish has been a mainstay of Roman Catholic worship in Worcester. Besides the church, the parish contains a recreation center, owns and maintains low income apartments and hosts a number of charitable and community events.

The local diocese seeks to demolish Our Lady of Mount Carmel with no church to take its place. Options still exist to save Our Lady of Mount Carmel and time is needed to address them. The Mount Carmel Preservation Society (MCPS), is a nonprofit organization of parishioners that have been diligently working to save the Church by numerous measures: Hiring a Canon Lawyer; filing two appeals (still pending) in the Vatican, challenging the Bishop of the Diocese’s decrees eliminating the parish and ordering permanent church closure: developing better asset management and promoting a solid fundraising plan to cover restoration and maintenance costs over the long term. Members are now asking the State Department of Capital and Asset Management to look into the matter.

“Any commercial buyer of the church property could be in violation of a deed restriction imposed by the Commonwealth of Mass. in 1947,” says DePasquale. “In the deed, grant to the Diocese is an express condition that the property must be ‘used for religious, educational, or recreational purposes, otherwise the same is to revert to the grantors.’” MCPS believes that the Commonwealth has the right to enforce this restriction and recover title to the property in violation of that restriction. “This condition is still enforceable and continues to remain in effect. The State has a responsibility to investigate this matter and local leadership needs to halt any further attempts to demolish this historical church before it’s too late.”

Buildings age and deteriorate, as time goes by, and it takes long term maintenance planning and budgeting to restore and stabilize them. DePasquale says, “Although the Diocesan leadership has refused our engineer an opportunity to enter the building for inspection, we believe, in spite of their lack of transparency, and the apparent demolition by neglect that is taking place, such planning, along with proper asset management and a sustainability plan, is all that is needed to preserve the church. The façade work was completed and the City of Worcester’s Building Commissioner stated the church structure was safe and sound. We believe preserving this historical church is possible.”

If the Diocese allowed the church to be listed on the historical register, grants might be available for building upgrades and enhancements. “Isn’t it our duty to preserve this architectural and historic treasure?” asks DePasquale. “We believe in doing so, many new Catholics moving into our growing city, and those estranged Catholics who would like to return to a more transparent church, would support it through donations and pledges, to save it.”

Editor’s Note: To learn more about Our Lady of Mount Carmel and the effort to save it, please log on to




By Joseph A. DeLuca, Member and Former Commander of Italian American Veterans of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Post #1

As we approach Memorial Day, our thoughts and memories surround those loved ones who have gone away from us. We especially remember those sons and daughters who left home to fight wars and to protect our liberty and freedom.

Many veterans have found peace by joining a veterans club or organization such as ours, the Italian American Veterans of Luzerne County, Post 1, in Northeast Pennsylvania. I am a member of this fine organization and served as its commander. We were once a large group but recently we have seen a downward slop in membership and involvement. We still participate in many civic and military events. Our members are still prominent local leaders, judges, businessmen and entrepreneurs. We still provide many improvements to the local Veterans Hospital located in Wilkes-Barre. We continue to support the Letterkenny Army Depot Chapel, near Chambersburg. This chapel was built by Italian prisoners of war in World War II. Once, there were 1,200 Italian soldiers detained at this military facility.

Many members are growing older and passing away with no new members joining our group. This issue is being faced by many other organizations all over the country. New tactics and methods are tried. Membership retention is our biggest problem. On this Memorial Day, let us commemorate all Veterans Associations in America! Let us recall that if not for the sacrifices made by our veterans, our country, our freedom and liberty would not exist.




The Wolves and The Mandolin
Chiriaco Summit
Let There Be Light

Celebrating Life’s Privileges in a Harsh World
By Brandon Vallorani
Published by ForbesBooks
Available at,

Brandon Vallorani is the founder of Vallorani Estates and Vineyards.
    He recently hosted the first-ever Italian festival in Dallas, Georgia, where he lives today with his wife and seven children. Brandon has been successful in business before and after earning an MBA in business management in 2004 from Thomas More College. His Italian blood, however, pushes him forward to get more out of life than just the bottom line. His new book, “The Wolves and the Mandolin,” is the story of his life, thus far; one that is quintessentially Italian, where the virtues of faith and family go hand in hand with business and entrepreneurship.
    In the beginning of the book, Brandon recounts the real-life story of his great-uncle who traveled the countryside in Abruzzo. He came across a pack of wolves and a nearby tree was his only means of escape. He took refuge on its highest limb and with nothing else to do, he took out his mandolin and started playing music for the hungry wolves below. Brandon sees this as a metaphor for how to live one’s life. He writes: “The world can be a cold, dark place full of hungry wolves biting at your ankles. Should we lock ourselves indoors and hide? No. We should pick up our mandolin and stride onward, bringing joy to our fellow travelers on earth.”
    Brandon’s family came from the village of Offida in Italy’s La Marche region. His great-grandfather Luigi, a veteran of the Italo-Turkish war, had immigrated to America only to return to Italy with his young son after his wife died. It was Brandon’s grandfather Eugenio who eventually settled in America and worked as an engineer for Westinghouse. Brandon looks back on his great-grandfather’s life as an example of perseverance and sacrifice. He writes: “Never give up. It took three tries for my great-grandfather to have a son who survived to carry on the Vallorani name. He never stopped trying to do more. While he did not settle in the United States to pursue the American dream for himself, he achieved it for his family by planting the seeds of success. We reaped what Luigi sowed.”
What we find from reading “The Wolves and the Mandolin” is that an appreciation for the past is a vital component to personal achievement in the present. As Brandon writes: “I owe so much of who I am to my parents and to the values they instilled in me, both through what they said and, more importantly, what they did…Both of them are devout Christians…Without those tools - love, faith, and willingness to take on a tough job - I’d not have enjoyed the successes I have. I’d rather leave my kids a legacy of solid values than of merely money.”
    “The Wolves and the Mandolin” is an ideal book for Italian Americans to read. It is the Italian way to success, where business and the good life are pursued with equal vigor.


Built by Love to Last in the Desert
An America Success Story
By Mary Contini Gordon
Available at,; or if in the area, at the Summit, The Patton Museum, and Joshua Tree National Park.

Dr. Mary Contini Gordon gives us a compelling and entertaining true American epic in “Chiriaco Summit.”
    This is an awesome book.
    An especially arid part of the Southern California desert is where Joe Chiriaco, a self-taught surveyor, envisioned a gas station and small cafe along a dirt road that became Highway 60 and then Interstate 10 in California. His fiancé Ruth Bergseid believed in him so much that she helped finance the project. Land was leased to Chiriaco from a sheep rancher in 1933 and what later became Chiriaco Summit was born. The couple married in 1934 and worked day and night to build what is today a world famous traveler’s stop.
    Dr. Contini Gordon’s previous book “TIQ SLO’W” was about a modern day Indian chief and his work to protect ancient Indian burial grounds in California. She now delves closer to her Italian background in “Chiriaco Summit.” She gives us an account of 20th century history through the eyes of an Italian American family at their traveler’s stop.
    In the beginning of “Chiriaco Summit,” we see the desert as a means to bring life to Los Angeles. Aqueducts were built through there to transport water. In the Great Depression, people who lost their farms in Oklahoma and elsewhere, reminiscent of John Steinbeck’s “The Grapes of Wrath,” make the trek to California and stop along the way at Chiriaco’s gas station and cafe. When World War II begins, none other than General George S. Patton becomes a regular customer. His troops train nearby to fight later in the African desert. The postwar years bring a new Interstate, expansion of our hydrocarbon society, changing culture and demographics of the 1960s. All this happens as the Chiriaco family survive and strive to retain and build their family business.
“‘Chiriaco Summit’…chronicles the development of a small business started by a son and daughter of immigrants; today the business is owned and operated by the second, third and fourth generations,” writes the author. Midway in the book, she considers the survival ethic of the Chiriacos: ““Sweat, literally and figuratively, got the summit off the ground…but it flourished because Ruth and Joe invested their hearts in a community of people who in turn invested in doing whatever it took to make the Summit mission a reality—Serving the World on Wheels.”
    Dr. Contini Gordon gives us a wealth of historical detail in a narrative of a true American family who built something to last generations. Most special about “Chiriaco Summit” is that it reaffirms the belief in America that brought Joe Chiriaco’s father Vincent from Nicastro, Calabria in 1898. That America, with its freedom and fair-minded spirit, allows anyone to make it if they work hard and play by the rules. The Chiriacos did just that and we are all grateful to Dr. Contini Gordon for bringing us their incredible story.


An Illuminating Life
By Imero Fiorentino
Call to order 1-888-795-4274
Or log on:

Lights, camera, action!
    The famous command of television directors - at least the first part of it - was often relegated to the ingenuity of Imero Fiorentino.
Now comes his memoir “Let There Be Light;” a record of one man’s extraordinary technical achievements in America’s entertainment industry.
Son of Italian immigrants, Fiorentino was responsible for lighting television shows and live events in a career that spanned decades. He was a true pioneer in his field who once worked for ABC in the 1950s when programs were broadcast live. A graduate of Carnegie-Mellon, Fiorentino created many of the lighting techniques that are commonplace today in television.
    “Let There Be Light” is a wonderful book about a fine Italian American. Fiorentino did the lighting for political debates and conventions, the Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier bout at Madison Square Garden in 1971, the Bolshoi ballet’s first televised performance in 1959; Frank Sinatra, the Main Event, 1974 and the California Jam on ABC in 1974 that featured Deep Purple, the Eagles, Black Sabbath, and more.
One of his first jobs was creating the lighting for “Pulitzer Prize Playhouse,” a live drama series on ABC in the 1950s, that featured, among others, Ralph Bellamy, Anne Bancroft, and Grace Kelly.
    “The work was demanding and loaded with pressure,” the author writes. “The hours were long - fifteen - to eighteen-hour days, seven days a week - but there were no complaints from me.”
    Although Sicilian, Fiorentino was well-known for his calm composure. There was only one occasion when he lost his cool. Director Alex Segal “…was insisting on a lighting effect that simply couldn’t be done…and I sailed my clipboard across the room...I retrieved the damaged clipboard and made up my mind to keep it and to never use another…One corner is missing and it looks pretty shabby. I love that clipboard.”
    Fiorentino was a good friend of PRIMO’s who once wrote a piece for our Readers’ Corner department titled “Mammina Power,” about his no-nonsense and deeply devoted Sicilian mother. Thus, we welcome his new book, albeit on a bittersweet note. Fiorentino died in 2013 and his surviving wife Angela made it her mission to get the book published posthumously.
    We’re glad she did.
    “Let There Be Light,” is an entertaining and historic account of a true television pioneer. Fiorentino retells a life lived to the highest levels of craftsmanship and professional acumen. “Let There Be Light” should be read by anyone who loves the art of television, cinema, and live events. This book reminds us what it takes to be the best at what one does.




Seizure of a Spanish NGO rescue boat by the Italian authorities and the investigation of its crew for "criminal conspiracy aimed at facilitating illegal immigration” after they refused to hand over to the Libyan Coast Guard refugees and migrants rescued in international waters over 70 nautical miles off the Libyan coast, Amnesty International’s Campaigns Director for Europe, Fotis Filippou said:

“By requesting the Libyan coastguard to coordinate rescue and then impounding the NGO ship that refused to hand over the refugees and migrants, the Italian authorities have shown a reckless disregard for common decency. Rather than being criminalized for trying to save refugees and migrants who have fled horrific detention conditions and systematic human rights abuses in Libya, NGOs saving lives at seashould be supported.

“The Italian authorities are once more revealing where their true priorities lie: namely shutting off the central Mediterranean route, with scant regard to the suffering caused. This appears to mark yet another step towards the outsourcing to the Libyan Coast Guard of the patrolling of the central Mediterranean.

“It is time for European governments to urgently reset their cooperation with Libya on migration. Their callous complicity with smugglers, criminals and torturers must end and the safety and the rights of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants must be prioritized.”

The rescue vessel Open Arms was seized on Sunday, March 18, in the Sicilian port of Pozzallo and the Italian authorities stated they are investigating the group for suspected criminal association aimed at aiding and abetting “illegal” immigration.

Marking a significant departure from previous rescue operations in the central Mediterranean, usually coordinated by the Italian Coast Guard, Italian authorities have stated that Friday’s rescue operations in international waters were conducted under the coordination of the Libyan Coast Guard, who have received in past months speedboats, training and further assistance from various European governments and institutions. Refugees and migrants intercepted by the Libyan Coast Guard are disembarked in Libya and immediately transferred to detention centres where serious human rights violations, including arbitrary detention, torture and other ill-treatment, and exploitation have been widely documented.

European Governments should condition their support on ensuring that Libyan authorities bring an end to the policy of indefinite arbitrary detention of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants, recognize UNHCR and allow it to exercise its full mandate in the country. European governments must also provide sufficient resettlement opportunities for the refugees stranded in Libya, establish a solid monitoring of the operations of the Libyan Coast Guard and most importantly ensure people rescued at sea are not taken back to Libya until the protection of their rights can be guaranteed. For more information, please log on to



Patrick Morelli Sculpted The "Behold" Monument to Dr. Martin Luther King at
King National Historic Site in Atlanta

Photos: Top, separate casting of "Behold" infant acquired by the Smithsonian American Art Museum for its permanent collection in Washington, D.C. Above left, January 11, 1990, King National Historic site, Atlanta, Georgia, Mrs. Coretta Scott King, actor John Amos, who played Kunta Kinte in "Roots", and "Behold" sculptor Patrick Morelli unveil the 10 foot "Roots" inspired "Behold" monument to Dr. King for his moral courage and nobility of spirit overlooking the Kings' tomb. Right: September 3, 2017, Miss Malala Yousafzai, a courageous champion of human rights and the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize stands with sculptor Patrick Morelli in front of the "Behold" monument.

Add plaques at Columbus Circle expressing negative historical interpretations and commentary about Columbus by one group or another--"absolutely not!"

Imagine a policy ordering the National Park Service to post prominent plaques around the Washington Monument in D.C. that our first President owned over two hundred slaves, and after his wife's death, "inherited" an additional one hundred slaves, all of which he kept as an "enlightened" white slaveholder--and additional posted signs regarding negative interpretations of the contributions of Jefferson, Lincoln, and Einstein posted around their public sculptures in D.C. and nationwide. And add to such a negative supposition the removal or attachment of negative commentary to all statues in the United States glorifying the courageous and important civil rights, political freedoms, and military service contributions of Spanish Americans whose Queen, Isabella, of Spain financed the 1492 Columbus voyages to the New World.

When will Italian-American organizations and Italian-American media throughout the United States begin a very active, positive national campaign—in all media, Entertainment, News, and Advertising, and on all university and college campuses--to educate the American public, and the world, regarding Italian-American contributions to Civil Rights and human dignity—one of many historically significant examples, US Congressman, Peter Rodino, Jr. a major proponent of the 1964 Civil Rights Bill (see him standing in published photos next to Dr. King and President Johnson as the President signs the bill into Law).

This would help to create a long-overdue, persistent and determined national united effort among Italian-Americans, Italian-American organizations and friends to overcome negative popular media portrayals and bigoted and misinformed (mainly academic) historical interpretations, perspectives, and protests regarding the contributions and history of Italian Americans to the United States—from 1492 to the present day.

In 1990 Mrs. King unveiled the “Behold” Monument, dedicated to her late husband, overlooking his tomb (and that of Mrs. King’s, by her wishes after her demise in 2006) where it is viewed, annually, by over 1,000,000 American and foreign visitors. It is an inspiring story of how I worked for over ten years with Mrs. King to create "Behold" and, independently, raise the casting, transportation, and installation costs of the monument. 

I am currently seeking opportunities to present my story to Italian-American organizations. My hope is that by learning of my efforts to sculpt the "Behold" statue that Italian-Americans will be inspired further to show our rich history in supporting Civil Rights in America.

Editor's Note: You can find out more about Patrick Morelli by visiting his web site at Mr. Morelli is currently looking to collaborate with a major architect to compete for a major public memorial to Dr. and Mrs. King to be sited in Boston. A deadline of February 28 is set by memorial organizers. Please contact Mr. Morelli by email at




No Place Compares to The Italian Neighborhood in Brooklyn for Holiday Decorations
PRIMO photo exclusive







By Joe David
Photos by Nicole D’Amecourt


Dr. Zoe Kosmidou with guests

Chef Luigi Diotauti and Dr. Zoe Kosmidou

Chefs Luigi Diotauti and Amy Riolo

A new kind of dining has come to Washington, in which each meal is spiced lightly with some history and culture.

This blending of history and culture to highlight a memorable meal is the brainchild of Dr. Zoe Kosmidou. For some, Zoe is a new face in the city, the recent founder and president of Ancient Dinners LLC; for others, she is a world-traveler who has for many years represented Greece at its embassy in Washington, D.C.
Ancient Dinners is for Zoe a blending of two loves, travel and food, and each Ancient Dinner highlights a different country around the world, gastronomically with family-style food, based on ancient recipes and created with original ingredients that are indigenous to the country.
A recent gathering was the third Ancient Dinner in a series that will continue next year as well. It was held at Aperto Restaurant in Washington, D.C., and it was billed as a Roman Cena. For the select diners, it was an educationally enriching experience, in which the ancient foods of Rome were introduced by two engaging personalities, Chefs Amy Riolo, author and television personality, and Luigi Diotaiuti, proprietor of Aperto and Al Tiramisu.
In the spirit of Virgil and Apicius, two famous Roman devotees of fine food, the charming duo of Luigi and Amy lifted the evening to Olympian heights, and filled it with their intimate knowledge.

Ancient Dinners began this fall to celebrate the traditions and the cultures around the world; its goal is to offer guests a cultural experience that goes beyond just food. Like the ancient Greek symposia, or Deipnosophistaí, “I want us to eat, drink and engage in learning guided by two prominent historians and gastronomists,” Zoe told guests as she lifted her wine glass in a toast to the moment. “Thank you all for coming. Alla salute!”
To learn more about the series, visit

Editor's Note: Joe David is the author of numerous articles and six books, including Gourmet Getaways: 50 Top Spots to Cook and Learn, and The Infidels.



By Truby Chiaviello, Publisher & Editor PRIMO Magazine


Before - Our Lady of Loreto once contained a beautiful interior for Mass said to a flock of devoted Italian American Catholics

After - Our Lady of Loreto today, on the cusp of total demolition, as requested by Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio, of the Brooklyn archdiocese.


Our Lady of Loreto has been destroyed.

The Brooklyn archdiocese got its way. And the church, built by Italian immigrants over 100 years ago, is now being demolished.

One photo was taken by my son Samer last week. You can see how the church is boarded up. No doubt this is a demolition site. You can see how the roof has been removed and, thus, the interior. It is reminiscent of what happens to a building that had a bomb dropped on it.

The church was near a subway stop. I visited there in 2009. Our Lady of Loreto was located on 124 Sackman Street in Brooklyn. Part of Brownsville or Ocean Hill neighborhood in Brooklyn. Some refer to the area as East New York.

This neighborhood was once a densely populated Italian neighborhood. About 110 years ago, the Italian immigrants wanted a Catholic church of their own. A house of worship that conveyed their language, customs and traditions. So, they volunteered their money and labor. Many of the men who lived there were carpenters and bricklayers and had experience in construction.

They hired an Italian architect and built a beautiful church. You can see photos here from the web site devoted to Our Lady of Loreto, a web site maintained by Dominick Mondelli. The interior was beautifully designed. There is a ceiling mural. A statue of San Innocenzo at Loreto. Here is a photo of Mass at the church in 1937. You can see that it was well-attended and made up of many devoted parishioners.

In the 1960s, Our Lady of Loreto was turned over to the Brooklyn archdiocese. And 40 years later, the archdiocese wanted to tear it down. That’s when PRIMO got involved. I published a feature article on the effort of Italian Americans who once lived in the neighborhood, who attended Mass there at Our Lady of Loreto, who were baptized there, had their first communion and confirmation there; and so they organized to save the church.

Besides PRIMO, the Italian Tribune, mainstream newspapers and news sites in New York such as the New York Times and the Daily News and others brought a lot of publicity to the preservation effort. And all things were offered to the archdiocese including a creative development idea that preserved the church.

This was back in 2009 and 2010 and the Brooklyn archdiocese agreed to retain the church in return for demolishing the rectory next door. The archdiocese was supposed to upkeep the structure and they didn’t. And here is where one wonders about the intentions of Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio and other officials of the Brooklyn archdiocese. Did they intentionally allow Our Lady of Loreto to deteriorate so they could claim it as a danger to the community and apply for demolition? This is what happened over the last 18 months. The fight to preserve it included petitions and donation drives.

Now, you hear the news about how divided is America. Well, the activists involved came from all walks of life. Not just Italian Americans, but people who live in the neighborhood or are active in it - these were African Americas who’s ancestors come from different parts of Africa and the Caribbean - these were Latinos - Asians - everyone was involved to keep Our Lady of Loreto because they all recognized it as a beautiful church - a real work of art in so many ways.

In the end, however, the fight was lost. The legal appeals exhausted and the archdiocese had their way - and Our Lady of Loreto is being torn down.

In its place will be affordable housing.

You can see photos here, taken by Todd Maisel, of The Daily News, how the the murals, statuary, the decorative elements - all being beaten and destroyed. The time it took to build them, the craftsmanship, the artistry - all for nothing - destroyed.

Very sad.

This is not the only church to face its extinction. PRIMO reported on St Peter’s in Duluth, Minnesota and the effort there by Robin Mainella to save it. The situation began also around 2009 and I wanted both churches to survive. But I thought if one was going to face it’s demolition, it would have been St. Peter’s. Instead, the opposite happened. An artist by the name of Jeffrey T. Larson purchased St. Peters and has now turned it into an art academy.

One wonders, why couldn’t the same thing have happened to Our Lady of Loreto. This part of Brownsville is still knee deep in poverty and dispossession. It remains a place plagued by urban decay. People need more than just a roof over their heads. They need inspiration from art. They need faith. One wonders why the Brooklyn archdiocese didn’t sell the property to another denomination - perhaps a Protestant faith - now prevalent in the area. In return for keeping the church and its interior decorations, the people there could have a place of worship. It is not unusual for Catholic churches to be converted to Baptists and other Protestant denominations.

Unfortunately, that’s not the case. The turning point was when the parish turned itself over to the archdiocese. Any time you build something, you should try and keep it, because those whom you hand it over to, really don’t care and they will destroy it when the moment arises.

The silver lining are the activists, all ethnicities and backgrounds, that tried to save Our Lady of Loreto. We commend them for their efforts. We commend also the Italian immigrants who built this church. They came to build up the city and not tear it down - unlike the archdiocese and now even some others in local government that want to tear down statues of Columbus and others.

We learn from this sad situation, that the effort to preserve our Italian heritage in New York and all over America is well worth the fight and we have to keep fighting whenever we are faced with destruction of our heritage.

Here is a list the people who fought the good fight to save Our Lady of Loreto. If I missed anyone, please let me know, as I want to include anyone and everyone who fought the good fight. We commend the following people who led the effort to preserve the church.

Flavia Alaya
Gianfranco Archimede
Simeon Bankoff
Patricia Dean
Jeff Dunston
Gerald Ferretti
Barbara Florio
Lester Ford
Louis Gallo
Marialena Giampino
Monica Kumar
Farrah Lafontant
Donny Mondelli
Jillian Mulvihill
Barabara Anne Pascucci
Charles Piazza
Stanislao Pugliese
Miriam Robertson
William Russo
Joseph Sciame
Paula Segal
Zulmilena Then
Mario Toglia
Gabriella Velardi Ward
Marilyn Verna
Lakai Worrell

Here is a link to the web site devoted to Our Lady of Loreto in Brooklyn. Below is a YouTube video presentation on the destruction of Our Lady of Loreto.










Alan Pascuzzi is the subject of a feature article in this current issue of PRIMO - 4th edtion 2016. Based in Florence, Italy, Pascuzzi has created works of art for churces, public and private clients. To learn more about his background and work, read this current edition of PRIMO or log on to his web site at




73rd Annual Columbus Day Parade New York
Line of March
Monday, October 9, 2017
Laying of Wreath at Columbus Circle - Sunday, October 8, 2017




Parade information provided by the Association of Italian American Educators (AIAE). Please log on to their web site at

AIAE is proud to participate in the 2017 Columbus Day Parade on October 9. Please join us to celebrate our Italian Heritage


Blue = Entry from Police Group;
Yellow = Entry from Float Block;
Green = Entry from Fifth Ave (TBD)
Grey = Entry from 44th between 5th & 6 th


Block Captain: Charlie Unger
Assemble at 11:30am at 46th Street between 5th & 6th Ave, facing EAST
BAND: Bernard’s High School Mountaineer Band
VEHICLE: Alfa Romeo Service Van (Yellow)
FLOAT: Alfa Romeo Float (Yellow)
NYS Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli
Port Authority of NY & NJ Police Columbia Association (Blue)
FLOAT: Italian American Police Society of New Jersey (Yellow)
Nassau County Sheriff’s Department Columbia Association (Blue)
VEHICLE: FLECO vintage Cars
Hartford Police (Blue)
Additional Police Groups from NY State, NJ, CT (Blue)
New York City Comptroller Scott Stringer
BAND: Bishop Kearney High School
Bishop Kearney High School (marching group)
FLOAT: Barnes & Noble Book Distribution Float (Yellow)
Garibaldi Lodge #542, Grand Lodge Free & Accepted Masons of New York
Circolo Santa Margherita Belice
Mayoral Candidate Nicole Malliotakis
Italian American Women’s Center
Italian Welfare League (Marching Group) (Yellow)
FLOAT: Italian Welfare League (Yellow)
BAND: Wagner College Seahawk Marching Band (Yellow)
FLOAT: Wagner College (Yellow)
BAND: Connetquot High School Marching Band
FLOAT: Gabelli Funds (Yellow)
Bo Dietl for New York City Mayor
BAND: West Islip High School Marching Band
Tribute to Arturo Toscanini with Giueseppe Verdi and UNESCO
FLOAT: CBS Radio (Yellow)
VEHICLE: Fresh FM (Yellow)
Morgani Medical Society
VEHICLE: L’Arte Del Gelato Truck and Fiat
Association of Italian American Educators (AIAE)
Sacred Heart Academy
FLOAT: RC Diocese of Brooklyn (Yellow)
BAND: North Hunterdon High School “Golden Lions” Band
FLOAT: Formaggio (Yellow)
Federation of Italian American Societies of NJ


Parade Telecast: WABC Channel 7, 12:00 Noon to 3:00 p.m. Monday, October 9, 2017
Parade chairman: Aldo Verrelli


Grand Stand and Reviewing Stand Locations
West Side of Fifth Avenue on 67th and 69th Street


Identifier issued to your group at the assembly area by your group captain

Assembly: Time and place indicated in Parade Order
Move Out: First contingent 11:00 a.m., regardless of weather
Formation: Eight (8) Abreast, Except for Musical Units and Color/Honor Guards
Dismissal: Fifth Avenue and 72nd Street, as directed by the police department (Buses meeting groups should park to pick up on 75th-79th Streets between 5th Avenue and Madison Avenue, according to instructions by the NYC police department.)

Bands: High school bands will be judged as they march (Do not break formation or stop on the Red Carpet.)

Bus instructions: Make sure to ask for your driver’s cell phone number so you can contact him/her after the parade is over.

Groups assembling East of Fifth Avenue travel North on Madison Avenue to designated street
Groups assembling West of Fifth Avenue travel North on Sixth Avenue to designated street
After drop-off, participant buses should proceed to East 75th Street and park according to police department instructions.

Floats: All personnel riding or walking with a float will meet at the designated staging area assigned to your float. Floats will enter line-of-march as directed by parade captains.

With the threat of removing the statue of Columbus from Columbus Circle we encourage all to also join us at the laying of the Wreath for the Columbus Statute by the National Council of Columbia Associations in Civil Service on October 8, 2017. Our Ancestors in 1890 donated the statute with small donations from Italian immigrants in appreciation of being Americans. Where: Columbus Circle, NYC. When: Sunday October 8, 2017.




29 September 2017 – 7 January 2018
Albertina Vienna, Austria





This autumn, the Albertina Museum in Vienna is paying homage to Raphael with a major presentation of 150 paintings and drawings that has been developed in cooperation with the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England. Starting from the Albertina’s own significant holdings and rounded out by the most beautiful and important drawings from prominent museums such as the Uffizi, the Royal Collection of the British Royal Family, the British Museum, the Louvre, the Vatican Museums, and the Ashmolean Museum, this monographic presentation places Raphael’s thinking and mode of conception front and centre: the featured works range from initial spontaneous artist’s impressions to virtuosic detailed studies and compositional studies and on to completed paintings.

Editor’s Note: You can learn more about the Albertina Museum by logging on to



A Follow-Up to Our Feature Article on Film Director Paolo Virzi in the 2017 Second Edition

“Human Capital” was released in Italy in 2014 and here in the United States in 2015. It remains controversial for its depiction of Italy's wealthiest citizens in the province of Monza and Brianza, about 25 miles away from Milan, where located is Italy's stock exchange and many of Europe's top banks.

Paolo Virzi set the film in Brianza because he thought it most like Connecticut, the setting of the novel by Stephen Amidon, from 2004, in which the film is based.

“Human Capital” is about two families in Italy.

The first are the Ossolas; a middle class family with Dino, a real estate broker, played by the versatile actor Fabrizio Bentivoglio. Dino is divorced but has remarried Roberta Morelli, a child psychologist, who is played by Valeria Golino, who you may know from popular films "Rain Man" and "Hot Shots." Serena is Dino’s teenage daughter from his first marriage and lives with the couple. She is played by actress Matilde Gioli.

The second family are the Bernaschis with Giovanni, played by Fabrizio Gifuni, as the patriarch. He is a manager of a successful hedge fund in Milan. His wife Carla is played by Valeria Bruni Tedeschi, older sister of actress Carla Bruni who as you might know is married to Nikolas Sarkozy former president of France. In the film both Giovanni and Carla live with their teenage son Massimilano, who is played by Guglielmo Pinelli.

Friends at private school, Serena and Massimilano form the connection between the two families. The film opens with Serena’s father Dino driving her to the Bernaschi’s home for a visit. While there, he is recruited by Giovanni to play in a doubles tennis match. After the game, Dino asks Giovanni if he can invest in the hedge fund. The answer is yes but the entrance fee is $500,000, far more than what Dino has in savings. In order to get the money, Dino presents a false business plan to a friend, a loan officer at a bank. He expects to repay the loan quickly knowing the high rate of return of the hedge fund. What happens instead is Italy’s recession that puts a strain on the fund and Dino and Giovanni find themselves in a struggle to survive financial disaster.

The film comes to us in different parts; through the eyes of three characters, Dino, Carla and Serena. It is a style the director utilizes with compelling effect. We see the same events but by different perspectives.

It is through Serena’s perspective where the ark of the film occurs. A tragic accident at night on a road near the Bernaschi’s home implicates Massimiliano. Serena and her friend, Luca, played by Giovanni Anselmo are involved. The respective families face the crisis differently. The question arises as to how far will a family will go to survive scandal. The suspenseful ending is one you might not expect.

The actors and actresses in "Human Capital" fully capture the peculiarities, strengths and weaknesses of the characters. The most sympathetic was Carla Bernaschi, who we see, at first, living an empty life of daily shopping sprees. Her portrayal by Bruni is both subtle and effective. We see her chauffeured in Brianza to an old theater about to be torn down. She stops and tours the structure and then volunteers to save it. From money in Giovanni's hedge fund, she purchases the building and sets up a non-profit organization to begin restoration. Her new board of directors are writers, professors and local politicians who come across as snobs with little care to save the old theater. The restoration effort only comes undone after Giovanni's hedge fund starts losing money and they are forced to liquidate assets.

Here we see how all members of society are inherently connected to a select few of great wealth. It is Giovanni who is the film's central figure; always present in a big way; the person who controls the money and so controls the destinies of the other characters. The suggestion in the film is that Giovanni is morally corrupt. And yet, we don’t see it. Yes, he’s rich but that alone does not make him nefarious or unscrupulous. We only know snippets of what he does. The film would have been better if it had given us more details about his operations, where and how he invested his money. Hedge funds acquired the worst of reputations after the 2008 crash. And yet we know very little about them. This film doesn’t help. With Giovanni, we don’t see the unseemly way he acquired and retains his fortune.

“Human Capital” did not garner enthusiastic reviews when it came to the United States. Most critics noted its technique and style but found the story lacking. The reason for that might be how the rich are portrayed in the film. The trend today in America is class warfare. And any film that shows rich people in a balanced view is destined for criticism and even condemnation. Indeed, if anyone comes across as grossly morally corrupt in this film, it would be those of the lower classes. We see the character of Luca, fort instance, living in a rundown apartment with his uncle who is selling drugs. Another main character, Dino, is obsessed with money. He sees nothing wrong in defrauding his friend at the bank. Considering how well the rich of Brianza are portrayed in the film, one wonders why the leaders of the province had a problem with it in the first place.

“Human Capital” explores the pursuance of wealth by any means necessary and how the important things in life - love, family, honor - can fall to the side. The film however is not a negative dissertation of greed and materialism. Rather, the integrity of the director ensures a fair and just conclusion - one that still resonates and compels us to watch.

You can read more about the director of "Human Capital," Paolo Virzi, in PRIMO"s 2017 Second Edition. A copy of this edition can be purchased here.



The New Novella by Actor Michael Dante; Featured in an Article in PRIMO’s First Edition 2017
A Sequel to the 1975 Film “Winterhawk,” Starring Dante in The Title Role

Award winning actor Michael Dante was the subject of a six-page feature article in PRIMO’s First Edition 2017.

If you don’t know the name, you surely know the face and the roles Dante played on television and in film.

Written by Brian D’Ambrosio, the article points out that Dante’s family settled in Connecticut after they came from the Frosinone province in the Lazio region of Italy. As a young adult, Dante played professional baseball. As a result of a shoulder injury he attended the University of Miami as a drama major. Tommy Dorsey met and saw Dante in a play and arranged a screen test at MGM Studios and signed him to a 7 year contract. His time in Hollywood went well. He was steadily employed with appearances in some 30 films and 150 television shows. He was, perhaps, most famous for the character “Maab” in a Star Trek episode titled “Friday’s Child,” which aired on network television in 1967. Dante played the leader of the Capella humanoid tribe that battled Captain Kirk, Spock and Dr. McCoy, temporarily stranded on the planet. Maab was a hero who at the end sacrificed his life to save the native queen played by Julie Newmar.

Of all the genres in film and television, it was the Western, not science fiction, that became a staple for Dante. He played many characters who were outlaws, cowboys, and Native Americans. The actor’s athletic build, olive skin and jet black hair were well-suited for roles as Indian chiefs and renegades. In PRIMO’s article, Dante claimed he was one of only a few actors to play cowboys, both good and bad and Native Americans; something of which he is especially proud. He considers his best role as that of the titled character in the 1975 film “Winterhawk.” He played a Blackfoot Indian chief in Montana who avenges the killing of members of his tribe for furs. He retaliates by kidnapping a white woman (who he eventually married) to exchange for medicine to cure a smallpox outbreak among his people and defeats the rogue frontiersmen who pursue them.

The role of Winterhawk inspired Dante to learn all he could about the Blackfoot Indian culture and their unique history in Montana and parts of Canada. Over the years he studied their language, customs and traditions and the land they settled in the Wild West. An accumulation of Native American history is now put to good use by the actor. He has written a new book based on the character he played; a sequel to the film, titled “Winterhawk’s Land.”

Published by BearManor Media, a Pulitzer prize nominated press in Albany, Georgia, “Winterhawk’s Land” is almost 100 pages of text that comes with many original illustrations by the artist Dave Powell. The front cover summarizes the basic plot of the novella. Artist Inga Ojala renders in color the likeness of Dante in the role of Winterhawk. The Indian chief is seen on horseback blocking the path of an uncompleted railroad that aims its way through Blackfoot territory. Opposed to the use of his land, Winterhawk is the last obstacle faced by greedy railroad executives. They hire assassins to kill him and others of the tribe. After his wife Clayanna is assaulted by gunmen, Winterhawk sets off on a mission to confront his adversaries.

“Winterhawk’s Land” is a novella to be read by anyone and everyone who loves Westerns. The book contains an array of characters, ranging from viperous outlaws and grisly frontiersmen to noble chiefs and stalwart braves. Dante knows his character well and makes Winterhawk approachable and, of course, likable to the reader. The chemistry between the chief and his wife Clayanna highlight a relationship that crosses boundaries of race and ethnicity in the American frontier.

Dante’s knowledge of Indian customs and culture is commendable. He gives readers an indelible perspective of Native American life in the cold and rough terrain of sharp buttes, dense forests, and wide open prairies. We learn just how important religion is among members of the tribe. The ceremonies are many for Winterhawk and others. In one scene, the author captures a ritual of the chief before a key battle. He writes: “Winterhawk was silhouetted against the black sky. The wind was blowing and the distant rumble of thunder could be heard, coming in his direction. He stepped into the ring and knelt. The wind was picking up now and the rumble of thunder and lightning continued in the background. Along with the sound of the approaching storm, the soft beating of war drums and the faint sound of the ancient battle song of the Blackfoot could be heard… ‘Great Spirit, give me the strength and guidance to fight my enemies,’ said Winterhawk reverently. ‘I seek strength not to be greater than my brother, but to fight my greatest enemy, myself.’”

The back cover contains thoughts on how Dante approached playing Winterhawk. The author says he “immediately identified” with the Blackfoot chief and tribe when he acted in the film. He sought to “make Winterhawk a spiritual man, adding many more nuances to his character.”

“Winterhawk’s Land” follows where the film “Winterhawk” left off, many years later. Dante has written an appealing addition to the Western genre. Nothing is more American than the interplay of good versus evil amidst huge mountains and untamed country. Dante’s fresh and direct style of writing allows the reader to fully grasp the entirety of his story. PRIMO recommends “Winterhawk’s Land” as a novella that brings out the best in the Western genre.

To learn more about “Winterhawk’s Land” and to purchase the novella, please visit the publisher, BearManor Media, at and/or the author at the web site for a personally autographed copy.





A Film About Italy’s Illegal Migrant Crisis and The Island of Lampedusa

“Fire at Sea” is a documentary that came out in 2016 about the illegal migrant crisis in Italy. It is a snapshot of ground zero in the crisis - the island of Lampedusa - 120 miles off the coast of Sicily. Lampedusa belongs to the province of Agrigento; one of several of the Pelagie islands and is actually closer to Africa than Sicily - just 113 miles from Tunisia.

“Fire at Sea” is directed by Gianfranco Rosi and the film won a number of awards and was nominated for an Oscar in 2016 for best documentary.

Rosi is famous for his well crafted shots of people and places in Italy and elsewhere that exist outside the narrative of mainstream media. He made a film called "Sacro Gra" in 2013, that focused his lens on the highway that circles Rome - the Grande Raccordo Anulare. He showed the people who work there and live next to the highway.

“Fire at Sea” takes the same approach. The director lived for a year on the island of Lampedusa where he accumulated extensive footage.

He gives us two stories in one.

The first deals with the Sicilian families of the island who rely on the sea for their livelihood. These are fishermen who either cast nets or dive down in the water to catch fish.

The second centers on the Italian coast guard and others who are called to rescue illegal migrants at sea.

As we learn in the beginning of the film from text on screen, some 400,000 illegal migrants have entered Italy by way of Lampedusa the last 20 years, resulting in some 15,000 casualties. Rosi said the purpose in making the film was to bring greater awareness to the plight of migrants.

Lampedusa has a history that dates back to antiquity as the first step in foreign invasion, be it the Greeks, Phoenicians, or Saracens. This time, it is the people from Nigeria, Eritrea and the Arab nations of Africa who are invading, not to conquer Italy, but to find work and live outside the law.

As the film shows, the perilous journey from Africa is made in boats that are old and subpar. They are terribly overcrowded and come with faulty engines that leak diesel fuel to seriously burn passengers. Quite often, passengers on these boats call for help and the Italian coast guard and navy are sent to the rescue. Lampedusa is a temporary holding center before migrants are transported to the Italian mainland.

There are several key characters in the film; one of whom is Dr. Pietro Bartolo - the sole physicians on the island. He originally came there to treat the fishermen and their families. Now with waves of illegal migrants coming ashore, he is recruited to give them emergency medical care. Many suffer from heat stroke and dehydration. In one scene, we see him in the middle of the night examining all arrivals for viruses and infectious diseases. In another scene he speaks about examining cadavers - those who died at sea.

The film goes back and forth between the daily lives of Italian islanders and African migrants.

It opens with another main character - a 12 year old Italian boy Samuele Puccilo - who sometimes works with his uncle, a fishermen on the island. His is an existence reminiscent of Huckleberry Finn. We see him break a branch off a tree to make with it a slingshot. He and his friend take target practice at cactuses that grow wild there. We follow the boy as he explores the rugged seashore and back country of the island.

“Fire at Sea” is an exceptional film to be watched by all who are interested in Italy. For me, this was a special film because over the years, I have spoken to some PRIMO readers, who came from Lampedusa. They work as fishermen off the coast of California. With “Fire at Sea” I was able to attain a better understanding of their homeland. Here is a place where Italy is at her best, be it the fishermen and their families or the Italian first responders who rescue illegal migrants.

These Italians stand in stark contrast to the EU officials who have done practically nothing in stopping this crisis. Italy is bombarded by illegal migration and there seems no end in sight. One only hopes of leadership to come to stop this problem. To learn more about the film "Fire at Sea" please log on to .

Here is the review by way of YouTube video:







A 2009 Article in PRIMO Supported Saving The Now 111-year-old Church
After a 2010 Compromise to Preserve Our Lady of Loreto, Catholic Charities, which Owns the Church, Renews Its Effort to Destroy

It doesn’t seem that long ago.

In 2009, PRIMO published an article in support of saving Our Lady of Loreto; at the time a 100-year-old church located in the Ocean Hill-East New York neighborhood of Brooklyn, slated for demolition at the insistence of Catholic Charities.

A group of concerned citizens, made up former and current residents of the neighborhood, organized, protested and negotiated with Catholic officials to save the church. A compromise was made then whereby the church would remain but the adjoining rectory would be sold to developers.

Now comes a new effort from Catholic Charities to destroy Our Lady of Loreto. They have filed and attained a permit last year to tear down the church claiming the structure a danger to the community.

In 2010, Our Lady of Loreto was saved when a Letter of Resolution was signed between preservation activists, Catholic Charities (housing arm of the Diocese of Brooklyn) and various New York State agencies including the Office of Historic Preservation. The Letter of Resolution called for Catholic Charities to “make good faith efforts to preserve the former church building for community use” and stipulated that the church not be demolished, reconstructed or damaged. According to Mario Toglia, a member of the team to preserve the church, “Catholic Charities deliberately let the building deteriorate. They never consulted state agencies since the signing of our Letter of Resolution. Church officials are now adamant to once again tear down the church and sell the property to developers. All that will remain of Our Lady of Loreto may be sculpture and some interior and exterior religious decorations.”

Save Our Lady of Loreto remains a cause today. The mission is to keep in place a beautiful church built by Italian immigrants in 1906. The fight for preservation comes with protests, demonstrations and court hearings where a temporary restraining order was recently granted in halting the demolition.

A lawsuit has been filed by the Brownsville Cultural Coalition (BCC) for breach of contract whereby Catholic Charities did not maintain Our Lady of Loreto as agreed. Currently, BCC is looking for financial support to pay for its lawyers. They are seeking help through donations and other means of support and ask people log on to and/or their Facebook page at

Our Lady of Loreto stands…but not for long.

Catholic Charities, the organization which owns the property, seems wholly committed to tearing it down.

Why should we save Our Lady of Loreto? As Toglia claims, the church has a number historical and physical attributes which makes it special.

“This building has significant meaning for the Italian American community,” says Toglia. “It is the first church in the nation erected in pure Renaissance style, an early example of design-build construction by the New Jersey company of Antonio Federici and Adriano Armezzani, the latter becoming the first Italian-born architect of a New York City Catholic church. They were part of a team of five gifted artisans – all had to be Italian-born - purposely chosen to highlight the architectural talents of their native land and to counterattack the nativist prejudice against Italians as being uncivilized and uneducated. The frescoes on the ceiling were done by Gaetano Capone of Maiori. The 33 ft-long pediment is Paterson sculptor-laureate Gaetano Federici’s largest artwork and the only representation of the Miracle of Loreto outside Europe. Among other findings, the land under the church was once owned by Pietro Cesare Alberti, the first Italian settler to Dutch North America.”

Our Lady of Loreto was one of the first national Catholic churches in the United States. East New York was at the time a burgeoning Italian American neighborhood, where large numbers of Italian immigrants first settled there after leaving Ellis Island. Toglia explains that Our Lady of Loreto was “founded in 1896 and at first housed in a former Salvation Army hall on Powell Street, near Liberty Avenue in Brooklyn. The parish became the fourth national Italian parish in the Diocese of Brooklyn. It drew on worshippers from the entire wider Brooklyn region and beyond. By the turn of the 20th century the congregation had become large and prosperous enough to consider building its own church.”

In Our Lady of Loreto, Italians had a place where they could hear sermons in their own language, worship in accordance to their traditions and customs, and seek the intercession of saints from Italy. The church was built from money raised by neighborhood residents and volunteer laborers, many of whom had experience in carpentry, masonry and construction.

To see Our Lady of Loreto is to see a structure replete with extraordinary structure and decorative elements, both inside and out, that made an architectural gem in Brooklyn and tangible tribute to the Italian American experience in New York.

Toglia explains, “Besides three historic New York City districts commemorating immigrant neighborhoods where Italian immigrants lived, there are only four landmarks related to the Italian American experience in New York City nominated under Criterion A for Ethnic history: The Lisanti Chapel in the Bronx; the Giuseppe Verdi Monument in Manhattan; Our Lady of Mount Carmel Grotto and the Garibaldi-Meucci House on Staten Island. There is no such landmark honoring Italian American life on Long Island.”

Editor’s Note: You can help Save Our Lady of Loreto. Please visit and follow the cause on Facebook ( for news and actions, and kindly sign the petition if you support the landmarking.



Rare Books and Illustrations from the Library’s Italian Collection Highlight Works from Venice -
Exhibit Ends August 26


On the first floor of the New York Public Library is an exhibit of books and illustrations published and printed in Venice over 300 years ago.

Titled “Love in Venice,” the current exhibit at the New York Public Library gives us a glimpse into what was an innovative and dynamic print industry. When Venice was still an independent republic in the 17th and 18th centuries, it was a leading center of publishing in the world.

As the title suggest, the exhibit theme wrests on the notoriety of Venice as a center of romantic liaisons, seductions and scandals, the likes of Casanova and the many courtesans that frequented the city. Yet, Venice was much more than that. It was a cauldron of intellectual activity, of industry, literature, and music. It was a society that for many years ensured the peace, prosperity and freedom of its people. And it was also a very pious city, one steeped in Roman Catholicism where many churches were built by its richest and most influential citizens.

Perhaps, it is the way of America today, that a display of rare books and prints must come with the promise of sexual content to get people through the door. No doubt a means to an end. And if it works, well, then the better for it will be the viewer. He or she will see an incredible, yet brief, exhibit that highlights the substance of Venice, one of the greatest societies the world has ever known.

The New York Public Library shows itself as one of New York’s greatest treasure. The time and care to display such rare works is a tribute to the library’s staff, expertise and awesome inventory.

The exhibit contains sealed glass containers of books and prints that, in some cases, were published 50 or more years before the American Revolutionary War. There is a print of the goddess Venus, part of a volume that celebrated the visit of Tuscan prince Ferdinando de’ Medici to Venice in 1688. We see “Vendetta of Love,” as described by the exhibit organizers as, “a 16th century pulp fiction novel” published in Venice with a woodcut frontispiece showing a woman stabbing herself with a knife. There are two flap books printed in Venice in the late 1500s with a print of a woman and chaperone on gondola. Underneath the flap is an illustration of two lovers embracing. In another picture is a courtesan showing her skirt raised to a Venetian senator.

Some of the other works include a 1679 guidebook on perfume, a painting by Canaletto of the Bridge of Sighs and an illustration from a 19th century cigarette case of a Venetian doge looking out onto a parade of boats.

The exhibit takes up one side room near the front entrance of the library. Although not a lengthy display, it is one highly recommended by PRIMO. People who visit the exhibit will see a glimpse of the greatness that was Venice.

To learn more about “Love in Venice,” at the New York Public Library, please log on to






Italy’s Action-packed Series Continues to Mesmerize
“Gomorra” Season Two Premieres Wednesday, April 26, on SundanceTV, 10/9 c



“Gomorra” is Roberto Saviano’s non-fiction masterpiece that continues on the small screen, this time in the way of a television series from Italy: Season two - the story of Camorra crime families who fight it out in Naples.

Season one of “Gomorra” left off last year in a bloody cliffhanger. Young upstart Genny Sevastano had taken over the family reigns while his father, Don Pietro remained in jail. Genny was gunned down by rival, and once loyal soldier, Ciro Di Marzio. A violent yet cunning figure, Ciro had allied himself with drug lord Salvatore Conte, who together, they killed off many of the members of the Sevastano clan. All seemed lost for the family that once had total control of Scampia-Secondigliano, a drug-dealing haven in North Naples. Yet, Don Sevastano made a stunning escape. Pretending to be insane, he was transferred out of a maximum security prison only to have the police caravan attacked by his most loyal soldiers and he was finally released from bondage. Now in hiding outside Italy, he must strategize a return to Naples. Meanwhile, son Genny opened his eyes while laying in a pool of his own blood before the series ended last year. No doubt, he survived the shooting.

“Gomorra,” comes back to America, for its second season, direct from Italy, by way of SundanceTV, beginning on Wednesday, April 26, 10/9C.

Viewers who enjoyed season one of “Gomorra” will find season two equal, if not better. The series contains 12 episodes that are amazing in all their fare, from compelling plot twists and turns to intense action-packed scenes, both shocking and alluring in choreographed violence. The acting is excellent as is the direction and other elements, including cinematography, editing and score. It is a quality production from Italy, from beginning to end.

Ciro Di Marzio is once again the central character of the series. A gangster who has achieved a lifelong goal of becoming the lead boss of Naples, he is played superbly by actor Marco D’Amore. He may be the top of the criminal food chain but still finds himself in a fragile existence. Ciro has set up an Alliance of Camorra clans to work out problems and disputes. He hopes peace among the disparate gangsters will allow them all to reap huge profits in the drug trade. Yet, his plan is undermined by top drug dealer Salvator Conte, who is played with icy perfection by actor Marco Palvetti. There is also the pending threat by Pietro Sevastano and son Genny who seek to take back the reigns of power of the underworld. Played to excellence, respectively by Fortunato Cerlino and Salvatore Esposito, Pietro and Genny are a father-and-son team who find themselves estranged from one another by ambition and jealousy. The challenge is not just their return to Scampia-Secondigliano, but to recover a familial bond, which at the outset of the series, seems lost.

Like season one, season two of “Gomorra” was filmed almost entirely on location in Naples. There are many scenes where the city comes to life in all its glory. We see beautiful landmarks, stunning resorts, and the bright lights and energetic sounds of thriving commercial districts, restaurants, and nightclubs. Naples is one of Italy’s great cities; yet, too often overlooked by travel writers and travel agents who only know the city as one drenched in poverty and decay. Although Naples is far more than that, it may nevertheless take a TV series built upon the notoriety of crime and violence associated with the city, to allow people to see its better side.

If so, then “Gomorra” does an excellent job. Not a single scene in the series can be greeted with indifference by viewers. New engaging characters are introduced to give the series a freshness in every episode. For instance, there is Patrizia Santoro, a beautiful young woman, now responsible for her younger brother and sisters, after her father was killed. Played with soft supremacy by Italian actress Christiana Dell’Anna, Patrizia is the niece of Malammora, a loyal underboss of Sevastano. She is recruited to be the don’s messenger, while he hides out in an obscure apartment, somewhere in Naples. Another female lead, played with cool distinction by Cristina Donadio, is Annalisa Magliocca, aka Scianel, a blond tigress who takes over her brother’s drug dealing section. The two woman must hold their own in a world of criminal machismo where their courage and tenacity are continually tested.

Memorable scenes are many in “Gomorra.” They come not only in screen action but also in an array of lines that give resonance to the series. One highlight is a poker game that is invaded by armed robbers. Scianel is one of the players who is unflinching while a gun is pointed at her head and her cash winnings are stolen. She reminds one of the masked bandits that “Scianel” is a nickname given to her for a mastery of perfume. All in the frame of a deadly warning, she tells their leader before their escape, “And you already stink of death.”

Series writers, one of whom was Saviano, convey Neapolitan wisdom in the way of dialogue. One scene shows Don Sevastano, still in hiding, despondent and forlorn over not trusting his son. He expresses his disappointments in himself as a father to Patrizia who is there with an enlightened reply: “My father always said little children need milk, but grown children need trust.”

What sets the series apart from others is its imaginative action. In one episode, friends of Genny find themselves left out of the booming drug trade. They are in their early 20s but are given the worst of turfs in the way of back alleys and the littered ground under highway bridges. Practically weaponless, they seek their own clan to overtake one apartment building where older gangsters make a fortune selling drugs. “We have our hatred,” answers their leader Track to a budding member who expresses doubt in their lack of arms and resources. In a strike reminiscent of a well-planned military operation, the young clan attacks in the dead of night wearing black clothes and masks and swinging metal clubs. All tenants are taken out of their homes while drug dealers and gangsters on a top floor are killed and beaten. It is a fast paced riveting scene, unlike any in television.

The story of “Gomorra” is one of survival in the most brutal and ruthless of settings. The series is a watershed reminder of the crisis of Naples and other European cities that have allowed breakdown of law and order. Politicians and government officials see not the desperation of Scampia-Secondigliano, a well-designed apartment complex that was built for the purpose of giving a safe and functional homestead to Italy’s poorest and most in need. Instead, what we see today are criminal gangs who employ terror and violence to control entire sections of a city. Something must be done. And, perhaps, this series will wake up the political class to once-and-for-all take Naples out of the hands of criminals.

As we did for season one, “Gomorra,” season two, is highly recommended by PRIMO. It remains an awesome television series, one to be watched and cherished in the United States this year and the years to come. For more information on the series “Gomorra,” please log on to




Italy’s passion for cycling is unmatched. With its diverse terrain and beautiful scenery, it’s not hard to understand why in Italy, cycling is a national pastime as well as a very popular professional sport. And it’s fitting that Colavita, a trusted family brand for extra virgin olive oil and top quality Italian food products, has been bringing that Italian cycling tradition to the United States for over 15 years.

Colavita, the longest running sponsor of a women’s professional cycling team, has once again partnered with other brands that are deeply rooted in Italian origin and tradition to kick off the 2017 professional women’s cycling season. Bianchi, Italy’s premier bicycle manufacturer, recently celebrated 130 years of cycling history and is proud to be on board as a title sponsor with Colavita. Other Italian sponsors include Vittoria Industries Ltd., the world’s leading manufacturer of bicycle tires with an annual production of more than 7 million tires and 900,000 famous tubulars and cotton tires, and Bolla Wines.

“Bolla is ecstatic to sponsor the Colavita Women’s Racing team for the next two seasons. From Prosecco and Sparkling Rose to the full bodied Amarone, there is a Bolla wine for any occasion or event. We raise a glass in support of their efforts and wish them a successful campaign,” said Charles DellaVecchia, European Portfolio Director for Banfi Vintners.

Pro Team Colavita/Bianchi’s 2017 team roster boasts riders with diverse backgrounds and disciplines. Marisa Colavita recently joined the team in Scottsdale, Arizona for pre-season training camp and said, “I enjoyed getting to know the riders and am truly inspired by their dedication. It’s an honor for our family to continue to support cycling not only on a professional level but with regional club teams as well.”

Colavita has been a leading specialty food brand in the United States for over 30 years and is committed to cycling because it’s part of a healthy lifestyle. Cycling is an activity that all ages and genders can enjoy for fun and fitness.  Colavita supports 15 or more regional club teams with over 600 members in more than 20 states across the United States. And earlier this year, Colavita announced they are partnering with the Killington Mountain School to form the Colavita/KSM Women’s Development Program, a stepping-stone for highly competitive junior cyclists who will be mentored by the pro team on and off the bike. 

In New York City, Colavita is sponsoring a cycling exhibit dedicated to vintage bicycles at the Italian American Museum. The “Italy’s Golden Age of Bicycles 1952-1985” exhibit will begin May 11th and run until July 2, 2017.

“Getting the opportunity to direct this program is something I don’t take lightly,” said Mary Zider, returning director sportif for Pro Team Colavita/Bianchi. “It’s an honor to lead such an incredible group of riders and human beings. As a rider, it’s an honor to wear the Colavita jersey. This program has had Olympians, World Champions, and a National Champion within the 15 years of sponsoring cycling. That speaks volumes about Colavita and what this program stands for. It’s a legendary program that will forever be known in the sport and it’s a jersey we all wear with pride and continue to hold the rope for.”

The team kicked off the season with a European race campaign starting on February 25th at the Omloop Het Nieuwsblad in Gent, Belgium, through March in the Netherlands at Drentse Acht Van Westerveld on the 12th. Then the team will return to the U.S. and concentrate primarily on the USA Pro Road Tour calendar, along with domestic UCI road races.

2017 Team Roster:
Gillian Ellsay (CAN), Emma Grant (GBR), Kendelle Hodges (AUS), Abby Mickey (USA), Amber Pierce (USA), Jessica Mundy (AUS), Whitney Allison (USA), Ellen Noble (USA), Astrid Gassner (AUS)

Guided by: Director Sportif, Mary Zider (USA), Head Mechanic, Andrea Smith (USA), and Team Soigneur, Gitte Sørensen (DEN)

Sponsor list:
Bolla Wine, Clif Bar, Rudy Project, Castelli, Shimano, Chamois Butt’r, Tetra Bike Care, Stages Cycling, Park Tool, Shimano, Kuat Racks, K3 Holder

For more information, visit or follow the team at, on Twitter @TeamColavita1 and Instagram @teamcolavita.




Film Review by Frank Ciota



The author directed the films "Ciao America" and "Stiffs." He currently lives in Lynn, Massachusetts.

Based on the novel by Shusaka Endo, Martin Scorsese's film "Silence" may be the most personal of his storied career. It tells the tale of two Christian missionaries who face the ultimate test of faith when they search for their missing mentor in Japan where Christianity is outlawed in the 19th century.

As an Italian American filmmaker, I have always found the films of Martin Scorsese especially resonating. The religious subtext of his work is present throughout; the eternal struggle between the spirit and the flesh is behind every frame he directs.

On this level, and so many more, "Silence" does not disappoint. It is a primordial and often heartbreaking attempt by Scorsese to find some sort of elusive redemption through the lens. It is in so many ways the culmination of his own spiritual journey or at least an attempt on his part to finally slam the door shut on it.

There is a story that when Scorsese was a boy his mother walked into his room to find two big eyes painted above his bed. When she asked about them, he said they were the eyes of God, because God was always watching him.

I kept thinking of that story as I watched "Silence.” The classic Catholic iconography and themes that obsessed the child still obsess the man. The film is drenched with them.

Why Scorsese persevered for almost 30 years to realize this film is because it is so clearly about him and everything he represents. Andrew Garfield, the actor, is not playing Father Rodrigues, the Jesuit, but, rather, Martin Scorsese, the filmmaker. He is the true believer who throughout his career fought to hold onto his beliefs in the face of commercial pressure; of constantly being tempted and seduced by Hollywood to abandon his own ideals, join the ranks and go with the flow.

In terms of filmmaking itself, "Silence" is vintage Scorsese, not in how much it resembles any of his films but in how much it doesn't. There is none of the kinetic energy and whip/flash camerawork that has often been his trademark from "Raging Bull" to "Goodfellas" to "Casino" and so many others.

At times you're not sure if you're watching a film at all. Despite the incredible logistical challenges of shooting in the mud, fog and rain of Taiwan you never actually get the sense that a crew was actually even there.

The film just seems to exist, as if it always did. You can almost imagine some Spanish explorer emerging from one of the mist covered caves carrying an unearthed treasure chest with a print of the film inside.

What is so striking is the sheer authenticity of the film. The emotional impact is impossible to ignore, in large part due to the incredible performances delivered by unknown actors playing Japanese villagers. In one scene, three of them are accused of being Christians by Japanese authorities. They are crucified on the water's edge and literally struggle for several days to survive the rising tide.

The scene is so authentic and powerful that it was almost impossible to tell if it was actually happening. It grabs you by the throat, and rather than let you go, Scorsese chooses to let you feel the agony of these crucified villagers by prolonging it. The days are marked by slow visual fade outs and fade ins while the sound of the raging surf never lets up.

In perhaps the film's most powerful moment, after four days on the cross, the last surviving villager, knowing that the end is near, defiantly begins to sing to God about paradise as the waves crash against him. As he sings, he seems to transcend his own physical pain. Ultimately he is overtaken by a merciless surf and literally slumps off the cross and into the ocean like a tired cowboy falling off his horse after a long journey. But for some reason his death feels like victory, not defeat.

Most remarkable about the film is the title, "Silence", and the use of said word as an instrument to telling the story. Without question, Martin Scorsese has taken music in film to an entirely different level over the course of his career. But in "Silence" there is no music at all…none. There is nothing to punctuate moments and infuse them with a visceral punch…nothing except…silence. And he uses it like a sledgehammer.

In a climactic scene toward the end, as Father Rodrigues struggles against his oppressors, he falls to his knees and amidst the noise looks down and as we see what he sees…a picture of Jesus at his feet…the film becomes instantly and eerily soundless. The effect is extraordinary and profound. The silence somehow forces you to turn inward, not outward. It's a form of spiritual jiu jitsu performed by a master director.

One of the things I have always loved about Scorsese's films are the unresolved endings, like those which dominated the 1970's until executives started doing test screenings.

When "Silence'" ended it was similarly unresolved despite the fact that Scorsese apparently departed from the novel's true ending to literally try and put things to rest on his own. But you get the sense that as much as he wanted to believe otherwise, he knew from his own experience that in the end he was no closer to finding an answer than any of us.

Ultimately, this is what makes "Silence" such a testament to Scorsese’s brilliance. That after all this time, after all his success, you get the feeling that he is still the same young kid with God's eyes painted on his bedroom ceiling who picked up a camera for the first time years ago to try and answer the unanswerable. That in itself is the definition of faith.

As one of Scorsese's characters would undoubtedly say…"And that's that."

Editor's Note: Frank Ciota can be reached at His web site is


The Italian Heritage and Culture Committee of New York and Consulate General of Italy Honor Felician University President

Pictured: Dr. Anne Prisco and Joseph Sciame, President/Chair, IHCC-NY, Inc

Felician University President, Dr. Anne M. Prisco, was named the recipient of the Mother Italy Statue Recognition for 2017 by the Italian Heritage and Culture Committee of New York (IHCC) in cooperation with the Consulate General of Italy.
Dr. Prisco received the Mother Italy Statue Recognition at the site of the eponymous work of art, located at Hunter College in Manhattan, during IHCC’s annual Mother’s Day tribute.
The bronze sculpture was created by Giuseppe Massari in 1953 and is “Dedicated to the Italian immigrant....symbolic of mothers of every nationality who sent their children to build a nation of immigrants, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the equality of all those who came, and of those yet to come."
“This tremendous honor means so much to me, not just as the child of immigrants, but also as the president of a university that helps many first-generation Americans to realize their dreams,” said Dr. Prisco. “At Felician, our mission is to make the American Dream accessible to all – by providing students from any background with the skills they need to succeed and flourish as adults.”
Dr. Prisco joined fellow honorees from the Italian American Institute at Queens College, CUNY, the Columbus Citizen’s Foundation, and newspaper America Oggi. She will be celebrating five years as president of Felician University on July 1, 2017 as the first lay person to hold the position.
About Felician University
Celebrating its 75th anniversary, Felician University – with campuses in Lodi and Rutherford, NJ – is a Catholic Franciscan University founded and sponsored by the Felician Sisters in 1942. Felician offers bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral programs in Arts and Sciences, Business, Nursing and Teacher Education. In 2015, the University was ranked by Money Magazine as one of America’s Top Colleges and also listed among Money’s top 25 private colleges for merit aid. Felician University is also ranked by the 2017 PayScale College ROI Report as being among the top three private universities in New Jersey for best return on investment. When considering schools in the Garden State, Felician is an institution where tuition dollars and donor contributions go farther. For more information, visit




Mediterranean Film Festival (MEDFF) is a film festival that has a Winner Battle in July 2017. Every monthly winner will be in live screening at the final event. The aim of the Festival is to bring out the talents in an attempt to get them to compete with more established filmmakers. A jury selected will ensure the transition to the official selections for the big final event to be held in Italy in the month of July 2017.

Domenico Cutrona, director of MEDFF, says they accept: 1.) Feature Film and Documentary: min. 60’; 2.) Short Docs - Short Film - Experimental Short - XXX - Short Drama; 3.) Students: All genres; 4.) One minute show; 5.) Fool and Smash Short (only Zombies); 6.) Horror Night: Short and Feature Film; 7.) All film MUST be PRODUCED from 2014.In the beautiful Fontane Bianche, known as George Beach, MEDFF will screen the best films winners of the monthly prizes. The main venue will be the mysterious VILLA DUNARDI, one of the most sought after web villas and NanoPress recognized as one of the 30 haunted houses in the world. modernized in 2015, this beautiful location will prepare the free event showing only the best winners of each month.

The filmmakers attending the MEDFF will have two reasons to choose our festival. The first is to deal with other filmmakers who participate and collaborate with the organizing team, also having the possibility to be advertised in our facebook page. The other reason is related to the location, highly of impact, in a seaside town that is full of tourism. The Mediterranean festival is not just a festival, but a meeting place of different cultures linked by their passion for art.

To know more about MEDFF, please log on to



A New International Thriller; From New York to the Middle East with Main Character Anthony Provati Leading the Way

Appointment with ISIL is your new novel and as the title suggests, an international thriller. It is a departure from your previous work, Birds of Passage, which was about Italian immigrants in America. What inspired you to write Appointment with ISIL?

Ben Fountain, author of the best-selling Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk, and a writing mentor of mine, told me that the literary thriller was the "holy grail." I took on his challenge. The genesis of the novel was an Islamic History course I'd taken from the University of Texas in Austin, and a short story, "The Unkindest Cut," published, by decomP Magazine.

Appointment with ISIL contains a plot that keeps readers turning page after page. A host of intriguing characters make up the work. They represent the mosaic of New York. How did you come up with these characters? Did you know people like them in your travels and personal experiences?

I believe Norman Mailer said that every character he created included at least five percent of himself. As Mailer wrote about both Jesus and the Devil, that's quite a range. Fiction, unlike real life, must be believable. To create a sense of verisimilitude, I draw from my experiences and observations, including people I've meet, but all the characters are fictional.

The protagonist is none other than Anthony Provati, an Italian American such as yourself. He's a flawed yet very likeable character. Tell us a little about Anthony. How did you conceive of this character? Is he your alter ego?

You'd agree, that a more satisfying, rounded character, has pluses and minuses like the rest of us. As I implied above, every character has a piece of me within. Authors can't help but reveal themselves in their work. Analogously, the reader's interpretation is much like their taking a Rorschach, ink blot test. What they see is idiosyncratic.

Just like Birds of Passage, New York is a key element. Part of the book has characters and plot twists that take us through all parts of the city. You were born and raised in Brooklyn but spent considerable time outside the city as an adult. You live now in Austin, Texas. Researching contemporary New York, what did you come away with regarding the city's changes since you lived there?

Two major changes come to mind. First, after the policies of Mayors Giuliani and Bloomberg, security in New York improved dramatically. Second, as Italians have assimilated into American society, traditional neighborhoods have changed. The famed poet, Jorge Luis Borges asked, "What will the world lose when I die?" When my generation passes, the first-hand connection to the turn-of-the-twentieth-century Italian immigrants will be lost, their culture, their thinking, their experiences. In Manhattan's Little Italy, on Mulberry Street, the sacred flame is maintained by Dr. Scelsa and The Italian American Museum. The Manhattan launch for Appointment with ISIL will hosted by the Museum on Friday, July 7th.

Joe, you have written a lot of short stories, historical essays and other works. You are now a novelist. How have you grown as a writer?

My first attempt at a novel was an historical fiction about the Ancient Greek and Persian wars, Marathon, Thermopylae, and Salamis. The prose was terrible. I realized that I had to learn how to write. I attended classes at the University of Texas at Austin and tackled short stories to reduce the cycle time between failure. After writing some years, receiving sufficient rejections to clog a landfill, my work began to be published, and I felt confident enough to write Birds of Passage. My writing continues to improve, and I have a lot to learn.

In Appointment with ISIL you delve into the affairs of the Middle East. What did you learn from your research about the society and cause of conflict there?

One of my pre-writing experiences, was to manage a business in Greece and the Middle East, and I traveled extensively throughout the region. The people that I met were extraordinarily warm and hospitable, however, I avoided raising the topics of politics or religion. The overwhelming number of Muslims have the same concerns as their Jewish and Christian counterparts, family, and making a living. The sore points in that part of the world are the U.S. support of Israel, and various policies of Washington going back decades. Jihadists and terrorists wage war in the name of Islam, but they distort the purpose of religion.

Do you have another Anthony Provati novel in the works?

My next novel will be another Anthony Provati thriller with the working title, Drone Strike, and will include some of characters introduced in Appointment with ISIL, but each novel can be read independently. Drone Strike includes a victim of "collateral damage." Where can they turn for justice? Without a higher authority to arbitrate, is the desire for revenge understandable?

You can read samples of Joe's works by logging on to his web site at





Tredici Bacci is the brainchild of composer and guitarist Simon Hanes.  Formed while still students at New England Conservatory, Hanes is now leading his 14 piece ensemble of Morricone-fueled cineastes in clubs throughout their new Brooklyn base.  "Amore Per Tutti", Tredici Bacci’s debut album, has already been hailed by critics. If you find yourself in New York City for APAP, Tredici Bacci will be playing a showcase at The Standard East Village Penthouse on Tuesday January 10th (7-9pm). Come join us for an Italian soundtrack-obsessed evening of music! Otherwise look out for Simon and Tredici Bacci at SXSW in Austin this March.







A New Film Looks at The Ancient Italian Sport, Calcio Storico

Finding oneself - both literally and spiritually - in a foreign country is not a new concept for cinema, especially when it comes to Italy.

In recent years, the silver screen has donned the exploits of a main character, a 30-something American female at a crossroads in her life, who is reinvigorated from the simple pleasures of living in Italy. What comes to mind is “Under the Tuscan Sun” starring Diane Lane, based on the book by Frances Mayes, about an American woman who renovates a dilapidated Italian villa. “Eat, Pray, Love,” starring Julia Roberts is another such tale, based on the book of the same title by Elizabeth Gilbert, where Italy shines as a gastronomic paradise to inspire greater reflection on life’s meaning.

A female protagonist is an attractive conduit. The modern American woman makes for a stark contrast to the old ruins and Catholic patriarchy of Italy. Now comes the alternative: The portrayal of the main character as a man this time in Evan Oppenheimer’s “Lost in Florence.”

Here is a film that takes a slight detour in the story of an American in Italy. In “Lost in Florence," the protagonist is Eric Lombard, a pre-law college grad, played by Brett Dalton. Tuscany seems at the beginning the right environs to inspire his girlfriend, Colleen, played by Emily Atack, to say “I do” to a marriage proposal. A picnic beside ancient forests should do the trick but doesn’t, as Colleen shakes her head at first sight of the diamond ring.

After such rejection, many a man would find himself in the bleak setting of a saloon intoxicated by hard whiskey and dwelling in self-pity with heavy blues riffs in the background. But this is Italy. In the next scene, Eric is at a table inside a well-lit trattoria enjoying a glass of Chianti and a nice helping of pappardelle. In fact, the time has come for a toast - to new beginnings - as offered by the husband of his cousin Anna.

Florence might just be the right place for Eric to get back his confidence and joy of living again. At first, he is taken in by the public artworks and historical landmarks. Anna, played by Stana Katic, is the tour guide who conveys the rich heritage of this most fascinating city. Then her husband, Gianni, a native of Italy, played by Marco Bonini, recruits Eric to watch with him the ancient sport of Calcio Storico, described as one-part rugby and one-part gang fight. A former American football player, Eric seems right at home as he is intrigued by the sport and tries out for the team. Getting battered and bruised while running with a soccer ball is the antidote to sweet love gone bad. He becomes a full fledged member of the team; but always an outsider as the sole American among Italians.

All is not running and sweating in the film, as Eric comes into contact with a beautiful and charming Italian young woman, Stefania, played by Alessandra Mastronardi. The film transitions from sports fare to romance, all the while retaining the pleasurable sights of Tuscany.

Oppenheimer, who wrote and directed the film, is not Italian, mind you, but he no doubt has a true love for Italy. He is a competent director who avoids over-saturation of the genre. There is enough natural chemistry between Bollard and Mastronardi to keep viewers attentive to their blossoming romance.

Where the film suffers is the redundancy of cliches. One almost knows exactly what will occur in some scenes, even before they begin. Yet, the film shines in many places, especially in the pre-game pageantries of Calcio Storico. Oppenheimer has succeeded in capturing the stunning aura of parades, flags, banners and the trappings of Italians celebrating the past. The colors of the spectacle stand out as Florentines enthusiastically embrace the maintenance of heritage. Here is the main thrust of the film, as sincerely appreciated and understood by Oppenheimer.

Outside a deluge of cliches and contrivances, “Lost in Florence” is an attractive film that delves into the unique attributes of what makes Italy so special. Check your local listings for theater showings.




A  group of Georgian Court University students stayed at Villa Tre Angeli B&B for a three-week work project in Italy. They did many things while they were there, but their main objective was to help this small municipality get on the map. Bedonia, Parma Italy is in Northern Italy in the Emilia Romagna region. It is a lovely, little village that has so many wonderful things to offer its visitors. There are a plethora of outdoor festivals, outdoor markets, opportunities to hike and mountain bike, plus they have live music very often, just to name a few. Many Italian tourists come to enjoy the fresh, clean mountain air that allows them to actually enjoy the beautiful countryside they blatantly overlook, daily.

Over the years, however, with the economic crisis in the Parma region, factories have closed and people have moved away in search of work. With the younger generations leaving for the surrounding larger cities, this small gem of a town is struggling to survive and the beauty of an authentic Italian lifestyle is hanging by a thread. This is one of the few spots left in Italy that one can experience Italy like an Italian without being suffocated by huge numbers of American tourists. There are no crowds, long lines, or gaudy souvenir shops to muddle the culture out of this amazing place. It is also centrally located to many other interesting spots for day trips. For example,after a tour of the Italian Riviera or The Prosciutto factory and Castle of Torrechiara, coming back to Bedonia for the food, wine, and night life is always a major advantage because visitors receive the best of both worlds.

Georgian Court University, in Lakewood New Jersey, has been working with Villa Tre Angeli to boost Bedonia’s social media presence and allow more American tourists the rare prospect of going on an actual, genuine European vacation. The students, under the supervision of Dr. Gina Marcello Ph.D., have created a web page where people can find all the information on the town and the surrounding area, all in one place. They have taken photographs, mapped out the best places around town, and have portrayed the best that Bedonia has to offer. While the website will give people a taste, a true appreciation for this town cannot be captured by mere photos or words.

While the students where there, Villa Tre Angeli took them to Rome to see many famous landmarks, including the Vatican, the Coliseum, and the Pantheon. They were also treated to a trip to Verona, where they saw Aida, the opera in an outdoor Roman arena. The trip also included a stop at the magnificent Lake Garda. When they were finally in Bedonia itself, they saw how Prosciutto and Parmesan cheese were made. They visited castles, tasted some wine, went hiking and horseback riding, ventured to the local swimming hole, and still had time to gawk at the picturesque scenery. They were even welcomed by the Mayor and the Town Council, who arranged countless things for them to do while they were in the area. 

They strolled into town and enjoyed the culture first hand, and have returned to the United States with a profound discovery that this tranquil way of life is far more important to salvage and must not only be preserved, but experienced. The students became locals in a matter of days, and the town now has a bright future thanks to the unlikely collaboration of traditional values and modern culture meshing. Come live like an Italian, become one with the culture, and escape from the monotonous American lifestyles...Come experience Bedonia. To see the progress that the students have made, please go to



Author of “Love and Terror in the Middle East,” Dr. Frank Romano travels to countries in Middle East where he organizes interfaith dialogue meetings between Christians, Jews and Muslims

Dr. Frank Romano, second from right


How has growing up Italian helped you in your work in the Middle East?

My strong Italian family values have helped me relate to the people in Israel and Palestine. The fact that I was raised to respect my Italian heritage and that I can speak fluent Italian, has helped me grow close to Mediterranean cultures, notably to those living in the Holy Land.

My father’s family is originally from Napoli and his skin is very dark. A dark irony remains that even though my father and I had about the same education, he experienced a much more arduous childhood, suffering much discrimination growing up in Providence, Rhode Island and near Boston, in Italian neighborhoods, which were ghettos. Since I have lighter skin, as perverse as it sounds, I experienced much less discrimination growing up in Northern California.

Due to my father’s experiences and his patient recounting of them to me, I have been become aware of racism and have been raised to work against it. Thanks to this introduction to racism, I’ve been able to understand and counter racism that I encounter in Israel and Palestine as I did when I lived in an African American ghetto for two years in Northern California.

In addition, being raised Italian has taught me again to profoundly respect my Italian heritage. My father was an excellent Italian chef and did most of the cooking at home. My British American Mom learned a lot of the recipes and learned how to cook my favorite dish, “Pollo cachiatore.” Even though Mom was raised in a strictly British environment in Ashland, Oregon, she embraced the Italian culture and was happy that her children did as well.

My loving father died two months before my graduation from law school in San Francisco. I was thus compelled to postpone my bereavement so I could focus on school. After graduation, in order to feel close to my father and to temper bereavement, I moved to the Italian district, North Beach, in San Francisco. I lived and worked with Italians for a year and a half, including working as a bartender in an Italian restaurant owned by two Italians and translating to English a novel written by an Italian writer.

After my bartender shift around 12 midnight, I always met with a group of Italians to play pool in the local hangout where we drank strong expresso, played pool and talked about the Italian life, soccer, etc. I lived in a rooming house in North Beach with other Italian restaurant workers, waiters, managers, bartenders, etc. During my stay there, I surrounded myself with especially Italians from Roma, Calabria and Napoli. They helped me feel close to my dad and thus helped me deal with a difficult bereavement as well as to learn to speak fluent Italian.

I felt that many Italians and Italian Americans returned to the community to feel the warmth of Italian brotherhood and sisterhood often living in the midst of American WASPs that sometimes discriminate against Italians and whose culture seems so different from the Italian culture. As such, the Italian community treated me like a prodigal son, adopted me and taught me many important aspects about my Italian heritage.

When I left North Beach to study for the California Bar exam (and eventually became a California lawyer) I felt a strong feeling of community and identity with the Italian culture and my roots. That awareness has made me stronger.

You lead efforts in Interfaith dialogue in the Middle East. Christianity. Judaism. Islam. How did you prepare yourself in the way of studying the religions, the people and culture in the Middle East?

I’ve always been curious about different religions. My father, who was originally catholic and subsequently became an Episcopalian, perhaps initiated that curiosity by introducing me to appreciating the Baha’i religion. He taught me to appreciate one of the principles of that religion that focuses on the harmony of religions.

In order to inform myself about other religious cultures, I also studied comparative religions, notably Eastern religions including Islam at the Sorbonne University, Paris, France.

My understanding of different cultures and religions was further enhanced while working and living closely with African Americans, American Indians, Indians from India, Moroccans, Jews and many others.

One early interfaith experience taught me an early lesson while living in a Jewish community in Paris, where I lived with my wife and three kids. My wife was bedridden with a complicated pregnancy and every Friday night I would visit our Jewish neighbors who would share their Shabbat meal with us. I had arrived at their door with a large serving dish where they would dish into the Shabbat goodies, and then I would descend the stairs to the apartment shared with my family with the dinner. The mother answered the door and beckoned me into the kitchen where two Arabs were seated quietly eating. After she scooped the kosher cous cous and pieces of meat into my serving dish I set it down next to the sink and motioned to the mother into the living room.
I asked her why two Arabs were eating kosher Jewish food in the kitchen. She explained that it was in the middle of Ramadan and the two older men had come from an orthodox Muslim community where they were, without exception, required to fast, no eating or drinking, with the entire community from sun-up to sun down. She told me that they were old, tired and were having difficulty getting through the day without nourishment. Then she added something infinitely intriguing. She told me that the last place their people would look for them would be in the orthodox Jewish community where they have come for nourishment at 5 pm even though they were supposed to fast at least until 8 pm that night.

Why is the Middle East always in conflict? Wars, riots, coups, terrorism - it never seems to end. You know the Middle East, probably better than any other American. Based on your work and close observations, what do you see as the key cause of conflict there?

I’ll focus my answer on contemporary Holy Land, which is the epicenter of the Middle East conflict. Underpinnings of the conflict derive from centuries of history. I however believe that the contemporary conflict mainly stems from the Sixth day war of 1967 between Egypt, Jordan and Israel. Israel prevailed and began sponsoring the implantations of settlements in Gaza and the West Bank. The former have withdrawn but the latter have been enhanced.

Numerous UN resolutions have stated that the building and existence of Israeli settlements in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights are a violation of international law, including UN Security Council resolutions in 1979 and 1980. UN Security Council Resolution 446 refers to the Fourth Geneva Convention as the applicable international legal instrument, and calls upon Israel to desist from transferring its own population into the territories or changing their demographic makeup. The reconvened Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions has declared the settlements illegal as has the primary judicial organ of the UN, the International Court of Justice and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

The State of Israel ignores that and continues to expand the settlements, in a move that clarifies its position: The desire to take over as much Palestinian land in order to absorb its growing immigration and use it as industrial and production centers in order to enhance the Israeli economy. The settlements have become industrial centers and many western business (i.e. Motorola, HP, etc.) have implanted there and are profiting from relatively low costs, including rent and labor costs. Thus, thousands of Palestinians have lost their lands, and, thus, the means to feed their families and are required to live in refugee camps and/or move in with relatives. This has increased the tension as the Palestinians for the most part have no intention of leaving and fervently desire to recuperate their lands.

In addition, the State of Israel has approved the construction of thousands of homes in illegal settlements in East Jerusalem, earmarked as the capital of a future Palestinian state. The building commenced since the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. Since then, Israel has built more than a dozen Jewish-only neighborhood/settlements housing approximately 200,000 Israelis in East Jerusalem which it annexed following the war. 

Israel has proceeded with these projects despite protests by the United States against the expanding of the settlements. That is just another indication of Israel acting with immunity in the area knowing at the end of the day that the weak protests of the US government will never stop it from approving the 3 billion dollars in aid to Israel, not to mention the reductions on war planes and weapons flowing from the US to Israel.

You have been critical of U.S. diplomatic and other efforts in the Middle East? What is your key criticism of American policy?

First, the systematic contesting by US government of Israel’s expanding of the settlements thereby exacerbating the Holy Land conflict without placing conditions on its aid has become an international embarrassment for the US. An example would be the millions of dollars given to Israel should be conditioned on Israel making concerted efforts to end conflict. One condition could be returning some of the land taken from Palestinians and stop expanding the settlements, taking more land from them, without compromising security for Israel or for the West Bank.

Second, the refusal of the US government to arm the non-extremist Syrian rebels early, notably in 2012, accelerated the Syrian war which has evolved into a modern disaster.

Although the news is always grim about the Middle East and prospects for peace in the region seem impossible - you have made statements that things are lot better there than they seem. Please explain

I sincerely believe that one of the keys to peace in the Middle is through grassroots efforts to organized interfaith dialogues, to bring people together when politicians, many religious leaders tend to tear them apart chasing their silver linings. The success of these efforts is directly proportional to the results of the dialogues which are designed to open up people’s hearts to each other, to help them overcome years of negative programming derived from the fear and hate exacerbated by ignorance of each other’s culture and religion. To illustrate that, I use an example of a typical interfaith dialogue I lead that could take place either in Israel or in the West Bank:

During one session, Jews, Muslims and Christians (sometimes they are orthodox, sometimes liberal practitioners) are sitting next to each other in a circle. They were breaking bread together and drinking tea or eating humus. After an hour, I asked Jacob the Jew to tell me about Muhammad, his orthodox Muslim neighbor or visa-versa. He responded by saying they are talking which, coming from isolated unmixed villages in Israel, is new to them. He added that they have something in common in that their children go to the same school in a third village. The Jew and the Muslim, in their discussion, instead of talking about divisive subjects like religion or politics, they talk about everyday things, like the price of lunch at school has increased, or the history teacher is weird, etc. They were really bonding, becoming friends. Then I asked Sam the Christian what he thought about the group and he responded that he had invited Jacob and Muhammad to experience Christmas with him and his family in December, that they were all going to break the Ramadan fast at Muhammad’s house tonight and would attend Chanukah festivities with Jacob.

However, he said there was a problem. Jacob’s and Muhammad’s religion are taking him down the wrong path because they don’t believe in Jesus as their savoir. That opened the “Pandora’s Box” on the topic of religion. Muhammad interrupted and stated that the Jews and Christians didn’t accept Muhammad as an important prophet and then Jacob opened up his Torah and claimed non-Jews don’t accept the importance of Moses and Abraham as the principle prophets. During the discussion that followed, they implied that they don’t share the same God and that they were going to heaven but not those from other religions.

As the facilitator of the dialogue, I didn’t judge any of them. I opened up my Torah (first five chapters of the Old Testament), the New Testament and the Qur’an and lead the following discussion on comparing the main principles and philosophies found in those writings. After an hour discussion, most of the members of the dialogue are surprised to learn that all the texts reflect many similar principles, such as the belief in one God, thou shalt not kill, the obligation to help the poor, treat your neighbor with respect. . .etc.

After an hour discussing that, I asked the group another question, this time focusing my attention on the Christian as he views his Jewish or Muslim neighbor.
“Since there are so many similarities among those sacred writings, do you think it is possible you may share the same God?”  After a short discussion, many members now say it is possible.
Then I close the dialogue with one last question: “Does it make sense to kill in the name of God if you share the same God? You don’t need to answer that now. Think about it and we’ll resume the dialogue in a month or so.”
After we agree to continue the dialogue, I leave them to ruminate over the last question without expecting an immediate response and then I returned two months later to the Holy Land to continue the dialogue.
In spite of the bonding going on among the members of different religions in the above dialogues, they are useless without follow-up actions, which are occasions where the participants walk the talk working on peace projects:
The same mixed group, with my participation, continues bonding by rebuilding buildings destroyed during the conflict between Israelis and the Palestinians.
Interfaith activists also engage in the replanting of olive trees that have been uprooted to make way for the walls and part of the confiscation of land engaged in by Israel in the West Bank. In addition, many of the Palestinians who normally help their families harvest the olives are in jail or have left the lands, so there is a serious lack of farm workers to help in the harvest. As a result, I, along with many other activists, join the Palestinians in the fields to help them harvest olives in October.

To learn more about Dr. Romano and his efforts in the Middle East, log on to his web site at




Charles Mandracchia, a school teacher from New York, produced this short animated film "to change how certain stereotypes of our Italian heritage are portrayed. This led me to create a twist on a too often tough guy portrayal of Italian Americans in the media. This award winning animated film, from the Mediterranean Film Festival, is titled 'You Got a Problem.' It tells how Uncle Louie and his Italian American paisanos are problem solvers. Together they solve a problem that the pizza man is having with a bunch of kids from a Brooklyn neighborhood." Find out more about the Mediterranean Film Festival at


Wednesday, October 26 in Manhattan - Eight New Italian Startups Displayed New and Innovative Products and Services

This Wednesday, October 26, is the date for VentureOut’s Tech Renaissance an Italian pitch night; held at 26 Broadway in Manhattan. Eight promising startup companies from Italy will meet investors for their launch into the US market. VentureOut has been supporting the global startup ecosystem for three years, having helped over 500 startups from 20 countries to launch, scale and raise over $50 million from venture capitalists and angel investors in the U.S. VentureOut Italy program is in partnership with the Italian Business & Investment Initiative. The private conference provides top Italian founders and investors with an opportunity to connect with leaders in NYC's technology and venture capital communities.

Their web site is

Here is a list of the start up companies from Italy that will be featured at this event.

PromoQui is the leading digital platform for location-based brochure advertising, currently used by more than 6 M/monthly users in Italy whilst they are preparing their shopping journey. PromoQui innovates the location based brochure advertising offering a vast variety of professional services for small and big retail chains and industry. Founded in 2011 by managers with over 30 years experience in the internet, media and consumer goods industries PromoQui became a leading company with a lean and multidisciplinary team highly skilled in SEO-strategies, mobile and web-development. PromoQui is present in Italy (, e.g., Rome, Naples, Milan, Bologna, Genoa and Florence; also in Romania ( and in USA, UnitedKingdom, Argentina with it’s new international brand:

Based in Cosenza, inside Italy’s Calabria region, GIPStech has developed the most advanced indoor localization platform that runs on mobile with no to little infrastructure thanks to a proprietary hybrid-geomagnetic approach. They develop vertical solutions for museums, airports, retail and industry 4.0 and are working on an SDK to allow third parties to develop their verticals.

From Turin, AD2014 is developing system: things will have a Digital Soul, based on a unique code, enabling objects to communicate with the user/producer, without embed chips or other electronic devices. allows to digitize users life through an app used to manage memories, information, deadlines, images. They target manufacturers who can create a new channel of communication to reach customers; helps tracking items, and manage the digital soul of their products. Another market is public users, like cultural enterprises and public institutions (e.g:museums), starting to express demand for IoT solutions to interact with visitors.

With its “30% energy saving in 30 minutes” process, SunCity proposes an innovative approach to Energy Saving for SMEs, built with a lean procedure and based upon a “no brainer” webapp that avoids long and expensive energy audits; the service quickly addresses Customer energy needs by combining integrated energy management with the use of efficiency and/or production devices. Through this easy entry point, SunCity key proposition is to provide highly competitive, IoT platform based, energy efficiency services. The IoT platform in turn allows SunCity to address further customer needs finally leading to multiple up-sales.

Flazio is a website builder based in the Catania province of Sicily. They allow you to create your webpage/site easily without knowledge of any programming code. The peculiarity of the product is that “what you see is really what you get”. Editing is very easy and friendly. Control Panel does not have any cumbersome toolbars, receiving a real-time visual feedback of any actions. An exclusive advantage of Flazio platform is the so-called "CompStore", which contains "Components” developed by Flazio Team or by third party developers that can be added to enhance a Web Site, eg: menus, photo galleries, maps, and connection to Social Networks, skype call, music, document publishing, chat, comments, showcase, newsletters, and many others. Each component can be added to the website by simply dragging it from the CompStore to the work area.

LineBoy offers a business solution that reduces time in line and improves the customer experience. The company is based in Bolzano, Italy, in the Trentino-Alto Adige region. Using its patent-pending (US Patent application number: 62/086,659) plug & play technology, LineBoy automates the queuing process by allowing customers to use smartphone technology to track their turn and eliminate their wait in public offices, like immigration, DMV, and even the US Post Office. Our technology fits every queue situation thanks to a camera sensor installed in less than 60 seconds that points to the existing queue management display showing last served positions.

Morpheos’s business idea consists of a Smart Home Intelligent Robot, with the appearance of an interior design object, incorporating advanced hardware components and software based on artificial intelligence algorithms, capable of communicating with other widely used devices, equipped with sensors used for domestic control, capable of implementing numerous functionalities typical of home automation, without complicated configuration or installation and capable of adapting to the surrounding environment.

Youbiquo is an Italian company based in the Salerno province that offers users see-through wearable devices. Their mission is to design and deliver Augmented Reality Smart Glasses to meet needs of connectivity and information exchange for hands free highly specialized activities. Founded at the end of 2013 and headed by a team of veterans in new technologies (ICT, mobile, electronics and marketing), Youbiquo has developed its own Smart Glasses, Talens, equipped with a Personal Assistant Software. Talens, its Personal Assistant and the UB.Suite software modules are ready to be used in applications ranging from Maintenance, Repair & Operations, assistance, tourism and culture, and more. See video below.





A Masterpiece of Italian Cinema by Gillo Pontecorvo
A New Restored Version by Rialto Pictures Now Showing at Theaters Across the Country
Saadi Yacef - A Member of the Algerian Insurgency and Primary Figure in the Film's Making Recalls Pontecorvo and Shares His Thoughts on the Film's Legacy

The film's enigmatic poster

Gillo Pontecorvo, circa 1990

  A  scene from the film; Saadi Yacef is looking up
A  photo of Saadi Yacef

It was an unlikely partnership when Saadi Yacef and Gillo Pontecorvo came together to make the masterpiece - “The Battle of Algiers.”

Although they were from different countries, Yacef from Algeria and Pontecorvo from Italy, they had in common a socialist mindset and a revulsion for colonialism. Their mission was to make a film consistent with their beliefs and bring to viewers worldwide the war for liberation in Algeria.

This year marks the 50th anniversary of “The Battle of Algiers,” fully restored and now playing in select theaters in cities across America. Brought to us by Rialto Pictures, a company that specializes in the reissuing of classic films, “The Battle of Algiers” serves as a model for today’s filmmakers who wish to make politically-inspired films.

“The Battle of Algiers” won the Grand Prize at the Venice Film Festival, when it came out in 1966, and was nominated for three Academy Awards (Best Foreign Film, Best Director and Best Story and Screenplay). The film was ranked as the 26th greatest film of all time in the 2012 Sight and Sound directors’ poll (it was also in the critics’ top 50), though it was long banned in France for its negative depiction of French colonialism.

Shot almost entirely on the streets of Algiers, the film owed much to the assistance of the Algerian people. Many were hired as non-professional actors and actresses to play key roles; including Yacef, who played himself, as one of the leaders of the uprising.

Although primarily in the French and Arabic languages, the film is an Italian production, with a creative and technical staff from Italy.

As the years have passed many of the people who worked on the film have passed away. The film’s director Pontecorvo died in 2006, and more than two decades before that, Franco Solinas, who wrote the screenplay with him, died in 1982. The film’s cinematographer Marcello Gatti, who brought to life the film’s pioneering documentary style in gritty black and white, passed away in 2013.

One key element of the film was its crisp editing and newsreel style by Mario Morra. He lives today in Italy as does the great Ennio Morricone, who, along with Pontecorvo scored the film, and is now enjoying newfound celebrity after winning his first Oscar last year for “The Hateful Eight.”

Film Forum, located on Houston Street in New York, is just one of many venues now showing “The Battle of Algiers.” A press conference was convened there Thursday, October 6, where Yacef, now 88, spoke to reporters about the legacy of the film and his collaboration with Pontecorvo.

“He was a good guy, a good director,” Yacef says about Pontecorvo. “He returned to Algeria some years before he died. It was a pilgrimage for him and he revisited the places where most of the scenes were shot.”

Yacef was the catalyst for the film. A baker by trade, he was a colonel in the military arm of the Liberation Nationalist Front (FLN), that led the struggle against French occupation in Algeria.

“The Battle of Algiers” is based on Yacef’s memoirs “Souvenirs de la Bataille d'Alger,” published in 1962. He met Pontecorvo and Solinas with the hopes of making a film after he had adapted the book into a script. A first reading by the two Italians, however, succinctly dismissed the original text. They wrote almost an entirely new version of the script that centered on two viewpoints of the Algerian uprising: That of Yacef and his fellow liberators and that of the French army who temporarily defeated them. The changing of the script was one of several disparities between Yacef and Pontecorvo in the making of the film.

“I admit we had our differences,” Yacef says about his collaboration with Pontecorvo. “He sometimes wanted to film scenes that were not the way I remembered. I fought in the underground and knew what happened. I lived it. During the course of the film - there were a lot of gaps. We argued. The bombs were built this way but I would say the bombs are built that way. He wanted to show someone getting shot and I would tell him, ‘no, that’s not how it was done.’ In the end we would do it his way. He viewed scenes as an artist. I saw them as someone who fought in battle. The two approaches were different. But his was meant for film.”

The Algerian war for independence remains one of the bloodiest after World War II. The conflict elicited some 300,000 casualties and almost 1 million refugees. A host of defeats and setbacks by Algerian rebels came until the ultimate withdrawal of French troops in 1962. Liberation began as an undertaking shrouded in doubt. Past Algerian uprisings were short-lived. Yet, Yacef and other Algerian nationalists thought France was a declining power and the time was ripe for war.

“We were looking at what was once the French empire. We saw what happened in Madagascar and Syria, how the people there were able to gain independence. We saw how quickly France was invaded by Germany in the war. France was very weak. The colonial empire was failing. We took advantage of it. We were a colony that didn’t want to be a colony. People made a choice and I made the choice to declare war against France.”

Algeria experienced its fair share of political and social upheavals after independence. The FLN, who had brought about independence, was now the ruling political party and faced uprisings, mostly in the form of Islamic fundamentalists, that precipitated a civil war there in 1991.

A year later, 1992, Pontecorvo revisited the country for an RAI Italian television news program “Mixer Documenti.” With son Marco, a cameraman, he walked the specific locations, as once seen in the film. He showed again the prison Barberousse, the former French quarter Bab el-Oued, and the densely populated Casbah. The Italian director was, as always, fearless and truthful. He neither censored nor mitigated the verbal assaults lodged at him from Algerian locals. He recorded the dire shape of the Casbah, soon to be a no-man’s land for foreign journalists. A freelance reporter from France was killed there in 1999. Today, a ban remains in effect of foreign journalists and filmmakers inside the Casbah. In light of this, one wonders if an Italian director with help from an Algerian national could achieve what Pontecorvo and Yacef did 50 years ago.

“No, never,” Yacef says bluntly. “I am the last one of that group of people. Algerians are not particularly happy with us because we made the war and they didn’t.”

“The Battle of Algiers” is a controversial film for its accurate and empathetic portrayal of terrorists and torturers. Scenes depict the means and ends of explosives detonated by the FLN inside nightclubs and cafes killing dozens. Recounted also are the savvy methods of French paratroopers who extract information from prisoners through excessive physical and mental punishment.

A question arises about a comparison made between Yacef and the FLN with acts of terrorism by Islamic fundamentalists.

“We didn’t consider ourselves terrorists,” he says. “We fought our own fight the best way we could. There is no direct link between Islam and terrorism. In the end, we all want to find peace. If we take the example of the U.S., a country that never had a black president, but now accepts a black president, then this is a country that can do what is necessary for peace.”

Although the intention of the film was to celebrate an uprising of natives against a foreign occupying force, “The Battle of Algiers” has served the needs of military forces. Yacef admits that the film was used by the United States to help forge a counter offensive against Iraqi forces a decade ago.

“I know that President Bush invited his officers to see the film,” Yacef says. “They saw it in the Pentagon to learn aspects of geography, the economy, and the culture of Arabs. Still, Iraq is a very different place than Algeria. I was visited by the FBI to discuss what was involved. You can draw many examples. They’re may be some similarities. I remember saying to them, ‘If you go into Iraq, you will lose more than Iraq. Whatever is your motive, you will be humiliated the day you invade.’”

A great film will enlighten different generations, the longer it lasts. No doubt, “The Battle of Algiers” accomplishes this in the great artistic zeal that is Italian cinema.

A number of theaters will be showing “The Battle of Algiers” this month. For more information, log on to Here is a list of theaters nationwide that plan to show the film.

October 7 – 13    New York, NY    FILM FORUM
Saadi Yacef will appear in person following the 7:30pm show on October 7

October 7 – 13    Los Angeles, CA    LANDMARK'S NUART THEATRE

October 7 – 13    Washington, DC    LANDMARK'S E STREET CINEMA

October 14 – 20    Philadelphia, PA    LANDMARK'S RITZ AT THE BOURSE

October 14 – 20    San Diego, CA    LANDMARK'S KEN CINEMA

October 14 – 20    Denver, CO    LANDMARK'S CHEZ ARTISTE THEATRE

October 14 – 20    Chicago, IL    MUSIC BOX THEATRE

October 21 – 27    San Francisco, CA    LANDMARK'S OPERA PLAZA

October 21 – 27    Berkeley, CA    LANDMARK'S SHATTUCK CINEMAS

October 21 – 27    Seattle, WA    SUNDANCE CINEMAS

October 21 – 27    Portland, OR    CINEMA 21

November 15    Stamford, CT    AVON THEATRE

November 26, 28, & December 1    Baltimore, MD    THE CHARLES

December 1 – 4    Cleveland, OH    CLEVELAND CINEMATHEQUE

December 26 – January 5    Pittsburgh, PA    ROW HOUSE CINEMA



Four New Books:
“Deliver Us from Honor," “Feeding the Enemy,” “Il Bel Centro: A Year in the Beautiful Center,”and
“Italian Moms: Spreading Their Art to Every Table”


By S.E. Valenti
Published by Koehler Books
Available at Barnes&, Also on the author’s web site

Sicilianophile is probably the best way to describe Sharon Valenti, author of the engrossing and exciting novel, “Deliver Us from Honor.” Married to a Sicilian, Valenti immersed herself in the language, culture and history of Sicily. She put her passion to work in an entertaining page-turner, in the tradition of Mario Puzo’s “The Godfather.”

Organized crime is often portrayed as an urban phenomenon. Yet, as we see in “Deliver Us from Honor,” the mafia was rooted in the Sicilian countryside. It was more like the Wild West, than Ole New York, as Sicilian outlaws rode horses and attacked wagon and truck shipping routes through mountain passes. They stole, fought and killed and then made their way to an isolated village to to hide away from the law. Much of “Deliver Us from Honor” is set in the farms and forests of Sicily. Valenti captures the richness of the region’s agriculture where the best lemons and citrus fruits are grown. The people there have a deep connection to the land; a knowledge of the workings of nature that transcends the novel.

The story begins in 1911 when Giuseppe Vazano’s farm is destroyed by fire. Brothers Sevario and Santo come to his rescue only to find Giuseppe and his wife Maria missing and their middle brother Gaspano murdered. The only survivors are Giuseppe’s daughters Adriana and Francesca and Gaspano’s wife Nella and two children Alfredo and Cinzia. Hiding in the backcountry, the family comes to the realization that the fire was set by arsonists. They seek to solve the mystery as to who set the blaze and why. The journey of characters and subplots ensue throughout a host of cities and villages in Sicily such as Balestrate, Corleone, Catania and Palermo. We see the inner play of priests, peasants and padrones and how they effect the Vazano family and their quest for justice.
Valenti’s well-written novel highlights the transition of Sicilian society from feudal to modern in the early 20th century. Most striking is how Sicily opens itself to the outside world by way of immigration to America and trade with American entrepreneurs.

“Deliver Us from Honor” is a compelling novel about the bonds of family and the nature of vendetta and omertà - two aspects of the culture and folkways of Sicily and Southern Italy. For Italian Americans with deep roots in Sicily, this book will be immediately understood as it brings to light the customs and traditions of the region. “Deliver Us from Honor” is an exemplary novel where characters come alive on every page to make it a resonating and engrossing work.


By J.R. Sharp
Published by Koehler Books
Available at Barnes&, Also on the author’s web site

At first glance, “Feeding the Enemy” might be a usual work of fiction. However, author J.R. Sharp spent 32 years in the United States Navy and pens a captivating novel from the viewpoint of the conquered and not the conqueror.

“Feeding the Enemy,” is based on a true story about a family facing the trials of occupation by enemies foreign and domestic. It takes place in Cimpello, a small village in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of Italy. The year is 1939 and begins with Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia, as main character Gino Cartelli is wounded in the lung. Returned to Italy to a hospital in Treviso, he is nursed back to health by his fiance Catherina Zucchet, as the law dictates. The author writes: “The Italian government always requested family members to send help for the wounded because of a shortage of care providers at the hospitals.”

Catherina belongs to a family of proud farmers in Cimpello, headed by patriarch Pietro and assisted by her sickly brother Bruno. This is a dangerous time for the people of Italy as recruitment for the Fascist Party intensifies, pitting one group of young men against the other. Meanwhile, Pietro is one of many older farmers who faces dire times. The author shares his insight into Fasicist Italy when he speaks through Pietro about Italy’s decline under Mussolini. “His third thought was of his town of Cimpello and what it used to be like...The open markets, stores to shop in, restaurants to eat at, social events, and the evening walks that everyone would show up for in the middle of town. Now the town is more of a recruiting station and Fascist rally center. Gone were all the social events and many stores and restaurants…and the country and the Fascist supporters of Mussolini controlled everything.”

“Feeding the Enemy” is one-part romance novel, one-part family drama and one-part historic epic. Woven everywhere is devastation, brought by Fascist economic policies best described as socialist tyranny. The economy is controlled from top to bottom and the country is ruined. Add to injury the invasion by Nazi troops. What follows is a struggle for survival, the coming together of family members to outsmart a sinister enemy.  “Feeding the Enemy” is a bold work of historical fiction on the failure of government and tyrants and the survivability of common folk who live off the land. This is a book about good people, who want to live in peace but when called upon rise up to face their greatest foes. The books a well-written journey of faith and family and one that all Italian Americans should read.


By Michelle Damiani
Published by Rialto Press
Available at Also on the author’s web site

Most people are intrigued about the idea of spending a year in Italy. Author Michelle Damiani and her husband Keith and their children Nicolas, Siena, and Gabriel did just that in 2012. They packed up their belongings and left their home in Charlottesville, Virginia for the old village of Spello, in Italy’s Umbria region. Their experience is recounted in Michelle’s well-written book “Il Bel Centro: A Year in the Beautiful Center.”

For those with small children who want to live in Italy, “Il Bel Centro” is a must read. The book conveys all there is about daily life in the country, from the way Italians shop for food to the bureaucratic maze all must endure. Michelle gives us a glimpse of Italy’s incessant rules and regulations when she encounters applying for short term residency. She writes: “Another day at the posta, another endless line. Finally the woman who dismissed us yesterday beckons us to her window, but dismisses us once again because we haven’t noted the fee for the permesso on the application...They get you coming and going.”
No doubt, Michelle found life in Italy far different than the United States. Refreshing was the means of commerce and how simple transactions were in Italy; exemplified when they leased a car in Assisi. She writes: “When I hear the word ‘Assisi’ I think of Saint Francis’ birthplace. I never considered this spiritual destination as home to a FIAT dealership. And yet, it was at the Assisi FIAT dealer that Keith was granted a car, with no contract, no forms, no problem. I didn’t know that St. Francis was the patron saint of car leasing.”

Italian American by marriage, Michelle quickly comes to appreciate Italian human touch. She writes: “Italians are intent on making eye contact...When we first arrived, I felt exposed and vulnerable at that degree of eye contact. Now, I love it. It feels like a moment when guards come down and kindred spirits are summoned.” “Il Bel Centro” reads in many ways like a romance novel. In this case it is the author who falls in love with a country and way of life. Nothing is better than when someone not of your ethnicity comes to appreciate the richness of your customs and culture. “Il Bel Centro” is just that - a grand tribute from someone not Italian to all that defines Italy and the Italian way of being. It is a grand book to read.


By Elisa Costantini
Photography: Versano Photography
Available at Barnes&, Also on the author’s web site

The title of Elisa Costantini’s astounding new cookbook - “Italian Moms: Spreading Their Art to Every Table” - is most accurate. The proud artistry the author takes in cooking comes from the need to feed her family. She writes: “Being the one responsible for putting food on my family’s table gives me a sense of pride, and it is how I express my love for those who gather at my table.”

Born and raised in the Abruzzo region, Costantini was from “Poggio Valle, a simple community of 25 or so families.” She learned how to cook by assisting her Aunt Ida, a successful caterer in the Teramo province. Costantini came to America in 1961 only because her husband Francesco wanted to emigrate. She was content to stay in Italy and thought the couple would one day return. But that changed after their second child, “Agnes, was born with a medical disability. She received excellent care in America, and I felt she had to stay close to her doctors and nurses. And so, I had to resign myself to a new reality – I would never return to live in Italy full time.”  Agnes passed away in 1981 followed in 2015 by Francesco, after 55 years of marriage. The book preserves a vital part of family legacy - a time when the family was complete and gathered at the dinner table.

“Italian Moms” is a thoroughly written book that contains marvelous homemade recipes that capture the soul of Abruzzo. There is “Clams Provencal,” made with white wine; “Pepperoni Rossi Ripieni,” which contains prosciutto; “Fagiolini con Palate” potatoes, green beans and garlic; and “Cinghiale” a roasted wild boar, not uncommon in Abruzzo.

Stunning photographs convey the color and texture of the dishes. The books is organized by chapters that follow a full course meal, from antipasti to dessert. Through it all, Costantini adds insight to her many ingredients and instructions with Abruzzo the theme. She writes: “Abruzzo, then, is a perfect destination in which to discover the time–tested flavors of old–world Italian food unencumbered by the normal tourist trappings.” “Italian Moms Spreading Their Art to Every Table” is an enjoyable gastronomic tour of Abruzzo by a dedicated mother. It is a book of recipes to bring families closer together and retain their respective legacies. A joy to have in every bookshelf and cupboard.



Sean McHugh and Katie McHugh Parker Incorporate La Befana in “A Broomsticks Christmas.”
“Many American children have never heard of La Befana and we bring both cultures - Italian and American - together in this story.”


What made you choose a story on La Befana, the witch?

Even before we finished our first book, we agreed that we would have to have an appearance by La Befana if we ever wrote a Christmas book for the Broomsticks series. We were both fascinated with La Befana's legend long before Broomsticks came around and since our books are about two nine-year-old witches, it just made since to include her. We did plenty of research on the legend to make sure we stayed true to her character. For instance, we now know that, instead of milk and cookies, you leave La Befana a glass of wine. La Befana's story embraces everything we love about Christmas. It has all the magic and wonder of the holiday but is also deeply rooted in what the true meaning of Christmas is all about. Although there have been some very good books about La Befana published in America, they're usually just a re-telling of her origin. We wanted to give the Italian legend a major role in our all-American fairytale.

How does the book incorporate the La Befana myth?

In our story, La Befana is actually introduced to us by Santa Claus. Santa brings our two main characters to Italy to meet her. Going along with her legend, they appropriately find her in a church, at a nativity scene, praying. This sets the scene for Santa to explain her search for the Christ Child.

Why do you think this book will appeal to Italian American children?

I think this book will appeal to Italian American children because in the United States everything is Santa Claus. Many American children have never heard of La Befana and we bring both cultures - Italian and American - together in this story. Santa and La Befana not only exist in the same realm, but they are friends and respect one another. It shows that there doesn't have to be a cultural divide. I hope that Italian American children will be excited to read about their beloved La Befana in a new and different way and share this part of their culture with their friends.

What is the key lesson of the book?

I feel the key lesson of the book is about hope. The story also deals with a subject all children must face when they reach a certain age and start to question their childhood beliefs. It's about hope, keeping the faith in the things you believe in. 

What are some other books you've written and your plans for the future.

This is our last book of the series. Our first books, Broomsticks and Broomsticks-The Halloween Spirit  have been very successful and we feel A Broomsticks Christmas is perfect way to complete our trilogy. However, this isn't the end of Broomsticks altogether.  Stamp and Pocky may return in some other format, whether it be a comic book, picture book, etc. They won't be gone forever.  In fact, the last line of our new book is; "Broomsticks forever!" So, we'll see what the future has in store for our two little magical do-gooders.

Editor's Note: You can learn more about Sean and Katie's new children's book "A Broomstick Christmas" and their "Broomstick" series by logging on to




The Third Edition Features an Article on Truffle Hunting in Italy's Le Marche Region
Truffles Were a Favorite of Italian Composer Gioacchino Rossini. Here is a Recipe in His Honor

With the same harmony used for his melodies Gioacchino Rossini prepared his favorite dishes, combining various ingredients and flavors. Here is a recipe dedicated to Rossini by the famous French chef Moisson. Let us enjoy it while tuning in to the more famous notes of the Barber of Seville.

Filet alla Rossini

1.25 lbs of beef filet
4 ounces of fois gras
2 ounces of white truffle from Acqualagna
1/4 cup of extra virgin oil
1 cup beef gravy

Cut the filet in four parts, salt and pepper and rub with extra virgin olive oil, place on the grill and cook. In a preheated pan, cook the fois gras for one minute on each side. Once cooked, put the filet on the dish, spread the fois gras on the filet and slice the white truffle generously on the fois gras. Sprinkle with black pepper and add a drizzle of olive oil and the gravy on top. To make a good gravy, use a beef bone toasted in the oven, then cook with carrot, celery, onion in water until it reduces to a thick gravy. Filter and add to the meat.



Wednesday, 10/9C SundanceTV
PRIMO Exclusive - Sneak Peek
Scene from "Gomorrah," Part 5, Ciro Teaches Michele How to Shoot Which Results in a Major Conflict Among the Naples' Clans


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Author Lisa Scottoline Gives Readers a Touching, Heartfelt Thriller

Lisa Scottoline knows Philadelphia.

She also knows the law and the inherent instincts of motherhood.  All come together in her extraordinary new novel, “Damaged.”

Scottoline is the author of some 26 novels; almost all of which are legal thrillers, with the exception of a family drama about a returning veteran from the war in Afghanistan titled “Don’t Go.” She has also written a host of memoirs that give insight into her personal life with views of contemporary society. Currently, she and her daughter Francesca write a weekly column for the Philadelphia Inquirer where they take a woman’s perspective of the latest news and events.

Scottoline has many fans and it shows as “Damaged,” along with her other novels, has made the New York Times bestseller list. It is the latest installment in the author’s popular Rosario and DiNunzio series; a foundation of novels centered on the female lawyers of a fictitious law firm in Philadelphia. Main characters in the novels are Bennie Rosato, Judy Carrier and Mary DiNunzio; each of whom take a turn in the lead role of a specific story with the others serving as minor and supporting characters.

In “Damaged” it is Mary DiNunzio’s chance again to be the protagonist. She is an accomplished attorney who is about to be married and yet finds herself in a case that pits her against the city’s child protection services bureaucracy, police force, and public school system.

The novel starts with Mary meeting her new client, Edward O’Brien, a widower and retired accountant beset by the travails of his grandson Patrick, of whom he has full custody. Patrick is dyslexic and at 10 years old is still unable to read and write, a sign of the failure of the public school system. Edward seeks Mary’s counsel after he is served with papers announcing he is being sued by a teacher’s aid at Patrick’s school. We soon find out that the aid taunted and physically assaulted Patrick; yet the suit claims Patrick was the attacker. Counsel for the plaintiff is the notorious shark, Nick Machiavelli, who grew up in Mary’s neighborhood of Southside Philly. Machiavelli is well-named. He seeks to win the case at any cost and take Edward’s retirement savings. He has no regard for ethics or, for that matter, Patrick and his affliction.

Almost from the outset in the novel, we see Scottoline’s famous sense of humor at work. The book comes with doses of wit and sarcasm by the author, almost on every page. In the instance where she describes Machiavelli, she writes: “The stories about his legal prowess were legendary…In high school he had been voted Class President, Prom King and Most Likely to Succeed because he was cunning, handsome, and basically, Machiavellian…She always knew that one day they would meet in a battle, and that when they did, it would be a fight between good and evil, with billable hours.”

In “Damaged,” we follow Mary through the legal maze of Philadelphia. Her client is the catalyst for a parade of public servants, detectives and lawyers. The goal is to protect the well-being of Patrick, a handicapped boy accused of a crime. Yet, common sense is lost in the process. The nurturing care so intrinsic in the emotional and mental growth of a child is sacrificed in the unstinted web of laws, criminal investigations, and administrative hearings. Worse is the unceasing decline of the public school system that failed Patrick and others like him. For instance, Scottoline describes what Mary finds when she visit’s Patrick’s school - Grayson Elementary. “She crossed the street to the school, which was situated behind a forbidding fence of pointed black bars and surrounded by asphalt with no trees or bushes in sight. The playground was an asphalt side yard that had a basketball backboard, but no hoop or net, and nobody could’ve played basketball anyway because cars were parked randomly on the court. Worst of all, the school building itself looked run-down and ancient, a fact confirmed by a glance at its keystone, which read, almost unbelievably, 1927.”

For Scottoline, her homotown is always a main character in her novesl. She gives needed attention to the powers of Philadelphia, a city divided along ethnic lines, but without the animosity sometimes associated with other cities. Philadelphians are more laid back and down-to-earth than the people of New York, Washington, D.C. and Boston - the other big cities of the East Coast. She captures the Italian American preeminence of the city; a place that has had its fair share of mayors, city councilors, police officers and prosecutors with vowels on the last names.

Scottoline, herself, was a respected attorney before she became an author. She graduated near the top of her class in law school and served in clerkships for some of Pennsylvania’s most important judges. She is in a perfect position to convey aspects of family and child care law in the novel and readers will find themselves the better for it. “Damaged” at times reads like a legal lecture, but it is far more entertaining and touching. Indeed, “Damaged” is most endearing when the author delves into the mysterious bond between women and children. We see the mother instinct come alive in Mary the more she comes into contact with Patrick.

An honors student in English at the University of Pennsylvania, Scottoline’s writing is excellent and her command of the language unimpeachable. Hers is not the style of legal briefs, however. She writes softly yet directly. Her sentences flow like scented water, leading the reader with the graceful ease of an Italian debutante.

The great strength of “Damaged” is the spirit of the main character Mary. A  sense of decency and kindness in her shines through. She might be a proficient attorney, but she is still the daughter of Philadelphia’s Italian Southside where the human touch prevails.

“Damaged” is more than a legal thriller. It is a story of how one overcomes a lifeless world of laws and legalisms by retaining the values of faith and family where she was born and raised. Mary, like Scottoline, may have left the Italian neighborhood, but the Italian neighborhood never left her.

“Damaged” is an astounding novel, one to be read and cherished by all who love a good thriller and the Italian way of living. To learn more about other books by Lisa Scottoline, please visit the author's web site


“Michelangelo for Kids: His Life and Ideas” by Simonetta Carr
Published by Chicago Review Press

Michelangelo is no doubt a role model for author Simonetta Carr.

Much like the great Florentine did with his sculpture, paintings and architecture, she settled upon an original and engaging idea and made great use of it.
“Michelangelo for Kids: His Life and Ideas” is premised on Michelangelo as a role model for children. A wonderful idea since his artwork can be immediately grasped for their greatness by boys and girls of all backgrounds.

Education begins with kids drawing and building. As their motor skills progress, they begin to recognize the difficulties of rendering realistic scenes and figures. When viewing Michelangelo’s work, they know from first glance that he has done it all with great expertise. When they learn of the uniqueness of some of Michelangelo’s projects, such as his painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, they are all the more stimulated to emulate his work.

In “Michelangelo for Kids,” Carr provides us with a well-written and well-researched biography. Although touted a “children’s book,” the book is advanced in many ways as it relates to the complexity of the subject and the dynamism of his times. It will appeal to adults as much as it will kids. Carr treats Michelangelo and the Renaissance fairly and we are all the better for it. Hers is a refreshing departure from the monotonous revisionism that plagues todays historical writing.

“Michelangelo for Kids” comes in at about 130 pages in length. The book is beautifully designed: A wide soft cover on glossy paper that contains eye-catching layout of text and color photographs of the great artworks of Michelangelo and realtime photographs of Italian landscapes. The book is divided among chapters relating to Michelangelo’s life from his apprenticeship at the age of 12 at the workshop of Domenico Ghirlandaio in Florence to his architectural design at the age of 88 for the Church of Santa Maria deli Angeli in Rome.

The biographical narrative is informative and enlightening on its own merits. Yet, Carr includes a number of sidebars and activity lessons to add depth to the telling of Michelangelo’s life.

The book’s sidebar topics cover the religious, cultural and political underpinnings of the Renaissance; which will be most helpful to elementary and middle school students studying this period of history. The author seeks balance in accurately conveying the nature of the times. For instance, in one sidebar, she describes the Republic of Florence: “Though Florence was called a republic, for 60 years (1434-1494) it was ruled by one family - the Medici…Even if they kept the city’s main government body (the Signoria, a council made up of eight elected men headed by a gonfalonier), the Medici controlled the elections and influenced the council’s decisions. In some ways, the Medici rule was beneficial for Florence…Under Lorenzo the Magnificent, the city enjoyed a large measure of peace and became the cultural center of Europe.”

Carr’s writing is efficiently descriptive. She wastes little time on the innuendos of history. Speculations as to Michelangelo’s background and character are reasonably conveyed. Yet, the fulcrum of her mission is undeniable. She wants readers to understand the significance of Michelangelo’s achievements rather than his personal flaws and eccentricities.

The book’s 21 activity lessons come together to capture the spirit of the Renaissance. They bring Michelangelo’s legacy to life by instilling in readers a hands-on appreciation for his work. For instance, one activity gives the ingredients and instructions to making homemade paint. Another is a lesson in cross-hatching, a drawing technique utilized by Michelangelo and other great painters of the Renaissance. Perhaps the most fun is the activity that seeks to emulate Michelangelo’s painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Kids are asked to attach drawing paper underneath their dining room tables and draw from there.
From cover-to-cover, “Michelangelo for Kids” is an enlightened celebration of the Renaissance. It has all the attributes for a book of significant influence among children. The quality and professionalism of author Carr, the designers and publisher, make this a book to behold from infancy through adulthood. No doubt, “Michelangelo for Kids” is a worthy tribute to one of the greatest men in history.




After the yearly festival Mass which is traditionally dedicated to the veterans of World War II, a statue depicting a WWII soldier coming to the aid of a fallen brother in arms was unveiled. The statue was sculpted by Mr. Jerald Christofaro in the 1940’s, tearfully and lovingly handed over, and painstakingly restored by the MC Italian American Festival Assn. This statue honors the brave soldiers who fought for and won the greatest war in American history and gives voice to the memory of more than 400,000 soldiers who never returned; thus enabling the rest of us to live around the world in freedom. The following Mercer County Italian American WWII soldiers were honored and present:

Anthony Capriotti, Frank Cuili, Ray E. Dooling, Quinton C. Erkoboni,Patrick L. Galati, Walter P. Kramarz, Anthony W. Melchiondo, Frank J. Parese
James W. Smith, William E Smith, Frank J. Uvegas and George S. Vitoritt

Certificates and gifts of appreciation were given by Cav. John Scarpati, President MCIAFA and Kathi Adie, Chairperson of Military & Veterans/Special Events Committees.



The headliners of the"world tour” are Max Gazze and Negrita with Specail Guests Gio Sada, Coez, Zephiro and Kathryn Dean

Hit Week is the most important festival in the world dedicated to the spreading of Italian music and culture: the only event, outside the country's borders, that promotes Italy's artistic creativity, in summary, the famous "made in Italy".

The 2016 edition will be held from October 7th through 24th in the USA, Canada, UK, Japan and China: new concerts - a unique “world tour” - in the most important cities of North America, the United Kingdom and Asia, with Max Gazzè and Negrita. 

The headliners:  Singer, songwriter and bassist Max Gazzè's 25 career has seen the artist become a leading statesman of Italian song.  Born in Rome and raised in Brussels, where his father served as a diplomat, Gazzè has collaborated with the likes of Franco Battiato and Carmen Consoli.  From the stage at Sanremo to being a founding member of a cantautori supergroup along with Niccolò Fabi and Daniele Silvestri, Gazzè’s most recent solo album “MAXIMILIAN” has topped Italy's music and media channels since its release in 2015 being certified platinum this year.  Gazzè is a favorite on the European touring circuit.  Following his global Hit Week appearances Gazzè returns to Italy for a pair of arena dates in Rome (10/27 Palalottomatica) and Milan (10/29 Mediolanum Forum).

Tuscan rockers Negrita are considered one of the most influential acts on the Italian scene of the last generation.  Over a career born by taking their name from the Rolling Stones song "Hey Negrita", to Rolling Stone’s Italian edition raking their album “Reset" among the country’s 100 best of all time, the Arezzo-based band have earned multiple MTV Europe Award nominations and platinum certifications.  Negrita’s ninth studio album “9” debuted at #1 on Italy’s album chart upon its release in 2015.  Additionally, Negrita have developed a strong following in South America through their collaborations with the likes of Colombian mega-star Juanes and the socially conscious Brazilian rapper Gabriel o Pensador.  Negrita, “habitué” of Hit Week, return to its festival fold for the first time in four years with a highly anticipated show.

10/7: MONTREAL (Rialto Theatre) - MAX GAZZÈ
10/9: TORONTO (Mod Club) - MAX GAZZÈ
10/10: CHICAGO (Martyrs') - MAX GAZZÈ
10/12: NEW YORK (Highline Ballroom) - MAX GAZZÈ + GIÒ SADA special guest
10/13: BOSTON (Regattabar) - MAX GAZZÈ
10/14: MIAMI (North Beach Bandshell) - MAX GAZZÈ
10/16: LOS ANGELES (Whisky a Go Go) - MAX GAZZÈ
10/18: LONDON (The Garage) - NEGRITA + COEZ very special guest
10/20: TOKYO (Club Phase) - MAX GAZZÈ + ZEPHIRO special guest
10/21: TOKYO (Club Phase) - NEGRITA + ZEPHIRO special guest
10/22: SHANGHAI (Qsv Center Live House) - MAX GAZZÈ
10/24: LOS ANGELES (Whisky a Go Go) - NEGRITA + GIÒ SADA & KATHRYN DEAN special guest

HIT WEEK is produced by Music Experience Roma S.r.l Mela Inc.




William Castellana is an Italian American Brooklyn-based photographer whose images have been published internationally in periodicals such as Silvershotz, Rangefinder, Creative Quarterly, Newsweek, Time, New York, and others. His work resides in the permanent collections of over 40 museums in the US. He currently has an exhibition at the Museo Italo Americano in San Francisco, titled “Brooklyn & Botanicals,” featuring photographs of Hasidic Jews where he lives and Williamsburg and the flowers and plant he captures in stunning black and white;

For the majority of his 20 year career, Castellana focused primarily on the fine art of still life photography. Two years ago, however, he turned his lens on the street life that exists right outside his apartment in South Williamsburg, Brooklyn – where his neighbors are a large community of Satmar Hasidic Jews.The thirty-seven black and white images in this exhibit from Castellana’s South Williamsburg series form a social document of a people and a place, capturing the rich textures, the unique dress, the old customs and strong traditions that make up the fabric of the Hasidic way of life. They provide a portrait of daily life in the Satmar community, which keeps itself insulated from the secular and ever more gentrified Brooklyn community that surrounds it.

“Street photography” Castellana has said, “is about fidelity and frankness. It’s about the preservation of a time and place…”

His web site is




Since 1992, Fred M. Grandinetti has hosted the “Drawing with Fred” cable series in Watertown, Massachusetts. An expert on Popeye, he has four books and over 50 articles published on the cartoon and character. He also has a passion for classic television and has published articles on “I Dream of Jeannie,” “The Avengers,” “Batman,” and “Bozo, The Clown.” Grandinetti recently teamed up with actor Cuyle Carvin, whose credits include “Hawaii Five-O” and “NCIS: Los Angeles,” to author a graphic styled book on bullying. Titled “Different Worlds, Best of Friends,” the book presents a contrast with Carvin’s high school experience as a star athlete and that of Grandinetti, who was bullied repeatedly. PRIMO interviewed Grandinetti about his book and his experience with bullying.

Your book captures your experience getting bullied at school. Briefly explain the extent of the bullying you had to endure?

In grade school it was typical name calling but this changed when I began the sixth grade. I was sent to school on a bus with kids I didn’t know. That’s when I was called a “fag” with no idea what this word meant. I suspect the kids doing the name calling had no idea either. Throughout the seventh to twelfth grade I was heavily involved with theatre. I was featured in several plays and won acting awards. Unfortunately this activity painted a big bull’s eye on my chest. I was bullied due to my interest in performing because, at that time, my community was heavily into sports. I was tripped down flights of stairs, pushed on the ground, tackled, rammed into lockers, my artwork destroyed, a pocket knife held underneath my throat and gum thrown in my hair.

Did the principal or other officials at the school do anything to stop the bullying?

One experience, which is told in the book, was when a bully rammed me into a locker while I was in high school. He was a star player on the football team and I was called into the principal’s office when word of what happened reached the ears of the school officials. The principal asked the bully why he assaulted me and his reply was “I just wanted to say hello”. The bully was told to apologize which was the extent of his punishment. I never asked but I’m pretty sure his punishment wasn’t more severe because he was a popular student and valued member of the football team. Unfortunately during my day, and sadly today, bullying is regarded as just part of growing up without fully realizing the long term damage these incidents cause to one’s self confidence.

How will this book help kids who are today getting bullied?

This book is told with two perspectives towards bullying. My experience of being a victim and Cuyle Carvin’s befriending a student who was bullied. Cuyle was known as a “jock” and on the football team. He saw an injustice being done and offered his friendship. I hope other sports minded individuals learn from the positive example Cuyle set.

What advice do you give parents of kids being bullied? How best to prepare the kids to defend themselves and overcome the assaults and harassment? Should they take the child out of school?

My opinion is parents have to be more aware of their child’s behavior. Whether they’re the victim or the bully, they shouldn’t tolerate what’s happening and forget the “it’s all part of growing up” nonsense. Get teachers and school officials involved. If the violence increases call the police department. A crucial step is to make sure the child, if they’re the bully, understands how words can hurt people before it escalates to physical behavior. To this day my self-confidence is very shaky due to all the verbal and physical abuse I suffered.

How did you overcome it? What did you do to get past the sting of the dark years of high school?

I have never truly overcome being bullied as the memories remain fresh in my memory. My interest in Popeye cartoons helped me persevere through the abuse. I‘d come home from school and watch the sailor man’s adventures on WMUR-TV’s “The Uncle Gus Show.” These five to eight minutes of enjoyment would help suppress the memories of any abuse I suffered that day. My interest in Popeye led to my freelance writing career, publishing five books, helping people with publicity and producing the award winning cable access series “Drawing With Fred” ( In the book you see my interest in writing grow while I was being abused. Everyone has their passion and mine is Popeye. The sailor helped see me through a lot of dark times. I encourage anyone being bullied to discover their passion and stick with it despite the abuse. It’s not easy by any stretch of the imagination but there are benefits.

Editor’s Note: “Different Worlds, Best of Friends,” is available at I AM Books which is the first Italian American Book store in the country. Their website is Grandinetti claims all proceeds from the book are going to The Buddy Dog Humane Society and The Troublemaker Foundation.



Diego Orlandini is the Creator of The Wynwood Coloring Book; an Interactive Showcase of the Outdoor Murals of Miami's Art District


Wynwood is a thriving arts district in Miami known for its vibrant art scene and entrepreneurial spirit.  In April, The Wynwood Coloring Book launched and has grown in a short period of time as a true ambassador of the Wynwood community and its local businesses and creatives, by showcasing the art and artists who give the area it’s colorful, vibrant spirit.

To further showcase the incredible vibe of the Wynwood community, the group of young entrepreneurs behind The Wynwood Coloring Book created a video clip to show people across the nation what Wynwood is all about and feel the unmatched energy of the community.   Wynwood has recently caught the national spotlight due to the Zika virus outbreak but the community has united to support each other, and the life of the small businesses and independent artists that make up Wynwood.  According to David Lombardi, pioneer of Wynwood Development, “local businesses have been hit hard and we ask locals and tourists that when you think about going out to eat, get a drink or to go shopping, please consider coming to one of Wynwood’s many businesses.  Wynwood is full of award-winning restaurants, brewers, bakers; we have incredible retailers who are not backed by multi-national companies.” The community invites the world with open arms to its “home” and wants to let everyone know that they are open for business and ready to welcome you.

Diego Orlandini, founder of AimfulMedia and creator of The Wynwood Coloring Book explains, “We wanted to show to the world that Wynwood stands strong together, it's safe and it welcomes visitors like always. We are a thriving community full of laughter, art, creativity and good people. Take a look at the video. Take a look at Wynwood and the amazing people that live and work here.”  Enlisting the help of filmmaker and director Daniel Yankiver and the support of HGAB Studios, they created this commercial in under one week, from concept to completion. It was filmed guerrilla-style bringing together many local businesses who donated time and space to make this happen. They recruited the help of over one hundred volunteers, crew, artists, locals and tourists to accurately represent what makes Wynwood so special.

What the Wynwood Coloring Book attempts to do is to share the story of Wynwood with the world. Despite the effect that Zika has caused to local businesses, Wynwood is fun, alive, full of art, entrepreneurs and artists working together, and restaurants who welcome visitors with arms wide open. Wynwood is open for business.



An Extraordinary TV Series from Italy That Will Win Fans All Over America
The Series Begins on SundanceTV, Wednesday, August 24, 10/9C

What made a great book, made a great film, now makes a great TV series.

“Gomorrah,” comes to America, direct from Italy, by way of SundanceTV, beginning on Wednesday, August 24, 10/9C
Viewers who yearn for a well-made action-packed drama, which is too few seen on today’s cable, will not be disappointed. “Gomorrah” is riveting from the first to twelfth episodes, with engaging characters and a plot to keep audiences tuning in week after week.

In “Gomorrah,” Americans will get an up close view of a place few know. That is Naples: Italy’s third largest city and Europe’s most densely populated. Naples is a dynamic metropolis but rarely celebrated due to bad press stemming from perpetual crime and violence there. Most Americans know Naples as the birthplace of pizza, but the city is much more than that.

“Gomorrah” was filmed in many parts of Naples and a number of scenes convey the city’s spectacular scenery and beautiful landmarks. Assistance was given to the series by the Regione Campania Film Commission. We see a city far different than a narrative of decay and despondency hoisted upon it by outside observers. Indeed, Naples attains a youthful spirit with thriving industries, Millennial entrepreneurs and a nightlife that never sleeps. Although Americans might think Italy a land rich in past treasures, the country is also quite modern. The series is entirely contemporary and we see Italians as high-tech oriented as are Americans.

No doubt ironic is that a TV series based on the Camorra, the organized crime group at the root of Naples’ negative reputation, gives new life to the city. The catalyst of it all is Roberto Saviano - one of history’s most courageous journalists, whose book “Gomorrah” gave an unprecedented, behind-the-scenes look at the Camorra. Never mind the threats to his life, Saviano has continued to build on his success through extensive collaborations, this time in television. He is one of the creators of the series.

As the film and novel followed the exploits of different figures and clans inside the Camorra, the TV series is more focused. Written by Stefano Bises, Leonardo Fasoli, Ludovica Rampoldi and Giovanni Bianconi, the drama centers on the tribulations of a specific family, named after its godfather, Pietro Savastano (Fortunato Cerlino). A brutal yet well-dressed figure, Savastano leads a group of middle aged Neapolitan men who dominate much of the drug trade in the Naples suburb of Scampia. His most trusted lieutenant, and the series central character, is Ciro Di Marzio (Marco D'Amore). Tough yet smart, Ciro is ever-present. He is a man of the streets, sometimes honorable, sometimes despotic, but always fearless. D’Amore plays the character with divergent intensity, at times quietly brooding and at other times explosively expressive. D’Amore has a face of roughened innocence which makes him all the more fascinating to watch. He is the foundation of the series, one that builds in intensity after each episode.

The story of the Savastano clan is multi-faceted but always centered on its survival. Cerlino plays Pietro viperously, but with a thoughtfulness of a wise businessman. We see him sitting inside a Rococo inspired home office, surrounded by accountants, brokers and attorneys. His empire is strictly governed by the supply and demand of street addicts and when a new dealer, Salvatore Conte, played slyly by Marco Palvetti, encroaches on his territory, the threat becomes a crisis. Early in the series Pietro is arrested and imprisoned and the family is turned over to his wife Imma and son Genny. Played by Maria Pia Calzone, a beautiful Italian actress, the Lady Imma, as she is referred to by others, is quick to take over criminal operations. She uses a soft savvy touch to govern the male toughs, putting her at odds with Ciro, who finds his influence and power waning.

Genny is the most transitional character in the series. He is expertly played by Salvatore Esposito who goes from spoiled rich kid to hardened mafiosi. A different twist accompanies his rise in power, as he recruits young men his age. They come to the family not only with youthful impulsivity but with a need, different than Ciro and the older members, for an existential means of belonging. An inner civil war arises as the older members, more rudimentary in their approach, governed by the call for street profit, must fight it out with the young newcomers.

Directed by Stefano Sollima, Francesca Comencini, and Claudio Cupellini, “Gomorrah” presents the veracity of a crime drama with subplots that underscores Naples’ hard truths of urban poverty, political corruption and unrestricted violence. The series, in Italian with English subtitles, is a phenomenal exploration of contemporary Southern Italy, a land more East than West, that moves forward with the times but changes little in the mores and customs of its people.

“Gomorrah” is highly recommended, an exceptional television series, one that will be sure to win fans throughout the United States this year and the years to come. For more information please log on to


Italian Female Singers and Songwriters Flaunt Their Creativity

Pictured in order: Rose Villain, LILI N, and lemandarle

Introducing Rose Villain a singer and songwriter from Milan based in New York City. Horror enthusiast and fashion devotee, her eclectic interests infuse poetry, criminology and natural catastrophes into her witty lyrics and moody vocals. Her music is a catchy cocktail that fuses alternative-pop sounds with hip-hop beats and an electronic slant. Villain’s debut single "Get The Fuck Out Of My Pool” dropped in July via leading indie Machete in Italy and Adesso internationally. Produced by SIXPM, ex-member of the 2ndRoof production team, the song is about the classic toxic LA love story that takes place between a party boy who cannot commit, and a girl who’s had enough.

LILI N delivered a pair of truly global tracks in July and August. The electronic pop songstress from Rome, and current Berklee College of Music student in Boston, features on the debut EP of Dillistone, the Copenhagen-born, Shanghai-rased, London-based producer and SoundCloud sensation.  The song “Midas” was playlisted on Spotify’s Fresh Finds as well as on YouTube’s La Belle Musique.  Additionally, LILI N’s latest solo single “Paper Heart” hit Apple Music’s Best of the Week Pop Playlist its week of release.  Paper Heart was co-written in Stockholm with production team Hymer with additional production by Sanford in LA.  

BIRTHH, fronted by Florence’s Alice Bisi, followed up on their successful SXSW debut with the new video for “Queen of Failureland” featured in the influential UK fanzine “God is in the TV.”

lemandorle bursts on to the scene with “Le ragazze”, a retro slice of Italo electronic dance music, and candidate for Italy’s song of the summer, or tormentone.  A viral video for the track stars a pair of girlfriends searching for summer in their deserted city, Milan.

For more information, log on to



The Library of Congress features an exhibit of photographs of early opera stars from a collection assembled by the late authority on opera, Charles Jahant. The format explores how Jahant might have used an Instagram account had he lived today.  “Opera Before Instagram: Portraits, 1890–1955” opened on August 18 in the Performing Arts Reading Room Foyer on the first level of the Library’s James Madison Memorial Building, 101 Independence Ave. S.E., Washington, D.C. The exhibition is free and open to the public from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Saturday. It closes on Saturday, Jan. 7, 2017. Here are highlights:


Francesco Tamagno (1850-1905) was the foremost Italian dramatic tenor of the 19th century. At first appearing in supporting roles in 1869, he was soon singing leads, due to his immensely powerful voice, which could hurl out high Bs and Cs from a seemingly endless supply. Composer Giuseppe Verdi chose him to inaugurate the title role in Otello in 1887 at La Scala in Milan, Italy. Tamagno was in demand everywhere, and expensive, and came to America in 1891 with the touring Abbey and Grau Company. He appeared in New York as a regular at the Metropolitan Opera during the 1894–1895 season. The photograph was taken in 1895 by Benjamin Falk.

Luisa Tetrazzini (1871-1940) was a truly great coloratura (vocal range of low B to high F). She made her debut in 1891 in Florence, Italy, and then left for a long stay in South America where she led a bohemian existence. She first sang in San Francisco in 1904 with a Mexican company and remained there for two seasons. Tetrazzini then went to London and was rapturously received. Oscar Hammerstein signed her immediately, and she soon conquered the New York public. When Hammerstein’s Manhattan Opera failed, she joined the Chicago Opera from 1910 until 1913, singing briefly with the Metropolitan Opera, in 1911–1912. Her voice was uneven, and while superb in the upper register was somewhat undeveloped elsewhere. However, her joy of singing is apparent on her records. The photograph was taken in Denver by Wallace Kirkland in 1911.

Trained initially as a bass, Tito Gobbi (1913-1984) made his debut in La Sonnambula in 1935. Two years later, he went to Rome and then to Milan as a dramatic baritone. From there he travelled the world, appearing in San Francisco in 1948, Chicago in 1954, and finally at the Metropolitan Opera in 1956. This sovereign singing actor was the logical successor to baritone Lawrence Tibbett. Unfortunately, his appearances in America were sporadic. It is true that his vocal range was somewhat restricted, but he was irreplaceable in all that he did. Late in life Gobbi became a successful stage director, instructing others in the proper interpretation of the role of Scarpia (Tosca), one of his finest roles. The photograph shows him in the role of Figaro in Il Barber di Siviglia in Florence in 1947.

A lovely Italian lyric soprano, Rosetta Pampanini (1896-1973) made her 1920 debut in Rome as Micaëla in Carmen. She was soon heard in Naples and Bologna, and in 1925 was engaged by Toscanini to sing Madama Butterfly in the revival of the work at La Scala before performing internationally. Pampanini sang Puccini roles in Chicago for the 1931–1932 season, and from 1925 until 1940 she was considered perhaps the world’s leading Puccini singer. In 1935 the Metropolitan Opera’s newly-appointed general manager, Herbert Witherspoon, had intended to hire her, but he died suddenly, only a month after taking office, and the planned offer was not made. The soprano had a limpid (clear, bright) voice of fine quality and she was an affecting artist. The photograph 1931 shows Pampanini dressed in the lead role of Madame Butterfly for a performance in Chicago.

To learn more about this and other exhibits at the Library of Congress, please log on to



Great Ingredients Come Together for Wonderful Marinara and Mushroom

One thing you notice when you buy a jar of Cosmo Celebration Sauces are the ingredients: Just a few lines of text...And that’s the way it should be!

Tomato sauces are supposed to be simply made with the key ingredient - tomatoes. Since so many companies mass produce their foods, artificial infusions and unnecessary ingredients dominate the final product. They often overpower their sauce with chemical additions that force it to taste bland. With Cosmo Celebration Sauces, there are absolutely no artificial flavors or colors. What they give the consumer are basic ingredients needed to make a great sauce. You taste the sweet and tangy tomatoes in every bite along with the other ingredients, i.e., onions, garlic, basil.

Cosmo currently offers two sauces - Mushroom Marinara and Classic Marinara. PRIMO cooked both jars of sauce for various pasta dishes. We began with the Mushroom Marinara. Our choice was a traditional Southern Italian meal of homemade linguine with Italian pork sausage and meatballs. The sauce’s mushroom flavor was immediately apparent during cooking. The smokiness of the sauce was perfect for the robust sausages and meatballs. The texture was excellent! This sauce was not runny and allowed the pasta to fully absorb the tomato flavor.

An original recipe at PRIMO was utilized for Cosmo’s Classic Marinara. Pancetta is a favorite of the publisher’s and a pound of it was diced and sautéed with two cloves of crushed garlic and some olive oil. Added was one small onion, two celery stalks, a red pepper and a red chili pepper - all diced. After sautéing on high heat, an entire jar of Cosmo’s Classic Marinara was added. The sauce simmered with additions of fresh thyme and red basil. The color was extraordinary. The redness of the sauce was immensely deep thanks mostly to the red basil, but also to the pancetta and peppers. Ziti was the pasta of choice and the sauce was served with Parmigiano-Reggiano grated cheese. Cosmo’s marinara really came through as it perfectly condensed the pancetta and vegetable ingredients. Every bite was a taste of Italian perfection.

Italian recipes from the South rely on the sauce. It has to be as close to greatness in order for the other attributes of the meal to come through. Cosmo Celebration Sauces, with its quality ingredients, go beyond what’s needed for the trusted family recipe.

PRIMO wholly recommends Cosmo Celebration Sauces. The flavor, texture and overall quality are excellent and will always add the perfect dose of Italy to any meal.

Editor's Note: To learn more about Cosmo Celebration Sauces, please log on to their web site at


Apulia’s Pizzica Powerhouse Will Play in Five Cities in America

Italy's leading ensemble on the world music circuit, Canzoniere Grecanico Salentino returns Stateside for a series of Fall concert dates.  Running from September 29th through October 10th, stops along CGS's 2016 mini-tour include Midwest performances at the Madison World Music Festival, Legion Arts (Cedar Rapids, IA) and Minneapolis’s Cedar Cultural Center.  The band then heads East for a one-off club show at New York City’s now legendary spot, (Le) Poisson Rouge, before wrapping up its latest US jaunt with multiple appearances at the Richmond Folk Festival.

In 2015 CGS celebrated its 40th anniversary with the release of "Quaranta" (40), which was cited in Best of the Year world music album round-ups by the likes of Huffington Post and PopMatters.  Quaranta was produced by Ian Brennan, 2012 Grammy Award winner in the Best World Music category for Tinariwen's "Tassili" album, and features guests such as composer/pianist Ludovico Einaudi and singer-songwriter Piers Faccini.  A video for the song "Solo Andata" (One Way Ticket) received Amnesty International Italy's 2014 Arts and Human Rights Award.  Set to text by author Erri de Luca, and directed by Alessandro Gassmann, the video tackles the ongoing issue of immigrants from North Africa to Italy's shores.

Lauded under the new leadership of Mauro Durante, the offspring of CGS's founding members, this second generation group has consistently garnered critical acclaim from the likes of The New York Times, NPR, The Guardian and the BBC.  A whirlwind of touring on the international scene has included stops on prestigious stages including Womad (UK, Australia, New Zealand), Womex, SXSW and Sziget, as well as the Montreal Jazz and the Cambridge Folk Festivals.  

Canzoniere Grecanico Salentino is currently developing a Taranta-themed theatrical production with the team that brought the show Fela! to Broadway.  Following a first workshop in Lecce, CGS leader Mauro Durante has been collaborating with Grammy-winning songwriters and producers in New York to complete this body of work which will also form part of the group's forthcoming 2017 new album release.


September 29 Madison, WI, Terrance at the Memorial Union - Madison World Music Festival

October 2 Cedar Rapids, IA CSPS Hall

October 3 Minneapolis, MN The Cedar Cultural Center - Global Roots

October 5 New York, NY (Le) Poisson Rouge

October 7 - 9 Richmond, VA Richmond Folk Festival




The Journey of an Italian Sausage from the Italian Alps to North Carolina

Featured in PRIMO’s 2nd Edition 2016 by Dina Di Maio is the story of the Waldensians of the Piedmont  Alps and their delectable sausage, known as Soutisso. We invite you to read the article on the migration of the Waldensians from Italy to North Carolina. Their rare sausage, outside Italy, is exclusively found in Valdese, North Carolina. If you cannot find the sausage, the next best step is to make it yourself. Here now is a recipe four Soutisso sausage.

As Dina writes: “it doesn’t matter how one eats his soutisso. What matters is that soutisso is made, enjoyed, and most importantly, not forgotten.

Soutisso, courtesy of Le Phare des Alpes

10 pounds coarsely ground fresh pork
6 tablespoons salt to taste
1 tablespoon nutmeg
2 tablespoons cinnamon
1 tablespoon allspice
3 tablespoons coarse ground black pepper
6 tablespoons garlic buttons, chopped fine (optional)
Mix and let sit overnight before stuffing into the casings.

Soutisso, courtesy of Arvin Childers

25 pounds ground pork loin
1 cup salt
¼ cup coarse ground black pepper
¼ teaspoon nutmeg
¼ to 1 teaspoon garlic powder
Mix ingredients. Stuff into casings.

Editor's Note: Dina Di Maio is a freelance writer who writes a lot about her two loves, New York City and Italian food, on her blog, She is also at work on a book about Italian food.



11 SEPTEMBER 2016 – 8 JANUARY 2017

Milanese by birth and Muranese by choice, Paolo Venini (1895-1959) was a major protagonist of 20th-century glass, and made a decisive contribution to keeping it alive with his enthusiastic work over the course of almost 40 years.

Paolo Venini founded the V.S.M. Venini & C. glassworks together with Napoleone Martinuzzi and Francesco Zecchin in 1925. During his long career as an entrepreneur, he collaborated with great artists such as the sculptor Napoleone Martinuzzi, the architects Tomaso Buzzi, Carlo Scarpa, Gio Ponti, the designer Fulvio Bianconi, and many others. Venini was a skilled businessman, attentive to both contemporary artistic trends and to the needs of the international market. In parallel to the production of items made by several guest designers, Venini was himself the creator of a number of new series of glass pieces, which he realized with the help of the company’s skilled technical department.

Curated by Marino Barovier, Paolo Venini and his Furnace will include more than 300 works. A catalogue will be published by Skira for LE STANZE DEL VETRO, with essays by Marino Barovier, Carla Sonego and many others. For more information on this and other exhibits, please log on to



A New Book by John R. Gillingham Relays the Demise of the European Union
To Be Read by Those Who Yearn for Italy to Leave the EU

The timing could not be better for John R. Gillingham’s “The EU: An Obituary.”

The book is published on the heels of Brexit, the June 23 referendum vote that favored the United Kingdom withdrawing membership to the European Union.

The question now arises as to which country is next to leave.

Italy is the odds-on favorite.

The EU has fallen out of favor among Italians in recent years. The organization is blamed, either partly or entirely by many, for Italy’s second lost decade of high unemployment and zero economic growth. The country’s fortunes nosedived almost from the moment the Euro became the single currency in 1999.

Gillingham is no stranger to Italy. He was a visiting professor there in Florence in 1985. He knows how EU leaders and bureaucrats were once held in high esteem by Italians as the country’s national and local politicians were mired in scandal. The Mani Pulite corruption probe of the early 1990s led to the indictments of almost half the members of the Italian parliament. The accusations of underaged peccadilloes of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi embarrassed and humiliated the country. Police investigations have portrayed village mayors and councillors as conduits of government contracts and tax money for mafiosi. No wonder Italians looked elsewhere for leadership.

Gillingham is a professor of history at the University of Missouri at St. Louis and has written books and articles on Europe’s postwar economy. He knows his subject well.

In “The EU: An Obituary”, he offers the EU as a vacuous organization behind the times and not much different than a crumbling building on a weak foundation. The time is now to leave and break up the membership.

The first part of the book shows how the EU existed in its own desert. Beyond the hype and headlines was an organization that struggled for relevance. Decades passed with countless treaties, charters, meetings, conferences, committees, sub-committees, white papers and reports. The acronyms never seemed to end. Compliant media repeated history making claims by European heads of state only to realize later that they were nothing more than pie-in-the-sky notions of well-dressed bureaucrats. The EU is faulted for lack of enforcement. Power is nonexistent to bind parties to agreements (although some have wanted the EU to start its own military force).

As Gillingham sees it: Much of the EU is based on myth. He doubts the assessments of some scholars that Europe’s boom years were due to the EU. The theses of professors and economists who take EU grants are questioned. Their viewpoints may have been compromised by the inherent nature of EU grants that look askance at any criticism of the organization.

In contrast, independent analysis shows the EU a minor player, at best, in Europe’s postwar prosperity. Indeed, the organization was not even in existence when the Marshall Plan provided needed capital for Europe’s postwar recovery. Gillingham believes the turning point was when Germany and France broke free from wartime controls. The two countries took classical liberal approaches to their respective economies. They sought intense privatization and free markets. Their elimination of price controls and production quotas carried the continent forward.

The strength of this book is history. Few outside the inner offices of the EU know much about its past. As Gillingham reminds us the EU began in the classical liberal sense. It was a free market for coal and steel that came with the Treaty of Rome in 1959. That soon grew into a free market for other goods and services. Open travel and residency followed. Then came many regulatory agencies, a parliament, a flag, and a song. Consolidation was always the endgame, according to the author. Free trade was mostly a guise to push member nations towards a single continent-wide country.

Although Gillingham does not come out and say for countries to leave the EU, his conclusions are nevertheless grist for the mill of exit. He details the failures of the EU in regulating out of existence much of Europe’s mining and heavy metal industries. The EU has done all it can to either outright ban or seriously curtail IT and biotech innovations. As a result, Europe has fallen behind not only the U.S. but also Asia. The recent refugee crisis and terrorist attacks underscore the social liberal tendencies of the EU and its impotency to secure the continent. Meanwhile, the Internet, social media and cloud technologies have eliminated the need for consolidation as cross-border collaborations become the norm.

Gillingham has done a great service in writing “The EU: An Obituary.” He has separated facts from myth to show the EU a monster like organization that sucks the economic and cultural life bloods of Italy and other European countries. From its beginning to today, the EU has existed as a fiction of freedom when in fact tyranny has been its ultimate goal.

“The EU: An Obituary” is recommended by PRIMO as an ideal source of information and analysis to help Italian Americans and Italians persuade their family, friends and neighbors in Italy to vote to leave the EU.

Editor’s Note: You can learn more about “The EU: An Obituary,” by logging on to the book publisher’s web site at



An Italian Filmmaker Focuses on the Deep South
Roberto Minervini, of Le Marche, Gives Us “The Other Side” a Documentary Set in Louisiana

Scenes from "The Others Side," a new documentary by Italian filmmaker Roberto Minervini

Roberto Minervini

At first glance, “The Other Side” might seem a documentary about life in the Louisiana bayou. Its promotional poster shows a shirtless man in a canoe among cypress trees. One imagines a film about working class southerners struggling to preserve their unique traditions amidst technological changes. However, that is not “The Other Side.” Instead, the film is a nihilistic turn on the ravages of drug abuse and the excesses of paramilitary subculture.

Director Roberto Minervini is to be commended for a depth and passion in making this film; one that might have ascended to masterpiece heights had it not been for a serious descent amidst an inexplainable premise that was further undermined by scenes of gratuitous sex.

Minervini is a contradiction. He a cosmopolitan figure who pursues with his camera the hot, rugged environs of East Texas and Northern Louisiana.

Minervini was born in Fermi, in the Le Marche region of Italy, and graduated with a Master’s degree in Media Studies from New School University in Manhattan. Although he is now pursuing a Ph.D. in Spain, he considers Houston his home. Besides “The Other Side” he has three films completed, what he considers his Texas trilogy, “The Passage” “Low Tide” and “Stop the Pounding Heart.” His choice of subjects are rodeo stars, trailer park inhabitants, Evangelicals and home schooled teenagers. His view of the Deep South is mixed, replete with an objective examination and appreciation for the culture and way of life there, while at the same time exposing the region’s tendencies toward decadence and debauchery.

Minervini states his original intention in making “The Other Side” was to share real-life stories about rural poverty in West Monroe, a small city in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana. However, after researching the area, he became intrigued by the people’s consumption of narcotics and alcohol and their extreme use of firearms. The film then should not be seen as a representation of the Deep South. Anywhere in America, not to mention Italy, a minority of people will consume illegal drugs or join a militia and other controversial groups. Just look at Minervini’s home country of Italy, where in Naples, its third largest city struggles with an epidemic of drug abuse among young people there. Meanwhile, Camorra and other organized crime gangs in Naples and elsewhere in Italy, not to mention neo-fascists and other radical groups, brandish assault rifles and other high-powered weaponry in turf wars and political confrontations.

“The Other Side” takes its title from a reference among locals as to people who have firearms; a paramilitary group who stokes the fires of rebellion. The film opens with a shot of camouflaged men in the woods and then cuts abruptly to a naked man, Mark Kelley, asleep at the side of a road. The film follows him into town where a drug induced existence awaits. We see the subject producing, selling and smoking crystal-meth. When that isn’t happening, he is at a strip club watching pole dancing, or breaking into the local school or having sex. Lots of sex.

What can you say about Minervini? He is relentless. Nothing is off bounds. The worst elements of humanity are shown, not to mention the most private. And here is a key flaw of the film. The director captures Mark in foreplay with his girlfriend in several scenes. An ethical question is then answered. When does a documentary become pornography? When we see a naked couple humping on the couch; as happens in “The Other Side.”

The scene is a failure since it is neither shocking nor titillating. On-screen copulation is nothing new for American audiences. The scene only induces ambivalence in the viewer. The thought one has is why on earth would the subjects allow their most intimate moments recorded for viewing by strangers the world over. It undermines the story. It shows the characters as hopelessly depraved and undercuts the growing empathy we may have for them.

Outside that and some other scenes, Minervini’s filmmaking is applauded for its courage and consistency. The camera is everywhere as we follow Mark on his daily runs and interactions with family and friends; all of whom are poor and either addicted to drugs or alcohol. Minervini believes these people are representative of this specific region of Louisiana. The area suffers from extreme poverty coupled with a loss of identity and self-determination. Federal encroachments come with a pullback in microeconomics, leaving the area empty and lifeless.

The most moving of moments are when Mark expresses love and softly hugs his mother, sister and girlfriend. He is a young southern gentleman caught up in the ravages of drug addiction. One can only hope he gets help. And that may be the ingenuity of Minervini as he gains sympathy from the viewer while showing the darkest and gloomiest aspects of the film’s protagonist.

Why we go from there to the second part of the film would be a mystery if not for a viewer’s follow up reading of an interview with Minervini. After we see Mark siting in the woods, we are suddenly transported, without a reason, to a scene of young men toting machine guns, revolvers and pistols. Our confusion is only overcome by the scene’s quiet power, where a handheld camera captures the tension of armed men, inside a van, about to disembark on an intense paramilitary exercise.

Minervini takes us inside a local militia. We see young men swimming and partying with local girls at a nearby lake. They then gather at a friend’s house where they continue to drink beer and shoot guns. Their camaraderie is apparent. We hear lectures from a leader, a combat veteran, about the risks of martial law in America and the government’s effort to confiscate firearms. These men look to be younger than Mark and seem to have no connection to him or the other people in the first part of the film. One guesses as to the director’s point. That there are two sides to the Other Side: One of drugs and one of guns. If so, how then is this unique to the Deep South, and Louisiana, in particular? The film does not answer this question outright. Rather, one has to read an interview with the director to better understand and appreciate the film’s theme.

The great strength of “The Other Side” is Minervini’s relentless direction and the dedication of the crew, most notably the extraordinary work of the cinematographer Diego Romero, from Spain. They are to be admired for their uncompromising pursuit of all aspects of their subjects, no matter the circumstances. Some of the scenes in the film are immensely powerful and that alone is reason to watch. The key flaw is a lack of explanation. Scenes come with no understanding on the part of the viewer. To truly appreciate “The Other Side” one must follow up after watching the film and read Minervini’s interview and other commentary, as supplied by film distributor Film Movement.

To find out more about “The Other Side” and where to see the film, please log on to .



What remains one of the best films of the past 15 years, “Gomorrah” now comes to the television screen, by way of the Sundance channel, as an ongoing series, direct from Italy.


Based on the novel by Roberto Saviano, “Gomorrah” is a relentless and immersive analysis of the social, economic and political effects of the Camorra (the Neapolitan Mafia), the forces fighting against them and the evolution of the Italian criminal world. The series tells a completely original story chronicling the fate of a great criminal empire and paints a reality in which values often follow perverse, criminal logics dictated by the instinct of survival. However, “Gomorrah” also delves into the family ties and interpersonal dynamics within this emotionally fraught and dangerous world.

The tale depicts a powerful clan and the complex mechanisms that regulate the management and maintenance of a traditional mafia empire, from the everyday exercise of power to new expansion strategies to the ultimate tool for victory: armed struggle. Within the clan are figures both big and small who battle alongside and against their ‘family members’ and rivals, committing deeds ranging from heroic to insidious while attempting to maintain the family’s stronghold and ascend its ranks.

“Gomorrah” was filmed on location in the Scampia suburb of Naples, as well as in Milan, Ferrara, Rome and Ventimiglia, with some exteriors shot in Barcelona; 156 locations were used for indoor scenes. Shooting lasted over 30 weeks for a total of 216 days, 92 of which employed special effects. Filming was made possible thanks to the support of the Regione Campania Film Commission.

The screenplay of “Gomorrah”, written by Stefano Bises, Leonardo Fasoli, Ludovica Rampoldi and Giovanni Bianconi, is based on the deep and thorough research of journalist Roberto Saviano, which culminated in the 2006 non-fiction book Gomorrah. The novel went on to win numerous literary prizes and found worldwide success, boasting over 10 million copies sold and eventually being translated into 51 languages. A 2008 film adaptation was an international smash, garnering the Grand Prix at that year’s Cannes Film Festival.

“Gomorrah”, the television series is directed by Stefano Sollima, Francesca Comencini, and Claudio Cupellini and produced by Sky Atlantic, Catteya and Fandango in collaboration with La7, in association with Beta Film. The stars are Italian actress Maria Pia Calzone and actors Marco D’Amore, Fortunato Cerlino, Salvatore Esposito and Marco Palvetti. For more information please log on to




(Fabrizio Sotti "The Bridge")

World renowned guitarist and composer Fabrizio Sotti is proud to announce today’s release of “Forty”, his fifth album as a leader. As of this morning, the album is officially available on iTunes and in stores.

The momentous occasion was celebrated with two different launch events. The first took place this past Wednesday, June 8, at the Ferrari North America Showroom in New York City. Fabrizio, who is one of the few jazz musicians to hold a major automobile endorsement, welcomed friends, fans and colleagues as they took part in an exclusive pre-release listening of "Forty". Famed celebrity photographer Johnny Nunez photographed the elegant affair.

On “Forty” Sotti collaborated with two jazz visionaries in their own right: bassist Peter Slavov and drummer Francisco Mela. “Peter is a complete musician with a strong melodic sense and a thorough classical music background. He’s able to be free while respecting the tradition. Francisco also brings a melodic approach and is completely a free thinker. He’s a force of nature. When he swings, it swings hard; when he’s not swinging, it’s so creative, he fills up the music with something magical,” says Sotti.

A New Yorker since 1991, when he emigrated from Padua, Italy, as an ambitious, jazz obsessed 16-year-old, Sotti drew on a broad palette of jazz-imparted musical knowledge when producing hit tracks with artists like Dead Prez,Ghostface Killah, Q-Tip, Tupac, and Whitney Houston while still in his twenties, as well as two collaborations Glamoured, from 2003, and Another Country, from 2012, with the great jazz diva,Cassandra Wilson . In parallel, he built a distinguished career as a highly-respected jazz stylist, documented on three accomplished recordings—This World Upside Down, from 1999, with jazz titans Randy Brecker, John Patitucci and Al Foster;Through My Eyes, from 2003, a solo guitar recital; and Inner Dance, from 2010, with organist Sam Barsh, drummer Victor Jones, and percussionist Mino Cinelu.

To learn more about Fabrizio Sotti, please log on to his web site:



The Italian Composer and Pianist Will Play in Eight Cities from October 4-20

Italian composer and pianist Ludovico Einaudi announces October 2016 concert dates in the United States and Canada in support of his latest album “Elements”.  Upon its debut, “Elements” topped classical charts in 42 countries across the globe.  In the United Kingdom it soared into the nation’s mainstream album chart at #12, the first time in over a generation that a classical artist achieved such heights, surpassing releases by pop stars James Bay and Taylor Swift.  Breaking all records with Elements, Einaudi held all top 10 positions in the UK iTunes classical chart while becoming the country’s most streamed classical artist with over 130 million streams, 500,000 followers and 2 million monthly listeners on Spotify.

Ludovico Einaudi has evolved into one of the most successful musicians in the world.  The Guardian points out that if you haven’t heard his music, “then it’s probably because you don’t know it’s by Ludovico Einaudi”.  His compositions have formed the soundtrack of film and TV productions including The Intouchables and the Black Swan working with a diverse range of directors from acclaimed Canadian Xavier Dolan to Oscar winner Clint Eastwood.  Brands such as NIKE and American Airlines have seamlessly sync’d his works in their advertising campaigns.  Einaudi’s unique contemporary musical style, informed by minimalist, ambient, world and rock musics, has defied categories to become part of the fabric of popular culture being heard in shows such as X-Factor, live performances by rapper/singer Nicki Minaj and remixes by post-rockers Mogwai.  In his own concert appearances, Ludovico Einaudi has likewise crossed genres as the first classical act to play the iTunes Festival on a line-up which included pop diva Lady Gaga, EDM superstar Avicii and Grammy-winning rapper Kendrick Lamar.

The Turin-born Ludovico Einaudi is intrinsically linked to Italy’s modern history.  His grandfather Luigi Einaudi was the first post-war president of the newly created Italian republic.  The influential Einaudi book publishing house was created by his father Giulio Einaudi.  The imprint published the early works of venerated Italian authors Italo Calvino and Primo Levi and brought translations of modern masters such as Brecht, Satre and Proust to the country for the first time.  Ludovico Einaudi studied at Milan’s "Giuseppe Verdi” Music Conservatory under composer Luciano Berio and is a holder of the OMRI (Order of Merit of the Italian Republic).

Ludovico Einaudi’s “Elements Tour”, which is currently selling out across the European Continent, will touch down this fall in the United States, where the album debuted at #2 on the Billboard classical chart.  California concerts in San Francisco, Davis and Los Angeles will be followed by Canadian dates in Calgary, Toronto, Montreal and Quebec City.  Crossing the US border, Einaudi performs in New York City before wrapping in the nation’s capital on October 20th.  The complete North American tour is as follows:



October 4, 2016 San Francisco, CA Herbst Theatre
October 5, 2016 San Francisco, CA Herbst Theatre
October 6, 2016 Davis, CA Mondavi Center - Jackson Hall
October 8, 2016 Los Angeles, CA Royce Hall Auditorium
October 11, 2016 Calgary, AB Jack Singer Concert Hall
October 13, 2016 Toronto, ON Koerner Concert Hall
October 14, 2016 Toronto, ON Koerner Concert Hall
October 15, 2016 Montreal, PQ Masion Symphonique de Montreal
October 16, 2016 Quebec, PQ Le Palais Montcalm - Maison de la Musique
October 18, 2016 New York, NY NYU Skirball Center for the Performing Arts
October 20, 2016 Washington, DC GWU Lisner Auditorium



Daniele Raguso directed the film “Last Ship,” which won the Audience Award for best Short Documentary. In the same places where "La Terra Trema" by Luchino Visconti (1948) was filmed, the Rodolico family has been building ships for four generations. If yesterday around these shipwrights a whole community used to gather and identify itself, today that world is disappearing because of the changing times. However, it is the Wood that still preserves and builds the memory of a very ancient knowledge: the one of the last shipwrights.

Francesca Scalisi directed and edited the film “Moriom” with Mark Olexa of Switzerland. The film won Best Short Documentary about the social activism of Moriom, a young woman from Bangladesh. She shares her story as representative of the lack of medical treatment for pregnant women in her country.

The Brooklyn Film Festival will be held next year from June 2-11. For more information, please log on to



The Restorer of the Villa Madama in Italy Made a Stunning Home in California, Once Rented to Actress Marlene Dietrich; Now Selling for $26.9 Million

(Pictured: Top photos, exterior and interior of Villa Madama in Italy. Photo of Countess di Frasso and actor Gary Cooper; Actress Marlene Dietrich; and remaining photos of exterior and interior of di Frasso's Beverly Hills mansion.)

Article written by Terry Walsh

Before Paris Hilton and Kim Kardashian, socialite Dorothy Taylor may have been the first Hollywood celebrity who wasn’t in the entertainment business. She was the ultimate party host and frequent 1930’s scandal rag fodder. Her lovers included Gary Cooper, Bugsy Siegel, George Raft and an Italian count.

Dorothy’s trip to celebrity fame began after she inherited $12 million in 1916, the equivalent of about $275 million today. The first thing she did with her money was divorce her British aviator husband, Claude Grahame-White, and embark on a long party in Europe’s best circles. In 1923, she married Italian Count Carlo Dentice di Frasso, many years her senior. On the outskirts of Rome, the new countess acquired and restored one of Europe’s most famous homes, Villa Madama, that had been designed in the sixteenth century by Raphael. It was later used by Benito Mussolini during World War II for National Fascist Party functions.

While residing in the villa, actor Gary Cooper was doing a movie in Rome and became quite ill. Dorothy took him in and during his recuperation began an intense affair with him under her husband’s nose. Since she and the count were at that point leading separate lives, Dorothy went on with the affair and moved to Hollywood where she purchased a mansion in Beverly Hills. Making friends of some of Hollywood’s most important stars through her Cooper connections, Dorothy called in the best decorators and landscapers and created a luxurious estate that was classic Art Deco filmdom glamour. Dorothy and Cooper eventually went their own ways but remained distant friends. She was always known as the woman who taught Gary Cooper how to dress, making him the most elegant man in Hollywood.

Through her new Hollywood friends, Dorothy eventually rented her mansion to Marlene Dietrich and headed off to search for sunken treasure on the studio-owned schooner, Metha Nelson; Captain Bligh’s ship in the 1935 movie “Mutiny on the Bounty.” Also on the ship was American gangster Bugsy Siegel.

Although the trip turned into a disaster when the schooner was tossed violently by 70 mile-per-hour gale winds that split the main mast and destroyed the sails, it was the start of a new affair with Bugsy.  She always rejected gossip of her association with Bugsy, instead referring to him as Benjamin to her friends.
In 1947, Dorothy sold the Beverly Hills house to MGM pianist Jose Iturbi, who lived there until he died in 1980. In 1954, Dorothy died of heart failure in a train compartment while she was traveling with George Raft from Las Vegas to Los Angeles after attending one of Dietrich’s performances.

Once again for sale, the beautifully preserved Spanish Revival estate hasn’t changed much since its heyday in the 1930s when it was featured in “House and Garden.” At approximately 8,000 square feet, it has four bedrooms and five baths on 1.12 acres. The home was built for entertaining with large public rooms and although it looks like wallpaper, the walls are covered in hand-painted murals. In the dining room, the walls are mirrored verre églomisé panels that depict towering palms. There is also a two-bedroom guest house and pool nestled within the mature landscaped grounds. The asking price is $26.9 million. Dimitri Velis of Hilton and Hyland in Beverly Hills is the listing agent.

For more information, please visit



Condoleezza Rice, Airline Industry Leader Nicholas Calio, Real Estate Developer Joseph Mattone, Philanthropist Mary Ann Mattone & Labor Leader Paul Rinaldi Honored by the Sons of Italy Foundation


Joe Mantegna and Gary Sinise, Joseph Sciame and Italy's Ambassador to the United States Armando Varricchio,
Condoleezza Rice, former Secretary of State, and real estate developer Joseph Mattone and wife Mary Ann.

The SIF's 28th Annual National Education & Leadership Award (NELA) Gala was held at the National Building Museum in Washington, D.C. on May 26.

Dr. Condoleezza Rice received the 2016 SIF Lifetime Achievement Award for Public Service for her commitment to country and education. President George W. Bush and NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell introduced Dr. Rice via video. The SIF Lifetime Achievement Award for Public Service is presented annually to a person who is not of Italian heritage. "You, the sons and daughters of Italians who believed (they) could come here and do great things, embody what is so great about America, which is that 'We the People' is an inclusive concept," Dr. Rice said in her speech. "You honor the heritage of your ancestors who came here and made this country what it is because they believed in the American dream."

Nicholas E. Calio received the 2016 SIF Award for Excellence in Business. Mr. Calio is President and CEO of Airlines for America (A4A), the trade association for the country's leading passenger and cargo airlines, whose members and affiliates transport more than 90 percent of all U.S. airline passenger and cargo traffic. In accepting the award, Mr. Calio recognized those who sacrificed for him, particularly his parents, saying that they "struggled to make ends meet, but they tried to make sure we could take advantage of every opportunity. To that end, my mother, who was such a huge influence on my life, went to work full-time in the 1950s."

Joseph M. Mattone, Sr. and Mary Ann Pessolano Mattone, RN/MPH were co-recipients of the night's highest honor-the 2016 SIF National Education & Leadership Award (NELA). Mr. Mattone is Chairman and President of The Mattone Group, a development, construction and property management company in Queens, New York. He also serves as a senior partner in law firm Mattone, Mattone, Mattone, LLP. Mr. Mattone shared an anecdote about the adversity his grandfather faced, ending it by saying that "you can have people throw rocks at you, and they can say bad things about you ... it's organizations like (OSIA) that give you the courage to stand your ground."

Mrs. Mattone is a registered nurse with a Master's in public health. She is also a noted philanthropist and community leader who has raised funds for many causes, such as the New York Mentoring Program and L'Aquila earthquake relief. She praised the line of strong women from which she came, saying that her maternal grandmother "would go to bed without enough food because she wanted the children to eat. But they were never poor of spirit. They shared everything."

Paul Rinaldi received the 2016 SIF Humanitarian Award. Mr. Rinaldi is in his third term as president of the National Air Traffic Controllers Association (NATCA), the first person to have been elected for three terms in the union. He credited such success to his upbringing, saying that "my mother and father instilled the workhorse mentality in me and my brother to understand that good enough is never acceptable and to always strive for greatness."

In addition to honoring these distinguished individuals, the SIF awarded 11 highly selective scholarships to undergraduate and graduate students of Italian descent for exemplary academic performance, school leadership, and community service.

For the 15th straight year, actor Joe Mantegna served as the Master of Ceremonies of the NELA Gala.
Dozens of wounded servicemen and women, veterans, and their families were special guests of the SIF and were recognized at the NELA Gala for their service to the country. Actor Gary Sinise spoke on behalf of The Gary Sinise Foundation, an organization that supports military veterans. "I want to thank (the SIF) for the generous donation to The Gary Sinise Foundation. We're going to do some good things with that money." Earlier this year, the SIF donated $10,000 to his foundation.

Nearly 900 guests come to the annual NELA Gala, the SIF's leading fundraising and public affairs event.

The Sons of Italy Foundation® has contributed nearly $165 million to scholarships, medical research, disaster relief efforts, cultural projects, veterans' causes and other special projects. The proceeds from the NELA Gala help fund these philanthropic programs. For more information please visit the web site





Riccardo De Cal presents his exhibit, Into the Labyrinth from June 17- August  21, 2016 at Fondazione Querini Stampalia in Venice, Italy. The exhibit will include 20 photographs, primarily selected from De Cal's new publication, Dream of Venice Architecture. Inspired by novelist Jorge Luis Borges's statement that the maze, "is a building built to confuse people," De Cal has created an interior environment of metal armatures, audio recordings and photography. Designed by Melissa Siben, the exhibit is a modern 3-dimensional representation of the labyrinthic structure of the city of Venice. 

De Cal took the series of photographs over a three month period, from October-December 2015. For him the experience was, "like listening to a melody coming from the calli, and trying to find its origin within the labyrinth. I felt like a dowser in search of water. Photographing Venice was not  an intellectual approach, but rather instinctive and subliminal, instead."
 The audio recordings quote architects Tadao Ando, Guido Pietropoli, Louise Braverman, Massimiliano Fuksas, Oscar Niemeyer, Randy Bosch, Richard Murphy, Rocco Yim, Shun Kanda, Thomas Woltz, Vincenzo Casali, Mario Botta, and Valeriano Pastor; designer Enrico Baleri; and architecture critic William Menking.

Dream of Venice Architecture, the exhibit catalogue is published by Bella Figura Publications, an imprint dedicated to the investigation of Venice as a living city.




Whether you’re Team Cap or Team Iron Man, there is one thing we can agree on: The most anticipated movie of the summer, “Captain America: Civil War,” is a triumph in every way.

“Captain America: Civil War” is not only an excellent comic book film, which pleases comic book fans, but it is also an excellent action thriller that everyone will enjoy. The Italian American masterminds of “Captain America: Civil War,” are directors Joe and Anthony Russo. The brothers deliver compelling action and storytelling, with likable characters, a compelling plot and great moments of drama and comedy.

There is no doubt that their directorial debut in the Marvel franchise, “Captain America: The Winter Soldier,” was a huge success. They surpassed the first Captain America film in terms of critical reception. They managed to maintain their credibility by giving us a movie this summer that has all that, and more. One aspect are characters and we mean the newest additions in the Marvel universe, along with the returning favorites like Iron Man, Black Widow, Hawkeye, etc. Anyone who went see to this film knew what they wanted: The surprising reappearance of Ant-Man, the reveal of the mysterious Black Panther, and probably the most important addition, the uplifting and exciting Spider-Man.

If you are not a comic book fan, the film has plenty of action for you. Fight scenes are excellently choreographed and leaves you on the edge of your seat wondering what’s going to happen next. Another plus in the film are its numerous film locations. Berlin, Vienna, and of course the great city of New York, accompany a fictional location in the country of Wakanda, the residence of Black Panther. All of these locations co-align with one another, to drive the plot forward. The film’s pace is perfect, not too fast and not too slow.

Direction, being the most important part of any film, is especially vital here. The style of the Russo brothers appeals to the eye. The story here is more unique compared to previous Marvel films. The superheroes organize themselves in two rival groups when they disagree about a new governmental policy. We will not spoil as to what makes the story more than it is; but we can tell you that this is the Marvel film that makes you sympathize with the characters, as to what their motives are when why they fight each other.

One of the best features of the film is how the Russo brothers handle all the characters. There are over 15 iconic heroes and each has a distinct purpose in the story. The challenge was to retain their unique attributes without making the film feel overcrowded. Characters such as Iron Man, Spider-Man and Ant-Man call for unique directing styles, and the Russos capture them perfectly.

Although this is one of the best comic book films to date, we nonetheless could not overlook a minor flaw, (and we hate to be nit-picky). The overall story seemed at times more of an “Avengers” film rather than a “Captain America” one. It is not because of the new characters, but the way the story revolves around key heroes which, at times, takes your attention away from our beloved Steve Rogers, aka, Captain America.

Besides that minor flaw, the film is excellent, from start to finish. The characters and their motivations keep you captivated. The action will keep you on the edge of your seat. “Captain America: Civil War” is fantastic in every way, a must-see film, no matter if you are a comic book fan or not.



One of the World's Greatest Military and Police Orchestras Performed at the Famous Washington, D.C. Landmark April 17, 2016

Founded in 1820, The Italian Carabinieri Band Has Charmed Audiences for Almost Two Centuries.





The New York Times reporter Mark Mazzetti is the winner of the 2016 Urbino Press Award, the Italian prize that is awarded annually to an American reporter or columnist. The official announcement of the prize will be delivered on May 17 by the Ambassador of Italy to the United States Armando Varricchio during a ceremony at the Embassy of Italy in Washington, D.C.. As tradition commands, following the announcement in Washington, the prize will be awarded during a ceremony to be held over the summer at the Palazzo Ducale in Urbino.

"The choice of Mark Mazzetti as winner of the 2016 Urbino Press Award is a testament to the recognition of the value of entrepreneurship and of journalistic dynamism" said the Italian Ambassador in Washington, D.C. Armando Varricchio." The partnership of the Embassy with the Urbino Press Award is the result of a significant cooperation that looks to the future of journalism and to the way foreign policy is narrated to the readers, and Mazzetti was therefore added to a list of important American journalists who have distinguished themselves in journalistic investigation."

Mark Mazzetti has been the Washington correspondent of the New York Times on national security issues since 2006. Prior to joining the New York Times Mazzetti was staff writer with the Los Angeles Times, Pentagon correspondent for US News & World Report, and Washington D.C. correspondent for the Economist. An investigation carried out in 2009 with other colleagues on the increase in violence in Pakistan and Afghanistan and on how US policy reacted to such violence won him the Pulitzer Prize. Mark Mazzetti is the author of the book "The Way of the Knife: The CIA, Secret Army, and a War at the Ends of the Earth" published in 2013.

The Urbino Press Award, with its Chairman Giovanni Lani, counts among its previous winners Diane Rehm, Michael Weisskopf, Martha Raddatz, Thomas Friedman, David Ignatius, Helene Cooper, Sebastian Rotella, Wolf Blitzer, Maria Bartiromo, and Gwenn Ifill. The award is made possible through the generous support of the Italian Embassy and the Italian Cultural Institute in Washington D.C., the Italian Institute for Foreign Trade (ICE), the fashion house Piero Guidi, the Marche Region, the City of Urbino, the Urbino International Centre, and the dairy industry Val D'Apsa. To learn more about the Urbino Press Award, please log on to


Writer of the Cover Feature Article for PRIMO's 1st Edition 2015, Writer Santi Buscemi Recalls His Meeting with The Venerable Justice Antonin Scalia

I first met Antonin Scalia three years ago. It was purely by chance. I had sent him a copy of "Sicilian Tales", my translation of twenty fairy tales by Luigi Capuana. I knew his father was born in Sicily, and I thought he would enjoy the book. To my surprise, he wrote back almost immediately saying that he knew the author well, for Capuana was the subject of his father’s doctoral dissertation in comparative literature at Columbia University. He offered to lend me the dissertation—his only copy—if I thought it might aid in my research.

After I read the book, I asked if I could return it to him personally so as not to risk its getting lost in the mail. I’m sure he saw through this flimsy excuse to meet him, but he was gracious enough to ask his assistant, Crystal Martin, to set up an appointment. In March of 2013, my wife and I entered the Justice’s suite at the Supreme Court to the sounds of a warm, friendly voice, as Scalia came out of his inner office to greet us. We talked of many things that afternoon: Pope Francis, our families, our visits to Sicily, his strong Catholic faith, his wife and family, his colleagues on the Court, especially Justice Thomas, for whom he had great respect. His brilliance was apparent from the start, but we didn’t talk much about his judicial philosophy. Our conversation became personal very quickly, and we soon felt as if we were sipping fragrant Sicilian wine on a neighbor’s back porch.

He was upbeat, witty, even funny, and we left the office knowing we had made a new friend. We had learned so much about the man—in just a half hour— not because he had told us about himself, but because he had made such an effort to learn about us.

Before leaving, he mentioned how much he loved his children and his many grandchildren. I said that my grandson Matt, then 15, would love to have met him. He looked me straight in the eye and asked “Why didn’t you bring him?” With that, he issued us a formal invitation to return and hear oral arguments in his own reserved seats at the Court.

We did so a few months later, this time with Matt in tow. Afterward, he invited us to lunch in chambers, where his attention seemed to focus on his youngest guest. He was particularly happy that Matt excelled in German, a language he too had mastered. I can never forget his interest in us that day, especially his attention to my grandson. I don’t think I will ever be able to give Matt a greater gift.

Since that luncheon, I have studied the Justice’s legal philosophy in depth and have cited several of his decisions in an earlier article for Primo. All of them demonstrate a legal acumen beyond measure. I have talked to a number of lawyers, who have only praise and admiration for the longest-serving Supreme Court justice in our history. Many of them have asked if they could accompany me on my next visit. Alas, that is no longer possible!

But what I came away with from my two visits with Antonin Scalia has little to do with law or government. It has to do with knowing that this was more than a legal giant; this was a great and good man who opened up to three ordinary people he had never known and invited them to break bread with him in the private space he occupied within the sanctuary of American democracy.

Recently, the Justice gave a colleague and me permission to re-issue his father’s dissertation with an appropriate critical analysis, the proceeds of which would go to the Salvatore Eugene Scalia Library at Brooklyn College. He signed the email “Nino.” That was the first thing I thought about when I heard of his passing, my eyes filled, my heart aching.

On our first visit, I noticed a statue on one of the bookcases. I asked if it was Thomas More, the patron saint of attorneys. “Yes,” he said, “a great and courageous man.” And so were you, “Nino,” and so were you!


On behalf of its hundreds of thousands of family members in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, the Order of the Sons of Italy in America (OSIA), the oldest and largest organization representing Americans of Italian heritage, deeply mourns the passing of United States Surpreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia.

OSIA  National President Daniel J. Longo of Maryland calls Scalia "a shining example of the very best the Italian American community has to offer, highlighting a brilliant career in public service and jurisprudence." Justice Scalia was recognized by the Sons of Italy Foundation (SIF) in 1991 for being that shining example, receiving the SIF's highest honor, the National Education and Leadership Award.

OSIA National Executive Director Dr. Philip R. Piccigallo, who knew Justice Scalia for more than a quarter of a century, states that "whether one agreed or disagreed with his strong legal and philosophical positions, it was impossible not to recognize Justice Scalia's intellectual acuity, command of prose, forceful impact on American law, the legal system, and culture, and the historical importance as the first Italian American appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1986." Piccigallo adds, "moreover, virtually everyone respected and enjoyed Justice Scalia's company, irrepressible wit, and sense of humor."

OSIA  extends its deepest condolences to Justice Scalia's devoted wife, Maureen, his nine children, and more than two dozen grandchildren. His indelible place in American history and jurisprudence is clear and firm.


  NIAF Chairman Joseph Del Raso and U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, circa 2012

“On behalf of the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) Board of Directors, we are deeply saddened by the passing of the United States Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia. We extend our heartfelt condolences to the Scalia family. Justice Scalia died at the age of 79 on February 12, 2016, in his sleep after a day of quail hunting at Cibolo Creek Ranch outside of Marfa, Texas.

According to Joseph Del Raso, “I am personally heartbroken over this loss. Justice Scalia was not only the most respected member of the Italian American community having been the first Italian American Justice nominated and confirmed to the Supreme Court, but he was also a true friend and respected scholar. He was always there for our community, and participated at so many NIAF-sponsored events. On a personal note, I will always cherish the memories of spending time with he and his wife, Maureen, here in the United States and during our trips to Italy together.”

“Today the Italian American community has lost one of the most iconic figures in our history,” John Viola said. “I think it's hard to quantify how important his elevation to the Supreme Court was for our community, and Italian-Americans of all political persuasions were incredibly proud of this man and his vast contributions to our nation. This is a loss that is deeply felt in the NIAF Family and throughout the Italian American community.”

“His indelible legacy will be long remembered with great affection and admiration.”




Painting titled "The Golden Tiger" by Mirco Pasqualini

Painting titled "Risalita," by TOTO

The original work of two contemporary Italian artists Mirco Pasqualini and TOTO will be on display at Agora Gallery, NYC. The exhibitions open on May 20th and will run until June 9th, 2016. The opening reception will take place Thursday, May 26th, from 6-8 PM.  Entrance is free.

Born in Italy, Mirco Pasqualini currently lives and works in Manhattan. He is noted for taking chaotic imagery of the city and creating paintings that transcend the cacophony of the city. Heavily influenced by the graphic design world, pop culture, and the work of such artists as Andy Warhol, Pasqualini produces cutting-edge paintings characterized by unconventional palettes and unexpected juxtapositions of texture, line, and form.

Born in Milazzo, Sicily where she continues to live and work today, TOTO is a painter tied equally to Romanticism and Surrealism. She looks deeply into the possibilities that lie in the use of colors to convey visceral emotions. Using shades of blue and white, TOTO traverses the space between dreams and waking perception. Her project is particularly benefited by her oceanic and atmospheric motifs, which highlight the way her palette obscures the difference between fantasy and reality. In this way, her figurative and sculptural paintings connect stylized realism and ethereal symbolism in a unified manner.

To learn more about the upcoming exhbition of these two artists at the Agora Gallery, please log on to


Two of the artists will be Fabrizio Corneli and Giuseppe Amadio of Italy

Two sample artworks from Fabrizio Cornelli and Giuseppe Amadio

Valli Art Gallery, based in Miami Florida, will be present at CONTEXT New York from May 3 to May 8, 2016 in Manhattan. The artists showcased will be: Javier Martin, Fabrizio Corneli, Kenor, Cveto Marsic and Giuseppe Amadio.

The fair will join Art New York at Pier 94, located on the Hudson River at 12th Avenue at 55th Street. A VIP Private Preview will kick off art week in New York City on Tuesday, May 3 from 2-5pm, before Frieze's opening. CONTEXT New York and Art New York will be open to the general public, May 3 - 8. CONTEXT New York will provide collectors with a leading alternative fair to acquire important works of contemporary art.
Like its hugely successful sister fair, CONTEXT Art Miami, which launched during Miami Art Week in 2012, CONTEXT New York’s open atmosphere will create meaningful dialogue between collectors, participating galleries, and artists. CONTEXT New York will provide the ultimate platform for both the veteran and unseasoned collector to enjoy and acquire mid-career, emergent and cutting-edge talent by sixty participating emerging and established galleries during one of the most important weeks for contemporary art in New York City.

CONTEXT New York and Art New York will utilize Pier 94’s entire 133,000 square-foot exhibition hall. Situated on the West Side Highway, Pier 94 is located in the heart of Midtown Manhattan within close proximity to the Chelsea art district, museums and major auction houses. For information:



Over the weekend of April 9, 2016, vandals struck again at the Mercer County Italian American Festival Heritage building at the intersection of Newkirk and Liberty Streets, Trenton, New Jersey.

A beautiful Roman statue was destroyed valued at $800. This is the second incident of vandalism in the past year at the Italian American center. Last fall, a statue of Christopher Columbus had its face painted black, but was later repaired. For the destruction of the Roman statue, a reward will be given for any information leading to the arrest of the perpetrators. Please contact 609-631-7544 if you have any information. To learn more about the Mercer County Italian-American Festiva, please log on to



Since 2010, Chet Campanella, 85, of California, has led an effort to inform the public about restrictions and internment imposed on Italian Americans in World War II.

In a report written by the Department of Justice and submitted to Congress in 2000, executive orders by President Franklin Roosevelt at the time of World War II seriously restricted the freedoms of some 600,000 "Italian-born immigrants in the United States." Thousands were forced to leave their homes along the West Coast and live under curfews, while hundreds of others were forcibly removed from their homes and relocated to internment camps.

Campanella was still a boy at the time but was an eyewitness to what happened to many Italian Americans during World War II. His effort got the attention and support from Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren, Democrat, of District 19 in California and the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF). Two bills were introduced by Lofgren in the House of Representatives, H.R. 4146 and H.R. 4147. The proposed legislation seeks "funds from the Department of Eduction to study the mistreatment of Italian Americans during World War II. The other asks for an official apology from Congress."

NIAF published an article on Campanella's effort in a recentl edition of Ambassador, the organization's flagship publication. They are now promoting a petition drive where Italian Americans can sign up and support the pending bills H.R. 4146 and 4147. If you would like to sign your name to the petition, please access this Link. To learn more about Campanella and his effort for an apology from Congress for the internment of Italian Americans, please log on to



Cosmo Salibello Captures His Italian Roots with Cosmo Celebration Sauces


(Pictured: Cosmo Salibello, his signature sauce, and Gaeta, where his family emigrated from in Italy.)

What drove you to start Cosmo Celebration Sauces?

One of the greatest joys of my childhood, in Brooklyn, was watching my mother cook. To me, it seemed that she was making magic happen in the kitchen. I asked questions and learned from her. When I left for college, I knew that what she had taught me would help sustain me away from home. When I was in my junior year, I lived in an apartment with two roommates. One did the dishes. The other one, and I, did all the cooking. That was before the ready availability of fast food. If one could not cook, one did not eat.
It was there that I practiced making my mom's Marinara sauce. Over the years which followed, I made good progress in recreating her recipe. The questions I asked, in that time, became more about familiarizing myself with her life in Gaeta, where she was born. She told me about the Patalano family lands, about her brothers who farmed and fished, about how she learned to be a seamstress (a skill which would support our family as I grew up), about how she didn't get beyond 4th grade in education, and about the Montagna Spacatta, which is said to have split at the moment Jesus died. It was an unforgettable connection to a very special history. 

I knew my mom was proud of my culinary progress when one Christmas she was at my home and I was cooking. I asked her to tell me what she thought of my sauce and she said, “Why, that’s pretty good!” I was thrilled.  After she passed away in 2001, my desire to honor her memory and share with others her cooking, and her stories of Gaeta, became the motivation for me to venture into the process of creating Cosmo Celebration Sauces. 

A Navy fighter pilot, an optometrist, an inventor and an amateur singer, you are no doubt a Renaissance Man. What qualities from these professional fields do you bring to Cosmo Celebration Sauces? 

By nature, I have always wondered what was around the corner, or over the ridge. Curiosity led me along many paths. Nurture, how I was raised in that Italian family, gave me the skills and confidence to follow that curiosity. 
I graduated from college with a degree in Management Engineering. That checked off a box for me, to qualify for US Navy flight training. In the Navy, I learned discipline and acquired the knowhow to take reasonable risks. Both are key skills for an entrepreneur.
A squadron flight surgeon gave me the push I needed to follow an interest in healthcare. So, I invested the time to earn a degree in Biology, on my way to Optometry school. Those four years of professional training gave me the compassion and patience I would need to treat others. Compassion and patience also provided the drive necessary to pursue, in the dark times, a medical device business.  My engineering background supported my developing the technology for a new instrument to prescribe computer glasses for alleviating Computer Vision Syndrome.

Singing allows me to recharge when I need to. It is a creative release. And I love to listen to opera while I cook – ah, Puccini!! - the emotion, the passion- things I express in my cooking. Curiosity, discipline, confidence, compassion, patience, passion and creativity are the qualities which have supported me, as Cosmo Celebration Sauces became a part of my life.

Your parents came from Gaeta and settled in Brooklyn, New York. The two sides of the family were the Salibellos from your father's side and the Patalanos from your mother's side. How did your parents preserve the specific heritage from Gaeta while you and your siblings grew up here in the United States?

It is almost a given that any generation raised in two cultures will learn and remember the traditions of the parents, but will practice the culture of the adopted people, as adults. Sometimes it takes more than one generation; however, the end result is the same.
My mom's cooking kept me in touch with Gaeta, Her stories helped, too. And visiting with aunts and uncles and cousins every Sunday, and traveling to Boston each summer to visit her family helped keep the feeling of Gaeta alive. On the Salibello side, my dad grew up in the Red Hook section of Brooklyn. Now mostly gentrified, it was pretty rough and tumble back then. He told stories about how, during the time of Prohibition, my grandfather would make wine in his basement, and sell it to his neighbors. My dad was sent down to the wine cellar to fill a bottle for sale. He would delight in telling me how his father always reminded him to whistle while he filled the bottle. I still laugh when I think of that story.   
My parents did all they could to keep us in touch with the Gaetani. Sadly, as their generation passed, the lessons faded. At least, I still have my mom's sauce, her recipes, her love of cooking and my memories. 

Gaeta is an amazing little seaside city on the Tryrrhenian coastline. You have very close connections with Gaeta. How does your company capture the spirit of Gaeta in your sauces and foods?


There is much to do and much more to see in a relatively compact area there. But it has been many years since I was last in that region. The connections and experiences I came away with, then, have influenced the creation of the Classic Marinara and Mushroom Marinara sauces somewhat indirectly. 
A 1992 movie, "Like Water for Chocolate," shares a message with us, that what we put into how we nurture others can create unintended consequences. I like to think that how I learned about and remember Gaeta infuses the spirit of the sauces. The spirit of Gaeta, and its people, brings nourishment and good health to those who experience the Festeggiamo! in every jar.

Your Classic and Mushroom Marinara are excellent. They are based on your mother Maria's secret recipes. Not to give away the secret, what can you tell us about why yours and your mother's sauce is so special in the way of ingredients, method of cooking and taste?


My mom was a genius in the kitchen. She taught me that what one does with food is as important as how one does it. The brands that begin, and end, with tomato puree, garlic, onions and oregano will produce a bitter, and somewhat goopy, product. It takes a lot of added sugar and salt to make that, even remotely, palatable. 
What I learned from my mother was how to blend a complex mix of select herbs and spices (that's the secret part) in such a way that the taste buds experience sweet and salty, with just enough added salt (only 230 mg per serving) and no added sugar. So, the use of the right ingredients is important. Her insistence on using only the very best quality, freshest ingredients is definitely part of my brand’s philosophy. And how those ingredients are mixed and stirred leaves a rich wholesome texture that really makes the taste. All of that goes into making Cosmo Celebration Sauces uniquely satisfying and authentic – I say it’s “Real Italian. Real Easy.”  

Cosmo Celebration Sauces is winning a lot of interest from Vegans and Vegetarians. Why is that?

Those who have eliminated animal protein from their diets are setting an example for the future of food. In my family, we were pretty much omnivores, but the meat protein was an added ingredient. So everyone at the table could choose whether and how much to partake. The basic sauce was vegan. No meat, no soy, no dairy. 
It still is today in Cosmo Celebration Sauces. And we add gluten-free, as well, in that the sauce is prepared without high-fructose corn syrup, which can be made from contaminated corn. Overall, we take the extra steps to maintain the gluten-free, no meat, no soy, no dairy conditions in the sauces to appeal to health-conscious consumers.
Many of my millennial friends are also looking for ways to be creative with marinara without using pasta – I have to tell you, I adore a good pasta, but I also love experimenting with ways to use my sauces sans noodles. 

Tell us about Share Your Celebration, that aspect of your promotional activities. 

That is embodied in our tag line: Festeggiamo! It's Italian for Let's Celebrate. There is a saying among chefs that a meal is not special unless it is shared with those we love; family, significant others, friends. Sharing creates the celebration. That's also one of the themes in Like Water for Chocolate. And the need to stay connected, using food cooked with love and joy, is more vital today than it has ever been, in my lifetime. So, Festeggiamo! Signore e Signori.

What is especially appealing about your pitch is that you remind people that tomato sauce is healthy for you. It is a very Italian concept: Health and taste. Please comment.

Count Basie often said about music that, if it sounds good, it is good. The same may not be universally applied to food, since we can objectively create dishes which taste wonderful, but which may contribute to problems for the body in later life. The Mediterranean-style diet, however, seems to be the embodiment of health and taste. It's a winner on so many fronts. 
A wonderful study out of Harvard Medical School (with a principal investigator who is, ironically, Italian) reported that tomatoes are rich in Lycopene, an important antioxidant in the body. Lycopene has been found to be protective against heart disease in both sexes, and also protective against prostate cancer in men, and against breast cancer in women.  
He also measured the bio-availability of Lycopene in raw tomatoes. That was one number to consider. Then he cooked the tomatoes, and found a higher level of Lycopene bio-availability. Finally, he cooked the tomatoes in olive oil, and found the greatest amount of bio-availability. So, what I said before, about what one does with food and how one does it, need to be considered together. Tomatoes - good. Cooked tomatoes - better. Tomatoes cooked in olive oil - best. Now notice how tomatoes and olive are an essential part of a Mediterranean diet. Health and taste, yes. But remember the process, too! 
And that should suggest that not every red sauce on the grocery shelf is made with pure olive oil. If the consumer chooses those made with safflower oil or canola oil, the health benefits will be diminished or lost. What one does with food, and how one does it. They go hand-in-hand. I would argue that Italians have set a pretty high bar in what our cooking brings to the table. 

The Washington Post recently listed the top foodie cities in the Country. Where you live, Portland, Oregon, made the list without being one of the choices. What can you tell us about the foodie scene in the Northwest and how your sauces are part of that?    

Portland is an amazing city. About 500,000 population, but those folks bring a heart, a passion and a demand for quality art, music, wine, beer, and food that rivals San Francisco, in my opinion. The weekly TV series, Grimm, is filmed here. The Oregon Symphony Orchestra is an award-winning ensemble of world-class musicians. My choir director is a well-known singer/songwriter, who has been entertaining others with her music for over 25 years.

I'm not surprised that the known facts about Portland, and its quiet reputation, led The Washington Post to include Portland on their best-of list, even without being formally nominated. 

Food carts and bistro restaurants dot the city. It is virtually impossible to get bored with the food scene here. And then Cosmo Celebration Sauces were introduced. Like Water for Chocolate, with its message of how love, passion and using the finest ingredients transform food into human nourishment, had Portland in its soul. Not deliberately, perhaps, but it is there. 

Cosmo Celebration Sauces were created out of the same energy, the same commitment. And the ready availability of food and business mentors in Portland has been a key ingredient for CCS to establish itself in that scene. Good people know and appreciate good food. And they support those who produce it. We have been blessed with that support.

What’s ahead for you and Cosmo Celebration Sauces?   

Our current focus is to establish the brand and grow the awareness of Cosmo Celebration Sauces among consumers. With that will follow growth in sales and geographic reach. 

We began that process at the beginning of 2015. At that time, we were producing batches of sauce about every six months. We were doing samplings in four area markets. Now, in 2016, we are featured in 28 markets, with a reach from Hood River, OR to Portland, OR to Eugene, OR and Vancouver, WA. That has been quite a ride, which has provided very satisfying growth in one year. It has allowed the company both to appreciate acceptance by the public, and to renew our commitment to artisanal cooking and quality.

In addition, we have been able to take the necessary steps to be available online, so that consumers, and especially the astute readers of PRIMO Magazine, can experience Cosmo Celebration Sauces, whenever they desire and wherever they live in the USA. The Web site is

The process, of starting and guiding this project, is taking on a personal magnum opus flavor. It's becoming my purpose in life. That's a good feeling!



The famous Carabinieri Band – one of the greatest military orchestras in the world, founded in 1820 – will play at the Kennedy Center in Washington D.C. on April 18, 2016 in a free concert honoring defenders of the cultural heritage of humanity. In what promises to be a not-to-be-missed-event, 90 musicians in their distinctive uniforms will bring to life traditional marches as well as modern and classical music in the majestic Concert Hall. The rich repertoire will include the national anthems of Italy, the United States and the European Union, as well as music by Sousa, Dvorak, and Puccini.

“We warmly invite all lovers of culture to join us in this international musical tribute to the defenders of human heritage, in one of the most beautiful venues in America” said the Ambassador of Italy to the United States, Armando Varricchio. “We are very grateful to the Kennedy Center for giving our talented Carabinieri Band the opportunity to perform in the splendid Concert Hall, in an event which is free and open to the public. Today, after the recent horrific attacks to our culture and some of our fundamental values – just think of Paris, Tunis and Brussels, to mention but some - it reminds us of the importance of defending culture, and our very way of life, in its entirety”.

The Carabinieri Band was founded in 1820 when the then Royal Carabinieri Corps assembled a group of buglers for the first time. In 1862 this became a fanfare, and by 1920 had developed into a full Band contingent of the Carabinieri Force. Under the direction of Maestro Luigi Cajoli the Band became famous for its quality of style, and in 1916 it travelled abroad for the first time for a series of concerts for injured allied soldiers. It performed with great success in Paris, and was highly acclaimed by the press. Many other prestigious tours abroad followed, from Europe to North and South America, the Middle East and Japan. Maestro Luigi Cirenei, who was a pupil of Pietro Mascagni, succeeded Cajoli in 1925. He improved the artistic skills of the Band and composed “LA FEDELISSIMA” the march theme adopted by the Carabinieri Force. Other band directors included: Maestro Domenico Fantini (1947), Maestro Vincenzo Borgia (1972) and Maestro Massimo Martinelli (2001), who is the present Director. The Carabinieri Band, with 103 musicians, each one an expert in a particular instrument, interprets the most famous compositions with a rich repertoire ranging from traditional military marches to modern and classical music.

The event will be held on Monday, April 18, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. and is free and open to the public.  RSVP by accessing this Link.


In “Montedoro,” Director Antonello Faretta follows the path blazed by Sergio Leone.

His film is replete with long panorama shots and stark close ups. The first scene is reminiscent of a Spaghetti Western where the filmgoer is given a wide angle view of the calanchi; the desolate pointed hills of Italy’s Basilicata region that are not unlike the white sandstone hills of Spain where Leone often filmed. With a lone finger pacing the foreground, the loneliness of the frontier is palpable in “Montedoro”; yet we are not seeing a western but instead a contemporary film about self-exploration and family identity.

“Montedoro” is based in part on the film’s lead actress Pia Marie Mann, who was born in Italy but was adopted by an American family. This film follows her character in Matera in search of her Italian roots and the background of the mother who abandoned her.

In the beginning, we are given one of the film’s most touching scenes when Pia is taken by taxi to the abandoned city of Montedoro. The driver, played by Giovanni Capalbo, suddenly stops the car en route as he is overtaken by the view of Italy’s wild country. He speaks holding back tears as he remembers his mother, who came from this land. He conveys a reminder to Pia that modernity separates us from nature. His soliloquy is all the more touching for its substantive message that an increasingly digital age leaves us empty and detached from our organic roots.

When the taxi reaches the city, Pia is overcome by its abandonment. She employs two local women to lead her among the winding pathways of the stone ruins. There she learns the tragic past of Montedoro and the destinies of its inhabitants.

“Montedoro” derives its title from what Craco, the film’s location, used to be called when it was home to a Greek population in the 6th centuryA.D. The enclave of ruins is are found it in the province of Matera, near the border between the regions of Basilicata and Apulia.

One of the most famous landmarks in all of Europe, Craco has been the setting for a host of films, including Pier Paolo Pasolini’s “The Gospel According to Matthew,” Franceso Rosi’s “Christ Stopped at Eboli” and Mel Gibson’s “The Passion of the Christ.” Coming in 2017 will be the film “Wonder Woman,” which will put Craco in the limelight as many of that movie’s scenes were filmed there.

Although Faretta is not breaking new ground in depicting Craco, his film nevertheless is different than others. Faretta makes Craco a central character in “Montedoro” instead of a scenic backdrop. He fuses home movies from the city that showed the people there living and working and celebrating among parades and other gatherings. Residents were ordered to leave Craco in 1963 when the city was bombarded by intense landslides which many believed were caused by poor sewage and waterworks.

“Montedoro” is a film about the past that is seemingly always alive in Italy. In our technological age where we meet people in an instant through smart phones and social media, we are still unable to connect to those closest to us in any meaningful way. Pia’s struggle is to find life amidst the empty ruins of a dead Italian city. Hers is an excursion into the depths of genealogy that takes filmgoers into different haunting directions.

“Montedoro” is an independent film, now making the rounds of American film and art house festivals. To learn more about the film, please log on to




(Photo of Joe Piscopo and Joseph Guccione by Jay Isolini for NIAF. At right, photo of Basil Russo.)

Two notable Italian Americans with distinguished careers in federal law enforcement and community advocacy have been elected to the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) Board of Directors for the 2016-2020 term during an April 29 meeting at the New York offices at Pepper Hamilton LLP. NIAF’s new Board Members are Joseph R. Guccione, managing director of Freeh Group International Solutions LLC, and former U.S. Marshal for the Southern District of New York; and Basil M. Russo, national president of the Order Italian Sons and Daughters of America (ISDA), and the ISDA Fraternal Association.

During the Foundation’s New York Gala in April, NIAF presented the second-annual Mario M. Cuomo Award in Public Service to Guccione.
“We are honored and proud to have Joseph Guccione and Basil Russo, two outstanding Italian Americans, serving on NIAF’s Board of Directors,” said NIAF President and COO John M. Viola. “The leadership that these men exhibit in their respective fields further strengthens the expertise of our distinguished board. We welcome their character, keen insight and dedication to the Italian American community.”

The NIAF Board of Directors and its Board Officers includes some of the most prominent business executives in the United States, including Maria Bartiromo, global markets editor at FOX Business Network; John F. Calvelli, executive vice president for the Public Affairs Division of the Wildlife Conservation Society; Linda R. Carlozzi, a partner in the New York Office of Jackson Lewis LLP; Joseph V. Del Raso, Esq., a partner with Pepper Hamilton LLP; Hon. Mike Ferguson, a former member of Congress; Frank Giordano, president and CEO of The Philly POPS and Atlantic Trailer Leasing Corporation; Hon. Patricia de Stacy Harrison, president and chief executive officer of the Corporation of Public Broadcasting; Gerard S. LaRocca, chief administrative officer of the Americas at Barclays Capital; Hon. Anita Bevacqua McBride, executive in residence at American University School of Public Affairs and former chief of staff to First Lady Laura Bush; Charles Turano, executive vice president of the National Hockey League franchise Florida Panthers and director of Heritage Werks; and Michael J. Zarrelli, managing counsel and federal affairs manager for Alticor Inc., in Washington, D.C.
The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting the heritage and culture of Americans of Italian descent. Visit



The John R. Mott Scholarship Foundation, Inc., (the “Foundation”) of Washington, D.C., dedicated to the education of the children of Calabria, Italy, has awarded 106 academic scholarships to deserving students from all over the Region of Calabria.  Beginning in 2001, the Foundation has awarded scholarships for higher education to the young men and women of Calabria.  The primary requisites for receiving a scholarship are the student’s academic achievement, financial need and a commitment to use the benefit of this education to make a contribution to the Region of Calabria.

 Mario V. Mirabelli, Esq., the President of the Mott Foundation stated “We are very proud of the quality of the academic credentials of this year’s class of scholarship awardees.  It is the hope of the Mott Foundation that receiving a Mott Scholarship will in the near future be recognized in Italy and elsewhere as an indication of superior academic achievement.”

John R. Mott, the creator of the Foundation, was born Giovanni Motta in 1909 in the mountain village of Serra d’Aiello, Calabria, Italy and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1911.  Although a man of significant means, Mr. Mott eschewed luxury, maintained a frugal lifestyle and preferred instead to invest his resources for a larger cause:  his dream of eventually giving back to the beloved land of his birth, Calabria, Italy.  Mr. Mott created the Foundation prior to his death in 1998.

The John R. Mott Scholarship Foundation is a supporting organization of the National Italian American Foundation. Visit
The 2016 John R. Mott Scholarship Foundation Awardees are:

Claudia Aiello, Maria Luisa Anselmo, Raffaella Argiro, Nadia Antonella Astorino, Francesca Barletta, Sara Barreca, Gabriella Bastone, Teresa Bazzarelli, Antonella Bisardi, Agostina Bonavita, Giulia Bruni, Laura Bruno, Maria Bruno, Pierangelo Calvelli, Riccardo Candido, Concettina Caparello, Antonio Cappa, Rosalba Carnevale, Chiara Carrà, Francesca Chianello, Francesca Ciancio, Angela Ciricosta, Elvira Clausi, Francesco Condello, Giampiero Conte, Patrick Corapi, Mariangela Cozza, Daniele Croce, Mariateresa De Domenico, Carlotta De Filippis, Francesca De Rosa, Claudia Esposito, Lucia Francesca Filippelli, Francesca Forlini, Debora Grandinetti, Maria Cristina Guarascio, Antonio Iannopollo, Pasquale Iannucci, Fioravante Infusino, Caterina Italiano, Miriam Italiano, Gabriele Larocca, Andrea Larosa, Angela Le Pera, Antonio Lento, Serena Leo, Sara Leone, Rosanna Lettieri, Eva Azzurra Li Trenta, Laura Lipari, Giuseppe Lopez, Silvia Caterina Lorelli, Giulia Maida, Anna Mazzuca, Serena Mele, Marika Mesiano, Ilenia Metallo, Francesca Mollica, Claudia Morabito, Marco Morrone, Chiara Mullace, Chrisitan Musumeci, Alba Nicastri, Nicola Nicastri, Vera Nigri, Valentina Osso, Luca Pagliaro, Stefania Pagnotta, Ilenia Palella, Andrea Panza, Alessio Paradiso, Ilaria Pascuzzo, Mariaceleste Pascuzzo, Valentina Pascuzzo, Claudia Perri, Elisa Perri, Jessica Perri, Luca Serafino Perrone, Veronica Petrone, Ilaria Pezzaniti, Grazia Giuseppina Politano, Alfonso Prostamo, Sara Provenzano, Veronica Reda, Lara Riccio, Chiara Richichi, Daniela Rossiello, Carmine Salerni, Davide Scanga, Angela Schipani, Martina Sdao, Mariagiovanna Settino, Erika Sicilia, Gilda Sicilia, Fulvio Siciliano, Danilo Spadafora, Lucia Spadafora, Carla Tempestoso, Giuseppe Todaro, Francesco Tortorella, Pier Pasquale Trausi, Gianluca Tripepi, Rodolfo Tripepi, Adolfo Turco, Diletta Vito, Ruggero Vizza




Leading the list of honorees at NIAF’s annual New York Gala are sports greats Mike Piazza, 12-time MLB All-Star elected into the National Baseball Hall of Fame; and Luigi P. “Lou” Carnesecca, legendary coach of St. John’s University’s Red Storm men’s basketball team and inductee of the Naismith Basket Ball Hall of Fame.
Honorees joining them include: Frank Bisignano, chairman and chief executive officer of First Data Corporation; Joseph R. Guccione, managing director of Freeh Group International Solutions LLC; Michael J. Inserra, Americas vice chairman at EY; and Arthur J. Mirante ll, principal and tri-state president at Avison Young.

The evening will include a posthumous honor for Honorable Marie L. Garibaldi, NIAF executive vice president and former New Jersey Supreme Court Justice, whose passing in mid-January affected the Italian American community in New York and New Jersey.

Held at the legendary Italian Renaissance-inspired Cipriani 42nd Street on April 28,  the evening begins at 6:30 p.m. with a cocktail reception, followed by dinner at 7:30 p.m.
Proceeds from NIAF’s New York Gala will benefit the Foundation’s philanthropic and educational programs. Tickets: $500 (Gold Ticket); $1,000 (Platinum Ticket). Attire: Cocktail.  For more information, visit:

Interviewed by Charles Marsala at the Induction Banquet for the Louisiana American Italian Sports Hall of Fame




("Fall in Love" by Paolo Canciani)

The original work of two innovative and talented Italian artists Paolo Canciani and Charely Fazio will be on display at Agora Gallery, 530 West 25th St, Chelsea, New York. The exhibitions open April 26th, 2016 and runs through May 17th, 2016. The opening reception will be held Thursday, April 28th from 6-8 pm. Entrance is free.

Inspired by the Greco-Roman art of his native Italy, Paolo Canciani is a classical modernist who paints ancient sculpture as if it was human and humans as if they were classical sculpture. Possessing the light, flawless, and impeccable appearance of marble, his figures are juxtaposed against contemporary accoutrements like bandanas. “I am inspired by… a certain image of Greek-Roman statues enhancing the parts of the body and face thanks to a continuous close-up,” the artists says. Architectural details may also be included, although usually Canciani situates his figures simply, against a neutral background or dreamy sky. Canciani then crops and fragments the sculptures, giving them a surrealist mien that recalls the metaphysical paintings of Giorgio de Chirico. Canciani’s statues appear strangely alive even as they seem frozen in time, inhabited by a sense of pathos that leaves the viewer unsure if these figures are gods or artifacts from past millennia. One could say Canciani’s paintings are infused with a gentle irony, a kind of old-is-new-again circularity that makes his statues feel less like relics and more like nostalgic pop culture icons. This ambiguity allows Canciani to create paintings that, despite their classical subject matter, have a very modern sensibility. He also frequently employs symbolism in his work. The butterfly, for example, is a typical leitmotif the artist employs to symbolize longing and desire. The rose is another one of his favorite symbols, a metaphor for love.

(Charley Fazio and his work "Calling," photograph on Hahnemuhle Paper, 12" x 18")

A native son of Sicily, Charley Fazio began his artistic journey as a painter. He describes his early work as consisting of “almost metaphysically lonely elements in open spaces filled with color.” Fazio’s eventual career as a geologist left him little time to paint, but the spectacular vistas of the natural world spoke deeply to him, and Fazio began photographing the volcanoes, islands, and sea that surrounded him. At first, he sought out the same isolated scenes he’d painted in the past, but in due course Fazio found himself moving to the theatre, to the streets, and to people. He eventually replaced melancholy with vibrancy, and his world was changed. Fazio believes that the intrinsic value of photography is in its ability to make the viewer and the artist one. The gift of photography is the gift of vision: for a moment, the viewer is able to see through the artist’s eyes. This realization, for Fazio, was an illumination. “My life path has taken an exponential leap thanks to the light of my photographs,” he says. “I will die with my camera in my hands.”

To learn about the artists and their work displayed at the Agora Gallery, please log on to




Pictured from left to right are honorees for this year's Sons of Italy's NELA Gala, Condoleeza Rice, Nicholas Calio, Joseph M. Mattone, Sr., and Paul Rinaldi.

Join the Sons of Italy Foundation® (SIF) on Thursday, May 26, 2016, for the 28th Annual National Education & Leadership Awards (NELA) Gala. The signature Washington event returns to the National Building Museum to honor Dr. Condoleezza Rice, Nicholas E. Calio, Joseph M. Mattone , Sr. , Mary Ann Pessolano Mattone, RN/MPH and Paul Rinaldi. In addition to these outstanding headline honorees, the SIF's national scholarship recipients -- chosen through a highly rigorous and competitive process -- will be showcased.

The NELA Gala is the SIF's most important fund-raising and public affairs event, highlighting the foundation's commitment to educational excellence, leadership and the betterment of society. To date, the NELA Gala has helped the SIF raise nearly $164 million for education, medical research, disaster relief, cultural preservation, veterans' causes, and other special projects, with more than $61 million in scholarships awarded. To find out more about the NELA Gala, please log on to



Carlo Crivelli, (ca. 1435–ca. 1495) known for the dazzling quality of his paintings, is one of the most original artists of the Italian Renaissance. Over the course of his career, the artist worked along the eastern Adriatic coast of Italy, creating altarpieces for churches as well as paintings for private devotion. The Walters Art Museum will present A Renaissance Original: Carlo Crivelli, an exhibition of 14 works from collections in North America and Europe, from February 28 through May 22, 2016. Admission to the exhibition is free for everyone.

The centerpiece of the exhibition is a grouping of four of the six surviving panels from Crivelli’s famed Porto San Giorgio Altarpiece (1470), reunited from institutions in the United States and Europe for the first time since the 19th  century. Another highlight is the Walters’ own Madonna and Child with Saints and Donor (ca. 1490), in which Mary is depicted in simple, monumental forms, wearing a crown as Queen of Heaven. Likely displayed on the altar of a private chapel, the piece includes St. Francis, St. Bernardino of Siena, and the work’s donor, Fra Bernardino Ferretti.

Presented in the Walters’ Italian Early Renaissance Gallery, the exhibition offers visitors the opportunity to reflect on Crivelli’s paintings in the context of works by predecessors and contemporaries. By turning a corner from the show, visitors encounter time-honored masterpieces from the museum’s collection, such as an early 15th-century gold-ground altarpiece, the masterpiece of Olivuccio di Ciccarello and one of the greatest works of the late medieval tradition from Italy’s Adriatic coast.

The Walters Art Museum, located in downtown Baltimore’s historic Mount Vernon Cultural District at North Charles and Centre Streets, is free and open to the public. To learn more, please log on to



(Pictured: Miss Castelli, Mrs. Nilson, Mrs. Amos, Gregory DeCola and his father Greg DeCola, Catlin Hartnett and Mrs. Bruno all attended the dinner and ceremony. )

On March 30th the Blauvelt Sons of Italy hosted a dinner to welcome several new members into the organization. The group also honored two Rockland County students with scholarships for their commitment and dedication to learning the language of Italian. 

Catlin Hartnett and Greg DeCola, both of Tappan Zee High School, received scholarships for their study of Italian and were accompanied by their parents as well as their teachers. Greg DeCola’s father is the current president of the Lodge located in Blauvelt, NY.

The Rockland Lodge of the Order of The Sons of Italy in America was established in 1966 with the goal of enhancing the image of people of Italian descent and has grown into one of the most active organizations in the area. In addition to giving scholarship to students, funds raised through various events are donated to a variety of charitable organizations in and around the area. For more information, visit  or visit them on Facebook at




The Ocean County Columbus Day Parade Committee is currently accepting nominations for Grand Marshal of the Twenty-fifth Annual Parade and Italian Festival to be held in Seaside Heights from October 7th through October 9th.

“The Ocean County Columbus Day Parade and Italian Festival has grown into one of the most popular ethnic celebrations at the Jersey Shore, attracting thousands of tourists to Seaside Heights over the past 24 years,” said Parade Chairman Michael A. Blandina. “Grand Marshal nominees should be civic minded individuals who are of good character as they will be the symbolic leader of the weekend’s festivities as we celebrate our 25th Anniversary.”

Past Grand Marshals from the Parade’s first 24 years included, Mulberry Street Italian Food Center owner Michael Colasurdo, commercial developer Donato “Dan” D’Onfrio, Gary Lotano, Nina Anuaria, former Superior Court Judge Peter Giovine, Carol Camilli Wolfe, Stephen R. Leone, Kim Pascarella, Patrick L. Bottazzi, Luigi Marciante, Joseph Leone Introna, Paul Barlo and last years honoree Alan Floria, among other notable Ocean County figures.

“This selection process has been difficult over the years because there are always a number of worthy nominees,” said Phyllis Shindle, Chairwoman of the Grand Marshal Search Committee. “The Selection Committee will work diligently to choose the right person to serve as Grand Marshal for this year’s Parade and Italian Festival and one that will represent the Parade Committee and Ocean County in an admirable manner.”

The deadline for nominations for Grand Marshal is April 1st. Nominations should be submitted with a letter of recommendation and biography or resume to:

Ocean County Columbus Day Parade Committee
c/o Michael A. Blandina
249 Hawaii Drive
Brick, NJ 08723

“Every nomination that is submitted will be carefully considered by the Selection Committee,” said Chairman Blandina. “I am confident that they will once again select a most deserving individual and someone who will be an exemplary representative of the residents of Ocean County.” The Grand Marshal selection will be announced the second week in April. The person chosen to be Grand Marshal will be honored at the Annual Dinner Dance, which will be held on June 16th At this dinner we will be celebrating our 25th Anniversary.

Anyone who is interested in becoming involved with the 2016 Ocean County Columbus Day Parade and Italian Festival, or joining the committee, please contact Michael Blandina at 732-477-6507.


Reader Responds to PRIMO's 3rd Edition 2015 Translation of President Roosevelt's Speech on the Taking of Rome

By John Romano,  Attorney at Law

On this anniversary of this night of infamy December 7th, as a postscript to your story on President Franklin Roosevelt which gave the impression that he was a trusted friend, admirer, and respected Italians, you should have added an asterisk to the article, since FDR issued Presidential Executive Orders in WWII 1942-1944, proclaiming and declaring Italian Americans as "Enemy Aliens", requiring massive government family registrations with the Justice Department, internment of 13,000 Italians, and FBI squads of 24 hour surveillance on all Italian American families, late night searches of apartments, kidnapping, arrests, travel restrictions, etc.

The FBI campaign ot Terror, Fear and Horror was called, "The Secret War" against all Italian Americans who were labeled Domestic Enemies of America.

Today, you the Reader must answer these questions: There were 100,000 War casualties of Italian Americans in WWII and 1 million servicemen in the Armed Forces. Was the Mother who buried her son after he was killed fighting overseas an enemy alien, as declared by FDR? America wants no memory of this time. The silence of America remains today a betrayal of all the Italian Americans who served in WWII.

Yes - We Shall Not Forget FDR.



(Pictured: Captain Sam Servadio and his father Savino; and the book cover for "Savino: Growing Up in America.")

What were the reasons for writing "Savino - Growing Up in America?"

I had written my Uncle’s (Ralph Servadio) memoir of his unique service in the U.S. Coast Guard during WWII and submitted it to their historian. His story was so remarkable that it was published and made part of the U.S. Coast Guard‘s official history. I was pleased to have honored my family and our heritage. Accordingly, I thought that I should also capture my father’s (and his father’s) history. I already had the material because like most Italian-American families, his stories were ones that I had heard many times around the dinner table.

Where in Italy did your father's family originate? And what did your father tell you about Italy?

My Dad’s family came from the province of Roma, and my Mother’s family migrated to America from Sicily. My father, who was born in America, recalls the stories from his father who said life in Italy was very hard at that time (1900) and that poverty had encouraged his migration to America. I found it interesting that when I was stationed in Italy during service, I had the opportunity to visit my fathers family who lived in the countryside, just North of Rome. They had a beautiful, gated, palatial estate. I guess they had overcome the poverty issue!

The book explores your father's life through the 20th century with many humorous anecdotes. He witnessed many changes in technology and culture. What did he miss most about America during the changes he witnessed?

I know that he misses the “sense of place” of the local community and nearby family. During his day, his extended family all lived and worked in the same little village. His father was able to walk home from the factory during his lunch hour to stoke the coal furnace. The same with his grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins, they all worked and lived, local. Consequently, getting together to celebrate holidays was a given. During his youth, this little village was a thriving community with many factories and opportunities for employment. It also had two opera houses, a dance hall, a theater, as well as its own hydro-electric plant. Sadly, now the factories are gone and only a Walmart is its cultural center and main employer. As such the circumstances have caused the family to move apart.

Why do you think readers will enjoy this book?

I think young readers like me (age 60) will enjoy nostalgia and readers of my father’s age will reminisce with similar experiences, for these are stories that are the heart of family gatherings.

Did you learn anything new about your father when researching and writing the book?

Yes, among the many things that I learned about my grandfather was the tale of his WWI service. He was drafted when he went back to Italy to retrieve my grandmother, thus delaying this goal for several years. I had no idea how hard his tour of duty was. Despite fighting bravely for Italy, his unit was poorly equipped and he nearly starved to death.

How did the process of writing the book change you?

I think that whenever one looks back at our history [of Italian-Americans], one is humbled. They worked hard, sacrificed and persisted against great odds so that we, their children, could have a better life. I encourage all readers who have living relatives to sit down with them and record this most precious gift of our past. It has given me the gift of a grateful heart.

Editor's Note: You can purchase "Savino - Growing Up in America" by emailing the author directly at


The Library of Congress Contains Many Books from Jefferson Written by Rome's Greatest Philosophers and Historians

In a letter to his granddaughter Anne Cary Bankhead, Thomas Jefferson praised the work of the great Roman historian Tacitus. He wrote: “Tacitus I consider the first writer in the world without a single exception. His book is a compound of history and morality of which we have no other example.” After he was president, he wrote John Adams “I have given up newspapers in exchange for Tacitus and Horace.”

Jefferson read Tacitus and other Roman historians to help him establish a longlasting republic in America. Tyranny was to be avoided. Jefferson was especially interested in the fall of Rome and how transgressions among the political class there led to corruption and weakness. He did not want America to repeat the mistakes of Roman history.

The Constitution was a guide to retain the American republic. Laws enacted by the legislature had to be consistent with democratic principles. Jefferson and many of the founding fathers studied the Justinian Code, a set of laws necessary for a democracy. Justinian was one of Rome’s last great emperors who ruled in Constantinople. A  man of immense energy, Justinian reformed Roman law and established what became known as the Justinian Code; a key reference for many of the laws enacted by Congress and state legislatures in America.

Many figures from ancient Rome penned histories and firsthand experiences that were read by Jefferson. Julius Caesar’s accounts of the Gallic War and Civil War in Rome helped Jefferson understand not only military strategy but how political divisions in a country could unravel and lead to armed insurrection and war. He read Titus Livius (Livy), the Roman historian who lived from 59 B.C. to 17 A.D. Originally from what is today Padua, Livy published an extensive history of Rome titled “Ab Urbe Condita Libri” or “Books since the city’s founding”; more commonly known as “The History of Rome.” Another historian Jefferson read was Plutarch. Born in Greece, Plutarch became a citizen of Rome and wrote biographies of famous figures of the classical period, many of whom were Romans such as Julius Caesar, Cato, Cicero, Fabius Maximus and others.

Since Jefferson was fluent in Latin, he could read the works of Roman historians and philosophers, written in their native language. He comprehended an unvarnished version of history and knew better than his educated peers the ideals and experiences of Rome.

More than any other figure from ancient Rome, Cicero had the most influence on Jefferson and other founding fathers such as John Adams and James Madison. Cicero’s writings expounded on the nature of Republican democracy and its laws. Yet he wrote on other topics, as well, such as old age, friendship and skepticism. A key political figure during the era that preceded and followed Julius Caesar’s reign, Cicero conveyed through his model the fragile nature of democracy, as he was eventually put to death by orders of Mark Anthony after Caesar was assassinated in the Senate.

The books are many that Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress. Those written by Roman philosophers, statesmen and historians remain a key source of reference, not only for members of Congress and their staff, but all Americans who wish to retain the republic as begun by the founding fathers.


A Current Exhibit at the Library of Congress Underscores Italy's Influence on
America's Third President

(First in a series of articles on the Library of Congress exhibiti, "Out of the Ashes.")

A win-win.

That’s one way to describe the deal brokered between Thomas Jefferson and the U.S. government in 1815 that brought back to life the Library of Congress after a fire destroyed it.

Our third president and author of the Declaration of Independence was famous, among other things, for an immense library at his home in Monticello, Virginia. The United States government wanted to equal, if not surpass, Jefferson's and all other libraries. However, during the War of 1812, the British burned the U.S. Capitol building, which at the time housed the Library of Congress, and the government lost its entire stock - some 3,000 volumes.

To restart the Library, Jefferson agreed to sell his collection of books and journals to the United States. An accumulation by him of some 6,487 volumes was more than double the size of the government’s lost inventory. He transferred his repository to the Library of Congress for the price of $23,950.

Today, the Library of Congress pays tribute to the historic transaction with an exhibit titled “Out of the Ashes.” Free to the public, the display is a portion of the books Jefferson sold to the Library. On the second floor of the main building, visitors can examine the titles and authors of books through glass enclosed bookshelves. The collection highlights the scope of Jefferson’s interests in science, art, history and language.

The exhibit is most notable for its inclusion of books published in Italy and written by Italian authors. As Jefferson was fluent in Italian, he was able to read and comprehend Italy's best writers and scholars. Such books underscore the enormous influence Italy had on Jefferson and the founding of America.

Take for exampe, one book, positioned at the outset of the exhibit, titled “Navigazioni e viaggi” (Navigations and Travels). Published in Venice in 1555 and 1556 by Giovanni Battista Ramusio, the two volume anthology details first-hand accounts of great explorers from Marco Polo to Ferdianand Magellan. Included in the book is an in-depth description of Africa, translated from Arabic to Italian, originally written by Leo Africanus, an explorer from Morocco who was captured by Spanish pirates, taken to Rome, and then freed after he was baptized by Pope Leo X.

“Navigation e viaggi” is one of many books from Italy and other countries that inspired Jefferson to acquire and explore new land for the country when he was president from 1801 to 1809. Under his watch the government brokered the Louisiana Purchase, which added much of what is today the country’s Midwestern region. As president, he sponsored the Lewis and Clark expedition to explore and record the country's geography from the Appalachian Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.

Next up is Jefferson’s interest in Ancient Rome.

To find out more about the Library of Congress exhibit “Out of the Ashes,” please log on to


The National Organization of Italian American Women is now accepting application for its annual Cultural Exchange Program that will send a group of Italian American women, college age, to Rome June 2016 for a 10-day immerse cultural and educational experience, at no cost to participants.

Developed and funded by the National Organization of Italian American Women in collaboration with the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the program is designed to strengthen ties between the United States and Italy and inspire young women to explore their heritage.

Applications are available at and must be submitted by March 31, 2016.

National Organization of Italian American Women is now accepting applications for its annual scholarship program which provides financial awards annually to highly qualified Italian American women enrolled in college and graduate school. Preferential consideration is given to applicants who have demonstrated excellence in fields of study of Italian language and/or culture.

Since 1980, NOIAW has awarded scholarships annually to women of Italian descent who have achieved academic success. While their academic passions vary, all of the scholarship winners share a strong connection to their Italian heritage and a history of academic excellence.

NOIAW is seeking applications from female students of Italian descent currently enrolled at an accredited US academic institution for undergraduate or graduate study. Applicants must be citizens of the United States and are required to demonstrate financial need. The minimum GPA required is 3.5.

Applications are available at and must be submitted by March 10, 2016. Scholarship winners will be notified in late March and will be invited to NOIAW’s 35th Anniversary Luncheon at the St. Regis New York on April 16, 2016. The scholarship program is funded by the National Organization of Italian American Women.


The National Organization of Italian American Women is the only national organization for women of Italian ancestry. We celebrate and preserve Italian heritage, culture and language. Through cultural programs, special events, networking opportunities, mentoring, scholarship and cultural exchange initiatives we seek to promote and support the achievements of women of Italian ancestry in the workplace and the community.

For more information about NOIAW, its members and programs, or to become a member, visit, call (212) 642-2003, or follow us on Twitter (@NOIAW) and Facebook ( The National Organization of Italian American Women, Inc. is a 501(c) (3) not-for-profit organization. Contributions are tax deductible to the full extent permitted by law.


Pictured: Gian Paul Bergeron, Alex Bologna, Tristan Curnow, Max Galassi, Neal Huddon, Michael Law,
Ashley Robertson, and Alissa Wilson

National Italian America Foundation (NIAF) announced the awarding of scholarships to eight university students in California. They are Gian Paul Bergeron, Alex Bologna, Tristan Curnow, Max Galassi, Neal Huddon, Michael Law, Ashley Robertson and Alissa Wilson.

Since NIAF’s inception 40 years ago, the scholarship program has grown from four scholarships of $250 each to dozens of annual scholarships ranging in value from $2,000 to $12,000, each in the Italian language and culture, medicine, engineering, business, law, music, and other specialized fields.  Last year, the average scholarship to students in the United States was worth more than $6,000.

Scholarship applicants must be a NIAF member or have a parent or guardian who is a member of the Foundation. Applicants must be enrolled in or entering an accredited college or university in the United States in the fall of 2016. Students must be of Italian descent, with at least one ancestor who has emigrated from Italy. Additionally, applicants must be U.S. citizens or permanent resident aliens.  NIAF scholarship recipients are selected based on academic merit and have an average GPA of 3.5 out of 4.0 to apply.


Seventeen students in New York include: Tzintzun Aguilar Izzo of Colton; Thomas Alia and Joseph Bronzo of Staten Island; Alessandra Angelino of Katonah; Nina Angileri of Middletown; Alice Bongiorno of East Islip; Joseph Castiglione and Taylor Nardi of Brooklyn; Anthony Ferrara of Nesconset; Christian Greco of Briarcliff; Melinda Kiefer of Mt. Vernon; Nicholas Marinelli of Port Washington; Francesca Petrillo of Poughquag; Domenico Pietromonaco of New Hyde Park; Natalie Ricci of New York City; Gabrielle Rockwell of Endicott; and Jennifer Ryan of Liverpool.

Students from New Jersey include:Caroline Bilotti of Spring Lake; Jessica Isgro of Morris Plains; Justin Juliano of Ocean City; Daniel Malinconico of New Egypt; and Marco Salerno of Princeton Junction. Two students from Connecticut are Bryce Ciccaglione of Milford and Martina Costagliola of Shelton.

"Since 1975, NIAF has awarded millions of dollars in merit-based scholarships and cultural grants to undergraduate, graduate, post graduate, medical and law students from across the country. NIAF values the importance of education and the role it plays in helping deserving Italian American students build promising futures,” said Anita Bevacqua McBride, co-chair of the Foundation’s Education and Grants Committee.

Apply online for a 2016-2017 NIAF scholarship at deadline is March 1, 2016. NIAF scholarship winners will be notified May 2, 2016. 


U.S. Representative Eliot Engel joins the leadership at the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) in congratulating Melinda Kiefer of Mt. Vernon, for receiving a scholarship award through NIAF.  The student was chosen from a pool of 1,262 student applicants.

Kiefer, who attends Purchase College, State University of New York, received the Filomena J. Peloro Scholarship. She is pursuing a master’s degree in fine art.
“I want to congratulate Melinda on receiving this distinguished honor from NIAF, an organization that for 40 years has helped hundreds of scholars continue to advance their academic careers through higher learning,” said Congressman Engel. “As a former school teacher myself, I always take great pride in knowing I represent such accomplished students in the community. Melinda has done Mount Vernon proud, and I know she will accomplish many great things upon the completion of her Master’s program.”

Apply online for a 2016-2017 NIAF scholarship at deadline is March 1, 2016. NIAF scholarship winners will be notified May 2, 2016. 



The National Italian American Foundation is proud to announce the launch of the NIAF Congressional Fellowship Program to encourage and support the future generation of Italian American leadership.

“This program is one of NIAF’s signature programs that afford students and the next generation of Italian American leaders an incredible opportunity for a direct and hands-on experience in public service,” said NIAF Chairman of the Government Relations and Public Policy Committee Mark Valente III. 

Five university students or recent graduates, of Italian American heritage, will be selected to work in offices of members of the Italian American Congressional Delegation during the fall of 2016.  Program topics include learning about the legislative process and exploring issues facing Congress today, as well as experiencing the day-to-day operations of a congressional office.

The offices of U.S. Representatives Suzanne Bonacci (Ore.); Lou Barletta (Pa.); Rosa DeLauro (Conn.); Virginia Foxx (N.C.); John Garamendi (Calif.); John Mica (Fla.); Jim Renacci (Ohio); and Pat Tiberi (Ohio), will accept NIAF Congressional Fellows.

The NIAF fellows will receive a stipend of $1,000 to help with travel and living expenses while in Washington, D.C. As part of the program, fellows will receive training at NIAF headquarters and will be invited to participate in Foundation events throughout the fall, including NIAF Frank J. Guarini Public Policy Forums and the upcoming 41st Anniversary Gala Weekend, October 14-16, 2016, in our nation’s capital.

To learn more about the eligibility requirements of the program, visit:


From March 13th through 16th the Italian nation will spotlight its latest talents to the international music business delegates assembled in the Texas capital through a three-pronged effort consisting of:  The Italy @ SXSW Trade Show stand; "Aperitivo Italiano”, the official Italy @ SXSW music day party;  and music festival performances by Joan Thiele, Kalàscima, Moustache Prawn, Brothers in Law, BIRTHH, Go!Zilla and Platonick Dive. 

Synonymous with style, Italy @ SXSW shows that Made in Italy applies just as much to sound, showcasing its scene on the global stage at the 30th anniversary edition of the world’s leading music industry event. From March 13th through 16th the Italy @ SXSW Trade Show Stand, (stand 1409 in the Austin Convention Center), will serve as the networking hub for Italian music professionals with their counterparts in the global industry.  Under the flag of FIMI and ITA, five startups — Multiplay, Travel Appeal, Stylum, Rokivo and Souldesigner — join the Italy @ SXSW Trade Show Stand, showing off Italian innovation at SXSW Interactive for the first time.

On Wednesday March 16th from 2pm - 6pm, SXSW badge holders and VIP invitees can get acquainted over an "Aperitivo Italiano”, the official Italy @ SXSW music day party at Numero 28 (428 W 2nd Street), where unplugged and DJ sets combine with Italian food and drink forming a “mixer" with the contemporary Italian lifestyle as a backdrop.

Nighttime SXSW Music Festival showcases running from March 16th through 19th will feature:  Joan Thiele a promising singer-songwriter of European and South American heritage who hit the ground running in 2016 with her debut single “Save Me” as well as viral video cover of Drake’s “Hotline Bling”.  Signed to Universal Music Italy, Joan’s forthcoming debut EP is hotly tipped in her homeland.  The red-hot Puglia region continues its run sponsoring a diverse pair of acts: Kalàscima, whose mix of traditional “Taranta" with modern electronics has made them a festival favorite on four continents garnering critical praise from the likes of the Huffington Post; and Moustache Prawn, an alternative power trio hitting SXSW on the heels of European events such as Liverpool Sound City and the Reeperbahn and Sziget Festivals.  With bases in San Francisco and Italy the WWNBB (We Were Never Being Boring) Collective flies their banner of blog favorites with dream-pop band Brothers in Law making their SXSW return after sharing stages with the likes of Slowdive and the Dum Dum Girls and BIRTHH, the new solo project of 19 year old Alice Bisi —"Chlorine” her just released debut single immediately drawing comparisons to The XX and London Grammar.  Brooklyn Vegan-cited psychedelic punk rockers and Primavera Sound vets Go!Zilla mark their SXSW debut following a January 2016 Eurosonic set.  Rounding out the Italy @ SXSW 2016 line-up are electronic/experimentalists Platonick Dive who have previously slotted alongside  Blonde Redhead and Gold Panda.




Moustache Prawn, a three-piece alternative rock band from the Fasano province of Italy's Puglia region, recently released their second full length album "Erebus" on the PBP label distributed by The Orchard. Band members are Leo Ostuni (chitarra, voce), Ronny Gigante (basso, voce), Giancarlo Latartara (batteria, cori)

"Erebus" is a concept album, a fantasy tale that explores environmental issues and animal rights. The trio incorporate more exotic sounds and traditional Italian instrumentation into their already distinctive style. Above is a video from the band, titled "Solar", a song from the album.

Ostuni and Latartara first met at school in 2007 during gym class and quickly decided to start rehearsing together as a two piece. They were joined a year later by Gigante and formed their first official band Dystopia and began writing post-punk songs with Italian lyrics. After playing locally for the next year or so, the members went their separate ways on good terms. After taking several months to soak up fresh influences from American and British Indie and Alternative rock outfits like the Strokes, Arctic Monkeys, Radiohead, Interpol, The Smiths, and Jon Spencer Blues Explosion, the trio reconvened and began writing very in a very different style and decided to begin singing in English. The aesthetic differences were so substantial that they had essentially become a different group and therefore needed a new name: "Moustache Prawn" (shrimp whiskers in Italian).

"Erebus" is the second album by Moustache Prawn. The band will be performing in Austin, Texas at Palm Door on Sabine on March 16 and on the International Day Stage at the South by Southwest music festival on March 17. To learn more about Moustach Prawn, please visit their web site at

"Rocky" Franchise Opens With a New Chapter in "Creed."
Stallone's Performance is Oscar Worthy - PRIMO's Review


Get ready to raise your fists in the air.

There is a new heavyweight champ at the box office.


The sixth and newest sequel in the “Rocky” franchise and “Rocky” fans will not be disappointed.

“Creed” stars Michael B. Jordan as Adonis Creed and Sylvester Stallone, who once again plays Rocky Balboa. The film is about Adonis and his struggle to become a professional boxer while carrying on the legacy of his father, Apollo Creed, portrayed by Carl Weathers, as the champion rival to Rocky in “Rocky” I and II. Creed was killed in “Rocky IV” while fighting the Russian boxer Ivan Drago, as played by Dolph Lundgren.

As in all “Rocky” films, the primary setting of “Creed” is Philadelphia. You simply cannot have a “Rocky” film without Philadelphia, the origin, birthplace, and hometown of the Italian Stallion. Although there are detours to Mexico, Los Angeles, and even England, the film spends much of its time in South Philadelphia, and succeeds in capturing the element of the neighborhood of the great fighter himself. Where “Creed” differs enough from the other sequels is its focus on Southwest Philadelphia in the predominantly African American enclaves near the Italian section. This is one of several key elements brought to life by Director Ryan Coogler to make “Creed” more unique than the other “Rocky” sequels.

“Creed” is Adonis’ story, different than that of the original “Rocky.” In “Creed” we see a young man trying to live up to his father’s reputation wherein “Rocky,” we see no family connection, no patriarchy, no legacy, just a down-and-out fighter with one last chance at greatness. In “Creed” Rocky becomes Adonis’ trainer. He teaches Adonis not only how to become a great boxer, but also teaches young contender what his deceased father, the great Apollo was all about. The relationship between Rocky and Adonis is special, similar to the relationship Rocky had with his trainer Mickey Goldmill, played by Burgess Meredith, in the first three films of the franchise.

Where “Creed” mostly departs from the original “Rocky” and sequels is its music score. Bill Conti’s amazing theme from the original, that resurfaced in the sequels, is noticeably absent here. It is this film’s greatest flaw among hardcore “Rocky” fans. The score in “Creed” isn’t bad, in fact it’s pretty good, but you can’t help but be disappointed in not hearing a score that has hooked us since the original, almost 40 years ago.

The film is also a bit too melodramatic. Characters are many, each with their own personal struggles. Too much time is spent in relaying their internal conflicts to the audience. It takes away from the interplay between the two main characters, Adonis and Rocky.

Nevertheless, “Creed” retains many aspects from the original “Rocky” that make it an incredibly enjoyable film.

The plot is as engaging and attention-getting as the first “Rocky.” The fight scenes are brilliantly captured, in the tradition of “Rocky” where we see the brutal drama of boxing. The film’s acting is also excellent. Michael B. Jordan does a great job playing Adonis Creed; with a believable resemblance to Carl Weathers. His antagonist is played by Tony Bellow, not an actor, but an actual boxer, with an outstanding performance as the unlikable champ.

The greatest strength of the film, however, has got to be Sylvester Stallone! He is at his best and should be an Oscar contender. Instead of being the one doing the fighting, Stallone plays the role of trainer. He resembles Mickey as a mentor to the young boxer but keeps the Rocky character with all his mannerisms and idiosyncrasies.

Although with a new and unique take on the franchise, (including a new director), the film does its best in retaining a connection to its Italian roots, as established in “Rocky.” For example, the film features two new characters, Pete Sporino, played by Ritchie Coster, and his son Leo Sporino, played by Gabe Rosado. Pete is the new coach of Mighty Mick’s Gym, and Leo is a heavyweight boxer that Adonis fights in the movie. Both are recognized as Italians in the film. The name “Adonis” is also an Italian name, although it has Greek roots. Adonis, in the movie, also makes an allusion to the 1972 film “The Godfather,” in connection to Rocky’s Italian heritage. Finally, there is the key scene where Adonis runs through the Italian Market, recreating the famous scene in the first “Rocky” film.

Overall, “Creed” lives up to the hype of the box office and the “Rocky” franchise. Although it lacks some of the musical magic of the original, it still embraces its Italian roots with edge-of-your-chair excitement. Rocky is back in “Creed.”



The award-winning short comedic film "Lobster fra Diavolo," which has just been released for rent on Vimeo in time for the holidays. The film centers on an Italian American family preparing food for the Feast of the Seven Fishes on Christmas Eve. The film was directed by Sicilian born filmmaker Oriana Oppice, written by Sicilian American Jane Barbara and stars the inimitable Harri Molese as "Nonna." The film was shot entirely in the Bronx and had corporate supporters such as Colavita and Bronx Little Italy. Log on to rent the film at



The Greater New York Region of the National Organization of Italian American Women (NOIAW) will honor three of New York’s outstanding Italian American women at its annual Epiphany Celebration on Wednesday, Jan. 13, 2016, at 6:30 pm at the Columbus Citizens Foundation.
The event celebrates the achievements of Three “Wise Women”: Donna Corrado, Ph.D., LCSW of the NYC Department of Aging; Carin Guarasci of Wagner College; and Sue Matthews of Conquering Kidz Cancer.

MaryRose Barranco Morris, EdD, President of NOIAW’s Greater New York Region and Founder of the Staten Island Network, said, “Each of NOIAW’s honorees serves as a role model to young women and an inspiration to the Italian American community. We are proud to recognize their accomplishments.” To learn more about NOIAW, please log on to their web site:


At a recent meeting held at the Mercer County Italian American Festival Heritage Center, 2421 Liberty St., Hamilton NJ 08629, Cav. John Scarpati, President presented to Lauren Ross, Development Director, Boys and Girls Town of Italy with their annual donation check. The Mercer County Italian American Festival has made a commitment to support the excellent work that Boys and Girls Towns of Italy are doing to continue their innovative approach to helping thousands of boys and girls to achieve a “chance in life.

Gustolab International Institute for Food Studies, the first center of study and research in Italy dedicated to Italian food

Gustolab International Institute for Food Studies is now accepting applications for the OPEN SUMMER 2016 CRITICAL STUDIES ON FOOD IN ITALY, a 5 week program that takes place from May 23 to June 25, 2016 in Rome, Italy.

The program is open to all university majors, and all students, degree seeking or not.  It is also open to scholars, food lovers, foodies, professionals and independent researchers.

Critical Studies on Food Culture (transfer credits from UMASS)
Food Media, Communication and Trends (transfer credits from UMASS)
Food, Nutrition and Culture in Italy (transfer credits from UMASS)
Italian Lexicon for Food Studies (transfer credits from UMASS)
Elementary Italian Language  (transfer credits from UMASS)
Intensive Elementary Italian Language (transfer credits from UMASS)
Food Design - Sustainable Architecture in Italy

A description of the program is available at  If you would like to apply program, please write to



The Sons of Italy Foundation® (SIF) scholarship competition is underway! In past years, the SIF has offered 10 to 12 merit-based scholarships (National Leadership Grants) annually, ranging from $4,000 to $25,000, in a nationwide competition. These figures and the number of scholarships may vary according to funding this year.

U.S. citizens of Italian descent (at least one Italian or Italian-American grandparent) enrolled in an undergraduate or graduate program at a four-year, accredited U.S. academic institution for the 2016 Fall term are eligible. All application packets must be postmarked by February 29, 2016, to be considered. To find out more, log on to



Are you in the market to buy a home? How about a villa in Tuscany...once owned by Michelangelo Buonarotti?

In 1549 at the age of 72, thirty years after completing the frescos in the Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo bought, and periodically lived in a villa in Tuscany, halfway between Florence and Siena that stayed in the Buonarroti family for over 300 years.

It has been preserved and restored by its current owner and is now for sale at $8,162,821. The original deed held by Michelangelo, wherein he was described as a “dear sculptor and Florentine citizen,” will be passed on to the new owner.

Located on over six acres above the rolling hills, the 12,915 square feet of living space is contained in three multi-story buildings, including an ancient tower, believed to date back to the 11th century. The original architecture is accented throughout with large stone fireplaces, beamed and barrel ceilings. Consisting of eight bedrooms and seven full baths, all rooms pay homage to the period and modern conveniences, though all available, blend into the background. The kitchen has all the rustic romance of the early centuries with high-end appliances that do not take away from the original architecture. Grounds are park-like with lawns and mature plantings with a lemon orchard, olive grove and Chianti vineyards, as well as the original olive oil mill. The listing agent is Joni Hazelton of Handsome Properties International.


This November (9th) was the anniversary of the dedication of the Papal Archbasilica of Saint John in Lateran. The church was constructed on land once owned by the Laterani family in Rome. Pope Sylvester in 324 A.D. dedicated the church. Saint John in Lateran is one of seven Papal Basilicas. The other six are Saint Peter's in Constantinople, Saint Paul's in Alexandria, Saint Mary Major in Antioch, Saint Lawrence in Jerusalem, the Papal Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi, and the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary of the Angels, also located in Assisi. Saint John in Lateran is considered the basilica of the patriarch of Rome and is said to be "the mother and head of all churches." The church was the home of popes until Pope Clement V who transferred the papacy to Avignon France in 1309, where it remained until returning to Rome in 1420. The Saint John Lateran Basilica was redecorated in the late 1600s by the architect Borromini with statues sculpted by Giuseppe Mazzuoli, Camillo Rusconi, and others. Across from the church is the Lateran Obelisk; taken from Egypt and installed in Rome at Circus Maximus, under orders of Caesar Augustus in 32 B.C. The obelisk fell into disrepair after the Fall of Rome but was rediscovered, restored and erected at its current location in 1588.


U.S. Representatives David Cicilline and Bill Pascrell Joined Panel of Experts on Italy and Syrian Refugee Crisis

U.S. Representatives David Cicline (D-RI) and Pat Tiberi (R-OH)

“The Syrian Refugee Crisis: Effects and Responses in Italy and the United States” was the topic at the National Italian American Foundation — Frank J. Guarini Public Policy Forum at the Rayburn House Office Building on November 19, 2015.  Representatives David Cicilline (RI) and Bill Pascrell (NJ), who championed this issue, were joined by a panel of experts moderated by Senior Fellow and Deputy Director of the Europe Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Jeffrey Rathke. 

“We know what evil is and we want to destroy this barbaric organization,” Pascrell said of ISIS. “I will not take a back seat about the defense of the United States against foreign and domestic enemies.” Rep. Pascrell also congratulated his colleague Rep. Pat Tiberi (OH), who recently was selected to chair the Health Subcommittee of the House Committee on Ways and Means.

Pascrell introduced Rep. Cicilline,  who explained that while four million refugees have fled their homeland, only about 2,000 have been resettled in the United States. “Closing doors is misguided,” Cicilline said. “If we turn our backs [on these refugees], we will give ISIS a victory.”

The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting the heritage of Italian Americans. Visit



NIAF Italia Foundation, an Italian charitable foundation founded in 2014, honored industry leaders at its inaugural gala at Horti Sallustiani in Rome, Italy, on November 11, 2015.

This year’s gala honorees included:  Italy’s Minister of Interior Angelino Alfano; ENI Chair Emma Marcegaglia; SACE Chair and former Italian Ambassador to the United States Giovanni  Castellaneta; Chief Executive officer of Condè Nast Italia Giampaolo Grandi; and Chief Executive Officer of the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Carl Schramm.

More than 200 guests joined United States Ambassador to Italy John Phillips; NIAF Italia President and a member of the NIAF Board of Directors Paolo Catalfamo; NIAF Chairman Joseph V. Del Raso; NIAF’s General Counsel Arthur J. Furia; and United States Congressman Thomas Marino.

The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting the heritage of Italian Americans. Visit



As Starbucks Lessens Its Connection to Christmas, So Too It Lessens a Connection to Its Italian Inspired Founding


Starbucks coffee cups then and now. Only a year ago, the company offered Christmas-related illustrations on its cups; not so this year.
The Peck espresso bar, pictured, is in Milan, a city of many espresso bars that inspired the beginning of Starbucks.
As do other espresso
bars, Peck enjoys an ideal location, as highlighted on its web site, that being near a beautiful Catholic church, the Duomo di Milano

Another front in the war on Christmas.

That’s what many Americans see in the decision by Starbucks to change the design of its coffee cups for the holiday season.

In the past, Starbucks served its coffee drinks in cups that showcased Christmas red colors and illustrations celebrating the holiday, such as wooden soldiers, snowmen and angels. This year, the cups will retain the red color but not the Christmas illustrations.

Blogs and social media are now replete with condemnations of Starbucks for changing the design of its cups. They follow the lead of Evangelist Joshua Feurstein who posted his video rant against Starbucks that went viral on Facebook and other social media sites.

Feurstein and others may want to consider the history of Starbucks in their complaints. For the company would not exist today had it not been for the espresso bars in one of the most pious of cities - Milan.

Italy’s second largest city, located in the Lombardia region, Milan, is credited by Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz as the setting for his inspiration to create a national chain of coffee houses in America. In the 1980s, Schultz was the marketing manager for Starbucks in Seattle. While on a business trip to Milan, he observed the plethora of espresso bars throughout the city and thus brought back the model to America. Starbucks was strictly a coffee roaster then and the owners did not support his idea to expand a coffee bar operation citywide. Schultz went on his own and eventually purchased the Starbucks name and trademark. However, at first, he named his coffee bar “Il Giornale” after Milan’s newspaper of the same name, founded by anti-Communists, the Italian journalist Indro Montanelli and Italian novelist Enzo Bettiza.

As the model for Starbucks, Milan’s espresso bars are independent and mostly family-run operations. They are quaint yet elaborately designed with quality espresso coffee drinks served amidst light fare and pastries.

Many of the espresso bars in Milan are within walking distance to Roman Catholic churches, schools and libraries.

Like elsewhere in Italy, religious freedom is the law of Milan, a city that contains a fair share of Jewish synagogues and a large Islamic center and mosque.

Nonetheless, Milan is still a Roman Catholic city where Christmas and other Christian holidays are celebrated citywide with great enthusiasm. The city was one of the first to embrace Christianity with Saint Barnabas, himself, bringing the Gospel there; as one of the earliest diocese was established around 200 A.D. Some of the first martyrs of the faith came from the city, including Saints Gervasius and Protasius, who were executed by the Roman emperor Diocletian.

Milan’s Roman Catholic heritage is seen everywhere, among 200 Catholic churches; such as the Gothic masterpiece, Duomo di Milano, and Santa Maria delle Grazie, which contains the fresco “The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci. Many of the beautiful palaces and homes there were founded by families active in the faith with members who went on to serve as popes and cardinals. Milan contains a number of schools, 17 of which are Catholic, including a renowned seminary. There are many private libraries, such as the Ambrosian Library, one of the most extensive in the world, founded by Cardinal Federigo Borromeo.

Espresso bars in Milan may promote themselves based on their locations near churches and other Catholic establishments. Like much of the city, they will decorate themselves for the Christmas season and offer holiday fare, such as Christmas cookies and panettone. The holiday season officially begins in Milan on December 7 when the city celebrates its patron saint - Saint Ambrosio.

For Starbucks to distance itself from Christmas by changing the decorations of its cups and other items, is to embark on a path quite different from its founding. The espresso bars of Milan, which together are the model for Starbucks, is as intrinsic to the city as is its Roman Catholic heritage.


He Seeks to Educate Italian American Organizations on the Power of American Mass Media

Top photo: U.S. Congressman Bill Pascrell, Jr. stands next to artist and sculptor Patrick Morelli. The Egale Rock 9/11 Memorial was created by Morelli, as two of his many of sculpted works, "La Bellisima America," and "Behold"; the latter of which stands today at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center in Atlanta.

Patrick, how can people, young and old alike, from all races, nationalities, and diverse backgrounds benefit from attending one of your free seminars on American Mass Media?

In one-hour, or a half-day seminar, everyone will learn in a very informative and entertaining PowerPoint presentation the Nature of American Mass Media, where one stands in the media’s social ‘hierarchy,” and how one can produce, promote and profit from the creation of positive, permanent portrayals of race, ethnicity, gender, and religion in American mass media--Entertainment, News, and Advertising.

Why have you devoted so much time and effort in educating people on the nature of American mass media and its effect on their lives?

American Mass Media--as the dominant media force in the world--is the single most powerful and influential educational force in human history--especially in its ability to shape, educate, and often stereotype and distort national and world images of race, ethnicity, gender, and religion. I believe that fundamental human rights and our quality of life, self-image, national and international image, and social and political progress are directly linked to, and related to, portrayals and representations of race, ethnicity, gender, and religion in entertainment, news, and advertising. For these reasons everyone, young and old alike, should have a fundamental understanding of the nature of mass media and how it affects their daily lives, fortunes, and ambitions.

Your primary professional efforts and achievements that have been recognized, internationally are in the creation of two, significant national monuments. Would you give us the background of each?

I worked with “Daddy” King (Dr. King’s father) and Mrs. Coretta Scott King to create and, independently, raise $500,000 for the casting and installation of the ten foot, “Roots” inspired, father-and-infant “Behold” monument dedicated to the memory of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Mrs. King unveiled “Behold” on January 11, 1990 after it was sited at the King National Historic Site in Atlanta, Georgia. 1,000,000 visitors from the United States and around the world visit the King National Historic Site to view Dr. King’s tomb, his birth home, the new and old Ebenezer Baptist Churches, and “Behold.”  One month after 9/11 I was commissioned by Essex County New Jersey to design and cre-ate the first of the major September 11th memorials, the “Eagle Rock September 11th  Memorial” in West Orange, New Jersey overlooking the former site of the Twin Towers.

I designed and managed the creation and installation of a 160-ft granite “Wall of  Remembrance” on which are etched the more than 2,850 names, ages, and hometowns, or foreign countries, of all who perished in the September 11th attacks on the Twin Towers, the Pentagon, and the four, airline flights. Over 100,000 thousand American and foreign visitors view the “Eagle Rock” Memorial each year. It is, presently, under review by the National Park Service for designation as a National Historic Site.

Are you working on any art or literary projects at this time?

I currently concluded a major national art/education project entitled “We Are One” in the largest school district in the Hudson Valley, Shenendehowa Public Schools. The “We Are One” art/education program, I designed, teaches and encourages students to design and complete seven-foot, wood figures, “Mr. and Ms. Globehead,” silhouettes suggesting universal male and female figures that students paint with colorful, origi-nal designs and texts they compose which promote tolerance and human understand-ing.

I conducted the pilot program for the “We Are One” art/education program in 1990 in sixteen New York City public schools when my studio was in Tribeca. The program was very successful among middle and high school students who participated in Queens, Brooklyn, and Manhattan. The program was formally recognized and commended by President Bill Clinton. Sixty “We Are One” figures were exhibited at Sotheby’s, the National Arts Club, and New York City’s Tweed Gallery at City Hall.

Any advice you would like to share with young people interested in following a career as a fine arts sculptor and designer, or novelist?

If you love creating visual artwork or literature, if your passion and highest ambition are in the arts, then pursue it with all your time, energy, and confidence. Don’t be dis-couraged. Never abandon a project or goal in which you truly believe. Create, create, create, write, write, write. And enjoy life to the fullest. Oh, and--by the way--also make sure you have enough money every month for food and rent. Protect your bottom line. A struggling artist will eventually achieve his or her share of greatness and acclaim. A starving artist will find it very difficult to concentrate on anything except satisfying his or her hunger.

Editor's Note: Patrick Morelli is a renowned artist who also offers free lectures and seminars, nationally, to university students and all ethnic and racial organizations to teach proven techniques that create positive and profitable productions in American Mass Media. Email him at Patrick creates stunning works of art on commission, for individual, corporations, non-profit organizations and government agencies. Please visit his Website:


Italy's All-Time Leading International Act Performs at Whisky a Go Go

Hit Week, the world's only festival showcasing Italy's music scene on the global stage, heads to Los Angeles for its 6th edition with Prog Rock legends Premiata Forneria Marconi (PFM) on Friday November, 13th at the Whisky a Go Go.  The first Italian group to achieve international acclaim, between 1973 and 1977 PFM charted 5 English language albums in the US and UK, successfully touring both countries with highlights including appearances at England’s Reading Festival as well as on US late night television.

PFM introduced new sounds, such as the synthesizer, to the Italian musical world.  They were also among the first to combine symphonic classical and traditional Italian musical influences in a rock music context.  Such innovations and their longevity have made them among the most important bands in the international Progressive Rock genre.  From Japan to the US, from Korea to the UK, from Canada to Mexico, and everywhere in between, PFM is hailed as Prog Rock masterpiece. 

PFM's Whisky show is a special celebration of the 40th anniversary of the band’s 1 week residency at the legendary Sunset Strip spot.

For more information, log on to





Frank Giordano with Bobby Rydell

For the first time in more than two decades, the Philadelphia Music Alliance (PMA) hosted a stellar evening gala to celebrate its newest group of inductees on the Philadelphia Music Walk of Fame. It was held at The Fillmore Philadelphia on October 26, 2015. At the induction ceremony that took place during the day on the Avenue of the Arts in front of The Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, two special awards were also presented. The Platinum Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Philadelphia Music Community was given to Frank Giordano, President and CEO of The Philly POPS and past chairman of the Philadelphia Youth Orchestra. The CAPA Foundation received the Educational Award for Outstanding Excellence in Arts and Music.

Giordano, a resident of Moorestown and also Medford Lakes, NJ, was honored to receive this prestigious award that is given to an individual, organization or company that has been a leader and champion in supporting the music making community in a significant way.

The Philly POPS, the largest standalone pops orchestra in the United States, delights audiences with the inspired performance of American popular music. The POPS celebrates this distinctive musical heritage through an expanding repertoire of innovative concert presentations and a robust set of educational and engagement initiatives.

Now in its 37th season, the official POPS orchestra of Pennsylvania serves a consistently growing audience of over 75,000 annually. Music Director Michael Krajewski and the 65-person Philly POPS orchestra keeps listeners tapping their toes to an impressive repertoire of songs from the 1920s up through 2015. One day, The Philly POPS is performing Frank Sinatra. The next, Rock ‘n’ Roll. Then, Broadway, ABBA, Billy Joel and on into contemporary chart toppers. The Philly POPS performs as a founding resident company of The Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, and at venues throughout the mid-Atlantic region. For more information about The Philly POPS, please visit     



PRIMO's Italian Legal Column by Attorney Giandomenico De Tullio, of Italy

Starting from year 2014, the new Municipal tax is called IUC (Single Municipal tax). It consists of three separate taxes, more specifically:

• IMU: tax on possession of real estate assets. This does not apply anymore to properties where the owner sets his main residence.
• TASI: is the tax financing the services provided by local administrations (such us public lighting, maintenance of roads etc). It is connected with possession, under any legal title, of Italian properties.
• TARI: is the tax concerning waste management; This is due by any individual occupying or simply using a property which could potentially produce wastes.

Such taxes do not have uniform rates applying to the whole Italian territory, but can vary, within limits set by the law. This means that mayors have some margins of discretion when applying them. As a natural consequence they must be assessed in each different Municipality.


Properties where owners have officially set their main residence are exempted from the payment of this tax unless classified as luxurious dwellings (cadastral cat. A1, A8 and A9). All individuals owning properties on the Italian territory are called to pay this tax. The same obligation falls on individuals entitled to real rights such us usufruct or right of use. The same obligation falls on parties who have inherited an Italian property. Whoever inherits an Italian property should pay this tax from the day of the decease of the former owner. Even if time to lodge a statement of succession is one year since the decease, the debts are transferred to the heir immediately. This tax applies both to urban and rural building, rural and buildable land.


As previously mentioned, properties classified as “main residence” will be exempt from such tax. The only exception will be represented by luxurious properties, under cadastral classification A1, A8 and A9. In order to be entitled to the exemption it is necessary having the official residence in such property and live therein on a regular basis. According to IMU rules also subject to the exemption are the appurtenances of the main residence, such as:
• Cellars, storage rooms ( cadastral classification C2);
• Car box (C6);
• Canopy (C7);
The Municipalities have the right to exempt from the payment of IMU properties owned by Italian citizens resident abroad, under condition that they are not rented out.

IMU can be paid in two instalments of same amount:
– First one to be paid before 16 of June;
– Second one before 16 of December;


As previously mentioned this is the tax concerning municipal services for general use such us public lighting, road maintenance etc.
WHO SHOULD PAY IT? Whomever has possession under any legal title of:
– buildings (including properties used as main residence)
– buildable land;
It is irrelevant for what purpose such properties are used. Rural lands are exempted. When the property is rented out, the tenant should pay the quota established by the Municipality (ranging between 10% and 30% of the full amount). The balance (ranging between 70% and 90%) should be paid by the landlord; Each Municipality can offer reductions for:
– Dwelling with a single occupant;
– Holiday homes;
– Dwelling occupied by individuals residing out of Italy for more than six months a year;
– Rural buildings used for residential purposes;

It should be paid in two installments, the first one before the 16 of June, the second one before the 16 of December. The two instalments can be of different amounts (opposite to IMU). It must be highlighted that 71% of Municipalities have postponed the payment of the first instalment to the month of September 2014.


It is the tax concerning waste management. It applies to any party possessing, under any legal title, properties which can potentially produce wastes.
Unroofed surfaces are exempted from the payment of this tax considered appurtenant or annexed to taxable properties and also condominium surfaces.
The floor area is considered as taxable. Some Municipalities have aligned their data base to the cadastral ones, in such case the tax is determined on 80% of the cadastral surface. Municipalities can deliberate for specific reductions. Just as example this can be applied to properties with a single occupant, or holiday homes used for a limited period of time. Each Municipality will establish the number of instalments for payments and the connected deadlines.

Contact us today. We can help. Please note, any statement made in this article is intended to be a general practical introductory explanation only and not formal legal advice. This firm accepts no liability or any responsibility for any statement made. For more help and advice please visit us at


With Family Origins in Naples, the Writer Holds Nothing Back in a Gritty Novel about the Immigrant Experience

Pictured: The author, today, and with family in Brooklyn circa 1950

"Birds of Passage" has as its setting both New York and the area around Naples, specifically a small village Capodimonte. We know New York is close to your heart since you grew up in Brooklyn. But why Capodimonte? What made you choose this village as the Italian setting? What can you tell us about Capodimonte?

My father came from Capodimonte. There are numerous references to my family throughout Birds of Passage, but they're recognizable only to insiders. The novel is not about my family, but I'm old enough to have known Italians born in the nineteenth-century, and in the book I tried to capture how they thought and acted. Capodimonte is famous for a spectacular museum, home of the Farnese Collection, and for porcelain. I've been to Naples a number of times and stay in contact with the Italian side of my family through Facebook. Of course, the Capodimonte of my father's time was quite different.

Leonardo Robustelli and Carlo Mazzi are the two protagonists in "Birds of Passage." Leonardo is poor and Carlo is rich and yet America holds promise of a new and better life for both of them. You write sympathetically about both Leonardo and Carlo; far different from the current literary and political trend of class warfare. Explain your view of the two main characters. Did class distinction end for most Italians when they arrived in Ellis Island?

Leonardo Robustelli represents the more typical Italian immigrant of the time, leaving the impoverished Mezzogiorno for work in the United States. Carlo Mazzi is an aristocrat and forced to leave. Carlo's father is padrone to Leonardo's tenant farmer father in Italy. The client-patron relationship was critical for an Italian of that era. In 1905, Victor Emmanuel was Italy's king and some Italians living in the U.S. still "genuflected" to aristocracy. In Birds of Passage, I tried to capture that feeling through the actions of Isabella Medina. Early Italian immigrants faced a difficult ocean trip and harsh working and living conditions in the United States. So, why did they decide to stay? There were economic incentives, sure. But I also believe that Italian men and women found a sense of social freedom in the U.S. not available to them in Italy.

Several scenes in "Birds of Passage" recount how Italians were discriminated against in New York. Based on your in-depth research, explain how pervasive was discrimination and ethnocentrism against Italians at the turn of the century.

Well, to quote Jacob Riis in How the Other Half Lives, an 1890 exposé on the deplorable conditions of tenement life, Italians were the lowest of the new immigrants and “dirtier than the Negro.” Italian immigrant labors were given the worst jobs, and while they were instrumental in building New York’s subways and skyscrapers, were often used like human steam shovels. The Immigration Restriction League out of Boston, New York, Chicago and San Francisco in the 1890s believed southern and eastern Europeans were racially inferior and threatened the American way of life. The Dillingham Commission consisting of both Senate and House members agreed with the Immigration League and in 1911 recommended reducing southern and eastern European immigration. United States immigration laws were tightened after World War I.

Organized crime is intrinsic in the story. Two groups have an important presence: the Camorra and the Black Hand. For those not familiar with organized crime, please tell us about the two crime groups and how they differed from each other, based on your research.  

In 1905, there were numerous Jewish, Italian, and other gangs in New York. The Camorra were clan based, Neapolitan gangs. Years later, they were extinguished by Sicilian gangs. Ignazio Terranova, the character in Birds of Passage, more closely resembles the Sicilian hoodlums of the time than Vito Corleone in "The Godfather." Prohibition, and the lucrative trade in bootlegged liquor that provided the income for organized crime to flourish was still a decade and a half away. Successful Italians were susceptible to extortion and kidnapping, the specialty of the Black Hand. Many Black Hand thugs were Italian criminals put on boats to the U.S. by Italian authorities. In New York, they quickly picked up their former illegal trade. In 1908, Joseph Petrosino was appointed lieutenant, leader of the Italian Squad in the New York Police Department, specifically to go after Black Handers. Petrosino was assassinated in Palermo in 1909.

As a son of Italian immigrants, "Birds of Passage" must have been a book that meant a lot to you. What inspired you to write the book and how did the book change you?

All my grandparents and my father were immigrants from Naples. They entered the United States during the Progressive Era. I was curious about the period and took a graduate course at UT Austin. My term paper focused on Italians who were called “birds of passage” because they were the first immigrants who returned to their home country. During the semester, I wrote a short story, “The Sour Smell of Pain” about an Italian immigrant’s experience. Afterwards, I decided to write Birds of Passage, An Italian Immigrant Coming of Age Story.  The process of writing put me back in touch with my roots. My parents and grandparents have been gone for years. My wife and I have traveled extensively and lived in many places, so some of the memories and feelings about growing up began to fade. The book helped me crystalize my heritage

What books do you have planned in the future? Do you plan to revisit the immigrant saga?

I'm working on a literary thriller about an Italian-American from New York who runs afoul of the Russian mob. I hope you won't be able to put it down. I continue to write short stories; over seventy have been published. A sequel to Birds of Passage will be written if demanded by readers.

Editor's Note: You can purchase Joe Giordano's new book, "Birds of Passage," by logging on to his web site, or by emailing him at


The list includes, among others, Sergio Marchione, Richard E. Caruso, Ph.D., Josephine J. (Gargiulo) Templeton M.D., and Franco Nuschese

Sergio Marchionne, CEO of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., and chairman of Ferrari S.p.A., receives the NIAF Special Achievement Award in International Business. Marchionne began his professional career in Canada, working for Deloitte & Touche from 1983 to 1985. After numerous positions at companies in Canada, he held jobs of increasing responsibility at Algroup, headquartered in Switzerland, between 1994 and 2000, and eventually became its CEO. Marchionne became a member of the Fiat S.p.A. Board of Directors in 2003 and CEO the following year. In 2009, he was appointed CEO of Chrysler Group LLC (renamed FCA US LLC in 2014), and in September 2011, also became its chairman.  In October 2014, Marchionne became CEO of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., and chairman of Ferrari S.p.A., the positions he holds today. Currently, Marchionne serves as a member of the boards of Phillip Morris International Inc., and the Peterson Institute for International Economics; and chairman of the Council for the United States and Italy. Born in Chieti, Italy, in 1952, Marchionne has dual Canadian and Italian citizenship. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy from the University of Toronto and a Bachelor of Laws from Osgoode Hall Law School at York University in Toronto. He also has a Master of Business Administration and a Bachelor of Commerce from the University of Windsor, Canada. He is the recipient of numerous honorary degrees from universities throughout, Italy, Canada and the United States.

Richard E. Caruso, Ph.D
., founder and director of Integra LifeSciences, a world leader in medical technology, will receive the NIAF Special Achievement Award in Business and Health. Caruso began his career with PriceWaterhouse & Co. in Philadelphia as a certified public accountant. He then joined LFC Financial Corporation and served as the company’s executive vice president and director. He founded a number of companies, including Integra LifeSciences in 1989. Caruso built Integra by acquiring unused technology from other companies to create a new branch of medicine known as regenerative medicine. He is also the founder and director of The Uncommon Individual Foundation, which encourages others to become entrepreneurs. In 2000, Caruso was the recipient of the New Jersey Entrepreneurial Leadership Award in Biomaterial Science. He received the Ernest & Young and Kauffman Foundation sponsored Greater Philadelphia Entrepreneur of the Year Award for his work with Integra LifeSciences Corporation in 2006. His book, “Mentoring in the Business Environment,” was published by Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd. in 1992. Caruso received a Bachelor of Science from Susquehanna University, a Master of Science in business analysis from Bucknell University, and a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics.

Josephine J. (Gargiulo) Templeton M.D., trustee of the John Templeton Foundation, will receive the NIAF Special Achievement Award in Philanthropy .Born in Capri, Italy, Templeton spent much of her early education in the United States and returned to Italy in 1961 to attend medical school. Upon her return to the United States for her post-graduate training at the Medical College of Virginia, she met her husband, John M. Templeton Jr.  After a residency in anesthesiology at the hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, and a fellowship in pediatric anesthesiology and critical care at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, she accompanied her husband to Virginia while he was stationed in the Navy.  Templeton then returned to Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia as senior clinical anesthesiologist.  She retired from medicine in 1999. Her involvement in philanthropic and community activities are numerous.  She serves as a trustee of The John Templeton Foundation, and a member of the boards of Templeton Press, The Museum of American Revolution, and the Scholarship Foundation of the Union League of Philadelphia.  She has served as a former board member of The Opera Company of Philadelphia, Opportunity International, and the Ladies Committee of the Salvation Army.  Templeton was honored by the Salvation Army in 2005, and together with her husband, John, received the 2006 Heroes of Liberty Award by the National Liberty Museum. 

Franco Nuschese, president of Georgetown Entertainment Group LLC, will receive Award for Leadership and Service. Born in Minori on the Amalfi Coast of Italy, Nuschese began his professional career in marketing in London and Las Vegas. From 1983 to 1991, he managed restaurants for Caesars Palace and later opened two restaurants at the MGM Grand Hotel/Casino. Nuschese arrived in Washington, D.C., in 1991 and was general manager for the Italian restaurant, Bice.  A year later, Nuschese opened Cafe Milano, using his marketing background to propel the restaurant to top-ranked status.  In addition to serving as president of Georgetown Entertainment Group LLC providing professional services focused on public relations, strategy, marketing and organization, Nuschese is president of Capital Wines LLC, a producer of fine Italian wines. One of his personal achievements was hosting a lunch for Pope Benedict XVI’s 81st birthday at the Vatican Embassy during the Pope’s visit to the nation’s capital. Nuschese is active in organizations that support Italian culture in America. He serves on the boards of the University of Maryland’s Institute of Human Virology; the Global Virus Network; the Georgetown University Italian Research Institute; and the Atlantic Council.  He also contributes to Spanish Catholic Charities, and to events benefiting American military troops and veterans.

NIAF’s 40th Anniversary Weekend is presented by Alitalia, the airline that brings the best of Italy to the world. Tickets to Saturday’s Gala begin at $400 per person.  Young professional tickets cost $200 per person available only by phone.  Tickets to Friday evening’s celebration of Frank Sinatra’s 100th birthday cost $200 per person.  Proceeds benefit NIAF’s educational programs.  For tickets or sponsor information, contact Jerry Jones at 202-387-0600 or, or register online at

PRIMO's Italian Legal Column by Attorney Giandomenico De Tullio, of Italy


No matter how experienced you are, renovating is a stressful and time--consuming process. Even more so if you are abroad, since you can only visit Italy periodically and you may not be a fluent Italian speaker, or familiar with the processes in Italy. A lawyer that can translate all documentation into English for your U.S. records is invaluable. Unless a project is guaranteed to give you your dream home, or make you money, you may be taking on the wrong property. It is vital you assess the property’s potential and have a clear idea of your goals.

Make Sure You Know What You Are Buying
Don’t wait to discover major structural defects or additions built without planning permission until it is too late. Engage an Italian lawyer who speaks English if you are used to living and working in English. Your lawyer will work on your behalf to conduct thorough due diligence during the purchasing process – any non-- compliant additions, features or legal issues will be discovered before you buy or begin renovation on the property. A lawyer can also assist you with obtaining a building survey. Undertaken by a geometra, a survey will provide information on the construction and materials used, and will give details of any defects found, their remedy and an indication of the likely cost. It is also worth commissioning a measured survey of the building, providing you with a detailed set of floor plans and elevations upon which to base your proposed alterations.

Even minor renovation can turn into a nightmare if your builders or subcontractors fail to do a good job. Always ask for references, and speak to previous clients. Your lawyer can help you make sure that you hire reputable builders and can also act as project manager on your behalf throughout the project.

Renovation Costs
Work always costs more than you expect. This is because some problems are not revealed until work is started. Often items are forgotten from the budget, or you change your mind and alter the design or specification. Always have a contingency of 10--20% to cover unforeseen costs and fully expect to spend it. Make sure your plans are as detailed as possible; prepare your budget by listing all tasks, materials required, and who is going to do the work. Don’t forget to allow for skips, scaffold hire, plant hire, and tools. Estimate costs by looking at similar projects in the area. Make sure you, and or your lawyer, get builders’ quotes. I would recommend that you instruct your lawyer to draft a building contract with your chosen builder. A building contract makes the builder’s quote legally binding.

Rules & Regulations
Under no circumstances, should you ignore requirements of the Italian law, as it will eventually catch up with you, so do not undertake any work without first checking whether the following are required:
• Planning permission
• Building Regulations approval
• Notification of neighbors
• Notification or permission from others.
Your lawyer will be able to advise you if the deeds containing restrictive covenants, leases or other overriding interests in the property and land estate.

If you do not obtain advance planning permission where required, you may be able to apply retrospectively, but this is not always possible and if your retrospective application is rejected, your illegal works can be deemed to constitute a criminal offense and your property may be seized by the Italian State. It is likely to be a very lengthy and costly process to get your property back.

If you fail to get Building Regulations approval, you will have to prove compliance. This may mean undoing completed work.

Breaching a restrictive covenant or the terms of a lease can lead to an injunction, and you may have to make a financial settlement or remove your alterations or extensions. Mainly because building materials need to be disposed of carefully, demolition work is a procedure which requires authorization. This applies both to existing building features you wish to alter and works carried out without relevant permission. Therefore, unauthorized work can turn out to be both complex and costly. Ask your lawyer to assist you with permits and authorizations.

If you buy or renovate a property in Italy with the correct help and advice the experience can result in an incredible investment. The benefits of the Italian lifestyle will far outweigh any of the negatives. It is hard to conceive of the various issues that could arise, for example ensuring the swimming pool you excavate does not exceed the legal limit, something so simple could cost thousands in fines and renovations, however these can all be easily avoided with a bit of local knowledge.

Please note, any statement made in this article is intended to be a general practical introductory explanation only and not formal legal advice. This firm accepts no liability or any responsibility for any statement made. For more help and advice please visit us at



Members of the Italian American One Voice Coalition were pleased to join the Mercer County Italian American Festival Association, New Jersey State Senator President Stephen Sweeney, and other dignitaries, in rededicating the Christopher Columbus statue at the Italian American Heritage Center in Hamilton Township, New Jersey.

John Scarpati, founder of the Mercer County Italian American Festival, was instrumental in erecting the statue of Columbus, whom he claims is “one of his heroes.” Dedicated in October 2014, the statue of Columbus was nearly destroyed by vandals this past July. Parts of the statue, most notably the face, were covered in black paint and the number 13 was written on the figure’s chest. The statue of the great Italian navigator has since been repaired.  

"We are proud to be part of this rededication and pleased that it has happened well in advance of Columbus Day 2015. It is a tribute to the resilience of all Italians-Americans and of course the greatest of all Italians, Christopher Columbus,” said Dr. Manny Alfano, president of the Italian American One Voice Coalition.

Doctor Alfano also donated a check on behalf of the Anti-Bias Committee of UNICO National to the Mercer County Italian American Festival Association to assist in its continuing efforts to advance the great achievements of this nation's many Italian Americans. To learn more about the efforts of Dr. Alfano and others of the Italian American One Voice Coalition, please log on to For the Mercer County Italian American Festival, please log on to their web site at



What connects a photo of Sharon Stone baking pizza at a restaurant in Piazza Navona, a gown made by Gattinoni inspired by the color of olive oil, the renown Antonio de Curtis – also known as Totò – in Poverty and Nobility, the famous timbal dish prepared for The Leopard, portrayed by Burt Lancaster, and the locally grown creations of the great chef Pietro Parisi?

A fascinating virtual trip through Made in Italy high fashion, cinema and gastronomy, this is the underlying theme of Movie’n’Food a unique event conceptualized and curated by Elisabetta Cantone and Francesca Silvestri of Dress in Dreams and developed with the collaboration of the Embassy of Italy in Washington DC, the Italian Ministry for Economic Development, the Italian Cultural Institute and the ITA – Italian Trade Agency. Many events in one, on September 30th, to mark in the US capital, EXPO Milano 2015 celebrating Italian style, elegance and creativity.

The program will include concurrently two exhibits, a movie and a conference. First, the Couture a la Carte exhibit of gowns inspired by food by the historic Maison Gattinoni fashion house. This exhibit will stay opened in the Embassy until October 6. The event continues with photos of the “King of the Paparazzi”, the legendary photographer Rino Barillari, who from the period of the “Dolce Vita” captures the stars of Hollywood. On this occasion, he will exhibit photos of celebrities “caught in the act” such as director Ron Howard selecting his fish for dinner, Cameron Diaz juggling a huge “gelato”, Bo Derek cooking pasta, and other shots of Richard Gere, Mel Gibson, Jean Paul Belmondo, Antonio Banderas and Liza Minelli all in the act of interacting with Italian delicacies. This exhibit will be on view up to October 23rd in the Auditorium of the Embassy. Third stop, an inspiring eight minute video that mixes epicurean sequences of cult movies such as: Ratatouille; Les saveurs du Palais (Haute Cuisine);  The Hundred-Foot Journey; Eat, Pray Love; Pretty Woman; L’Oro di Napoli (The Gold of Naples); Lady and the Tramp; Il Gattopardo (The Leopard) and Big Night. To conclude, a conference by Pietro Parisi, the 35 year old wizard at the stove trained in the stellar kitchens of Alain Ducasse and Gualtiero Marchesi. His requirements, locally produced “zero mileage” products and no wastage – because in the kitchen everything can be reutilized, from stems to peels to leaves. Parisi will recount his experience of fulfilling the dream of his very own restaurant: Era Ora, in Palma Campania in the province of Naples also revealing a series of recipes that have made him famous worldwide.

“The convergence of various forms of art has often been an inspirational theme in our various cultural initiatives,” commented the Ambassador to Italy in Washington Claudio Bisogniero. “This is because every Italian creation is the fruit of a special human journey which, for millennia, has been generating talent, imagination, ideas and inspiration. On this point, Movie’n’Food, hits the mark and will allow us to enjoy a complete experience. Italian genius in served.”



The Scottos in the kitchen: Anthony, Jr., Rosanna, Elaina and Marion.
The restaurant is located on 34 East 52nd Street in Manhattan.

Fresco by Scotto® restaurant has been opened since November 1993 and today is well known as the power broker’s lunch and star-filled entertainment industry dinner. Fresco by Scotto® is often referred to as the “NBC Commissary”. Fresco by Scotto® is owned and operated by the Scotto Family—Marion, Rosanna, Elaina and Anthony Jr. Scotto.

Marion was coordinator of special events for the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City, under Howard Golden, and then went on to do charitable and political fund raising. Known affectionately as "The Boss," Marion runs front-of-the-house duties in the restaurant and was even voted one of New York's Most Gracious Hosts by Zagat Survey. She lives in New York City with her husband, and has eight grandchildren.

Rosanna is co-host of Good Day New York and has been a member of WNYW-FOX 5 News since 1986. Rosanna began her career in television at WTBS, Ted Turner's UHF television station in Atlanta, Georgia, where she was a reporter for two local programs and an associate producer of the station's evening newscast. She returned to her native New York in the early 1980's as a reporter for WABC's Good Morning New York, which eventually became Live with Regis and Kathie Lee. After a year with Good Morning New York and The Morning Show, Rosanna joined WABC-TV's Eyewitness News as a reporter, where she remained until she joined WNYW. When Rosanna is not at Fox, she can usually be found welcoming people to Fresco at lunchtime and most Saturday nights.

Elaina worked in public relations for famous fashion designers such as Yves Saint Laurent, Bill Robinson, and Mary Ann Restivo and now manages Fresco on the go® at 40 East 52nd Street in midtown. Most recently, Elaina has been managing Fresco by Scotto’s deal with Live Nation, overseeing catering backstage at all concert venues in the Tri-State area with a strong presence at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn. Fresco by Scotto® is also a contributor to the “Legends Seating” area at Yankee Stadium.

Anthony Jr., creator of Fresco's award-wining wine list, began his career in New York City at Le Perigord Restaurant and opened the first California franchise for Bobby Rubino's Restaurant in San Francisco. Today, Anthony lives in New York City with his wife and two children.

Fresco by Scotto® has received outstanding reviews in New York Magazine, Gourmet, The New York Times and 3 stars in Crain’s New York Business. The Scotto Family can often be seen demonstrating cooking segments on NBC’s Today Show, Live with Regis & Kelly, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, Extra, The Wendy Williams Show and Fox 5 Good Day New York. Fresco by Scotto is located at 34 East 52nd Street in Manhattan. The web site is


La Festa Italiana is Set for This Labor Day Weekend, September 4-7

As La Festa Italiana celebrates its 40th year, the annual end-of-summer festival in downtown Scranton, Pennsylvania is expanding by opening Friday evening for the first time.

La Festa will be held Labor Day weekend (Friday through Monday, September 4-7, 2015) on Courthouse Square in the heart of the city. Hours are Friday, 4 p.m. to 10 p.m.; Saturday and Sunday 11 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Monday 11 a.m. to 8 p.m. As usual, more than 80 vendors will be offering great Italian food, and continuous live entertainment will be featured on multiple stages around the square. There is no admission charge. This year’s event also coincides with First Friday in the city, giving visitors a full array of entertainment, culinary and cultural activities at nearby venues – all within walking distance.

La Festa’s inaugural Friday night will feature one of the festival’s most popular acts – the famous Duprees will be on the main stage at 7 p.m.

The Duprees Featured Friday Night to Open Festival

The Duprees are known the world over for their romantic interpretations of the most beautiful love songs ever written. They have made a career out of giving new life to old hits. Starting out in the early ‘60s, in Jersey City, N.J., The Duprees were discovered by George Paxton of Coed Records and former big band leader. Impressed with their smooth vocal quality, he had them record Jo Stafford's 1950s ballad “You Belong To Me” with big band arrangements. It was an instant national hit and the group's first million seller.

The unmistakable sound was born and the hits kept coming: 1962 You Belong To Me; 1962 My Own True Love; 1963 Gone With The Wind; 1963 Take Me As I Am; 1963 Why Don't You Believe Me; 1963 Have You Heard; 1963 Love Eyes; 1963 It's No Sin; 1963 The Sand And The Sea; 1964 It Isn't Fair; 1966 Let Them Talk; 1966 Exodus.

Along with their unique sound and outstanding vocal harmonies, The Duprees perform with showmanship that is, individually and collectively, second to none. Thousands of fans around the globe are captivated with their wonderful mixture of romance, energy and fun. When The Duprees take the stage, be prepared to be thoroughly entertained.

Bronx Wanderers Make Festival Debut to Close Event

La Festa Italiana will conclude with a superb act that will be making its debut performance at the event.

The Bronx Wanderers will hit the stage on Monday, Sept. 7, at 6:30 p.m. This group consists of a father and his two sons who are living the American rock n’ roll dream by performing ‘50s, ‘60s and ‘70s hits – including a tribute to Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons.

Among the many other acts that will perform are the famous Poets, Italian tenor Christopher Macchio, comedian Uncle Floyd, Ray Massa’s “EuroRhythms” from Ohio, Chris DiMattio’s tribute to Sinatra, a Connie Francis tribute featuring Nikki Rasmus, Deano Noto’s tribute to Billy Joel, Los Vega New York Italian Show Band, the Italian Continentals, The Magics, Gene Dempsey Orchestra, Paul LaBelle’s Exact Change, country recording artist Dani-Elle plus many others including jugglers, magicians, street acts, cooking demonstrations, favorite local bands and dance groups.
The annual Mass in Italian will be celebrated at 10 a.m. on Sunday, Sept. 6, in St. Peter’s Cathedral, located one block from the festival site. Reverend David Cappelloni, La Festa chaplain, will be the principal celebrant. The Most Reverend Joseph C. Bambera, D.D., J.C.L., Bishop of Scranton, will preside and give the homily. The Mass will also be televised live by CTV: Catholic Television of the Diocese of Scranton. Fireworks will be displayed on Sunday night.

 A new tradition will also continue this year. While Coney Island has its hot dog eating contest, and Philadelphia is the site for Wing Bowl, La Festa will crown a Cannoli Eating Champion. The contest will take place on Monday, Sept. 7, at 3 p.m. in front of the main stage. For more information and the complete entertainment schedule, visit the festival Web site at:

A Plea by Advocate Robin Mainella to Prevent Demolition of Her Beloved Church

From top: A recent photograph of St. Peter's, a plaque showing the year built, an interior shot of the stained glass window,
and a historical photo of some of the Italian immigrants who built the church for their Italian community in Duluth.

I would like to tell you about a wonderful, one-of-a-kind historic church.

Closed in 2010 by the Duluth Diocese, St. Peter's Church in Duluth, Minnesota's 'Little Italy' is For Sale. Their asking price is $150,000. I pray that somebody will buy this gem and restore and repurpose in a manner that would celebrate the lives of the Italians who built their very own church out of necessity.

The Old-World skills of the Italian stonemasons make this 'landmark' stand out as a treasure that beckons awe. St. Peter's is located at 810 W. 3rd St., Duluth, MN 55806.

Standing tall and proud on hallowed ground on the steep, rocky hillside overlooking our beautiful harbor, this structure is the only example in Duluth of a Romanesque/Gothic Revival Church built of solid stone. St. Peter's needs a lot of TLC by someone who will understand and appreciate its rich history.

St. Peter's represents the cultural heritage of the Italian immigrants who settled in Duluth in the early 1880's. Closed churches are successfully being repurposed; Historical and Cultural Centers and Museums, Music Centers, Restaurants, Microbreweries utilizing the high ceilings, just to name a few. St. Peter’s meets four out of seven criteria for Local Historical Landmark designation. Only one criteria must be met to be eligible.

January 2015, after 4 ½ years of perseverance, the Nomination for Landmark designation finally went before the Duluth City Council for their decision, but the Duluth Diocese opposed and the Council therefore unanimously voted against Landmark status. That was a huge disappointment. A new owner of St. Peter's would have the opportunity to nominate again and I will help! Without opposition St. Peter's will certainly be given the recognition it deserves. With Landmark Designation there are many benefits; it would be eligible for Legacy Grants, CLG (Certified Local Government) Grants, and state tax credits which would help with restoration.

May this plea find that special someone who will love St. Peter's Italian Church as much as I do. Learning from our past is crucial to our present and future.

St. Peter's is looking for a new purpose to serve our community today and tomorrow. Thank you for this opportunity to share.

Editor’s Note: If you would like to help save St. Peter’s Italian Church, please contact Robin L. Mainella at The location of St. Peter’s is 810 W 3rd St, Duluth, MN; MLS 6014323. Real estate agent is Frank Messina.


The Piazza Napoli exhibit at the San Gennaro Festa in Manhattan is seeking musicians, performance artists, actors, singers, writers, graphic artists, readers, jugglers, acrobats,  original acts.
The upcoming San Gennaro Feast is the largest and most visible annual Italian cultural expression in New York City. The Lt. Joseph Petrosino Lodge, through the auspices of its Chaplain Msgr. Sakano, has hosted an Italian Cultural Boothduring the Feast for the last three years on the block of St. Patrick's Church on Mulberry Street between Prince Street and Houston Street. This is a lovely quiet block  called the "Piazza Napoli" with only 2 vendors and our cultural table, so there is no distraction to interfere with presentations.
Last year we expanded it to include additional artists such as musicians, performance artists, actors, singers, graphic artists, writers, authors and filmmakers. We had some wonderful presentations last year: singing, guitar playing, books on display, dramatic readings, poetry readings. This year we have the benefit of the booth once again. We would like to invite anyone in these artistic areas to join us in presenting our cultural display again this year. No pay, of course.
If you know anyone who is interested, have them contact Bob Agnoli at as soon as possible. The Feast runs from September 10 through September 20.  You may attend any time from 11 am to 11 pm but the best times for display are weekday evenings and full days on Friday, Saturday and Sunday.  


In its 34th year, the Eldorado Great Italian Festival will turn downtown Reno into a temporary Italian province.

The festival, held each year during Columbus Day weekend, is a celebration of Italian culture and traditions. This year, it’s sponsored by IGT and the Silver Legacy Resort Casino. A wine and food event called Vintage Eldorado and the annual Paesano Open Putt for Pets charity golf tournament give guests a chance to celebrate the Italian Festival all week long.

The Eldorado Resort Casino and Southern Wine & Spirits is presenting Vintage Eldorado, an Italian wine and food pairing event, set for 5:30 p.m. Thursday, Oct. 8 in the Eldorado Convention Center. Guests must be adults 21 or older. Attendees will be treated to Italian food stations, domestic and imported Italian wines, Italian beer and spirits, and silent auction benefitting the Boys & Girls Club of Truckee Meadows. Tickets cost $65 per person in advance and $75 per person at the door.

Kick off this year’s Eldorado Great Italian Festival with the Paesano Open Putt for Pets charity golf tournament on Friday, Oct. 9 to benefit the Nevada Humane Society. Golf for the pets on Oct. 9 at Wolf Run Golf Club. Lunch and registration begins at 11 a.m. with a 12:30 p.m. shotgun start. The format is four-person scramble. Entry fees are as follows: $850 foursome and sponsorship; $200 individual or $250 hole sponsorship.

Running from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 10 and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday, Oct. 11, the Eldorado Great Italian Festival transforms downtown Reno into Little Italy with a grape stomp, sauce cookers competition, wine walk, an Italian farmers market, children’s gelato-eating contest, Italian Buffet and incredible free, live entertainment all weekend long.

Celebrate everything Italian with the 34th annual Great Eldorado Italian Festival on Saturday, Oct. 10 and Sunday, Oct. 11. For Italian Festival information, call 775-786-5700 or visit The latest Eldorado updates are also available on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and the Eldorado’s interactive iPhone and Android Apps. 

Published Every Month Will be News and Commentary about Italy Property and Estate Law, and Other Legal Matters, by Attorney Giandomenico De Tullio, of Italy

Searching for Wills in Italy

There are three main forms of Will in Italy:

• A Formal Will (Testamento Pubblico), drawn up by a Public Notary on the testator’s instructions. Witnessed and deposited with Public Notary until testator’s death.

• A Holographic Will (Testamento Olografo), hand written, dated and signed by the testator. No witnesses required. May be deposited with a lawyer, Notary Public or kept by the testator until testator’s death.

• A Sealed or Secret Will (Testamento Segreto), hand written by the testator, placed in a sealed envelope and deposited with a Public Notary until testator’s death.

All three types of Will must be written in Italian to comply with Italian civil code. To avoid potentially significant difficulties following death of a testator, we recommend engaging a lawyer to assist you with all formal legal requirements when making an Italian Will.

If it is deemed that someone had a Formal or Holographic Will, which was deposited with a Public Notary, a request with a death certificate attached can be submitted to the District Chamber of Notaries (Consiglio Notarile distrettuale), who will forward a search request to all Public Notaries within a district.

It is also advisable to submit a request to the Notary Archives Registry Office, in charge of keeping the deeds and wills deposited by the notaries who have ceased business. The General Will Registry Bureau (Registro Generale dei Testamenti), whose headquarters are at the Main Office of the Notary Archives (Ufficio Centrale degli Archivi Notarili) in Rome, can also be consulted.

The General Will Registry Bureau provides the possibility to find out if the deceased had a Will or not, whether in Italy or abroad. The request for the issuance of a decedent’s Will can also be submitted through the Bureau, to the relevant entity of a foreign country which has adhered to the International Basel Convention. Other than Italy, the countries which have signed the Basel Convention are: Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, France, Lithuania, Luxembourg,

Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Turkey and Ukraine.

Interested parties may request a subscription certificate, in the name of the deceased, from the General Will Registry Bureau, as well as the reference to the district notary archive where the Will was deposited, in case the notary has ceased business.

The following records are held in the General Will Registry:

1. Formal Wills;
2. Sealed /Secret Wills;
3. Special Wills;
4. Holographic Wills which have been formally deposited with a Public Notary;
5. Memorandum of publication of Holographic Wills, whether or not deposited with a Public Notary;
6. Withdrawal of Holographic and Sealed / Secret Wills, which were formally deposited at a Public Notary’s office;
7. Suspension of previous arrangements caused by death, providing some had been made by means of a new Will.

Editor's Note: De Tullio Law Firm is an international Law Firm based in Italy and the UK specialized in advising property buyers worldwide and providing legal support to expats on all aspects of residential and commercial property law and in dealing with cross-border inheritance matters in Italy, wills and probates. De Tullio Law Firm is listed on the websites of the British and American embassies. Giandomenico De Tullio is a full member of STEP (Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners), the leading worldwide professional body for practitioners in the fields of trusts, estates and related issues. You can contact attorney Giandomenico De Tullio and find out more information about De Tullio Law Firm at


Italian Americans anxiously await Il Papa, born Jorge Mario Bergoglio; family came from Italy's Piemonte region

Pope Francis will visit the United States from September 22 to September 27 with stays in Washington, D.C., New York and Philadelphia. Here is the official schedule:

Washington D.C.

  • Tuesday, September 22, 2015
    • 4pm: Pope Francis arrives in D.C. at Joint Base Andrews at 4 p.m.
  • Wednesday, September 23, 2015
    • 9:15 a.m: White House Welcoming Ceremony and personal meeting with President Barack Obama
    • 11:30 a.m: Midday Prayer with U.S. bishops at Saint Matthew’s Cathedral in D.C.
    • 4:15 p.m: Junipero Serra Canonization Mass at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception
  • Thursday, September 24, 2015
    • 9:20 a.m: Speech to the Senate and House of Representatives (Joint Session of Congress)
    • 11:15 a.m:  Visit to St. Patrick’s Catholic Church in D.C. and Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Washington
    • 4 p.m: Departure for New York from Joint Base Andrews (D.C.)
    • 5 p.m. Arrival at John F. Kennedy International Airport (New York)
    • 6:45 p.m. Evening prayer at St. Patrick’s Cathedral (New York)

Pope Francis Visits New York

  • Friday, September 25, 2015
    • 8:30 a.m United Nations General-Assembly
    • 11:30 a.m Multi-religious service at 9/11 Memorial and Museum, World Trade Center
    • 4 p.m. Visit to Our Lady Queen of Angels School in East Harlem
    • 6 p.m. Madison Square Garden Mass

Pope Francis Visits Philadelphia

  • Saturday, September 26, 2015
    • 8:40 a.m Departure for Philadelphia from John F. Kennedy International Airport
    • 9:30 a.m Arrival in Atlantic Aviation hangar at Philadelphia International Airport Philadelphia
    • 10:30 a.m Mass at Cathedral Basilica of Sts. Peter and Paul
    • 4:45 p.m Visit to Independence Mall
    • 7:30 p.m Visit to Festival of Families at Benjamin Franklin Parkway and Prayer Vigil with World Meeting of Families
  • Sunday, September 27, 2015
    • 9:15 a.m Papal meeting with Bishops at St. Martin’s Chapel, St. Charles Borromeo Seminary
    • 11 a.m  Visit to Curran-Fromhold Correctional Facility
    • 4 p.m Papal Mass for World Meeting of Families
    • 7 p.m.  Visit with organizers, volunteers and benefactors of the World Meeting of Families at Atlantic Aviation
    • 8 p.m Departure for return to Rome


The author gives voice to Italian Americans who grew up in America's postwar years.


Poet and writer Robert Agnoli looks back on his life as an Italian American coming of age in America’s postwar years in his new book “Edge City: The Chronicles of Bobby A Un Italian’ in the USA.” A review in PRIMO says “Edge City” is “an extraordinary work by Robert Agnoli should be had by all Italian Americans.” Here now is an interview with the author about his background, his new book and what he does to keep alive his Italian ethnic connection.

Why the title "Edge City”?
 Upon reflection, I'd say that the phrase comes from a type of beat/hip jargon which was used to characterize conflict. I have used it to exemplify the sociological/psychological conflict of ethnic assimilation. In this case Italiano vs. Americano-  the tension of living on the edge of two identities.
Your family came from a village - Valle di Cadore - you mention frequently in "Edge City". Please tell us about this village in the Veneto region.
The family village Valle di Cadore is in a valley (Cadore) of the Dolomite mountains. It is in the province of Belluno. Cortina d'Ampezzo is on one end and Pieve di Cadore (ancestral town of the artist Titian) at the other. Locals could identify where there was an historic Roman road rising through the mountains from the south (le base). Tallest mountain in the area is called Antelao. Other towns: Soto Val, Tai, St. Vito. During my experiences there most of this area was cooperative agriculture with increasing tourism. 

The narrative and poems cover your life from the 40s onward. What do you miss most about your early days growing up in New Jersey?
Family gatherings - warmth, values, haven, love.  Jersey Shore. 
The supposed dichotomy between North and South Italy is famous. Your family has Northern Italians roots and you grew up in an area of mostly Southern Italian families. Did you feel different from other Italians growing up?
No, the specific community within which I grew up was focused Northern Italian. The local Italian American Cooperative hall had a major annual dinner dance for immigrants from the Cadore region. Also part of my extended family were Sicilian whom, to me, were Italians like myself. So, although earlier immigrant generations felt differently North to South, I did not. Italians were Italians.

In what ways do you try and stay true to your Italian heritage today?
Recognize honor, cherish family/ancestors, value your word - the handshake.

Editor’s Note: You can purchase Robert  Agnoli’s “Edge City: The Chronicles of Bobby A Un Italian’ in the USA” by calling the author directly at 917-816-9916 or emailing him at


Obergefell v. Hodges and King v. Burwell are two cases decided by the U.S. Supreme of Court last week (June 25 and 26) that orders states to recognize marriages between people of the same sex and the conclusion that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, better known as Obamacare, allows state health exchanges to provide tax credits and subsidies.

Both cases are politically controversial. Not just the majority opinion, but the dissent, as written by Associate Justice Antonin Scalia, is important in legal analysis. Lawyers will use the words of Scalia as a foundation to further litigate the Court’s interpretation and precedent. What will make their job easier than otherwise is the witty and substantive analysis by Scalia. Here are excerpts of Scalia’s dissents:

Obergefell v Hodges (Gay Marriage is Legal in all 50 States)

“Those civil consequences—and the public approval that conferring the name of marriage evidences—can perhaps have adverse social effects, but no more adverse than the effects of many other controversial laws. So it is not of special importance to me what the law says about marriage. It is of overwhelming importance, however, who it is that rules me. Today’s decree says that my Ruler, and the Ruler of 320 million Americans coast-to-coast, is a majority of the nine lawyers on the Supreme Court. The opinion in these cases is the furthest extension in fact— and the furthest extension one can even imagine—of the Court’s claimed power to create “liberties” that the Constitution and its Amendments neglect to mention. This practice of constitutional revision by an unelected committee of nine, always accompanied (as it is today) by extravagant praise of liberty, robs the People of the most important liberty they asserted in the Declaration of Independence and won in the Revolution of 1776: the freedom to govern themselves.”

“[W]hat really astounds is the hubris reflected in today’s judicial Putsch. The five Justices who compose today’s majority are entirely comfortable concluding that every State violated the Constitution for all of the 135 years between the Fourteenth Amendment’s ratification and Massachusetts’ permitting of same-sex marriages in 2003. They have discovered in the Fourteenth Amendment a “fundamental right” overlooked by every person alive at the time of ratification, and almost everyone else in the time since. They see what lesser legal minds—minds like Thomas Cooley, John Marshall Harlan, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Learned Hand, Louis Brandeis, William Howard Taft, Benjamin Cardozo, Hugo Black, Felix Frankfurter, Robert Jackson, and Henry Friendly—could not.”

“Of course the opinion’s showy profundities are often profoundly incoherent. “The nature of marriage is that, through its enduring bond, two persons together can find other freedoms, such as expression, intimacy, and spirituality.” (Really? Who ever thought that intimacy and spirituality [whatever that means] were freedoms? And if intimacy is, one would think Freedom of Intimacy is abridged rather than expanded by marriage. Ask the nearest hippie. Expression, sure enough, is a freedom, but anyone in a long-lasting marriage will attest that that happy state constricts, rather than expands, what one can prudently say.)”

“If, even as the price to be paid for a fifth vote, I ever joined an opinion for the Court that began: “The Constitution promises liberty to all within its reach, a liberty that includes certain specific rights that allow persons, within a lawful realm, to define and express their identity,” I would hide my head in a bag. The Supreme Court of the United States has descended from the disciplined legal reasoning of John Marshall and Joseph Story to the mystical aphorisms of the fortune cookie.”

King v. Burwell (Wording of Obamacare Allows State Exchange Subsidies and Tax Credits)

“Words no longer have meaning if an Exchange that is not established by a State is ‘established by the State.’ It is hard to come up with a clearer way to limit tax credits to state Exchanges than to use the words “established by the State.”

“Under all the usual rules of interpretation, in short, the Government should lose this case. But normal rules of interpretation seem always to yield to the overriding principle of the present Court: The Affordable Care Act must be saved.”

“Today’s interpretation is not merely unnatural; it is unheard of. Who would ever have dreamt that “Exchange established by the State” means ‘Exchange established by the State or the Federal Government?’”

“It is bad enough for a court to cross out ‘by the State’ once. But seven times?”

“The Court’s next bit of interpretive jiggery-pokery involves other parts of the Act that purportedly presuppose the availability of tax credits on both federal and state Exchanges.”

“The Court has not come close to presenting the compelling contextual case necessary to justify departing from the ordinary meaning of the terms of the law. Quite the contrary, context only underscores the outlandishness of the Court’s interpretation. Reading the Act as a whole leaves no doubt about the matter: “Exchange established by the State” means what it looks like it means.”

“Perhaps the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will attain the enduring status of the Social Security Act or the Taft-Hartley Act; perhaps not. But this Court’s two decisions on the Act will surely be remembered through the years. The somersaults of statutory interpretation they have performed (“penalty” means tax, “further [Medicaid] payments to the State” means only incremental Medicaid payments to the State, “established by the State” means not established by the State) will be cited by litigants endlessly, to the confusion of honest jurisprudence. And the cases will publish forever the discouraging truth that the Supreme Court of the United States favors some laws over others, and is prepared to do whatever it takes to uphold and assist its favorites. I dissent.”


“The book is my way of reconnecting to my Italian ethnic roots,” says Joanna Leone. “By sharing my words with others, I hope to inspire people to better know their family origins, wherever they may have begun.”

Photo courtesy of Seth Block of Fairfield, Connecticut

Joanna Leone is on a mission. 

She has appeared on local radio and on television  in her home state of Connecticut and has spoken at libraries, civic groups and schools. A member of the North Haven Sons and Daughters of Italy Lodge 2805, she has volunteered for veterans and senior citizen groups .the Trumbull Arts Department, and has worked on a few political campaigns.

Her compelling book “Slices of Life: Italian-American Stories" Collective Memoirs” is the topic for discussion.

Her detailed recollections successfully transport the reader to another time and place - mostly Connecticut of the 1970s and 1980s. 

An early chapter, “Italian American Summers” sets the mood. Joanna writes: “I remember eating red Italian ice in the summer, no matter what the occasion! Our summer picnics and family gatherings were very different from the rest of the neighborhood even though my parents really tried hard to include the American traditions as well…At our Italian house we did not have a dinner bell. The only bell we heard as Italians were the bells at St. Margaret’s Shrine in Bridgeport or at St. Teresa’s Church in Trumbull. We had more civilized ways of being called to dinner, with my mother screaming at the top of her lungs, ‘Dove siete?’”

Joanna’s parents, Antonetta and Donato came to America from their home village of San Donato Val Di Comino in the Frosinone province of the Lazio region. 

“They traveled on a ship called the Saturnia, built a home in Bridgeport, Connecticut and raised six children,” writes Joanna. “My parents learned the English language and found work on their own while making sacrifices...They paid for our education and even bought us our first car.”

When asked if she visited San Donato Val Di Comino, Joanna says after a pause, “Yes, I have travelled to Italy extensively. I immersed myself in the sights and sounds of Italy. it is where my father is buried.” A teenager, she and her parents made the trek there. “During my family vacation, my father had complained of some pain in his chest. We thought it was indigestion but it was obviously more serious. He died in his home village of a heart attack; the trip was his only vacation with me.” 

In “Slices of Life” we read how she and her mother Antonetta and siblings survive the death of Joanna’s father but also one of her older sisters. They and other deceased family members are profiled along with surviving family members, friends and acquaintances. 

“In writing the book, I met with people who shared with me their memories of growing up Italian American,” says Joanna. “They would start out with a quaint recollection that became something greater, an important occurrence in their lives that changed and made them the way they are today.” 

Stories in “Slices of Life” are amazing in their dramatic retelling. There is the story of Gaetano, the tailor, who “made the pattern for the Apollo 12 astronaut uniforms;” the story of Uncle Rocco Fabrizio, an architect who shared his creativity with the author; the story of romance between Isabella and Roberto, and many more. 

What we get from “Slices in Life” is a reminder of the depth and diversity of our collective Italian American experience. The book is a wonder to behold and recommended for all to read.

Editor’s Note: You can purchase Joanna’s book “Slices of Life: Italian-American Collective Memoirs” by emailing her at or on Barnes&, and other retail sites.



On behalf of President of the Republic of Italy, Sergio Mattarella, Italy’s Ambassador Claudio Bisogniero bestowed the prestigious Order of the Merit of the Italian Republic (Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana) to Joseph V. Del Raso, chairman of the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) and Frank Giordano, member of the Foundation’s board of directors, during a private ceremony at Villa Firenze in Washington, D.C., on Tuesday, July 14, 2015.

At the Ambassador’s residence, Del Raso received the Grande Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica for fostering greater relationships and partnerships between Italy and the United States.  Giordano received the Cavaliere Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana for his tireless work within Philadelphia’s Italian American community and his leadership with the Italian language initiative in that city.

Family members joined NIAF President John M. Viola, the Foundation’s Vice Chair Patricia de Stacy Harrison, NIAF Treasurer Robert E. Carlucci, Italy’s Consul General in Philadelphia Andrea Canepari, and embassy officials at the afternoon reception.

The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic was founded in 1951 as the senior order of knighthood by President Luigi Einaudi. Known as the highest ranking of honor of the Republic, it is awarded to individuals for merit in the fields of literature, the arts, public service, philanthropic and humanitarian activities, as well as notable service in civilian and military careers.

The badge bears the inscription “Al Merito della Repubblica” encircling the national emblem on the front, and “Patriae Unitati” and  “Civium Libertati” encircling the head of  Italia Turrita on the reverse side. The order is bestowed by decree of the president of the Italian Republic, as head of the orders of knighthood, on the recommendation of the president of the council.

The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting the heritage of Italian Americans. Visit


Long before George Clooney got hundreds of thousands of Euro to hype Martini, American Actors have been raking in the lira doing Italian TV Ads. But in the year 2000, the biggest name on the small screen was Eugenio Accomando.

Thus, we hear the premise of a new film, “Miracle of Ferragosto,” now in the pre-production stage by director Frank Ciota. Mavexcaffe is an international media initiative Ciota currently operates, where he hopes to facilitate creative ideas and financial resources between the United States and Italy. With locations in Boston and Rome, we are poised to capitalize on and access investment capital in the US and inspiration from Italy in an effort to realize grand visions both cinematic and cultural.

The plot of “Miracle of Ferragosto” centers on a struggling New York thespian who finds opportunity and romance in the land of his ancestors playing the swashbuckling "lead" in an Italian espresso commercial. But when his success fails to cross over to the big screen, he loses it all, including the love of his life. Defeated and heartbroken, Eugenio resolves to return to New York but not before visiting the small town his grandparents fled some 60 years earlier. There through a miracle, the timid method actor gets cast back in time only to find himself in the unlikely role of "action hero" in a plot to assassinate Mussolini.

Based on a family legend, "Miracle of Ferragosto" is a romantic homage to the era of Great Italian Cinema and the story of what one man is willing to risk to find true love. For more information about our projects contact mavexcaffe, 189 North Street, The North End, Boston MA 02113 Tel +1 617 275-2513.



On July 21st, celebrated goldsmith and jewelry artist Donna Distefano will be honored with a Proclamation from the Council of the City of Pittsburgh for her participation in the acclaimed Carnegie Museum exhibit, Out of This World! Jewelry in the Space Age. Declaring a Donna Distefano Day in Pittsburgh is a grand gesture of appreciation by the city for Distefano's work and her agreement to lend her masterpiece ring, titled The Love that moves the sun and the other stars, to the well-publicized display.

One of the most widely covered rings created by a living artist in the exhibit, Distefano's masterpiece has been featured in InStyle Magazine, Town & Country, Forbes, CIJ Jewellery Magazine Trends & Colours, Zappos Couture, Luxury Jewels 24 Magazine, Rapaport Magazine, and is also featured on the back cover of the modern designer jewelry compendium, Jewelry's Shining Stars by Beth Bernstein. Distefano has also appeared in the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review in connection with the opening of Out of This World! Jewelry in the Space Age.

Distefano says, "I am thrilled with this recognition from the Council of the City of Pittsburgh. I love that Pittsburgh is a metalworking city; I understand the connection between metal, economy, art, and dreams. To be exhibited at the Carnegie Museum is an honor."?

Distefano's ring was featured in The Forbes Galleries in New York City before it was requested by curator Elyse Karlin to join the storied exhibit in Pittsburgh. And for Distefano, this particular destination for her masterpiece has a deeper significance. The lending of the ring to the Carnegie Museum is in honor of the memory of her sister, Nancy Distefano.

The Love that moves the sun and the other stars, named for the final line of the 33rd canto of Dante Alighieri's Paradiso will be on display through January 2016. To see more of Donna's exceptional work in jewelry, please log on to


The Met's First Production of the Bel Canto Showcase, on
PBS Great Performances at the Met

Joyce DiDonato and Juan Diego Flórez headline Rossini's bel canto tour-de-force La Donna del Lago on THIRTEEN'S Great Performances at the Met Sunday, August 2 at 12 p.m. on PBS. (Check local listings.)

In this Rossini classic based on the work by Sir Walter Scott, DiDonato sings the title role of Elena, the lady of the lake pursued by two men, with Flórez in the role of Giacomo, the benevolent king of Scotland.  

Michele Mariotti, last featured in the Great Performance at the Met broadcast of Rigoletto, conducts debuting Scottish director Paul Curran's staging, a co-production with Santa Fe Opera. The cast also includes Daniela Barcellona in the trouser role of Malcolm, John Osborn as Rodrigo, and Oren Gradus as Duglas.
"The wondrous Ms. DiDonato and Mr. Mariotti, the fast-rising young Italian conductor, seemed almost in competition to see who could make music with more delicacy," noted The New York Times earlier this year, and "Mr. Mariotti drew hushed gentle and transparent playing from the inspired Met orchestra."
And NY Classical Review raved, "Joyce DiDonato...was beyond perfect... a performance that may ultimately stand as a high point in her already lofty career... her tone was pure honey, her coloratura effortlessly fluttering, her ornamentation fearless."
Soprano Patricia Racette hosts the broadcast.

La Donna del Lago was originally seen live in movie theaters on March 14, 2015 as part of the groundbreaking The Met: Live in HD series, which transmits live performances to more than 2,000 movie theaters and performing arts centers in over 70 countries around the world. The Live in HD series has reached a record-breaking 17 million viewers since its inception in 2006.

Great Performances at the Metis a presentation of THIRTEEN Productions LLC for WNET, one of America's most prolific and respected public media providers. Corporate support for Great Performances at the Metis provided by Toll Brothers, America's luxury home builder®. Major funding for the Met Opera presentation is provided by the National Endowment for the Arts. This Great Performances presentation is funded by the Irene Diamond Fund, the Anna-Maria and Stephen Kellen Arts Fund, The Philip and Janice Levin Foundation, The Agnes Varis Trust, and public television viewers.

Visit Great Performances online at for additional information on this and other Great Performances programs.





This July 23, Life Gallery in Manhattan opens "Tripping," an exhibtion of the satirical photographs by Sandro Giordano.

How many times have you clumsily stumbled or fallen? How about while holding on to an object of importance that you refuse to let go?

Last year, Giordano conceived of the photographic series while riding his bicycle and falling. A few weeks later, a friend broke his leg in an accident. He fell, all the while holding on to his smartphone. Giordano refers to his photographic series as In Extremis (Bodies With No Regret). He captures the fall of man, literally, with his or her face down covered by debris.

Born in Rome in 1972, Giordano studied set design at Instito di cinematografia e televisionedi Roberto Rossellini, before he studied acting and appeared in plays directed byt Dario Argento, Luciano Melchionna, and Carlo Verdone, among others.

Life Gallery is located at 617 West 27th Street in Manhattan. To learn more about this and other ehxibitions, please log on to






The San Rocco Cultural Committee is pleased to announce the 90th Annual San Rocco Festa. The San Rocco Festa is one of the longest, continuous running ethnic festivals in the country. This year is history in the making—not just for the Festa, but for the entire region. For the first time, the Licinio Refice band from Patrica, Italy, the town where the Festa originated, will celebrate with us. In continuing the tradition of San Rocco and the connection to our Italian roots, we encourage American-Italians and non-Italians alike to join us in welcoming our special guests.

The Festa will be held on August 7th, 8th & 9th at Center Township Municipal Park, just north of the Pittsburgh International Airport. The new location offers free onsite parking and expanded Festa grounds - including new food vendors, a larger children's area, a showcase of our 90 year history, and free nightly Italian lessons, along with old favorites, great entertainment, and much more.

Admission is $2 for those 13 and over. Children under 13 are free, but must be accompanied by a responsible adult. For more information, including all events and directions, please visit our redesigned website or call (724) 252-7732.




General Raymond Odierno, Terry O'Sullivan, Dr. Anthony Fauci, Alfred Grasso, Geno Auriemma, Captain Anthony Odierno, Armand Sabitoni, Joe Mantegna, sponsors, supporters, volunteers and more than 900 guests made up the Sons of Italy Foundation's (SIF) 27th Annual National Education & Leadership Awards (NELA) Gala on May 21.

The 2015 NELA Gala was an incredible representation of the best of Italy and the United States, showcasing achievement and leadership at the highest levels. The Gala also paid tribute to America's military men and women and their families.

Enjoy the highlights below; visit our Facebook, Twitter and YouTube  pages for more; view the NELA Gala journal online ; and tag your Gala photos on Facebook and Twitter (#nelagala & @Sons_of_Italy).

Don't forget to save the date of May 26, 2016, for the Sons of Italy Foundation's 28th Annual NELA Gala. All photos © Max Taylor. 
No reprint or reproduction without permission.



Last year's scholarship recipients

The John R. Mott Scholarship Foundation, Inc., (the “Foundation”) of Washington, D.C., dedicated to the education of the children of Calabria, Italy, will hold its Annual Award Ceremony and Reception at 4:00 p.m. on June 19, 2015 at the Principessa Hotel in Campora San Giovani, Cosenza, Italy.  At the Ceremony, 148 academic scholarships will be awarded to students from all over the Region of Calabria.  Beginning in 2001, the Foundation has awarded scholarships for higher education to the young men and women of Calabria.  The primary requisites for receiving a scholarship are the student’s academic achievement, financial need and a commitment to use the benefit of this education to make a contribution to the Region of Calabria.

Mario V. Mirabelli, Esq., the President of the Mott Foundation stated “We are very proud of the quality of the academic credentials of this year’s class of scholarship awardees.  It is the hope of the Mott Foundation that receiving a Mott Scholarship will in the near future be recognized in Italy and elsewhere as an indication of superior academic achievement.”

John R. Mott, the creator of the Foundation, was born Giovanni Motta in 1909 in the mountain village of Serra d’Aiello, Calabria, Italy and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1911.  Although a man of significant means, Mr. Mott eschewed luxury, maintained a frugal lifestyle and preferred instead to invest his resources for a larger cause:  his dream of eventually giving back to the beloved land of his birth, Calabria, Italy.  Mr. Mott created the Foundation prior to his death in 1998.

The John R. Mott Scholarship Foundation is a supporting organization of the National Italian American Foundation. Visit

The 2015 John R. Mott Scholarship Foundation Awardees are:

Claudia Aiello
Daniele Aiello
Debora Aloisio
Chiara Altimari
Maria Luisa Anselmo
Sergio Aprigliano
Arianna Aprile
Raffaella Argiro
Alfonso Argiro'
Emanuele Arifi
Giacomo Azzarito
Francesca Ida Barletta
Gabriella Bastone
Maria Grazia Bazzarelli
Teresa Bazzarelli
Maria Francesca Beatino
Anna Belcastro
Paola Belfiore
Angelo Bellocco
Maria Pia Belmonte
Valeria Bianco
Stefano Bigagnoli
Antonella Bisardi
Agostina Bonavita
Marilisa Bonavita
Giuseppe Borelli
Francesco Bruni
Giulia Bruni
Laura Bruno
Mario Bruno
Vincenzo Bruno
Riccardo Candido
Antonio Cappa
Rosalba Carnevale
Federica Cassano
Ida Cello
Francesco Celso
Francesca Ciancio
Miriam Cirone
Elvira Clausi
Francesco Condello
Giampiero Conte
Patrick Corapi
Diego Costanzo
Mariangela Cozza
Mariateresa De Domenico
Carlotta De Filippis
Amelia De Franco
Alessia De Marco


Caterina Fedele
Valeria Fortino
Francesco Franco
Erica Fuoco
Rossella Gagliardi
Raffaella Galizia
Elisabetta Gallo
Antonietta Giampa'
Christian Girone
Elisabeth Gramigna
Bruno Grandinetti
Francesca Greco
Luigi Greco
Maria Cristina Guarascio
Veronica Iachetta
Antonio Iannopollo
Pasquale Iannucci
Stefania Imbrogno
Fioravante Infusino
Mattia Pascal Innocenti
Valentina Innocenti
Severino Iritano
Caterina Italiano
Noemi Laprovitera
Gabriele Larocca
Angela Le Pera
Serena Leo
Sara Leone
Miriam Lioi
SilVia Caterina Lorelli
Rossella Magnocavallo
Elena Mannarino
Lorella Mannarino
Paolo Marghella
Romina Marghella
Laura Marino
Maria Valeria Marino
Raffaele Marrello
Anna Mazzuca
Serena Mele
Marika Mesiano
Francesco Mesiti
Giuseppe Mesiti
lenia Metallo
Claudia Morabito
Francesca Muccari
Chiara Mullace
Nicola Nicastri
Mario Orrico
Gemma Osso
Luca Pagliaro


Giuseppe Palella
Ilenia Palella
Valentina Pascuzzo
Claudia Perri
Elisa Perri
Giulio Perri
Jessica Perri
Ylenia Perri
Mariafrancesca Perrone
Adele Pesce
Veronica Petrone
Domenica Pirrotta
Grazia Politano
Margaret Posa
Francesca Prioli
Daniele Pronesti
Giovanni Riga
Daniela Rossiello
Fiorella Runco
Antonietta Sacco
Carmine Salerni
Davide Scanga
Angela Schipani
Jessika Schipani
Chiara Scopelliti
Gianfranco Scuteri
Martina Sdao
Jacopo Settino
Mariagiovanna Settino
Martina Settino
Gilda Sicilia
Fulvio Siciliano
Maria Siciliano
Francesca Spadafora
Letizia Spadafora
Naomi Spadafora
Annamaria Suriano
Salvatore Suriano
Sonia Suriano
Sara Tedesco
Giuseppe Todaro
Rosita Torino
Maria Laura Trausi
Pier Pasquale Trausi
Rodolfo Tripepi
Adolfo Turco
Ortensia Vito
Ruggero Vizza




The Rockland Lodge 2176 of the Sons of Italy will host the 6th Annual Italian Feast and Carnival this September 17th through the 20th The event draws thousands of people from around the tri-state area during the four day celebration of all things Italian and has been recognized as one of the biggest events in Rockland County. The festival features excellent entertainment all four days including local performers, a variety of vendor and gift booths, great food, rides for the kids, games for all ages, games of chance for the adults and more.

Hours for the festival are Thursday 5pm – 11pm, Friday 5pm – midnight, Saturday 11am – midnight and Sunday will begin with an outdoor mass at 10:30am and the Festival will be open from noon until 9pm. The festival takes place at Masonic Park located at 89 Western Highway in Tappan, New York. Updated information can be found on the Sons of Italy website at

The Rockland Lodge 2176 Order of The Sons of Italy was established in 1966 with the goal of enhancing the image of people of Italian descent and has grown into one of the most active organizations in the area. The group, with over 200 members from Rockland and Bergen County, donates funds to a variety of non-profits from the proceeds of the Italian Feast and also provides scholarships to students. For more information visit




Five university students who reside in New Jersey will participate in the Ambassador Peter F. Secchia Voyage of Discovery Program, an all-expenses-paid educational and cultural initiative that sends Italian American students to Italy.  Sponsored by the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF), the tour will visit Italy’s Lombardia region, NIAF’s 2015 Region of Honor, from June 9 to June 23, 2015.
The student participants are: Alexandra Calderaro of Colts Neck, N.J., who attends The Pennsylvania State University; Breanna Cerniglia of Saddle Brook, N.J., who attends Rutgers University Graduate School of Social Work; Nikki Dombrowski of Carlstadt, N.J., who attends University of Delaware; Natalie Salinardo of Cranford, N.J., who attends Franklin and Marshall College; and Victoria Treboschi of Cranford, N.J., who attends Duke University.
For the third consecutive year, participants are giving back to the Italian community with a service project at Cascina Rossago, at the Fondazione Genitori per l’Autismo ONLUS, a residential farming community for autistic adults. Last year, the students worked with women and children in difficult situations, was coordinated through the HandsOn Network, a Point of Light Enterprise.
“This signature program at the National Italian American Foundation gives these fortunate Italian American students an incredible opportunity to discover and immerse themselves in the land and beautiful culture of their ancestors,” said NIAF Director of Programs Gabriella Mileti.  “For the future of our Italian American community, it is necessary for young Italian Americans to understand the value of heritage, tradition and roots, and this program emphasizes exactly that.”
Now in its 16th year, the 14-day NIAF program will include tours of historic sites throughout the city of Pavia with a visit to the Certosa, and a walking tour of the city of Monza and Villa Reale.  While in Milan, students will attend a lecture at the Politecnico University, tour the university’s design studios, and visit the renowned Italian tailor store Brioni.  A day at Expo Milan 2015 to explore the pavilions is part of the itinerary. Students will also view the restored masterpiece by Leonardo da Vinci and tour La Scala Theatre and Sant’ Ambrogio Church in Milan.
The schedule includes: a tour of the Auricchio Cheese factory and the Stradivari Museum in Cremona; visits to Lake Como and Lake Garda with walking tours of Sirmione and the Roman ruins (Grotte di Catullo). The students will participate in an excursion by ferry on Lake Maggiore to Isola Bella, Isola dei Pescatori and Isola Madre. The trip will conclude with a farewell dinner in Milan with the Foundation’s Board of Directors.
The package includes round-trip airfare between the United States and Italy, accommodations, meals, guided tours and transfers, all financed by NIAF.  For more information, visit The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting the heritage of Italian Americans. Visit



Film Director Oriana Oppice

An Italian-American film production has returned from the Cannes Film Festival of May 13 through May 24: “Lobster fra Diavolo.”  

Set and shot in New York City, “Lobster fra Diavolo” pits 80-yr-old Nonna against a lobster. It's the holidays and Nonna plans to serve the lobster as part o f the Feast of the Seven Fishes. Angela, Nonna's granddaughter, is vegan and doesn't approve of Nonna's plans. For that matter, neither does the lobster...

Directed by Sicilian American Oriana Oppice and produced by Testa Dura Media and Trinacria Pictures, The film received a warm welcome at Cannes and won for best comedy at Eureka Springs and is now included in a number of film festivals here in the United States. The film's screenplay was by Sicilian American screenwriter Jane Barbara and the cinematography and film editing was done by Violetta D’Agata, of Italy.

With supporters like Colavita and Bronx Little Italy, the film has found a wide audience of viewers looking for something other than mafia tie-ins. “There is so much more to our culture and way of life," says Oppice. “We wanted to celebrate a small part of that - La Nonna. For Italians, she’s everything.”

To learn more about “Lobster fra Diavolo,” log on to



This Friday, June 19, is the launch gala of "Edge City," a new book by Robert Agnoli. The event will be held 6:30-11 PM at Lounge at Elmo, 156 Seventh Avenue, between 19 & 20th Street, Manhattan. Included will be light food, a cash bar and music.

"Edge City" is a book of poetry and narrative by Robert Agnoli, a man who has lived the Italian American during America's tumultuous postwar history. Upcoming readings for "Edge City" are June 27 at the CSJ-OSIA Spring Heritage Festival Authors Outreach, November 14, IAWA featured reader at Cornelia Street Cafe. To RSVP, contact Mr. Agnoli at



Ralph Enokian from the Armenian American community spoke about the Armenian Genocide

Professor/Cavalliere Phlip J. DiNovo, president and executive director of The American Italian Heritage Association and Museum has forged a connection between Armenian Americans and Italian Americans in Albany. On May 21st, the association held an event, "The 100th Rememberance of the Armenian Genocide of 1915" at their Italian American museum. Ralph Enokian, an American of Armenian descent, and expert on the Amernian Genocide spoke to a capcity crowd at the museum. "This year marks the 100th year rememberance of the Armenan genocide," say DiNovo." My hope is other ethnic groups will make note of the Armenian Genocide." The American Italian Heritage Museum of Albany is the largest Italian American museum on the East Coast. For more information, please log on to or email

Historical Background on Italian and Armenian Relations

Italians and Armernians share many attributes including a migratory status throughout much of history coupled with sincere pride over the achievements of their respective homelands.

As does Italian civilization, Armenian civilization goes back many thousands of years. The first great meeting between the two cultures occurred under the dominion of the Roman Empire, which conquered part of the Armenian Kingdom in 1st Century, AD; while the other part of the Armenian Kingdom remained independent. Today, you will see remnants of Roman culture in Armenia in the way of ruins, such as temples that were erected to Roman gods many centuries ago.

In the Early Middle Ages, Italians and Armenians shared a zeal for capitalism, with a focus on international trade.Treaties were established between Armenia and Italian independent city states such as Genoa, Milan, Padua and most noteworthy Venice. One treaty brokered between Venice and Armenia allowed Italian factories to be built in Armenia in exchange for Armenian factories to be built in Venetian territory. Armenian manufactuers, merchants and workers flocked to Venice, so much so, that an island was set aside to serve their religious needs with a settlement of monks of the Mekhitarst Order. This island was named San Lazzaro degli Armeni and is today a major center for Armenian Catholicism and Armenian culture. Monks still live there and have published a variety of historical books on Armenia. The island library is today one of the largest in the world with over 150,000 volumes on Armenia and other cultures of Asia Minor and Eastern Mediterranean.

Today, estimates range between 4,000 to 5,000 Armenians living in Italy. Some Italian families were orginally from Armenia but understandably have lost touch with their cultural roots since they have lived in Italy for hundreds of years. Armenians have made a serious contribution to the betterment of Italy in a number of fields such as in medicine through the work of Giorgio Baglivi, in engineering through the work of Anton Sourian, in chemistry through the work of Giacomo Luigi Ciamician, and many more in other fields.

In 2000, Italy passed a law that made it illegal for any Italian to deny the existence of the Armenian Genocide. This past April Pope Francis addressed the Armenian genocide during Mass at Saint Peter's Basilica when he said, "In the past century, our human family has lived through three massive and unprecedented tragedies. The first, which is widely considered 'the first genocide of the 20th century,' struck your own Armenian people."


Fulbright Program in Italy: signed academic partnership with Fondazione Falcone and The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF)

The Commission for Cultural Exchanges between Italy and the United States – the bi-national agency that on the behalf of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the U.S. Department of State has been managing since 1948 the Fulbright Program in Italy promoting study, research and teaching opportunities in Italy and the U.S. through a program of scholarships for Italian and U.S. citizens  - has signed an academic partnership with Fondazione Falcone and The  National Italian American Foundation (NIAF)  for the Academic Years 2016 - 17, 2017-18 and 2018-19.

Fondazione Giovanni e Francesca Falcone was constituted in Palermo, Italy, on the 10th of December 1992. The principal aim of the Foundation is to implement initiatives of the highest social interest, such as the promotion of study, research and cultural and assistance activities in order to promote the development of the anti – mafia culture in the society and in particular among young people, as well as the promotion of professional specialization in the investigative and judicial apparatuses committed in the action of prevention and fight against the mafia organized crime.

The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational foundation based in Washington D.C. that promotes Italian American culture and heritage. NIAF serves as a resource on the Italian American community and has educational and youth programs including scholarships, grants, heritage travel, and mentoring.

According to the Fulbright – Fondazione Falcone - NIAF agreement during the academic years 2016-17, 2017-18 and 2018-19 3 scholarships – up to Euro 12,700 each – will be offered to U.S. citizens to carry out research activities in the field of criminology at Fondazione Falcone in Palermo; 3 scholarships - up to $ 12,000 each - will be offered to Italian citizens to carry out research activities in the field of criminology at U.S. Universities.
For more information on the Fulbright Program to Italy at,

Per more information on Fondazione Giovanni e Francesca Falcone

For more information on The National Italian American Foundation



  Sunset Behind Mount Monviso Photograph on Hahnemühle Paper 12 x 24, By Paolo Bongianino

Agora Gallery, located in Manhattan at 530 West 25th Street, will feature an exhibition, from July 7 through July 28, on the works of Italian fine art photographer Paolo Bongianino.

Born in Trivero, of the Biella province, in the Piemonte region, Bongianino currently lives in Milan, where he has spent most of his life. He has had exhibitions in London, New York, and Milan among other cities. 

The artist’s breathtaking views of nature come with considerable attention to detail. He photographs mountains, oceans, forests, and even clouds of fog rolling across the land. His perspective is often sweeping, with the camera raised above eye level to create both grandeur and a sense of longevity. The compositions, devoid of human effect and filled to all edges, imply timelessness. Image and emotion: that is the summary of his approach to photography. 

“I’m fond of nature and everyday life; city scenes, landscapes, and seascapes are often fascinating to me,” says Bongianino. “Sunrises and sunsets are everyday stories, but they are always different. Sometimes details of nature or of everyday tools and objects may be an appealing photo: people do not realize how shapes, shadows, and colors may come together in nice combinations. The image alone is not enough, it must somehow move the imagination and emotions of the viewer; this is my approach when shooting.” 

To achieve such a deep-seated emotional resonance, Bongianino uses saturated colors to carefully mark aesthetic high and low notes throughout each image. He photographs the land as if photographing sports, with the sharpest possible resolution. And above all, he is attuned to the subtle ways a detail can change a picture – how the texture of one tree’s leaves informs a photograph’s symmetry, how the pattern of sunlight creates varying lighting elements, or how a few degrees’ shift in perspective can tilt an image onto an entirely different plane.

Bongianino became a fine art photographer after years of working with a camera. “In 2014, after searching for a new job for one year, I decided to take advantage of my image database to develop myself as a fine art photographer,” he says. “I set up my own website and I continued to shoot. I had two solo exhibitions in Milan, a group exhibition in London (May 25th - June 8th, 2015) and an exhibition in New York.”

One aspect of Bongianino’s works are their rare availability. He says, “I produce my works only as fine art inkjet prints on cotton paper. Maybe in the future I'll move on to something different, but for the time being this is my choice. I limit the number of copies for each size to five.”

The coming exhibition at the Agora Gallery, will give Americans, New Yorkers especially, a unique glimpse at the work of this Italian artist. To find out more, please log on to


A festival honoring the Madonna and family roots in the Cilento- May 30!


If your family is from Italy's Cilento, in the Province of Salerno, The Madonna del Monte Society which is working on a national Cilento festival and assembling a database of the Cilentani communities across the world wants to speak with you. Please contact:

On Saturday, May 30, 2015, at 11:30 a.m., at Holy Face Monastery, 1697 Route 3, Clifton, New Jersey, there will be celebrated a Solemn High Mass with Gregorian chant in honor of Our Lady of Sacro Monte of Novi Velia, Salerno. Following Mass there will be a grand procession on the monastery grounds with the statue of Our Lady, her canopy and authentic cinte (Italian candle-houses), all accompanied by the Tony Neglia Italian Feast Band. This will be a festival for all who love Mary, but moist especially for those with roots in the Cilento.

The miraculous image of Our Lady of Sacro Monte of Novi Velia, crowned by pontifical decree in 1889, rests atop Mount Gelbison in the town of Novi Velia in the Cilento region of the Province of Salerno, Italy. Mount Gelbison which soars 5,594 ft above sea level, was most probably first used as a place of religious worship by the ancient Oenotrian peoples of Southern Italy and later by the ancient Greeks who colonized the Cilento area in the centuries before Christ, and constructed a temple atop the mountain dedicated to the goddess Hera. With the dawn of Christianity and the embrace of the salvific Gospel of Our Lord Jesus Christ by the people of the Cilento, a shrine to the Blessed Virgin Mary was built upon the ruins of the former pagan temple which was eventually maintained by Greek monks fleeing the ravages of the Iconoclast heresy.

Devotion to the Virgin Mary is so strong in the Cilento and her sanctuaries are so numerous that the region has become known as, “La Terra di Maria, The Land of Mary”. The shrine at Novi Velia is continuously besieged by pilgrims from its opening on the last Sunday of May until its closing on the last Sunday in October. (In the intervening months the mount is covered in snow).

From the time of the shrine’s foundation until the 1950s, whole towns of the Cilento as well as towns in the surrounding areas of Lucania, Basilicata and Calabria would annually travel on foot, often barefooted as an act of penance, to visit the sanctuary. Arrival at the shrine and the return trip home took many days. The pilgrims would walk by day carrying banners and singing hymns in the Cilentano dialect dedicated specifically to the Blessed Lady of Sacro Monte, the hymns themselves being varied and often particular to the hometowns of the pilgrims. Many women would carry on their heads tall cinte or candle houses as votive offerings to the Virgin.

The candle houses would be constructed by creating immense towers of one hundred or so beeswax candles decorated with flowers and ribbons, regaled with images of saints, often the patron of the town as well as the Madonna del Sacro Monte. After days of carrying the candle houses atop their heads, these votive offerings, often as acts of thanksgiving for favors received, would be left at the shrine by the female pilgrims so that the candles could be used to light the sanctuary in the days before electricity.

At night, in those times of unimaginable hardship and poverty, large groups of pilgrims would camp in the fields or on the streets of the villages and towns that lined the pilgrimage routes. The singing would continue as it had during the day, men and boys playing the zampogna and organetto to accompany the traditional Sacro Monte pilgrimage hymns. The zampogna is an Italian bagpipe, an ancient instrument of the area, the origin of which predates recorded history. It is made from goat skins by shepherds, the Cilento breed of goat being profuse in the area and famed for the cheese made from its milk. Cheese, dried sausage, soppressata and the rustic whole grain bread unique to the area would be the meal for the journeying pilgrims, the food having been carried through the trip in baskets on top of the heads of some of the female members of the party.

These pilgrimages were for the impoverished people of this area the one time during the year when they would be able to leave behind the daily hardship and work of their native villages and towns. It was a time of great joy and festivity, families and neighbors uniting in preparations for the journey. Young people would often make the pilgrimage in hopes of finding a spouse, the girls especially praying for a good husband. These pilgrimages were one of the very rare opportunities in those years for the young boys and girls of the Cilento to actually interact.

When the pilgrims would arrive close to the summit of Monte Gelbison and Our Lady’s sanctuary, they would encounter the stone Cross of Rofrano, a monument indicating that they were very close to the shrine of their most beloved Madonna. At the Cross of Rofrano, the pilgrim groups would circle three times, leaving at the foot of the cross stones they had gathered along their pilgrimage routes. Passing the cross they would soon come to the doors of the church, and after another series of rituals, by tradition the youngest member of the party would enter first, followed in order by the musicians playing the zampogna and organetto, the banner carrier, the women with their cinte followed by the rest of the group. In the shrine’s piazza the pilgrims would break into song and dance celebrating the joy of being in a place where they felt so close to their celestial Mother.

Love for the Madonna of Sacro Monte was carried to the United States by Cilentano immigrants who arrived in the United States at the turn of the last century. In Jersey City, where many of them settled, an annual devotion was started, celebrated at Holy Rosary Church every May where a statue of “Maronna ru Monte” would be carried in procession. In the late 1960s the devotees from Jersey City moved their celebration to Holy Face Monastery in Clifton, New Jersey. At the Monastery they constructed a stunning outdoor shrine to the Madonna and brought a small statue for veneration.

The annual celebration at Holy Face Monastery ended in 1980. It was revived in 2012 by Cilentani and their descendants in New Jersey inspired by what they perceive to be a number of miraculous events which they felt were a very clear indication that Heaven wished this devotion in New Jersey to be not only revived, but to spread and flourish.

Musical entertainment will begin at 10:30 a.m. with a performance of the Bloomfield Mandolin Orchestra, followed after Mass by the Tony Neglia Italian Feast Band, Italian American singing sensation Maestro Marcantonio Pezzano, and. DJ Stefano. Delicious meals and desserts will be sold throughout the day and there will be activities for young and old to enjoy. For more information about this grande festa, you can contact us at or call Pat at (201) 658-0775.Hope to see you there! If you or your family is from the Cilento please contact us! We would love to hear from you!

Editor’s Note: The article was submitted by Elissa Ruffino, Director of Communications at The National Italian American Federation (NIAF),


New White House Petition Drive Seeks Support in Acknowledging the Yankee Catcher for His Work In and Outside of Baseball


“Yogi Berra should be awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom,” is the opening sentence of a new petition drive featured on the White House web site.

Berra, who celebrated his 90th birthday yesterday has attained folklore status; not just from being one of the best catchers to play the game, specifically for the New York Yankees, or a Major League manager and coach, but also for his incomparable quotes and sayings.

Currently, the White House petition has 83,637 signatorees.

As the petition states: “(Berra) A man of unimpeachable integrity and respect, he befriended the first black and Latino baseball players in Major League Baseball...Berra enlisted in the U. S. Navy during World War Il and served during the D-Day invasion. He continues to be an avid supporter of our armed forces. Berra greatly values education. While with the Yankees, he created a scholarship at Columbia University that is still active 50 years later. His namesake Museum & Learning Center serves 20,000 students annually with character education programs and teaches the values of respect, sportsmanship and inclusion that Berra has demonstrated throughout his life and career.”

You can log on and sign the petition at



On Saturday May 9, the Embassy of Italy participated in the annual European Union Embassies’ Open House tour event in Washington, D.C.; where embassies of the Member States of the EU celebrate Europe Day in the US capital.

Sport and healthy nutrition were the topics chosen this year as inspired by “Feeding the Planet. Energy for Life,” the motto of Expo Milano 2015, the world fair gathering 145 countries in Milan ongoing now until October 31st, 2015. The event will also feature the legendary Giro d’Italia bicycle race which starts on the same day in Sanremo.

“A healthy lifestyle–the Italian lifestyle: the theme of this year is inspired by Expo Milano,” said Ambassador of Italy to the US Claudio Bisogniero. ”For the thousands of visitors who traditionally visit the embassy during the Open House we will offer a full program of quality entertainment. Acknowledgment goes to the many partners from the cultural and business communities. This day will be both a celebration and an important showcase of Italy in the US.”

Visitors enjoyed a full range of activities dedicated to art, food, design, history, music and science. The large sky-lit atrium of the Embassy hosted Kataklò, an athletic dance theatre company from Milan, with performances combining body movements, dance steps, acrobatic athleticism, mime, humor, sound, lights and costumes. For those passionate about sports, the Embassy prepared a karate demonstration, performed by 2014 world champion of karate, Sara Cardin.  Ample space was dedicated to experiencing “Made in Italy” on wheels with famous Italian brands such as Ducati, Fiat Chrysler, and Maserati. Inside the Embassy auditorium various informative videos on Italy were shown including a preview of “On the Trails of the Glaciers: Mission Alaska”, the documentary filmed by an Italian crew aimed at studying the health conditions of Alaskan glaciers, and other videos that explain and celebrate the start of the famous Italian bicycle race “Giro d’Italia”. Visitors also had the opportunity to explore art exhibits on display at the Embassy: “The Symposium: Food for Mind, Body and Soul” a collection of smuggled artifacts recovered by the Guardia di Finanza” and photographer Francesco Nonino’s “Selected Works”.  Children were entertained with tailored activities such as face painting and tattoo stations and, as in the past years, the Italian Fairy will be there to play with them.

To tease the palate, samples and tastings of authentic Italian beverages and food were offered, sponsored by Bauli, Ferrero, Lavazza, and Domori, while a pasta workshop guided participants through the artisanal making of pasta.

Lastly, a solidarity corner showcased the efforts of Daybreak Children’s Rare Disease Fund and Fondazione Telethon Italia, two organizations dealing with research on diseases.

The event is made possible thanks to the support of many Italian companies: Alcantara, Bauli, B3, Beretta, Bracco, Caligaris, Enel, ENI, Expert System, FCA, Ferrero, International Gaming Technology (IGT), Lamborghini, Pirelli, and Venistyle. Contributing organizations are:  American Association of Teachers of Italian Chapter DC (AATI), Casa Italiana, Connect4Climate, Daybreak Children Rare Disease Fund and Fondazione Telethon Italians in DC, Italians in DC, Italian Cultural Society, Le DIVE, Macromicro, School of Languages-Department of French and Italian- of the University of Maryland, and SMATCH –Scientific Methodology Applied to Cultural Heritage. To learn more about the Italian Embassy log on to



The Italian American ONE VOICE Coalition’s stated mission is to “secure the rightful representation of Americans of Italian origin and of all peoples whose paths toward social equality have been impeded. The powers of Intellect, Wisdom and Due Process of Law will be brought to bear on all inequities.” 

On May 16, The Italian American ONE VOICE Coalition will host a forum on topics and issues of importance to Italian Americans. The event will be held, beginning at 10 a.m. at Vinnie’s Pizzeria, 414 Broad Street, in Bloomfield, New Jersey.

Especially active is the organization's president Dr. Manny Alfano who reports on biases and stereotypes of Italians and Italian Americans as potrayed often in the media. The organization's web site includes the Hall of Shame, where highlighted are a number of television commercials, children's programming, news reports, and other items that negatively portray Italians and Italian Americans.

The Italian American ONE VOICE Coalition is a nationwide army of anti-bias activists that fight discrimination and defend Italian American heritage. ONE VOICE’s goal is to act as one united voice when dealing with defamation, discrimination and negative stereotyping of our culture and heritage.

ONE VOICE is different from all other Italian American groups in that its’ primary focus and objective is to fight bias in mass media and combat stereotyping and discrimination against Italian Americans. It is the only national Italian American organization of its type that focuses solely on defending the great heritage and culture of Italian Americans.

If you would like to learn more about The Italian American ONE VOICE Coalition and/or attend their upcoming forum, please log on to



Italian Creativity: Celebrating 50 years of Science and Technology 1965 New York World’s Fair - 2015 Expo Milano



The IHCC-NY, Inc. Board of Directors, consisting of Italian and Italian American leaders in the greater N.Y. area, has announced its 2015 Italian Heritage and Culture theme: Italian Creativity: Celebrating 50 Years of Science and Technology - 1965 New York World’s Fair-2015 Expo Milano. 

New York, Milano: Two great cosmopolitan cities of industry, design, creativity…symbols of the 21st century and all its innovation with  Italians and Italian Americans always in the forefront of the creativity for the betterment of mankind.  The past 50 years only brings more of the discoveries of the Italian genius.

Both cities are hosts of World Expos:  New York (1964-1965) with the international exposition, “Peace through Understanding” dedicated to “Man’s Achievement on a Shrinking Globe and Expanding Universe.”  EXPO Milano 2015 proclaims “Feeding the Planet; Energy for Life”.  Both showcase advances in science and technology.

This year’s poster, designed by John Battista DeSantis, Creative Director Webb Communications and IHCC Artistic Director, depicts an abstract image of New York, Milan and technology.

In announcing the Theme, Joseph Sciame, president/chair of the IHCC-NY, Inc., commented “During the year, there will be events, with a special focus on highlighting the Italian and Italian American scientific and technological advances over the past five decades.  There will be related lectures, panels, receptions and proclamations at every level of government, in collaboration with the Italian Consulate, educational institutions and other community organizations.  We welcome all to join in this salute to Science and Technology with its Italian and Italian American contributions.”

Entries for the 2015 calendar listing and contributions to support the publication of the IHCC-NY theme posters, calendar of events booklets, bookmarks and brochures can be made through IHCC-NY Board member, Joan Migliori:; Tel: 212-642-2094 or Fax: 212-642-2030 by July 1, 2015.




Human Capital begins at the end, as a cyclist is run off the road by a careening SUV the night before Christmas Eve. As details emerge of the events leading up to the accident, the lives of the well-to-do Bernaschi family, privileged and detached, will intertwine with the Ossolas, struggling to keep their comfortable middle-class life, in ways neither could have expected. The film is set in both Brianza and Milan and stars Dino Ossola (Fabrizio Bentivoglio), who plays a character in dire financial straits, as he anticipates the birth of twins with his second wife (Valeria Golino). Meanwhile, Dino’s teenage daughter’s relationship with hedge-fund manager Giovanni Bernaschi’s playboy son complicates an already tricky social dance of status, money and ambition. Among the film’s stars is Valeria Bruni Tedeschi, the older sister of Carla Bruni.





Paul Gentile has written about labor issues for publications in Western Pennsylvania for many years. "Salvatore and Maria Finding Paradise" is one part a review of his grandparents' immigrant experience in the United States and the labor conflicts that occurred here in the early years of the 20th century. PRIMO recently spoke with the author about his experiences writing his new book.

What made you want to write "Salvatore and Maria Finding Paradise"?

I was always fascinated by my grandfather’s story, and for years thought I should write it down so that it would not to become lost to future generations. Upon retirement, I finally had the time to devote to it.

We think of the Italian immigrant experience either an East Coast or California phenomenon in America. But the protagonist, Salvatore, makes his first foray in America, in Colorado. What can you tell us about the Italian immigrant experience of the Wild West?

In the beginning of the 20th century the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company was recruiting Italians and Greeks to work in its mines. This was actually illegal because the immigration laws at the time prohibited companies from recruiting outside the country. It’s interesting that concern over “immigrants taking American jobs” cycles throughout our history; each time, with the current large group being the subject of the fear. At that time, Colorado was the Wild West. Just 40 years before Salvatore arrived, the trip would have been dangerous because the Plains Indians were conducting raids to protect their land. And 20 year before he arrived, Bat Masterson had been hired to clean up the town of Trinidad because it was a wild and rough frontier. Of course, the new immigrants were looked on by the locals with suspicion.

History comes alive in the book. Tell us about the level of research you put into "Salvatore and Maria Finding Paradise."

I had all the family stories from my grandfather, mother and other relatives, but I wanted to validate dates and places. I also wanted to tell the whole story in the context of what was happening at the key times in his life because our lives are shaped by the history that is forming around us. My wife and I traveled to every location in the book. I researched libraries in those locations and government offices plus extensive internet research. Our Carnegie library in Pittsburgh has an excellent genealogy section where I spent many days. The research fascinates me and I spent hours on little side trips of research that yielded little pieces of facts for the book, but I found it all fascinating in looking at the total picture.

You bring to life some of the inner-Italian ethnic clashes. Tell us about the regional rivalries of Italy that come to light in the book.

I think because Italy wasn’t united until the 19th century that there was a lot of regional pride, and identifying with a town or province rather than the totality of the country. There was also the difference of perception between north and south. It seems the government spent money industrializing the north and fitting it with mass transportation and all while neglecting the south. In “Christ Stopped at Eboli”, Carlo Levi describes the feeling that civilization ended around Eboli because that is where the government stopped building the railroads, never went any father south. My grandmother’s family was from Piedmont, around Torino, and Italians would refer to the region as “alta Italaina”, or high Italian, and there was some resentment about that designation. However, in these mining towns there was a larger distrust between the various ethnic groups, the Mexicans, and the locals who were referred to as the “white” people.

As you have spent many years writing on labor and workplace issues, this book is a culmination of your work. After writing the book, what can you tell us about labor in America? Is it better now than it was then? 

The working and living conditions for the labor force were dismal then, dangerous and unhealthy. If people tried to form unions they were fired, thrown out of town, and/or shot. Changing labor and immigration laws were slow to help, many were not implemented. It wasn’t really until World War II and the GI bill that the labor class was able to lift itself out of near poverty. But we have short memories, and now after a few generations of prosperity, I feel we are in danger of losing many of the hard earned gains. Also, those industries that employed huge numbers of immigrants who couldn’t speak the language no longer exist in this country. So we face a real challenge. That is why I felt it was so important to write this story now.

Editor’s Note: Among many of its attributes, “Salvatore and Maria Finding Paradise” shows that labor issues can be the premise for exciting literature. You can purchase the book at



Group Winners Shot: May 6th Awards Dinner, from left to right:  Rockland Sons of Italy Lodge 2176 President Greg DeCola, Dr. John Guglielmucci, Madison Nalback, Domenick Rocchio, Erica Bosso, Alexandra Bonardi, Michael Chiapperino, Jonathan Ascatigno, NYS Senator David Carlucci, Sara Rotundo, Jenna Ciallella, Amanda Violetto, Margaret Mitard, Julia Cicalo, Dr. John Bosso.

(Rockland) May 11 – The Rockland Sons of Italy Lodge 2176 awards scholarships each month to students who study the Italian language during high school. They also offer several scholarships at the end of the school year to students who have excelled in a particular area and demonstrate a strong ability to continue on to a successful college career.

On April 22 they awarded two students with scholarships for their study of the Italian language. Jenna Woulfe and Amanda Violetto, both from Tappan Zee High School, received the award as did Melissa Zeller of Clarkstown High School South.

On May 6th the Lodge 2176 awarded 12 year end scholarships to area students. The event took place at the Lodge location on Van Wyck Road in Blauvelt, New York. On hand for the event were Lodge President Greg DeCola, Jr., Dr. John Bosso and Dr. John Guglielmucci, Co-Chairman of the Scholarship Awards Committee for Lodge 2176, New York State Senator David Carlucci who presented the Keynote speech for the evening, as well as the parents and family members of the winners.

Domenick Rocchio of Nanuet High School, Julia Cicalo and Cara Cicalo both of Tappan Zee High school, received the Charter Member Awards for Academic Excellence. The Michael LoRusso Award for Community Service was presented to Jonathan Ascatigno of Farmingdale Senior High School. Jenna Ciallella of Tappan Zee High School received the Gennaro Gentile Award for Special Education Achievement. The Fred Sica Award for Outstanding Business Leadership was presented to Erica Bosso of Clarkstown High School South. The Rockland Lodge 2176 Achievement Awards were presented to Margaret Mitard of Tappan Zee High School, Sara Rotundo of Pearl River High School and Madison Nalback of Minisink Valley High School. The Joseph Scaringe Award for Athletic Dedication was presented to Michael Chiapperino of Tappan Zee High School. The John DeSimone Award for Excellence in Italian Language was presented to Amanda Violetto of Tappan Zee High School and the Vic Ascatigno Award for Leadership was presented to Alexandra Bonardi of Tappan Zee High School.

The Rockland Lodge 2176 of the Order of The Sons of Italy in America was established in 1966 with the goal of enhancing the image of people of Italian descent and has grown into one of the most active organizations in the area. They will host the Sixth Annual Italian Feast and Carnival, one of Rockland County’s largest events, September 17 to 20, this year. In addition to giving scholarship to students, funds raised through various events are donated to a variety of charitable organizations in and around the area. For more information visit or visit them on Facebook at





New York State officials joined Chef Donato Deserio, of Il Bastado, and Italy's foremost healthy eating authority Gianluca Mech (pictured), as well as local Italian American groups and officials at Il Bastardo Restaurant, located in Manhattan at 191 Seventh Ave, to launch - Dieta Tisanoreica - Italy’s groundbreaking new Diet Pasta in New York City.
Il Bastardo restaurant is the first New York City venue to serve the one-of-its-kind Dieta Tisanoreica, a new product created by Italy's foremost healthy eating authority Gianluca Mech, which is low in carbohydrates and high in enriched vegetable proteins. Dieta Tisanoreica contains only 12 grams of carbohydrates per 55 gram serving or just four percent of the daily recommended intake value (DV), as opposed to grain rooted pasta's 32 to 78 gram range which represents up to 26 percent of the DV. The Tisanoreica penne and fusilli boast 28 grams of protein, representing 50 percent of the DV and seven grams of fiber, 28 percent of DV. While regular pasta contains only four to 14 protein grams, just up to 28 percent DV and fiber typically ranges from three-to-five grams or no more than 20 percent DV.
One of the most popular foods in New York City is pasta, but the very word provokes fear of weight gain. With Dieta Tisanoreica, that no longer has to be the case. The average person in Italy eats over 51 pounds of pasta a year. In 2000 over 1.3 million pounds of pasta were sold in American grocery stores. If 1.3 million pounds of 16-ounce spaghetti packages were lined up, they would circle the equator almost nine times.

To learn more about Dieta Tisanoreica, log on to the pasta company’s web site at For the restaurant, Il Bastardo, in New York, please log on to their web site at






The Sons of Italy Foundation announced that tickets, tables and sponsorships for the 27 Annual National Education Leadership Awards Gala, scheduled for May 21, will have an extended deadline of May 7.

The gathering will take place in Washington, D.C., at the beautiful National Building Museum, on Thursday, May 21.

Pictured in order are the awards recipients: Gen. Raymond T. Odierno, Chief of Staff, United States Army, National Education Leadership Award; Terry O’Sullivan, General President, Laborers’ International Union of North America, Lifetime Achievement Award for Public Service; Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Special Recognition Award for Science & Medicine; Alfred Grasso, President & CEO, The Mitre Corporation, Humanitarian Award; Geno Auriemma, Head Coach, University of Connecticut Women’s Basketball, Special Award for Excellence in Sports Leadership.

Actor Joe Mantegna will be the Master of Ceremonies of the gathering where included will be 2015 Sons of Italy Foundation Scholarship Winners.

Please direct questions to and to learn more about the gala, please log on to



Celebration in Honor of Paolo Pininfarina, Designer for Ferrari, and His First Residential Design in the U.S.


Key figures in the development of Millicento, in Miami, from right, Carlos Rosso, Sonia Figueroa, Paolo Pininfarina, and Jorge M. Perez (Photos by Alberto Tamargo)


MIAMI (April 8, 2015)—1100 Millecento Residences, the highly anticipated high-rise in Brickell from The Related Group, celebrated the property’s completion with an exclusive event on the tower’s roof top poolside terrace and clubrooms.  

The 42-story luxury tower features a second full level of amenities on the 9th floor, including billiards, library, party room, theatre, spa, children’s play room, fitness center, pool deck and zero-edge pool all wrapped with an expansive terrace to take in the views of the city and Biscayne Bay.  Paolo Pininfarina, CEO of the eponymous Italian design firm, known primarily for high-end sports cars, designed the interiors for Millecento - his first high rise residential project in the world, Over 60 percent of the residences have been delivered to its purchasers. Guests enjoyed Italian inspired light bites and sounds while taking in the stunning sunset over Biscayne Bay and the Miami skyline.
Notable Guests:  Paolo Pininfarina, Chairman and Designer, Pininfarina SpA;  Jorge M. Pérez, CEO and Chairman, The Related Group;  Marc Sarnoff, City of Miami Commissioner;  Alice N. Bravo, Deputy City Manager;  Carlos Rosso, President Condominium Division, The Related Group;  Sonia Figueroa, Senior Vice President, The Related Group.




Twenty college students from across the nation will participate in the Ambassador Peter F. Secchia Voyage of Discovery Program, an all-expenses-paid educational and cultural initiative that sends Italian American students to Italy.  Sponsored by the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF), the tour will visit Italy’s Lombardia region, NIAF’s 2015 Region of Honor, from June 9 to June 23, 2015.
For the third consecutive year, participants are giving back to the Italian community with a service project in Cascina Rossigo at the Fondazione Genitori per l’Autismo ONLUS, a residential farming community for autistic adults. Last year, the students worked with women and children in difficult situations, was coordinated through the HandsOn Network, a Point of Light Enterprise.
“This signature program at the National Italian American Foundation gives these fortunate Italian American students an incredible opportunity to discover and immerse themselves in the land and beautiful culture of their ancestors,” said NIAF Director of Programs Gabriella Mileti.  “For the future of our Italian American community, it is necessary for young Italian Americans to understand the value of heritage, tradition and roots, and this program emphasizes exactly that.”
Now in its 16th year, the 14-day NIAF program will include tours of historic sites throughout the city of Pavia with a visit to the Certosa, and a walking tour of the city of Monza and Villa Reale.  While in Milan, students will attend a lecture at the Politecnico University, tour the university’s design studios, and visit the renowned Italian tailor store Brioni.  A day at Expo Milan 2015 to explore the pavilions is part of the itinerary. Students will also view the restored masterpiece by Leonardo da Vinci and tour La Scala Theatre and Sant’ Ambrogio Church in Milan.
The schedule includes: a tour of the Auricchio Cheese factory and the Stradivari Museum in Cremona; visits to Lake Como and Lake Garda with walking tours of Sirmione and the Roman ruins (Grotte di Catullo). The students will participate in an excursion by ferry on Lake Maggiore to Isola Bella, Isola dei Pescatori and Isola Madre. The trip will conclude with a farewell dinner in Milan with the Foundation’s Board of Directors.
The package includes round-trip airfare between the United States and Italy, accommodations, meals, guided tours and transfers, all financed by NIAF.  For more information, visit
The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting the heritage of Italian Americans. Visit



Milan-based record label Ponderosa Music & Art announces a slate of US releases offering a sonic survey of "Taranta", the music of southeastern Italy's Salento peninsula. 

All modern takes on a centuries-old tradition, albums by Ludovico Einaudi, Canzoniere Grecanico Salentino (CGS), Kalàscima and Antonio Castrignanò are available digitally beginning in April, and, for the first time, physically available in May via Harmonia Mundi Distribution.  The mystical tale of a spider's bite and a frenzied dance for life — a metaphor for curing one's emotional ills through the power of community  — draws the listener into a timeless musical web of hypnotic melodies and trance-inducing rhythms.

LUDOVICO EINAUDI - Piemonte-born pianist and composer Ludovico Einaudi's relationship to the Taranta began with the maestro's two year tenure as Conductor of Puglia's renown La Notte della Taranta music festival in 2010 and 2011. On the "Taranta Project" the minimalist master processes this previous work though his own compositional influences, expanding the music into new directions of epic proportions. A kaleidoscope of global sounds joins the mix from African and Middle Eastern to Electronic Music and Rock.  International guest artists such as Mercan Dede, Ballaké Sissoko, Justin Adams and Juldeh Camara are featured side by side with Salento talent such as Canzoniere Grecanico Salentino's Mauro Durante, Einaudi's long time musical companion on his Taranta journey.  A stirring video for the title-inspired song "Taranta" features rare film footage from healing rituals in 1960's Salento. Taranta Project EPK:

CANZONIERE GRECANICO SALENTINO - Italy's leading band on the world music scene, Canzoniere Grecanico Salentino celebrates its 40th year with the release of "Quaranta" (40). Lauded under the new leadership of Mauro Durante, the offspring of CGS's founding members, this second generation group has recently garnered critical acclaim from the likes of The New York Times, NPR, The Guardian and the BBC.  A whirlwind of touring on the international circuit has included stops on prestigious stages including Womad (UK, Australia, New Zealand), Womex, SXSW, Sziget, Montreal Jazz as well as a scheduled set at this summer's Cambridge Folk Festival.  Quaranta was produced by Ian Brennan, 2012 Grammy Award winner in the Best World Music category for Tinariwen's "Tassili" album, and features guests such as Ludovico Einaudi and Piers Faccini.  A video for the song "Solo Andata" (One Way Ticket) has already earned Amnesty International Italy's 2014 Arts and Human Rights Award.  Set to text by author Erri de Luca, and director Alessandro Gassmann, the video tackles the ongoing issue of immigrants from North Africa to Italy's shores.  Canzoniere Grecanico Salentino are also in the process of developing a Taranta-themed theatrical production with the team who took the show Fela! to Broadway. Solo andata: 

KALASCIMA - A Top-10 debut for "Psychedelic Trance Tarantella" in the global trend-setting World Music Charts Europe for April 2015, marks the second album for Kalàscima and their first release on Ponderosa.  The Salento-based 6-piece's innovative mix of Electronic music and Southern Italian Folk has made them a festival favorite for the past fifteen years, from La Notte della Taranta to international tours in Australia, Latin America, the Middle East and Northern Europe.  "Psychedelic Trance Tarantella" features the piano work of maestro Ludovico Einaudi on the track "Due mari" (Two seas). Psychedelic Trance Tarantella:

ANTONIO CASTRIGNANO - A featured performer in the La Notte della Taranta festival, singer, musician and composer Antonio Castrignanò has collaborated with Italian and international artists such as Stewart Copeland, Mauro Pagani, Giuliano Sangiorgi/Negramaro, The Chieftains, Goran Bregovic, Ludovico Einaudi, Ballakè Sissoko and Mercan Dede.  FOMENTA: Ilenu De Taranta is Castrignanò's sophomore solo set and was produced by Dede, the noted Turkish multi-instrumentalist and DJ.  Castrignanò made his recording debut as the composer for the original soundtrack to the 2006 film "Nuovomondo", which picked up 6 wins at the Venice Film Festival before making its US debut under the title of "The Golden Door" at the 2007 Tribeca Flm Festival, where it was presented by Martin Scorsese. Fomenta:




(WASHINGTON- D.C.  April 20, 2015)  The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) Board of Directors recently voted to create a special one-time NIAF Emanuele and Emilia Inglese Memorial Grant of $100,000 to support the “Save the Saint” restoration project by the International Patrons of Duomo di Milano.

“It is our hope that this grant will serve as a leadership gift to encourage the rest of the Italian American community to raise the remaining funds necessary for the full restoration of the Saint Francesca Cabrini spire and this most valuable project,” NIAF President John M. Viola said.

The statue of the first American Saint, Frances Xavier Cabrini, is one of the 135 spires available for restoration through the “Save the Saint” project. Mother Frances Cabrini arrived in New York in 1889 from Sant’ Angelo Lodigiano, in Italy’s Region of Lombardy.  She worked with the Italian American Community, cared for its orphans, and constructed schools and hospitals.  Later she founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart to aid Italian immigrants in New York. She became an American citizen in 1909 and the first American saint in 1946. Her statue was placed in the Duomo in 1956 in remembrance of her beatification.

NIAF is pleased to work with the International Patrons of Duomo di Milano, a charitable New York City based organization, established in 2014 to raise awareness of the Duomo in Milan. Its mission is to collect donations to support the conservation, restoration, protection and valorization of the cathedral.

Restoration operations are executed and supervised by Veneranda Fabbrica del Duomo di Milano, the institution responsible for the conservation of the Duomo since 1387.  This year’s program, “Fabbrica Del Duomo: Committed to the Youth” will train and educate 58 young people under the age of 35 through a series of training programs to restore, manage and promote cultural sites including the Duomo.

Donations are accepted through, the crowd-funding campaign dedicated to safeguarding Italian culture. The deadline to raise $150,000 is April 30, 2015.  A $50 donation entitles the supporter to have their name engraved on a plate and placed near the spire of St. Frances Cabrini.

The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting the heritage of Italian Americans. Visit




Attorney and author Andrew Anselmi gives new life to what it takes to attain the American Dream, in “The Autumn Crush.” The story not only depicts the struggles between generations of Italian Americans but also between Italian Americans and other ethnic groups. PRIMO spoke with Mr. Anselmi about aspects of his new novel and what led him to write “The Autumn Crush.”

What inspired you to write "The Autumn Crush?"

I have always enjoyed writing. Whether it was in school, politics or in the practice of law, I found putting words to paper to be an exercise that not only invigorated me, but also took my mind and soul to another place. I was not inspired to create a novel, however, until my father, a successful yet quiet businessman, shared with me his handwritten fictional account of the day his father left his family’s grape fields in Southern Italy in 1920 to set out for America.  Although dad’s grammar was less than perfect, the dialogue and scenery were beautiful in their simplicity.  I set out to build a novel around his prose, and the result was "The Autumn Crush," which is an allusion to the Italian American tradition of making wine.

The main character is Guy Bennett, whose family is from Aquino, Italy. What led you to include this particular Italian village in the novel?

I am embarassed to admit that your review was the first time I realized that Aquino was a real place. I created the name as a fictional hybrid of my paternal grandfather's hometown or paese - Acqua Viva Delle Fonti in Apulia - and my mother's paese of Laviano in Campagnia.

We see a number of scenes where ethnic groups clash but also work together. What led you to focus on ethnic interaction in the novel?

Growing up, my grandparents, parents, aunts and uncles spoke often of the discrimination Italian immigrants endured in the early twentieth century. Yet, they did not hesitate to place labels on other ethnic or racial groups.  All the while, they broke bread with everyone, be it in church, school or in the workplace.  What started as a rub more often became a relishing of  differences, which was a very real part of the twentieth century New American experience that I wanted to present in a novel rather than through political or social commentary.

As an attorney, how often did you use real-life experiences in the novel?

I used my real-life legal experiences quite a bit. Criminal law in particular, given the stakes, provides the deepest mining of emotions and richness of drama.

Throughout the novel, family is ever present. How pervasive was family in your life?

Family has been everywhere and everything.  As a child, it was best represented by Sunday dinner after mass and the making of wine in the autumn.  As an adult in a fast-paced modern age,  family is more of a frame of mind - the place that gives me the courage and strength  to set off to work, comforts me during the day and draws me home at night.  In terms of "The Autumn Crush," family not only pervades the story line, but was also a driving force in the writing of the book.  At 49, I speak to my mother every day.  My father's felt-tip draft was my initial inspiration. The love and editorial thoughts of my wife and children helped shape the plot and choose the right words. At my book signings, my brother does the readings, as he is the one who read the entire book out loud to my father, who has poor eyesight.  I slept at my sister's house the night before my first studio interview.  Unfortunately, in the years since the setting of "The Autumn Crush" (the late 1980s), the pace and grind precipitated by what we hail as the advance of modern technology has made family time more challenging. I hope that the dust will someday settle on instant communication, and we will be able to rediscover the joy of sitting around the table for hours, and once a year, stand around a cask to make our own wine.

Editor's Note: Andrew Anselmi's new novel, "The Autumn Crush," is available on


The great Italian artist was a pioneer in using a metal stylus to create complex works of art

Leonardo da Vinci, A  Bust of a Warrior, c. 1475/1480 silverpoint on cream prepared paper;
On loan from The British Museum, London © The Trustees of The British Museum, London

Washington, DC—In the first comprehensive exhibition on the evocative medium of metalpoint—the art of drawing with a metal stylus—some 100 works showcase the surprising range of effects created by master draftsmen for centuries. On view at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, from May 3 through July 26, 2015, Drawing in Silver and Gold: Leonardo to Jasper Johns includes works from the Middle Ages to the present, on loan from major museums in Europe and the United States, with nearly half on loan from the British Museum, London.

"Artists since the Renaissance have used metalpoint to create some of the most magnificent and technically accomplished drawings in the history of art," said Earl A. Powell III, director, National Gallery of Art, Washington. "We are delighted to present this exhibition in collaboration with the British Museum, and hope that these discoveries and the beauty of the drawings will appeal to scholars, artists, and visitors."

The exhibition is organized by the National Gallery of Art in association with The British Museum, where it will be on view from September 10 through December 6, 2015.

The exhibition is made possible by a generous gift in memory of Melvin R. Seiden. The Exhibition Circle of the National Gallery of Art is also supporting the exhibition. The exhibition is supported by an indemnity from the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities. An artist working with metalpoint draws with a metal stylus on a specially prepared surface. As the stylus travels across this slightly abrasive ground, it leaves behind a small amount of metal, creating a shimmering line. Almost any metal can be used, including lead, tin, and even gold, but silver is the most common choice. Often regarded as an unforgiving material suited only for skilled artists and delicate subjects, metalpoint actually enables the artist to achieve a surprising range of effects, from bold sketches to meticulously detailed studies.

A display case within the exhibition includes tools and materials as well as an explanation of the techniques and process of the metalpoint medium. The Gallery has produced a short silent film, on view in the exhibition, which demonstrates the medium's technical intricacies.

Organized chronologically, Drawing in Silver and Gold showcases the practice of metalpoint in the work of artists ranging from Leonardo, Albrecht Dürer, and Rembrandt to Otto Dix and Jasper Johns. While the exhibition offers fresh insights into well-known works of the Renaissance by the artists most commonly associated with the medium, it also sheds new light on other periods and regions, such as 17th-century Netherlands, Victorian Britain, and the continued exploration of metalpoint by modern and contemporary artists.

"Viewing the technique of metalpoint in this broad context provides a unique opportunity to recognize patterns in drawing practices and affords a striking demonstration of the versatility of the medium," said Stacey Sell, associate curator, department of old master drawings, National Gallery of Art, Washington. "Even to curators and conservators with years of exposure to this medium, these drawings seem almost miraculous."

Four works by Leonardo are featured in the Washington exhibition, including Bust of a Warrior (c. 1475/1480), one of the most widely admired drawings in the history of art. The Italian Renaissance section also includes a spectacular selection of silverpoints by other masters, such as two sheets from Raphael's famous "pink sketchbook."

The National Gallery of Art is free to the public. To check the latest artt exhibitions, please log on to the museum's web site at:


The article appeared in the Publisher’s Note column in PRIMO 2011

Bencivieni di Pepo’s painting, “Crucifix,” completed in the 13th century, found inside the Basilica di Santa Croce in Florence and a stone carving of the crucifixion found in Rome’s basilica of Santa Sabina all’Aventino, completed in the early 600s.

The crucifix that originated in Italy is what we see today in both Roman Catholic and Protestant churches. The three dimensional rendering of Jesus Christ on the cross grew out of a theological debate in Italy along with the country’s innovations in art, sculpture, and lapidary crafts. Almost 900 years ago Franciscan priests sought a fuller understanding of Jesus Christ’s last hours on the cross. They concluded that a realistic depiction of Jesus Christ was necessary to capture his humanity.

For much of early Christendom, the Greek concept held Christ in a glorified manner with illustrations that were stiff and understated. Rome’s basilica of Santa Sabina all’Aventino contains a stone carving of the crucifixion completed in the early 600s. Jesus Christ is seen here as emotionless and standing away from the cross. In stark contrast, Bencivieni di Pepo’s painting, “Crucifix,” completed in the 13th century, found inside the Basilica di Santa Croce in Florence, depicts Christ as frightened and destitute. It is one of the first among artworks to emphasize the human emotions of Christ on the cross.

Through art, Italians established a central tenet of the faith: That Jesus Christ suffered before death. His humanity was ever present, underscoring the self-sacrifice for our sins. Art benefited from the changing view of Jesus Christ as Italians mastered linear perspective, shape and proportion. The human anatomy was studied to better capture Jesus Christ in paintings and sculpture. The crucifix became a major part of the interior of churches. Sculptors rendered Christ in marble, attached to large wooden crosses made from olive wood. Milan’s Municipal Antiquity Museum located in the Castello Sforzesco, today, contains an enormous collection of crosses and crucifixes made in workshops throughout Italy from the 8th through 19th centuries. We see the evolution of Italian craftsmen creating crucifixes in gold and sliver, inlaid with precious gems, attached to rosary beads. The faith became mobile as Italians held the symbol of Christ far from houses of worship.

Today, crucifixes hang in all of Italy’s public schools and buildings.





(Washington, D.C. – April 13, 2015) New York Governor Andrew M. Cuomo, business executives, Italian American community leaders, friends and supporters of the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) gathered in Manhattan for the Foundation’s annual New York Spring Gala on April 8, 2015.  
During the cocktail reception, guests were served the famous Bellini cocktail under the towering marble columns at the Italian Renaissance-inspired Cipriani 42nd Street.  They also viewed the sports memorabilia, fine jewelry and designer women’s purses that were part of the silent auction.
NIAF’s Chairman Joseph V. Del Raso welcomed everyone to the Foundation’s dinner. “Tonight we celebrate NIAF’s 40th Anniversary to begin on April 26. It is my honor to unveil the Italian American Leadership Council (IALC) for members to commit themselves to being leaders and stakeholders in NIAF, the Italian American community and our future. Join us in this endeavor,” Del Raso said.  Besides welcoming honorees and guests, Del Raso introduced Bishop Frank Joseph Caggiano of the Diocese of Bridgeport who gave the invocation.
Governor Cuomo joined the more than 500 guests to present the inaugural Mario M. Cuomo Award in Public Service to Janet DiFiore, the Westchester County, N.Y., district attorney.  The award recognizes Italian American public servants who are known for their passion, conviction and dedication to serving the Italian American community.
At the podium, Cuomo spoke about his father’s legacy. “My father was dedicated to represent the best of the Italian American people and he wanted to model the best of the Italian American culture,” Cuomo said.  “He led a life of principle, dignity and honor.  He was about honor and commitment and living up to his word.”  
DiFiore thanked Governor Cuomo for taking the time to be at the NIAF Gala. “This evening is about scholarship and education. Thank you for the fight for quality education and educational opportunities for every child in the State of New York,” DiFiore said. “Mario Cuomo is a model, the most cherished Italian American to call our own.”
New York Gala dinner chairman Gerard S. LaRocca, a member of NIAF’s Board of Directors and the Italian American Leadership Council, and chief administrative officer, Americas, Barclays Capital, thanked the Foundation’s New York committee for rebuilding the NIAF New York Gala into the institution it is today.
LaRocca was joined by this year’s master of ceremonies, Chazz Palminteri, Academy-Award nominated actor and writer, who was warmly welcomed by the guests. “As you may recall, I, too was a NIAF New York Gala honoree in the recent past. This is a great organization that does a great deal for the Italian American community.  I am proud to be a supporter,” Palminteri said. 
Before the guests dined on Italian specialties, including thinly sliced prosciutto with fresh mozzarella and roasted pear and frisee salad, Christina Carlucci, a New York City based performer, recently in the national tour of “Annie,” sang the United States national anthem and “Inno di Mameli,” Italy’s national anthem.

After dinner was served, Palminteri opened the awards ceremony with a posthumous honor for WABC 7’s Lisa Colagrossi, Emmy Award-winning reporter, whose sudden passing in mid-March has greatly affected the Italian American community in New York. Her colleague at WABC-TV Ken Rosato accepted the award on behalf of her family.  “I accept this award on behalf of our beloved colleague and will present it to her husband Todd and the boys upon their return from Florida visiting family,” Rosato said.

Rosato, Channel 7’s anchor at Eyewitness News This Morning and Eyewitness News at Noon, was also honored with the NIAF Special Achievement Award in Media. Rosato, a veteran news reporter, received the New York Emmy Award five times and is a recipient of a New York State-Associated Press Award. He joined WABC’s Eyewitness Team as a freelance reporter 12 years ago and has worked in media markets, including Elmira-Binghamton, N.Y. and Miami-Ft. Lauderdale.  A graduate of New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts with a Master of Arts in languages, Rosato speaks five languages fluently, including Spanish and Italian.

A dual father-and-son award in real estate was presented to Edward A. Riguardi and Peter G. Riguardi. NIAF recognized Edward Riguardi’s more than 50-year career in commercial real estate.  Edward retired in 2010 as managing director in the New York Transaction Group of Jones Lang LaSalle. His son Peter is president of the New York region of Jones Lang LaSalle and leads all operations for the company in the New York, New Jersey and the Connecticut area, overseeing a team of approximately 1,700 professionals.
NIAF recognized their careers in the industry with the Foundation’s Special Achievement Award in Real Estate. “They represent the family success that all Italian Americans aspire to,” said Palminteri.
“These five honorees and their stories are a testament to why we gathered here tonight and telling their stories is the core of NIAF’s mission,” Palminteri added.
NIAF’s President and Chief Operating Officer John M. Viola introduced special guest Piero Corsini, director of RAI World, who travelled from Rome, Italy, to present a video about the new channels and initiatives the media company has launched to showcase Italians and Italian Americans in Italy and abroad.
Joining the honorees and guests were Italy’s Consul General in New York Natalia Quintavalle; actor Ralph George Macchio Jr., best known for his roles in the “Karate Kid,” and “My Cousin Vinny”; Miss New York Jillian Tapper; television news host Tom Murro; athletic director at Sacred Heart University and former manager of the New York Mets Bobby Valentine; the Region of Lombardia’s Education Training and  Employment Assessor Valentina Aprea, with representatives from It